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In numbers compu'ele39, and colors that vie ling you at the door, then summon to your aid With the blossoms of earth, and the lights of the all the virtues you possess, patience, forbearance, sky.

kindoess, charity, and your love of humanity, to Where'er the wide azure its barriers laves,

epable Where the surf of the summer breeze playfully

you to fulfil your duty to that pror child; roare,

your mission to that boy is of the holiest charOr the far-heaving surge of the storm-fettered waves acter. Then say to him that you will love him,

Drifts up ocean's relics on earth’s furibest shores- if no one else does; that you will care for him, There, while glad sunlight fades o er the ocean's that you will teach him, and thus make him

white foan, And the cool breeze of evering blows fresh on the feel that he is of some account in the world. strand,

Such treatment will lead him to strive to deserve The blithe sea-boy, sadd’ning in the thought of his your good will, and the very effort will elevate home,

him, and feed the little fire you have lighted in Is gathering gay shells from the billowy sand, bis heart until it shall burn and blaze up into While he grieves o'er tbe hard fate which dooms him

power and light that will forever make bim for. to roam, And visits, in visions, his love-lighted land- get the darkness and bitterness of the past, and He shall bear them away from the scenes of our

lead him on until, under your loving instruction, birib,

he shall grow into a good and useful member of And bright eyes shall value his far gathered shells, society. They shall bapiy be group'd o'er some bright-glow- Teachers, is such a result not worth the de. ing hearth,

votion of Where affection has woven ber home nurtur'd spells,

your best powers to its accomplishWhere kindness still welcomes the wand'rer of eartb,

ment? It surely is. Aud bis heart's fondest day-dream of happiness

Professor Northrop, by request, stepped fordwells.

ward and said: Having attended over

hundred institutes in New Eogland, I can TEACHERS' INST, TUTE.

truthfully compliment you upon having the best (Continued from page 623.)

I ever saw. At the last meeting of the Lustitute, Professor

Fie congratulated the teachers and citizens Mark Briley interested the audience, which con. upon haviog the right man in the right place sisted of about one thousand persons, by reading as county superintendent. He had also visited the parable of the Prodigal Son, the burial the surrounding country, and was delighted of Moses, and a number of other articles. He with it: be doubted not that the fine appearance

of the farms was the result of the fine schools is highly esteemed as an elocutionist.

of the county. Farmers' boys, when educated A sketch of the Chester County “ Teachers'

as they may be here, are the promise of the Institute" was given. The first was held in future—tbe men of to-morrow. They might be 1853 or '54; and although the movement met like the gnarled oaks of the forest, while the with opposition, that feeling had gradually boys of the city resembled the more graceful been dispelled by the advantages resulting he had seen the latter snap before the wild winds

pine tree, as they had been tbus compared; but from these meetings.

of New England, while the oaks only bowed to To-day (said the speaker) as the result of that the blast. kegivning, we have the iuspiring presence of I had pointed out to me, in my walk this three hundred and twenty five public school evening, fine houses belonging to Philadelphians teachers and fifty private instuctors at our and Baltimoreans; api I believe it is your finelyannual convention. And our improved schools conducted schools, and their fruits in the comalready proved that which the speaker had munity, that thus bring strangers to reside in always maintained, that they should be capable your beautiful town. You have but to go on of imparting a thorough and practical education improving your schools to make tbis the banner to our children; and also, that their advance. county of the old Keystone State. Do not look ment and improvement would not interfere with, for the full fruition of this gathering of the past but increase the patronage of our more advanced week immediately, but be done the less sure private schools, academies, aud colleges. that in the future, when those pupils these

As you go down to your homes, remember teachers are now instructing are the men and that in teaching you have the immortal inter. women of your county, that a glorious harvest ests of your pupils placed in your charge. In will be garnered unto you. educating and trainiog youth, ever bear in mind Mrs. Smith being loudly called for, spoke as that the point of entrance to the intellect is follows: I am told I have but five minutes through the hearts of your pupils. If, when in which to say my say, and what can a woman you go to your schools again, you should find say in that time? some poor, ragged, dirty boy, who has bad Woman's work is pre-eminently that of teach. neither moral nor intellectual training, but has ing, and she need desire done more poble or had no lack of blows and unkiud words, await-/ more powerful. We hear much at the present

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time of the equality of woman with man, and gentle actions in after-Jife, to put them out with of her right to occupy every position, either tempting crumbs on the palm toward the little social or political, which is open to him. There doubting futterers overhead, eyeing the movecan be between man and woman no question of ment with such keen speculation, as if questionequality or inequality, any more than between ing wherher it meant bread or a stone! Let winter and summer. Each has a special work any boy or girl who thinks it can be done, or to perform in the economy of nature, and each would know how it can be accomplished, just see is especially endowed by Providence for that how simply the bird friend of Tregedna did it. work. Each is beneficent, noble, and worthy of " It was all an incident to his benevolent praise and bonor opiy as each performs worthily disposition, not a premeditated design. It conthat appointed work. Either in the place of menced at the time when he was laying out the the other would be not only unnatural and grounds of his little dell park. While at work unhealthtul, but unlovely in the extreme. upon the walks and flower beds, and turuing up

The sister the wife, the mother, the teacher the fresh earth with his spade or rake, several who brings pure impulses, noble resolves, and of the little birds would come down from the exalted culture into her appropriate domestic trees and hop alo g after him at a little distance, &nd social duties, must command from every picking up the worms and insects. By walkright-minded person the same sort of homage ing gently, and looking and speaking kindly which waits upon the man who brings these quuli- when they were near, they came first to regard ties into the service of the State through the his approach without fear, then with coufidence. opportunities of public life.

They soon learned the sound of his voice, and The speaker then dwelt upon woman's special seemed to understand the meaning of bis simfitness for the office of teacher, and the social ple, set words of caressing. Little by little they power that office gives her. She touchingly re- ventured nearer and dearer, close to his rake ferred to the many noble women among the ranks and hoe, aod fluttered and wrestled and twitterof teachers, who were struggling against almost ed in the contest for a worm or fly, sometimes every obstacle, under the most adverse circum. | hopping upon the head of his rake in the excitestances, yet never yielding, but steadily pressing ment. Day by day they became more trustful and on to the bright goal before them--the attaininent tame. They watched him in the morning from of kuowledge and the development of their high- the trees near his door, and followed him to his est powers. To such all praise was due: their work. New birds joiued the company daily, trials would prove their blessing: the speaker and they all acted as if he had no other intent could sympathize with them, for it had been her in raking the ground than to find them a lot to be left an orphan in her early years, and breakfast. As the number increased, he began she had struggled on alone in the world, and to carry crusts of bread in the great outside made circumstances bend themselves to her pocket of his cuat, and to sprinkle a few.crumbs Own will.

for them on the ground.

When his walks were

all finished, and be used the spade and rake less A SWEET COMPANIONSHIP.

frequently, the birds looked for their daily raA recent work, published in England, by tions of crumbs; and would gather in the treeElihu Burritt, the learned blacksmith, contains tops in the moroing and let him know, with an interesting account of one whom lie desig their begging voices, that they were waiting fur nates as the “ Haif-Hermit of Tregedna,'' and bim. of whom he says that he has made bimself the " He called them to breakfast with a whistle, Rarey of the bird.world, and " has proved, by and they would come out of the thick, green the happiest illustration, that any one with the leaves of the grove, and patter, twitter, and flutlaw of kindness in his heart, on his tongue, in ter around and over his feet. Sometimes he his eye, and in his hand, may have the most would put a piece of bread between bis lips, intimate fellowship of these sweet singers, and when a bright eyed little thing would pick'it their best songs from morning till night, with out, like a humning bird taking honey from a out the help of shares or cages.

deep flower. bell, without alighting. They be. “What prettier out-door exercise,” he asks, came bis constant companions. As soon as he "for the kindly dispositions of gentle-spirited stepped from his door, they were on the lookout children could there be, as a change from les to give him a merry

elcome with their happy sons of love to their own kind, than this playing voices. They have come to know the sound of of the Rarey among the birds? What a his step, his walks, and recreations. Often, pleasant accentuation it would give to their when leaning upon his hoe or rake, one of them voices, as a permanent habit, to talk to these will alight upon the head of it and turn up a birds; to coax them down from their tree-tops, bright eye at his face. Even before he gave or out of their hidings in the hedges, with little up the practice of shooting birds of another calls and cooings such as children can make ! feather, one would sometimes hop upon the gilt How prettily it would train their bands for guard of the lock, and peer around upon the

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ILEVENTH MONTH

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brass trigger with a look of wonder which | ceeded its average by about three degrees, though he interpreted aright, and left off killing birds nearly four behind that of last year. Taken as a susceptible of the same training.

whole, we have had a most deligblful Fall.
PHILADA., 12th mc. 2, 1867.

J. M. E. " He leaves his chamber window open at night, and when he awakes early in the morning be

ITEMS. often finds a robin or goldfinch hopping about

The following obituary notice, published in the N. on the bed-posts, or on the back of a chair close love to the destitute children of the Freedmen bas

Y. Tribune a few weeks since, of oue whose labor of by, trying to say or sing in the best articulation closed by the death of her wbo worked so faithoi its speech : It is time to get up; come and fully and earnestly for their good. I thought as see the flowers; a dew of pearls is on their quite a number of our Friends had visited her in leaves, and the sun is above the sea.”

New Orleans, the place of her labor, and made ber

acquaintance last spring while she was bere solicitFor Friends' Intelligencer.

ing contributions for the Asylum, it was due to her REVIEW OF THE WEATHER, &C.

memory and the Friends that contributed to ber

work, to publish the within in the lotelligencer. 1866. 1867. DEAL, 11th mo., 1867.

W.

In giving place to the notice sent by our friend, Rain during some portion of

we may add that while on her tour north, to wbich tbe 24 hours,

6 days.

9 days. Rain all or nearly all day,...

be bas alluded, it was our privilege to listen to her 0

1 Snow, incl’g very sligbt falls

3

earnest and forcible appeals for the orphan children Cloudy, without stor id 8.......

4

of New Orleans, and we record with sorrow the early Clear,us ordinarily accepted 16

13

departure of this gifted and willing laborer.

MADAME Lovise De Mortie died of yellow fever in New Orleans on the 10tb inst., at the early age of ibirty-four years. She was born in Norfolk, Vir

ginia, but received her education in Boston. In the TEMPERATURE, RAIN, DEATHS,

1866. 1867.

autumn of 1862 she began ber career as a pubiic

reader in Bostou. Her rare ability, eloquent renMean temperature of ilth

dering of the poets, pleasing manner, and good month per Penna. Hospital, 48.00 deg. 57.65 deg.

sense, gained for her some of the leading men and Highest do. during month 69.00 78.00

women of the country among her friends. After the Lowest do. do. do. 29.50 41.50

proclamation of emancipation, when the fieedoen Pain during the nionth,...... 1.76 in. 4.32 in.

were helpless ard friendless, Madame De Mortie went Deaths during the month,

to New Orleans and began her voble mission among

the freedmen. She first gave lectures, and employed being for 4 current weeks for 1866 and 5 for 1867..... 1091

the proceeds in establisbing an asylum for the freed 1122

children. Of ibis asylum sbe became Matron, and benceforth devoted all ber energy and ixlent to its

support. Although urged by her relatives and Average of the mean temperature of 11th

friends at the North to lenye New Orleans until the month for the past seventy-eight years 43.35 deg. Highest mein of do. during that entire

yellow fever bad ceased its ravages, she refused to

desert ber post. She was buried on the evening of period, 1849.............

150.50

the 11tb inst. in the St. Louis Cemetery. Her reLowest do. do. 1793, 1842, 1827/38.00

mains were followed to the grave by the orpban

children of the asylum, and many friends. Mean temperature of the three Autumn

PEACE WITH THE INDIANS.--A trenty of peace with mos. of 1866......

58.61 deg. several of the more important Indian tribes has been Mean do do do do

announced by General Sherman). Indians will theremonths of 1867 ..............

157.85

fore cease to be a lawful prey for whoever cbooses Average of the Autumo temperature for

to make a mark of one for rifle practice until furtber the past seventy-eight years.......

54.73

orders from the general commanding. The tribes Higbest Autumn mean occurring during

which signed ibe trealy are the Kiowas, Camancbes, that entire period, 1866........

58.61

Apaches, Cheyennes, and Arrapahoes. One of the Lowest do. do. do. 1827 49.33

papers says this includes every troublesome tribe ex.

cep! "the Kon-trak-tah's, the In-gen-a-gent's, and 1866.

1867. the Frod-teer-set-ilah's.” If the two forner of ihese Totals for the first 6 months,

bave not been consulted, it is probable that ibe of the year,...

22.47 inch.30.20 inch. treaty will prove hardly more tban simply an armis. Sereuth month,....

2.52
2.38

tice.--N. Y. Tribune. Eigbib month,

2.18 15.81

Dr. LivingsTONE'S SAFETY, reported some time ago Ninth mouth,

8.70

1.72 by the Atlantic Cable, was announced on the auTeoth month.

4.15

thority of a leiter written to the Loudon Times, by Eleventh month.....

1.76
2.94 Dr. Roderick I. Murchison, President of the Royal

Geographical Society. Dr. Murcbisun says: “I have Totals for eleven months 41.78 157.47 this day received a letter from Dr. Kirk at Zanzibar, It will be seen by the above that the temperature dated ibe' 28th of September, stating that he bas of tbe month just closed bas exceeded the average seen a native trader who has just relurned from the for seveniy-eight years past by about 41 degrees, western side of Lake Tanganyika, and who gave him almost reaching last year, (1866,) which was ibe a detailed account of baving seen a white man higbest on record during that long period of time; travelling in thai rery remote region." The "wbite also tbat the entire Autumn temperature bas exo! man" is supposed to be Dr. Livingstone.

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AUTUMN TEMPERATURES.

COMPARISON OF RAIN.

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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HEB NOT GO; KEEP HER; POR SHE IS THY LIFE.”

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 14, 1867.

No. 41.

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.
The Pepns and Pening tong.....

641 Strength of Moral Afinities.

643 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS

The Life of God in the Soul..

644 MADE TO Extract........

.... €46 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,

Notes of Foreign Travel, from Private Correspondence...... 646 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, EDITORIAL

048 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M. ODITITARY...

619 New Books.

649 TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE Alaska .....

649 The Paper is issued every Seventh day, at Three Dollars per An Appeal.

661 annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10. Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

POETRY.

661 The Postage on this paper, paid in avance at the office where Cheerfulnegg.........

....... 652 It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. Influence of Forests upon Climate........

..... 652 AGENTS - Joseph S. Cohu, New York,

653 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Annual Report of the Library Association of Friends.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
Iron at $20,000 per pound...

655
William H. Churehman, Indianapolis, Ind.
ITEMS

666 James Baynes, Ballimore, Md.

THE PENNS AND PENINGTONS.

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ers in the afternoon. They used common prayFrom this interesting work by Maria Webb, customs, and times, and days of fasting and

ers in the family, and observed superstitious which we have before alluded to as baving been feasting. At that time, when I was afraid in sent us by John Pepington & Son, Booksellers, the night season of such things as spirits walkand from which we have made some extracts, ing, and of thieves, I would often say over, as we now select the "Childhood and Early Life Lord's Prayer, hoping by that means to be de.

I had been taught, that which is called the of Mary Proude, ultimately Penington,” with a livered from the things I feared.” She used, brief sketch of her first husband, Sir William as many a child has done, the words of that Springett.

beautiful comprehensive prayer as a charm to We feel no hesitation in recommending this ward off evil, witbout entering into its spirit, or book as an acquisition to the family library. It she was about eight years of age, and still liv.

at all comprehending its meaning. But when can be obtained at 127 8. 7th St. Price $3.00. ing with the loose Protestants she speaks of, she

Marg Proude was born about the year 1624, heard a sermon preached, the text of which and was the only child of Sir John Proude, a made a more intelligible religious impression on native of Keat, in which county he had valu- ber mind. It was the declaration of the Lord able landed property. He entered into the Jesus, " Blessed are they that hunger and thirst military service of the States of Holland under after righteousness, for they shall be filled.” the Prince of Orange, and was one of the officers This, she says, was the first Scriptural text of killed at the siege of Groll in Guelderland. which she ever took serious notice, and who Her mother's death took place either immedi can imagine what a stay and blessing it proved ately after or shortly before that of her father; in keeping alive religious hope in many an hour so that the little girl was left without either of of discouragement and depression in after years? her parents at the

age of three years. She was It appears to have served as a divine anchor, brought up in a Protestant family, where the made so secure in that early time that no storm ordinances of the Episcopal Church were recog. could afterwards entirely unsettle it. nized. Speaking of their habits, she says they When she was about nine years of age, the were " a kind of loose Protestants, who minded little orphan girl, who seems to have been the no religion, though they went to their place of ward of Sir Edward Partridge, was removed to worship on First-days, to hear a canonical priest his residence. He had a large mixed family; preach in the morning, and read common prag. I for, beside his own immediate household, he

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had a sister, Madam Springett, a young widow sermons on First-day, between the sermons. I lady, with her three children and their servants, diligently heard her read, and liking not to use who boarded in his house. Madam Springett the Lord's Prayer only, I got a Prayer. book, joined her brother's family at meals, but had a and read prayers morning, and pights, accordprivate suite of apartments for her own family ing to the days and occasions. About this time to retire to. She was a superior woman in my mind was serious about religion, and one every respect, and of her attention and kind- day, after we came from the place of public ness little Mary Proude appears to bare largely worship, this forementioned maid-servant read partaken. She had a daugbter Catharine, a one of Preston's sermons on the text, “ Pray little older than Mary, and two sons. William continually.” Much was said of the excellency and Herbert. With these children Mary was of pracer—that it distinguished a saint from educated under the roof of Sir Edward Part- the world; for that in many things the world ridge, until the boys were sent to a public and hypocrites could imitate a saint, but in school. Toward their uncle's ward the young prayer they could not. This wrought much in Spriogetts, who were noble youths, acted with a my mind all the time she read, and it seemed chivalrous and most kind consideration, that plain to me that I knew not right prayer; for made them the very best of friends. William what I used as prayer an ungodly mao might was about two years and a half older than Mary. do by reading it out of a book, and that could Sne thus speaks of his early habits :

not be the prayer which distinguished a saint “He was of a most courteous, affable carriage from a wicked one. As soon as she had done towards all. He was most ingeniously inclined reading, and all gone out of the chamber, I shut from a very lad, carving and forming things the door, and in great distress flung myself on with his knife or tools; so industriously active the bed, and oppressedly cried out aloud, Lord, tbat he rarely ever was idle. For when he wbat is prayer?' At this time I bad never could no: be employed abroad in shooting at a beard any, nor of any that prayed otherwise mark with gun, pistol, crossbow or longbow, or than by reading, or by composing and writing a nianaging his horses, which he brought up and prayer, which they called a form of prayer. trained himself-teaching them boldness in This thing so wrought in me, that, as I rememcharging, and all that was needful for service-ber, the next morning, or very soon after, it when he could not, I say, be thus engaged came into my mind to write a prayer of my own abroad, then he would fence within doors; or composing to use in the moroings. So, as soon wake crossbows, placing the sight with that ac- as I was out of bed, I wrote a prayer, though I curateness as if it had been his trade; and make then could scarcely join my letters, I had so bow-strings, or cast bullets for his carbines, and little a time learne:l to write. It was something feather his arrows. Aš other times he would of this Dature; that, as the Lord commanded pull his watch to pieces to string it, or to mend the Israelites to offer up a morning sacrifice, so any defect; or take to pieces and mend the I offered up the sacrifice of prayer, and desired house clock. He was a great artist not only in to be preserved during that day. The use of shooting, but in fishing--making lines, and ar. this for a little time gave me some ease, and I ranging baits and things for the purpose. He soon left off using my books; and as the feel. was also a great lover of coursing, and he man. ings arose in me, I wrote prayers according to aged bis dogs himself. These things I mention my several occasions." to show his ingenuity and bis industry in bis The time when the circumstances above re. youth. But bis mind did not run into any lated marked the experience of this thoughtful vanity about such things after it was engaged little girl, was when the spirit of Puritanisın in religion.”

began to be wanifested in ibe churches

The So long as mere childhood lasted, under such reading of the common prayers of the Church care, and with such companionship and bright of England Prayer-book, both in public and surroundings, Mary's life must have passed on private worship, was one of the practices to smoothly and pleasantly. Of the general re- which objectiou began to be raised by some of ligious habits and tone of the Partridge's, she the most strictly religious people of that time; says they seemed to be more religious than the and there were other practices also, in boih the other family she had previously lived with. Episcopal and Presbyterian Churches, to which “They wouid not admit of sports on the first these Puritaps-as they were in ridicule called day of the week, calling it the Sabbath; and -objected. Mary Penington thus continues : they heard two sermons on that day of a priest, " The next prayer I wrote was for an assurance who was not loose in his conversation ; he used of pardon for my sins. I had heard one preach a form of prayer before bis sermon, and read bow God had pardoned David his sins of His common prayer. When I was about eleven free grace; and as I came from our place of years of age, a maid servadt, who tended on me worship, I felt how desirable a thing to be and the rest of the cbildren, and was zealous in sured of the pardon of one's sins ; so I wrote a that way, would read Smith's and Preston's pretty large prayer concerting it. I felt that

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