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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.

Copy of a Letter written by Elizabeth Webb to Anthony
William Boehm.

593 OOMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS MADE TO

Extract from the Letters of the late Wm. Grover...... 595
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,
Report of the Indian Committee.....

595 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, A Word to Motherg.....

599 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M, EDITORIAL

800 OBITOTARY

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Friends amongst the Freedmen
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POETRY.......

€07
AGENTS -Joseph 8. Cohn, New York.
Henry Tlaydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Visit to a Salt Mine.

607
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
ITEMS

608 James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

swer.

Copy of a Letter written by Elizabeth Webb, in them, and knew that they were the servants

1712, to Anthony William Boehm, Chaplain which I was sent to call; and I saw that they to George, Prince of Denmark, with his An- were both white and black people, and I said

unto them, Why bave you stayed so long? and (Concluded from page 579.)

they said, The buckets were frozen, we could About the middle of the 12th month, 1697, come no sooner. So I was satisfied the call of through the good providence of the Almighty, the Lord was to the black people as well as the we arrived at Virginia. And as I travelled white; and I saw the fulfilling of it in part bethrough the country, from one meeting to ano- fore I returned out of America, with many more ther, I observed great numbers of black people, remarkable things, which would be tedious here that were in slavery, who were strange people to mention. But O how great is the condescento me; and I wanted to know if the visitation sion and gooddess of God to poor mankind! It of God were to their souls or not; and I ob. is good to observe the tender dealings of our served their conversations, to see if I could dis- heavenly Father; for then we may set up our cern any good in them. So after I had travelled Ebenezer, and say, " Hitherto the Lord bath about four weeks, as I was in bed one morbing helped us !" And indeed I may say to his in a house in Maryland, and after the sun was praise, it hath been tbrough many straits and up, and did shine into the chamber, I fell into difficulties, more than I can pumber, and they a slumber, and dreamed that I was á servant in have all wrought together for the good of my a great house, and as I was drawing water at a soul: and I have cause to believe that every well, to wash the upper room of the house, (and son or daughter that he receives he chastens, while I was at the well,) a voice came to me, tries, and proves; and those that do not bear which bade me go call other servants to help the chastisements of God, do

prove

bastards me, and I went presently; but as I was going and not sons. I

may say as one did of old, it along in a very pleasant green meadow, a great is good for me that I have been afficted, and light shined about me, which exceeded the light it is good to follow the leadings of the Spirit of of the sun, and I walked in the inidst of it; God, as faithful Abraham did, who was called and as I went on in the way, I saw a chariot the friend of God—who did not with hold his drawn with horses, coming to meet me, and I only son, when the Lord called for him. And was in care, lest the light that shone about me it is my belief, that the Lord will try his chosen should fright the borses, and cause them to ones

, as gold is tried; and will yet refine them, throw down the people which I saw in the cha- as gold is refined. And what if he bring us riot : but when I came to them I looked on down yet again into the furnace, (wbich way it

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shall please him,) uotil we are seven times re- souls that so mightily esteem it. But the souls fined. We shall be the fitter to bear the im- of the righteous are in the bands of the Lord, pression of his image upon us in all our con. and there shall no torment touch them, alversation; and that if the day should come though, in the light of the wise, both their life wherein none shall buy or sell that have not avd death is taken for misery; but they are in the mark of the beast, either in the right hand peace. or in the forehead, it is but what hath been Dear Friend: I have perused the little book told us beforehand. And those that will know which thou gavest me, and find the doctrine an overcoming, it is by the blood of the Larub, contained therein to be very sound and agreeaviz.: by abiding in the week love, and patient ble to the manifestations and operations of the suffering Seed, and by the word if their testi- true Spirit, and agreeable to the true Christian's inooy; and that love not their life unto deatb. experience; and the kernel of it very sweet We may observe, that those who had not the and precious to my mind; and the more bemark of the beast in their foreheads, if they cause I believe it came through a clean vessel, had it in their right hands, it would'do; they and the savor of life is in it. So I value it for could show it if there was occasion to keep off the sake of the spring, and also for the sake of a stroke.

the preacher; and am heartily glad that the Dear Friend, pardon me for making so bold | Lord hath raised up such a poble instrument with thee; for the love of God constrains me. among the wise and mighty of the land. I wish And I do beliove that the Lord will show thee they may walk worthy; but I think pot many yet l'urther what testimony thou must bear for of the wise, nor yet many of the mighty, do anhis Name, and what thou must suffer for his swer the call of humble Jesus, who said, “Learn suke, if faithful. For trying times will come, of me, for I am meek and lowly in beart, and and offences will be given and taken; but there ye shall find rest unto your souls.” Now I deis nothing that will offend those that love the sire thee, if thou finds anytbing in thy mind, let Lord Jesus above all; for although many mur- me have it. So in the love which is

pure,

doch mured, and were offunded with the Lord Jesus, my spirit greet thee; and remain thy friend, in when he told the truth, and that which is of true sincerity.

ELIZABETH WEBB. absolute necessity for all to know and witness

What follows is his answer. in themselves, as we read in the 6ch of Jobo, in Dear Friend !-I am heartily glad you are his answer to the Jews; but by that time he come to town again, that I may have an opporhad done, many went from him. Then said he tunity of seeing you before you leave England. to the twelve, “ Will ye also go away ?” But Your letter has been read, with great satisfacPeter said, “Whither shall we go? Thou hast tion, both by myself and many of my friends : the words of eternal life; and we believe and but I have not been able to recover it out of are sure that thou art the Christ, the Son of the their hands - some having, even desired to living God.” So God hath given to the faith. transcribe it for their edification : and this is ful to believe, yea, and we are sure, that the the reason that I did not send you presently an Spirit of Truth is come, that leads the followers answer, though it had been all along upon my of it into all truth. The more my mind pene- mind to express the satisfaction I had at the trates into it, the more I am like to be swal- reading thereof; and to assure you how wel. lowed up in admiration of his condescension come news it is to me, whenever I mect a feland goodness through all dispensations; but low pilgrim to the city, which is adorned with above all, in the manifestations of Jesus Christ, twelve gates, to receive all such as have made our boly Pattern and heavenly Leader. up the family of God in this wicked generation,

Dear Friend! my heart is full of the good and have been preserved for his peculiar people ness of the Lord; but I must stop writiog, lest in all parts and denominations of Christendom, 1 should be tedious to thee. And indeed rea- which now go a whoring after the imaginations son would render it foolishness' or madness for of their own hearts. I had a miod to have me to write after this manner to one in thy sta- given you my thoughts at large upon your lettion : but to say the truth, I cannot well help ter, true love being of a uviversal and everit, so shall commit it to thy judgment, let it be tuwing nature, and not easily shut up by names, what it will. But this I will assure thee, I notions, peculiar modes, forms, and hedges of have no secret intention. My heart is plain. men : and if you should be pleased to corresI mean as I speak, and speak as I think; and poud with me, even after your return from find it my satest place so to do, and to keep in America, I shall be always ready to answer humble obedience to the Lord, in whatsoever your kindness, and to make up agaiu wherein he requires of me; but I know the wisdom of I have been wanting at present. And recomGod appears to be foolishness in the eyes of the mending you to the infinite favor and protection wise men of this world; and we know the wis of the Lord, I remain, in sincerity, dom of this world is foolishness with God, and Your friend and servant, will prove so in the latter end to these poor

ANTHONY WM. BEHM

The following extract from the letters of the our fathers cannot be forgotten by their chillate Win. Grover we republish from the British dren, for they are now enjoying the betefits.

As time recedes, these benefits appear to grow Friend.

brighter and brighter, and the result every day “If I have any great desires, I think one of develops the untold importance which the labors them is, that the ministry may be increasingly of the Friends bave been to us as a people. weighty amongst us. Our dear friends in that

“ The Seneca people for the past year have station are much to be felt for, and I wish that enjoyed a degree of good health, which perhaps we may be favored with increased qualification but few communities in any country have been to contribute to their help and comfort. How favored with. Peace, quietness, and brotherly dves the desire arise that there may be quite as love have been manifested among all classes of nuer in weight as measure. It is a very inter- the people. There is a prevailing sentiment esting time in which we live, and I think we among us, that all differences of opinions, on are a singularly appointed people. How desi all subjects, which bave sometimes heretofore rable it is that we may know our place and keep marred the kia! feelings which naturally it,-2 waiting, solid, self-denying people should exist one for another, should now be Greatly favorei we have been, and, we have forgotten, and laid aside. I cannot recall the reason to believe, we shall be, if we keep to our time to mind when such unity and harmony priaciples: I might say our principles-the existed among the Senecas as at present. Divine light, life and power revealed in the "It is evident that sobriety and industry are soul. Believing in this with steadfastness, I

on the increase more and more with our people. believe we should often have to be very poor, The farms are being enlarged and better cultiand sit very low. But I fear to say much on vated, with the prospect of raising grain for a ' this important and weighty subject. B.fore I surplus. Houses and barns are being built, quit it, perhaps I may as well say that I have and other improvements made, corresponding

. (particularly of late) thought on the benefit and with their gradually advancing condition. excellency of quietness and retiredness of mind,

“ Considerable attention is now being given and the want of it, in our religious and favored to the rearing of cattle and horses. Indeed, I Society, as well as in the world at large. If it

may say, that all domestic animals are better were possible to make Friends sufficiently in cared for than formerly. The essential atlove with it, what blessed effects might be hoped tributes of civilization in all its branches, it for from it.

may be said, in short, are now in actual pro

gress among your Red Brethren in Western REPORT OF THE INDIAN COMMITTEE. New York. Read and approved at the late Ballimore Yearly Meeting. " The timely aid of your Society in the pro.

The Standing Committee on the Indian Con. longation of the day schools of the Cattaraugus cern report, that we have continued through and Alleghany Reservations for their full winthe past year to give unremitted attention to ter terms, during last winter, was gratefully the object entrusted to our care, and to render received. There is no longer any opposition all the assistance that lay in our power to sup. by any portion of the people to the education ply the wants and necessities of the Indians as of our children: all are doing what they can to these became known to us.

have their children to learn to read and write The condition of the Indians in the State of in the English language." New York is very gratifying to the Cummittee. The Commissioner of Indian Affrirs, in his These, it may be again stated, are the remains report to Congress for the last year, says, in reof the several tribes which once formed the lation to the New York Indians: “ Tortlie powerful confederation known as the Six Na- wost part, these people are industrious and intions; the Senecas, Cayugas, Mohawks, Onei telligent in the care of their farms, and sucdas, Onondagas, and Tuscaroras. They now ceel in making a fair living by their labor. Of number less than four thousand.

many of thein, it may be said they are not surA letter received by the Committee from passed by the whites, in the care and diligence Nathaniel T. Strong, an educated lodian, for- with which they pursue their business, or the merly clerk of the Seneca nation, and now a success which crowns their efforts, as may be member of their Council, dated the 1st of the seen at the Aunnal Agricultural Fairs which present month, gives the following encouraging have been instituted among them. account of their present condition :

" These Indians exhibit a great interest in " It is very gratifying to me, and doubtless the education of their children, and as their it is so to all our public men, and to the Sene location is such as to give them the benefit of ca people generally, to hear the unabated in the common school system of the State of New terest felt by your Society for the welfare of York, they are not slow to avail themselves of your Red Brethren in Westero New York. The the privilege, there being 23 schools among Bervices rendered by the Society of Friends to them, containing 872 scholars out of a popula.

tion of 4,000-a larger proportion of scholars, Indian, namely : swift extermination by the to the total population than obtains in most sword and famine, or preservation by gradual #bite communities. The health of the people concentration on territorial reserves and civilihas generally been good duriog the past year, zation. As dow situated, the Indian tribes are and notwithstanding the ravages of the small in the way of our toiling and enterprising popupox anong the Tonawandas, by which 4+ per. lation, and, un protected, they will soon be inBons died, the aggregate number of births in evitably submerged, and buried beneath its the agency has exceeded the deaths,” so that confluent surges. Possessing originally the the whole population is increasing.

whole continent, they roamed at will among its The Governor of the State of New York, in mountains, valleys, and broad plains, free and his last annual message to the Legislature, untrammelled, the proprietors and lords of says: “These Ipdians in the State of New them all.

But, rapidly our race has relieved York, living upon reservations, have steadily them of their vast domaid; and the remnants increased in population for the last 25 years, of the ancient Red nations, encircled by the without being indebted to immigration for the pressing millions of our people, maintain a preresult. This growth of the aboriginal race is carious foothold on their last hunting grouuds. opposed to the theory of their final extinction; These millions will soon crush them out from and their gradual improvement in intelligence the face of the earth, unless the humanity and and thrift, even induces the hope, that, when-Christian philanthropy of our enlightened states. ever they shall have conformed to the usages men shall interfere and rescue them."'* of civilized people in respect to the marriage Delegations of the Committee bave, on dif. relation, hey will be prepared to receive their ferent occasions during the past year, visited lands pow held in common, as individual prop the Indian Department, Members of the Com. erty, and the principal of tbeir appuities. mittees on Indian Affairs of both Houses of The motives which incite men to acquire Congress, and a number of the influential memwealth and inheritance for their families would bers of these bodies, in an endeavor to promote then operate in them with appropriate effect, the interest of these greatly wronged and sufand they might fitly receive and assume all the fering people. privileges and duties of the citizens."

The efforis of the Committee have been di. These facts add conclusions are of great rected, principally, besides laboring for the significance and interest in the present con restoration of peace, and a kind and just treatdition of the Indian question among some of ment of the Indians by Government, to prevent the tribes West of the Mississippi River, and the return of the Indian Bureau to the War reference will bereafter be made to them in Department, of which it was formerly a branch, that connection in this report.

and to induce the Government to seitle the In. The attention of the Committee has been vigi- dians on reservations, of ample dimensions, to lantly and feelingly directed to the melancholy be secured to them forever, where they will be condition of Indian affairs among many of the protected, and all their just rights be respected tribes west of the Mississippi. From every and held in violate by the National Goveraportion of our Western border we hear of 10- ment. Jian wars and massacres, and on the part of the We fear that the re-transfer of the Indian wbites, there is a cry for vengeance and ex- Bureau to the War Department would be in. termioation.

jurious to the Indians and their interests. Still, “ The Indians everywhere, with the excep- a difficulty of no small magnitude esists in the tion of the tribes within the Indian Territory, preseot position of the Indian Bureau, someare rapidly decreasing in numbers from various times occasioning a serious conflict of jurisdiccauses: by disease; by intemperance; by wars tion and action between the civil and military among themselves and with the whites; by the authorities, greatly to the disparagement of steady and resistless emigration of white men the interests of the Indians, and involving, as into the Territories of the West, which, con it would appear, the loss of many lives. On fining the Indians to narrower and narrower mature and deliberate reflection upon the sublim ts, destroys that game, which, ie their nor-ject, the Committee are of the opinion, that wal state, constitutes their principal means of the Indians and their interests should be ensubsi-tence; and by the irrepressible conflict tirely under the direction and control of one between a superior and inferior race when general head, as the Secretary of the Interior, brought in presence of each other."

upon whom the responsibility of the correct, “We have reached a point in our national humane, and just management of all the affairs history when there appears to be but two alter- connected with them should immediately rest. patives left as to what shall be the future of the In relation to the subject of collecting the

Indians * Report of Senator Doolittle, Chairman of the upon reservations, it

may be again re. Jint Special Committee of the two Houses of Con. * Senate Ex. Doc. No. 13, 4016 Congress, Ist Ses. gress, dated Jan. 26, 1867, page 3.

sion, page 5.

"*

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marked, that they cannot remain as they are. “ [f the New York Indians could live, and As recently stated by one of their puiber, pass the crisis, and begin to thrive and to in“they are fast dwindling away; falling, like crease in population steadily and permanently, the leaves of the forest, to rise no more. as shown by the reports of the Commissioner Something must be done. It is argued with of Indian Affairs, by the census returns, and much reason, that so large a tract of country by the message of the Governor of New York, as they at present ocrupy, should not be re- there can be no ground for despairing of like tained by the Indians as hunting grounds, upon results anywhere where kind treatment and which a precarious subsi-tence is derived, and honest regard for their rights can be extended thus stand in the way of the progress of civili. to the Indian race, for a sufficient length of zation, if they can be instructed to obtain a time to give them faith in the permanence of supply, as liberal, and more certain of animal such a policy."* food and other articles of subsistence, on a According to the census of 1850, the whole territory of greatly diminished extent, and at nunber of Indians of both sexes, and of all the same time be in a condition much more ages, within the limits of the territory of the favorable to se ure their civilization and en- United States, was 400,764.1 lightenment. This, it is believed, can be done The Census of 1860 gives the Indian popuby the National Government, the patural and lation is the States and Territories, not edute enlightened guardians of the Red Race, assign-erated in the census, and retaining their tribal ing to them a number of fertile tracis of well. character, 291,431.5 watered country, as permanent reservations, to The number of Indians in the States and be solemnly securell to them forever, and of Territories numbered in the census, 56,662.|| ample dimen-ious for the liberal accommodation Making a total number of Indians in our of the whole number of Indians in all the country in 1860, 331,093, which shows a deWestern Territories, giving them a good supply crease of the Indian population for the interof cattle and oiber stock, farming implements veniog ten years of 69,671, or more than oneand mechanics' tools, and placing among them fifth of the whole population existing in all the suitable, peaceable, enlightened, aud conscien. States and Territories of the United States in tious persons to instruct them in agriculture, 1860.5 manufactures, the mechanic arts, and household A change of our Indian policy on the part duties, as well as in all the necessary school of the Government is, therefore, demanded by learning, and protect them from the intrusion every consideration of humanity, justice, and of all other persons. Then, in a little time, Christianity, to save this noble race from total instead of the precarious dependence, as at extinction, and all experience, observation and present, upon the buffalo, the deer and the reflection, point to the plan that is working so bear in the forest for their subsistence, they well with the New York Indians, of collecting would have the ox, the sheep, and the ewise them on reservations, and surrounding them in their fields at home, whence they can be at with the fosteriog care and protection of the any time procured. This is the present con-Goveroment, as the true solution of this part dition of the Indians in Western New York, of the difficult Indian problem. as has been represented in this report, who, but The startling events among the Indians west comparatively a few years ago, gave no wore of the Mississippi, and the great number of hopeful promise of improvement, or of their lives lost both of Indians and whites during present condition, than do now the tribes west the past year, have awakened the attention of of the Mississippi. Here is great ground of most reflecting minds to the Indian question, encouragement and hope for a brighter future and the Committee bave therefore been induced in store for our Red Brethrea of the West, if to present in this report the two prominent only our “ Government will calmly weigh the poiats, after peace shall be secured, and a dis : result of the experiment of kind treatment and position again prevail on the part of the Governfostering care of the Indians in Western New ment to do the Indians justice, to which we York. There are enough thousands of these think the efforts of Friends and of those who Indians to make the experiment of real value; bave the true interests of the Indians at heart and the more eo because they have been and are divided into separate bands—miniature

* Letter from Asher Wright, the benevolent MisDationalities-encompassed about with desionary who bas devoted some thirty years of his structive influences, in addition to the ioherent life to the interest and welfare of these Indians, to tendency in small communities to become ex- the Secretary of the Committee. 'tinct from the intermarriage of blood relations,

† Census of 1850, page sciv. and to lose heart from the numerical weakness

Census of 1860, page 136.

|| [b., page 135. of their respective communities.

The Territory recently acquired from Russia,

contains a number of Indians, but bow many bag *Eamezabbowh, in a letter appended to this report. I not been ascertaioed.

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