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later events were sometimes blended; but even
For Friends' Intelligencor. then it was surprising to observe tbe clearness of " Where the carcass is, there will the eagles be her judgment in regard to principles, and the nice. ness of her discrimination in reference to the points
gathered together."--Matt. xxiv. 27. before her.
This language of the beloved Jesus is figuShe rests from her labors, but her works follow rative of deep instruction. her, and her example is a ligbt to those who re- It teaches that however high our profession main.
may be,-even though comparable to the towThe Executive Committee of “FriendsPublicar in another respect, the wind will be likely to
ering wing of the eagle,-yet, like the eagle tion A-sociation" will meet at Race Street Monthly Meeting Room, on Sixth-day afternoon, Fourtb month center where the attraction is strongest. 5th, at 3 o'clock. Lydia H. HALL,
Hence it is that some who profess the Clerk of Committee. Christian religion, nevertheless, appear as eager
after eorthly riches as though “ gaio was godli. Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of ness," rather than “ godliness the greater gain," the Freedmen will meet at Race St. Monthly Meeting as testiâed by one truly enliglitened in the Rooin, on Fourthday evening, Fourth month 3d, at 8 o'clock. Those feeling an interest in this class of Christian faith. our citizens are invited.
But those who have been regenerated and J. M. Ellis,
} ANNE COOPER,
brought into that heavenly state in which is realized tbat holy communion and fellowship
of spirit which truly is with the Father and the For Friends' Intelligencer.
Son, with the boly angels, and one with A FREEDMEN'S EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY.
another, in the overflowings of Divine loreExtract from a letter received from one of the Teachers in which they find it to be as their meat and
of Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of their drink to do the will of their Heareply the Freedmen.
Father-such can no more feel satisfied with Capt. Smith and I have been getting up a mere earthly toys, and those things which per. Society. It is called the Leesburg Freedmen's perish with the using, than the most fastidious Educational Society; it is for the general im- appetite can be satisfied to feed upon the carprovement of their race and condition, and is cass so eagerly devoured by the eagle. governed by a Constitution and By-Laws. We As, on the one hand, it is impossible for bave now forty-one members. Every one pays those wbo trust in earthly riches [while in twenty-five cents when he or she is initiated, such a state) to enter into the " kingdom of and twenty five cents each month. Oue object heaven,” so, on the other hand, it is equally in getting up this Society is to teach them how impossible for those who have progressed in to elect officers and how to vote. The Society spiritual things, until they are really in that is presided over by a President; we also have a blessed state denominated the “ kingdom of Vice-President, a Treasurer, a Board of Mapa- Heaven;" to feel that grasping desire for gers and I act as Secretary. We meet on the earthly riches so apparent in the world, or even first Second day in every month. The money desire to hold fast to their earthly treasure bewhich is paid goes to defray the expenses in. yond their real wants, when there are so many, curred in school and meeting, to furbish wood, as good by vature as themselves, who suffer for lights, or seats, desks, etc.
the want of a little help. I expect to close my night school shortly; Once think of the millions in the Souththen I shall meet the people one evening in the who have not only suffered the want of food and week, to read to them; therefore I bope if any raiment decessary for the comfort of the body, of you meet with anything you think would be but who also suffer for the want of mental cul. good for me to read to them that you will send ture—then if you who bold the surplus wealth it to me.
I received several numbers of the can see nothing to do, be assured that it is only “Standard,” but they have stopped coming because the "god of this world” has blinded The article, "Chicago," in the March number your eyes. of the Atlantic Monthly, I like very much, and It is said, and no doubt truly, that the Pope I intend to read it to them,—not all at once ; Iof Rome bas ordered that the Freedmen of the want them to give some portion of the evening South must be cared for by the Catholic to conversation. I think it will be good for Church, and means taken to educate and bring them to meet thus socially. What dost thou them under the influence of their religion. or the members of the Association think of it ? I cannot doubt the truth of this statement; Criticise it and give me your opinion. I want for since it was published, I have attended the to do great things for these people, and I hope Catholic Church* held in the meeting-house I may be directed in the right way. Thy friend,
* We are informed that the number of Friends at
Battle Creek had become so reduced tbat the meetC. Thomas.
ing-house was sold to the members of the Catholic Leesburg, Va.
built by the Society of Friends in this place,
SELECTION. where I heard the document read, as recently FROM THE WRITINGS OF ALICE B. HAVEN, put forth by their council of bishops at Balti- Shut out the sunlight from the room, more, in which the “Freedmen of the South" I cannot bear its splendor, were specially named as an important field of
Wbile tears for one so young, so true, labor for the Catholic Church, and that "religion
A mournful tribute render. should not be regarded as of less importance I'm thinking of that silent hour than arithmetic.'
When last she smiled a blessing
To the young cbildren at her side,
Who came with sweet caressing. long been in cruel bondage are likely to be cared for, yet it is but natural that we should
When eyes of love beheld in her
The sum of earthly treasure, ask, " Is the Papal religion better than ours?"
And a manly heart thanked God who gave
Ah me, how dark that pleasant room
Where now her form is lying! fluence.
The laughter has to wailing changed, To me, this appears like a practical question. The smiles give place to sighing. The Society of Friends have their teachers in The little ones with linked bands, the field already; and if we carelessly yield And voices low with weeping, the field through fear of being called on to give
Come sostly to the narrow couch some of our surplus wealth, may we not fear
To see their mother sleeping. the fulfilment of that prophetic vision of
They wonder at the rigid form,
Death's icy touch revealing,
And ask why still the heavy lids
Her soft eyes are concealing. establish a national religion, making all tributary to its support; taking property from the
No pressure answers from the lips
Tbat in beir childish error Society of Friends to a large amount, &o.
They fondly kiss, then shrink away Those who live to see such a time may then With new and pameless terror. look back with shame and regret, if they now
Her bands are folded on her breast, Del withhold the means to secure a better influence;
Yet, in their silent clasping,
by force of arms, in the hands of colored men in Accept the token while ye weep,
She goeth calmly unto rest, to disebarge faithfully our own duty; for if we
The grave of terror robbing. withhold more than is meet, we may find it To her the dusky gate of death tends to povery, "both in temporal and spirit
Is now no fearful portal,
Eith's keepest pangs are all forgot
In joys of life immortal.
The Ancient Fame and Impending Perils of given io so good a cause ?
N. P. the Profession of Law were the subjects of an
“Trinity Church,” N. Y., before the Graduating
Class of the Law School of Columbia College.
The following abstract is taken from the
Without a fear.
friends are disposed to make Law their study,
we would commend to their potice the counsel
And follow Thee.
THE CONSCIENTIOUS LAWYER.
A glance at the history of the legal profes-
though, when Egypt was in her dotage, Diodorus
Siculus tells us that the advocate's profession We should feel sorrow, but not sink under was proscribed, because it was thought he its oppression. The heart of a wise man should darkened counsel and hindered the execution resemble a mirror, whicha reflects every object of justice, yet io Phænicia, Greece and Rome without being sullied by any.
law schools were established, and the succession
of them at Berytus, Rome, Constantinople, Sala.' tenance” and “champerty” are not now in manca, Bologna and Paris, bave handed down New York, as they were in Blackstone's time, a succession of principles to our own day that offences against law. While these are dangers, show how essentially all advances in justice and it may well be doubted if there ever was an age civilization have been based upon á profound in which the moral character of the bar as a study of positive law. The future grows out whole stood higher, or so high; and if any one of the past, and it is only by the diligent com- will look through such a work as Hoffman's prehension of all that has been done to protect Course of Legal Study, he will see what the right against wrong that future progress can be studies and pursuits of a true lawyer always attained. In the literature of international law ought to lead him to become, and often do. this is still more evident. There was no such The qualities which Dr. Dix coupsels the thing really as a book upon international law young lawyer to cultivate are such as these : under the Greeks and Romans. It is the off –First, Unselfishness—the covetousness of spring of a more advanced study of law. Fran- wealth being that which, more than anything ciscus, at the University of Salamanca, held else, defiles the inner man of the heart. Second, that nations cannot make war on each other A high sense of Ilonor-since the counsellor without just cause or merely for the sake of should be such a man that if we place ourselves getting their territory, and that every pation in his hands we may trust him as long as sun has a right to its own religious worship, and and moon endures, and feel that so far as it rests that a conquered people cannot be made slaves, with him to secure them we are safe. Third, even though they be pagans. Here was the Conscientiousness; do maò may lie to save himself beginning of the whole modern system of inter- from the punishment due to his crimes, nor try national law.
to put his sin at another door. Such limitations “ Could any profession have made for itself also constrain bis counsel. But beyond them be such a history," asks Dr. Dix, “ unless its priu. is to spare no pains in the defence. If guilty, ciples and aims were souud and true, and its re- he is to be legally proved so. Nor may
his coun lations to manhood necessary and beneficent ?" sel abandon him by throwing up his brief, or Surely not. What, then, was the idea, and what avowing his belief in his guilt until it bas been is still the idea, which forms the root of all this so proved. There is a close affinity in the aimn growth? It is that of the defence of the op. and means of the lawyer and the minister. They pressed, the advocacy of the weak, and the con- both unfold that law which is the thought and viction and exposure of the guilty. Liberty Will of God. The minister deals with the Di. consists in being freed from the wrong which vine law, as well natural as positive, with printhe lawless might inflict, and in being kept se- ciples recognized by reason alune, and with the cure in the enjoyment of life, of limb and of procepts derived from revelation. The advocate possessions. These are the ends which law is deals with the positive laws of inepdendent to secure, and the place of the advocate is at States, but at last all laws eod in one Will, ove the side of his fellow-man when that man is op- Spirit, one Intelligence, one Being. pressed with wrong, assailed by the unjust or Counsels such as these by the Rector of threatened with loss of goods or fame or life. Tricity will do extensive good to large classes. The prosecutor must confront the transgressor and stop bis destructive career. Originally their
THE ABUSE OF NAMES. labors were held beyond price; what they did was not for hire. Gratitude oftea impelled the The“ absurd fashion “is creeping in, or rather
The following is from the “ Evening Bulletin. client to pay, but such recompense was called an" honorarium," and not a thing of legalcharge galloping in, amongst Friends, and possibly an or obligation; and in 1583 the whole Paris bar outside rebuke may do no harm :rose in protest against an ordinance by which Nicknames will be used just so long as manthey were required to make out bills and sign kind exists, and just so long as those to whom receipts for fees. They said their services were they are applied have marked peculiarities of not to be estimated by a money value.
character or person, who elicit terms of en. One of the dangers of the profession now is, dearment, or who have names that may be that many men seek the law simply as a means shortened with convenience. Andrew will be of growing rich by getting practice any and called “ Andy” as long as there are any Anevery way. In the midst of the money greed drews to be nicknamed; Jeremiah will be shortand selfishness morals decline, the sense of hon- eded into “ Jerry," and William into " Bill" or siuks. Anciently, from the time of Constan. so long as there is a Jeremiah or a William in tine, the practice of taking cases on shares was existence. But it does not follow that these prohibited. Another danger is because counsel names should become proper handles to honest use language to each other, unrebuked in courts, surnames, and that boys should be christened not fit for gentlemen. The judiciary is, to some by the nicknames of their fathers. extent, demoralized by party politics." Main- A fashion that is about as absurd as this
would be, has come into uge of late in certain | Upoa examination, only two shells were obcircles, and the rising generation will blush for tained amid a mass of thousands of a fossilized the folly of their progenitors when they grow grain, supposed by Dr. Joseph Leidy, of hila older and wiser. It is not practised so much in dolphia, to be frog spawo, though closely rethe naming of boys, but in respect to girls it sembling cherry stones. In this mass were found has run to the extreme of sentimental silliness. bones of several distinct animals, in a most Thus girls, instead of being baptized with such singular state of preservation-forming a persensible, old-fashioned Dames as Matilda, Char- fect mosaic, not in the limestone, but in the lotte, Margaret or Sarah, are christened Tillie" stalagmitic rock, although at first appearance
“” "Lottie,' “ Maggie" and "Saidie." Ellen incorporated in the limestone. On application
“ dwindles into “Ellie;" Susan shrinks into of a crowbar, a large mass was detached, show"Susie;" Caroline is made ridiculous by being ing the stalagmitic formation. Among the bones, cut down to “ Lidie;" Emma becomes insipid beautifully preserved in the hard rock, Dr. in “Emmie;" and, most wretched of all, the Leidy has recognized those of the deer, (Cervus beautiful name of Mary is frittered away in Virginianus,) the bat, and other birds, together " Mamie.” This nicknaming would be all very with numerous fragments not determined. Mr. well if in its use it was confined to the family I. N. Carpenter, of Easton, who has known the circle ; bat such names are given permanently region for many years, recollects that just fitiy
to children, and the future wives and mothers two years ago his father killed the only deer • of the land figure in every advertised list of let- known to visit those parts, although they are
ters, and in every school examination, as “Lid-frequent in Pokono mountains, forty or fifty ies," " Susies,” and “ Saidies.” Think of the miles westward. The inclemency of the weath
' wife and mother of the Father of his Country er has prevented further examination, but christened by the names of “Mamie” and among other bones are those of animals much " Marthie,” and of the mother baptizing the stronger than the deer, together with some so future bero and statesman as “Georgie”! The closely resembling parts of a human skeleton first Napoleon would have remained a bachelor that they have been so pronounced by profesforever, bad his first wife been named "Josie," sional authority here. The former specimens and he wonld not have troubled an Archduch. have been removed to the College Cabinet, but ess of Austria to take the place of the discarded the determination of the latter must await a Enpres«, had she been named “ Minnie Louie,” more favorable season, as the face of the rock 18 instead of plain and sensible Maria Louisa. entirely exposed to the weather. The breccia,
This sickly sentimentalism is about as foolish so far recovered, was about twenty feet below as the poetic lucubrations of bereaved fathers the surface. and mothers, who in form an unappreciative It is possible that, although the remains apworld that “dearest Johnny" has left them, or pear at so great a depth in the cave, they were that the skill of physicians was unavailing to deposited there from the surface of the ground, save “ Billy” from the fatal consequences or entering a crevasse which was distinctly traced the sore afflictions which he had borne so long. some thirty or forty feet along the face of the But misnaning a child sticks to him or her for- rock to the surface, and explaining why these eter ; and wbile the obituary nonsense which ac. remains were never noticed until the workmen companies the record of death is soon forgotten, opened upon them in the rock. This crevasse a sensible woman, with a foolish nickname, has might easily have formed a trap or pit, esa an ever-present reminder of the silliness of her pecially in enowy days, into which animals parents, and a source of continual annoyance to might have falled and remained. This is the herself.
more likely from the appearance of fossilized
vegetable remains miogled with the bones. INTERESTING DISCOVERY.
Easton Evening Express. An interesting discovery of stalagmitic bone In addition to the above, Professor Osborn in breccia bas lately been made by Professor Os- a note to us remarks : boro, of Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylva- "If these bones were at the bottom of a fisnii, in a cave opposite Riegelsville, Pennsylva. sure, which all seem to think proven, may not nia. The cave is near Lillie's Safe Foundry, the mingled human and ancient fossils, supposed and it is for the Furnace at the latter place to militate against the scriptural age of man, that the workmen bave been, for a long time, have met under the same circumstances ? fossil quarrying limestone from the entrance. For deposited first, then the human bones become more than fifty years the cave has been the re- commipgled afterward, and not deposited at the sort of visitors, and somewhat of a history of the same time."-Eils. Pres. place can therefore be traced. Professor Osborn's attention was directed to
ANNIHILATION. the place by the rumor that the workmen had. It is ascertained, and is capable of the clearuncovered soze shells in the solid limestone. I est proofs, that the simple elements of which all substances is composed, cannot, by any conceiv. I thereto, as reported in the Newark Advertiser, able means, be destroyed. They may indeed cannot fail to interest all parties, and especially be so changed as to present dot the least resem- ose who ould protect the birds, as the fruitblance to their previous forms; they may be so growers' co-workers, notwithstanding they eat miogled with other bodies that their identity some fruit, for, it should be remembered that cappot be traced; they may be dissipated into they feed more or less on insects and their larvæ the ip visible vapor, and be apparently annihi- for many months of the year, while it is comlated; but we learn from the science of chemistry paratively a short space of time that they peck that, in every shape, the same elements remain at fruits of the different species and various inextinguishable and unaltered. The pheno- varieties. Would it not be better to employ mena of solutions afford some of the most obvi persons for a few days to keep them away from ous illustrations of complete change prodnced fruit plots, than to engage in their indisin bodies without causing their annibilation. If criminate destruction ? So it seems to many who a piece of silver be immersed in diluted pitre, have considered this matter in the light of ruin a short time the silver will be entirely disral and horticultural economy. solved. Its hardness, its lustre, its tenacity, Of the Baltimore Oriole, that beautiful bird its specific gravity, all the characteristics which and charming songster, Dr. Trimble said, " they distinguish it as a metal, are gone. Its very form are becoming numerous, and when they first bas vanished, and the hard, splendid, ponder- arrive they feed on leaf-curling caterpillars, 80 ous, opaque metal, which, a few minutes before, injurious to fruit and ornamental trees and was immersed in the mixture, is apparently an- shrubs ; also upon the capker worm, that dedibilated. The liquid, however, remains as lim- structive pest, and later in the season upon the pid as before; it presents no difference in appear-drop-worm. He stated that by the aid of the ance to indicate a change. What, then, has be- microscope he had been able to prove positively come of the solid piece of silver which was that the orioles feed upon that terrible enemy placed in the liquid ? Must we conclude that of the fruit-grower—the curculio ; that a small it is annihilated? Pat some pieces of copper portion of a head, supposed to be that of a curinto the solution, and the silver will reappear, culio, was found amongst the comminuted conand fall to the bottom of the glass in small, tents of the crop of one of these birds, and the brilliant metallic crystals.— Though solution is microscope enabled bim to count the 147 lenses one of the simplest processes of nature, the in one of the eyes—the exact number known limited faculties of man will not permit bim to to make the eye of this particular species of comprehend the mode in which it operates. curculio. There is not one phenomenon of nature that the The Downy Woodpecker is one of the most mind of man can fully comprehend, and after valuable of all the birds of our country. It pursuing the inquiry as far as the mental capa knows where to find, and is busy in searching out, eity will admit, he is obliged to confess that the apple-worm, the second in importance of the there is an operating power beyond the reach insect-enemies, which, with the curculio are the of his comprehension.— The Moravian. chief cause of the ruin of the fruit business,
especially in our State. RURAL MISCELLANY.
The Little Chick-a-dee also feeds upon the What Dr. Trimble says of Birds. Those of apple-worm, but finds it accidentally, and not our gardeners, and especially the fruit-growers, by boring for it, as does the downy wood pecker. who lately listened to the reading of Prof. Rus- The Cedar Bird, sometimes called the Cherry sell's report on birds at a meeting of the Massa- Bird, (Canker Bird) said the Doctor, is a gross chusetts Horticultural Society, cannot fail of feeder, consumes immense pumbers of canker being interested in the following extracts from worms, and of injurious ipsects. This bird and an address which Dr. Trimble, of Newark, New the yellow bird, or finch, resemble each other Jersey, lately delivered on the value of insec- in one respect, both remaining in flocks till tivorous and frugivorous birds, both to gardeners midsummer, and are tbus on hand in great and farmers. It is more important that this sub- numbers when their services are most required; ject should now be considered, as it is rumored while most other birds are at home attending to that an effort will be made to persuade the pres- their domestic duties. The cedar birds are found ent legislators to modify or repeal the law for in New York and Philadelphia in large filocks the protection of birds. While some are anxi- in Jude, after the worms, and if they could be ous to have this done, others are equally desir- properly protected by closing the parks, so that ous that the law should remain and be strictly they should not be frightened away by the peoenforced.
ple, they would do much towards ridding those Dr. Trimble having made the subject of birds cities of these pests. The yellow birds, in imand insects as they relate to the garden and orch- mense flocks, are found in wheat fields where the ard a matter of special study and observation, midge is so destructive. They are in pursuit of the following extracts from his address in relation the larvæ of these flies in the heads of the wheat,