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ernor of New York, there can be no ground for the benevolent purposes of government, protect despairing of like results anywhere, where the Indians in their just rights, and secure kiod treatment and honest regard for their them from the intrusion of the whites upon rights can be extended to the Indian race, for their reservations, or injury and abuse from the a sufficient length of time to give them faith jo frontier settlers. the permanence of such a policy."*
Fourth.- Assigo to the Indians a number of A change of our Iudian policy, on the part fertile tracts of well-watered country, as permaof the government, being therefore evidently went reservations, to be solemnly secured to them demanded by every consideration of humanity, forever, and of ample dimensions for the liberal justice and Christianity, your memorialists so- accommodation of the whole number of Indians licit your attention to the four following points, in all the Western Territories, to which the which, in their judgment, if faithfully acted Indians shall be invited, and, by being liberally upon by those in authority, will secure the furnished there with food, and all the necessaobjects so ardently desired by all who have re- ries of life, induced to remove, and upon which gard for the eternal principles of right and all shall ultimately be collected who wish to justice—the dictates of Christianity.
retain their tribal character. There, supply First. — To restore peace between the In- them well with seeds, stock, farming impledians and the government upon the most fair, ments, and manufacturing tools, and place just, and liberal terms to them, so as to be among them, on these reservations, suitable, likely to secure from all the tribes, their faith peaceful, enlightened, and conscientious pert'ul observance of the stipulations entered into. sons, to instruct them in agriculture, manufacN. G. Taylor, the present Commissioner of In. tures, the mechanic arts, and household duties, dian Affairs, in his report to Congress, dated as well as in all the necessary school learning, July 12th, 1867, says : “ We can bave all we and protect them from the intrusion of all want from the Indians, and peace without war, others. Then, in a little time, instead of the if we so will, with entire security upon all our precarious dependence, as at present, upon the frontiers, and in all our territorial domain, at buifalo, the deer, and the bear, in the forest, a cost of less than two days' expenses of the for the subsistence of themselves and their fami. existing war, to wit, a quarter of a million of lies, they would bare the oxen, the sheep, and dollars; and in less tban one hundred days; the swine in their fields at home, whence they and this can be done simply by retracing our can be at any time procured. This is the wrong steps, and by doing right.”+ Oh! in the present condition of the Indians in Western pame of all that is sacred, let this at once be New York, as has en already stated in this dene. Let the representatives of a Christian memorial, (and to which statement we particonation immediately retrace any wrong steps larly solicit attention,) who, but comparatively which may have been taken, and have all their a few years ago, gave no more promise of im. transactions and intercourse with these, their proveient, or of their present advanced conwaris, governed by the strictest principles of dition, than do now the various tribes west of justice and kindness, and an honest regard for the Mississippi river. Here is positive ground their rights and interests, for all time to come, so on which to rest the feeling of great encourageas to restore and preserve the blessings of peace. ment and hope.
Second.—Let the agents and employees who In conclusion, your memorialists respectfully are sent to reside among the Indians, be per- and earnestly crave, that the Great Spirit, in sons of high character and strict morality, whom the Indian trusts, and unto whom the without any regard to party bias; and let the white man prays, may so enlighten the underIndians be secured and protected from intru. standings, and iubue the hearts of all with sion and encroachment by white settlers, and humanity, justice and mercy, that our pe vple, allow an easy and prompt means of redress for and the remnant of our red brethren, may, in wrong and injury inflicted upon them by the all the future, live in harmony, peace, anl whites, through the proceedings of a judicial love, and mutually practice truth, justice and tribunal.
kindness towards each other, and thus glorify Thirdl.— A difficulty of no sinall magnitude, our Father who is in Heaven, and invite a con. as the publications referred to abundantly tinuance of His blessings to us, to our beloved prove, attends the administration of the affairs country, and to our posterity. Amen. of the lodian Bureau. We trust that, in your PosTSCRIPT.-In promoting the welfare of wisdom, some measure may be devised to ren- the Indians, and fulfilling the benevolent inder it more prompt and efficient, to carry out tentions of the governmeut towards them, such
services as we may be able to render will be * Letter from Asher Wright, tha benevolent Mis- given without receiving any pecuniary return, sionary on the Catluraugus Reservations, to your from either the nation or the lodians. menorialists. #Letter of Secretary of Interior; Senate Ex. Doc.
Signed by a number of Friends and by No. 13, 4014 Congress, 1st Session, page 4.
BENJ. HALLOWELL, Sec'y of Conf.
I spent one day in the Berlin gallery, which No, 11.
is most valuable as a school for general culture, DRESDEN, Sept. 17th. and is free to the people, who really do frequent The kingdom of Prussia, more than any na- it. It forms part of the Museum, which also tion since the Roman, rests for the principle contaivs a very large sculpture gallery, and a of its nationality upon war. In Berlin every great number of antiquities of all kinds, espeman must serve, and some years of his lite must cially from Egypt. The buildings themselves be given to military drill; this drill is very se-are elaborate pieces of architecture, frescoed vere. Since the Nortbern Confederation was within and without by the best modern artists, formed uoder the lead of Prussia, this rule bas whose works are also in the galleries. This extended over all the States within its limits, Museum was begun by Frederic II., and finished and Hamburgh was groaping under it when I by Frederic William IV., which facts are duly was there. Hitherto its military force has been engraved on the outside; but the only work of amply made up by the poorer citizens, wbo were art in Berlin which awakened any feeling in paid for their work, but now the richest citizens me was the Mausoleum at Charlottenberg, must yield their sons, and they must fight the erected to the memory of Queen Louisa and enemies of the Confederation whenever called Frederic William Ill. A full length tignre of by Prussia. I passed by the drilling ground, each is carved in marble upon their sarcophagi
, and saw some of the exercises. They were ter which stands under cover of a little temple rible to witness. A lady who was with me, and facing an altar, over which is a statue of Jesus who was well acquainted with anatomy through on the cross, also in marble, and on each side the study of Dr. Lewis' free gymnastics, ex are portrayed in fresco the same king and queen pressed the greatest indignation. I heard that kneeling, and offering Him their crowns. By in Schleswig-Holstein, which now belongs to the side of each sarcophagus is a candelabra, the Bund, soldiers had banged themselves be the pedestal of one representing the three cause they could not perfora the exercises re- l'ates, that of the other the three Graces, or quired by the Prussian drill. Since I came to else Fairh, Ilope and Charity, (I could not deDresden I have seen a young man, (a sculptor, termine which.) This marble room is lighted and the only son of the greatest sculptor here,) by colored glass windows, which pour a violet who was giving promise to excel his father, and light upon the marble; and as this color is the whose delicate appearance excited my interest. syinbol of self-sacrifice, it is in beautiful taste. I was told that this terrible Prussian law had The dust that was once the living bodies of the taken him from his studio and put him into two sovereigns does not lie under the sarcophagi, the barracks for a year, and that in practising but under the vestibule, on whose floor are cut the exercises, he had broken a blood vessel in their names, &c. An old gentleman who was his breast. Through the greatest interest, ex present while I was there, and who had seen erted by the King of Saxony and the friends the queen in 1803, said that her likeness was of this young artist's father, a respite had been perfect. granted him, for his recovery; the time has I took one day for Potsdam, but had time to nearly expired, and he will be obliged to return see only the New Palace, (built by Frederic the to the exercises, which every one thinks will Great,) Sans Souci, and the Church of Peace, prove fatal to him. But the Prussian authorities as it is called, which is the place where the are afraid that indulgence would lead to relaxa. royal family go for public worship when they tion of discipline, and rather than this, some are at the palaces. There is a room in the New lives must be sacrificed; and here is to be sacri. Palace entirely covered with shells, --the walls, fi ued perhaps the most promising genius in ceiling and furniture; it is very curious, and Saxony. We know this case, but it shows what must have been exceedingly expensive. At is happening in huodreds of instances that Sans Souci, we saw the chair in which the great never meet the world's ear. I was told that Frederic died; also, the only portrait for which numbers of professional men were compelled to he ever sat, and in both palaces were his books, leave their professions and live in the barracks in glass cases, and articles of furniture that he for three years at their own expense. I cannot had used. Sans Souci is but one story high, thiuk that a plan for uniting Germany which but the woods, gardens and orangerie are the subjects it to a military despotism, can, in the glory of these palaces; otherwise they are inend, be good; but some say that, as Prussia ferior in the splendor of their ornamentation to has a public school system that compels every the French palaces, which seemed to me like child in the kingdom to be educated, and as answers to the spells of Aladdin's lamp. These this political compulsion is modified in its effect palaces are kept in order at an enormous exby the genial methods which intelligence bas pense, drawn of course from the lower orders of supplied to the actual teachers, the future of society, whose labor is coined into the adornPrussia must be the development of free josti- ment of the lives of the few, and who do not tutions.
enjoy these things themselves, though it is true that they are thrown open to the inspection of their weakness. These Saxons, instead of stay. the people, such as can pay the few groschening in their poor homes after the hours of labor expected by the servants who show them. My are over, and brooding upon their wrongs, are guide said that these servants grow rich upou beguiled with amusenients that lull their anxie. ihe fees, however. If our Americans who come ties and preclude revolutionary plans. Energy to see these things would feel that they too is taken out of their wills by such means. "Let could have all this beauty and'splendor, but us crown ourselves with rosebuds, for to-morrow only under the conditions of our constitutional we die;" and it would see that they concern equality, giving scope to a free activity of all themselves little as to what will come to their classes of society towards the same end of en posterity after they do die. It is the true voca. joying life with others, European travel would tion and highest art of men to make society, and do nothing but good. A young Anerican girl, a race degenerates when it is not consciously who had had a truly liberal Christian education, doivg this. That which gives life to Americans after describing the galleries of Florence in a is this consciousness of making society, and it letter, and expressing ecstatic delight in some supplies the wait of other means of culture of the finest works of art, and in the fact that which the Germans possess. When they (the the human being was permitted to enter joto Germans) shall have added this power to what the secrets of the Creator so far as to create they already have, what a great nation they such beauty, exclaimed, “Oh! when I grow will be! up, 1, too, will give my life to lifting up the Some persone told me that with all
Jose deeble minded and enlightening the ignorant.” of art, when I came to Europe I should feel I have not remembered the exact words, but her more reconciled to authority and less over-zeal. aspiration impressed me, which was not to make ous for liberty, but it is not so. I see that the beautiful pictures and statues, but to portray the age of the fine arts has passed away,
and tbere highest effect of these for those who could not is no more creation, because authority
, pot libdo it for themselves. To bless humanity, to erty, is the spirit of the time. I am reading universalize its divinest enjoyments, this is the Hermann Grimm's life of Michael Angelo, and true impuise of art, and evev mechanical art has I see he makes him the creator of midiæral art, this effect. I look forward to the time when and ascribes the grand scope of bis genius to the progress of machinery shall save all men his love of liberty, which was pure and ideal, from swinking toil, and leave their energies free though he was beguiled by circumstances to to do what neither electricity oor the laws of actually serve the Medici rather than the libergravitation, or any other unintellectual force, is ty of Florence. But subjectively he was Dubly competent to do. But the inoral and religious free, and all his great works are shown by status of man is not yet such a union of power, Grimm to be embodiments of an Ideal Free wisdom and love as would make it safe for him Italy. to have all the powers of nature at his command. The contrast between Berlin and Dresden is It is only when the image of God is produced very great; the latter lies beautifully on the in universal humanity, that individual men Eibe, the new city being the residence of the shall find their word is sterling in nature. nobility, who live in pretty houses, on wide
Here I am in Dresden, where the finest pic- streets. It has an air of repose which contrasts ture gallery in the world is thrown open to all strongly with Berlin. The people are hospitathe people gratis, four days in the week; and ble to strangers. There are three hundred thuugh the luxuries of life are cheaper here than American families here, on an average, in the anywhere else in the world, perhaps, the govern- winter. It contains fine schools for both boys ment is felt at erery turn. There are laws for and girls. The Polytechnic, for boys, has a fire every movement, and if one breaks them inad- years course, and private instruction can be vertently, which a stranger is very apt to do, procured of excellent quality.
E. P. P. the result is a fine or imprisonment for six months. I should think the chief revenue of
KNOCKING AT THE DOOR. the government to be from fines. I am obliged
One bid me iurn aside, to pay about twenty-five cents for the privilege Saying lle bad a message I could bear of hiring a room in Dresden for a month, and Best in some quiet place; but as I went while here am subject to all the vexatious laws
I heard the busy voices of the world,
And, listening to them, answered in my pride of the municipality. For the first time in my
That I bad ears for both, and was intent life I have felt myself to be under a government On keepiog all my old companions near. that circumscribes my will. At home, I never
He called me once again, thought of goveroment but as the protector of Pleading that He had precious tbings to say, my liberty. There, government embodies lore; Which He desired thai I should understand; here, porter. The necessity the European gor
Things which He might not tell to other men.
I said, that if I were too long away ernments find themselves under of providing
I could not join my company, and then amusements for the people, shows that they feell Sbould lose my place of booor in the land.
BY JEAN INGELOW.
He told me I was ill;
staple of food, and although they raise an imThat He this time had chosen for his call
mense quantity of this article, it is not nearly Because He saw my labor was too much,
sufficient to satisfy the deaiand, and consequentAnd that I greatly netded to be still. I answered I was strong enough for all
ly a large quantity is imported from China and That I had planned that morning to fulfil; India. In traveling through the country of And so again shook off His gentle touch.
Japan the traveler will very often see what to And yet I suffered sore;
him appears a waste piece of land-uncultivated My eyes were dim with weeping all the night;
and unemployed-but in truth there is very little A heavy burden preyed upon my mind;
land that is not under cultivation. The JapI dared not look on the long way before; I dared not look on the dark way bhiod;
anese seem to have an idea that to raise one Glad morning could not bring my spirit ligbt; article on one piece of land for any length of The way of hope and peace I could not find. time tends to exhaust its fruitive powers; conI am grown wiser now,
sequently, after cultivating a piece of land for And sadder, with the knowledge of my loss
some time with edible crops, the farmer will
often plant it with trees, in the meantime cul-
certainly enables the farmer to get the most out For still, at intervals, I bear His voice;
of his land. Indeed, he is obliged to do so, not I bear this footsteps coming to my door,
only for his support, but for all bis rents and Sound sweeter than the music of the day. Enter, O Lord! Oh, speak to ine once more,
tithes, which are paid not in money, but in kind Aud I will list each word that Thou canst say
—mostly rice; and the rent of a farm is estiAs humbly as a child—and will rejoice.
mated, not at so many itzibons (a Japanese coin
worth about a third of a dollar), but at so many THY KINGDOM COME.
piculs (133 pounds) of rice. Besides rice,
there are considerable quantities of peas, beans Thy kingdom come,
and wheat grown, besides corton and tobacco. I heard a Sper cry: “The wildernes, The solitary place,
Large quantities of vegetables are also grown, Shall yet be glad for Him, and He shall bless,
but as a rule they have not the slightest flavor (Thy kingdom come) with his revealed face, to them, except the potato, which is tolerable; Toe forests; they shall drop their precious gum, but this latter is only grown in small quantities. And shed for Him their balm ; and he shall yield Almost every kind of fruit is also grown in The grandeur of his speech to charm the field.
Japan, but I never could discover the slightest Then all the soothed winds sball drop to listen
taste to any of them, with the exception of a (Thy kingdom come); Comforted waters waxen calm sball glisten
small orange, which is procurable only in winWith bashful tremblement beneath His smile;
ter. Their apples are large, and the sight of And echo ever the while
them would make one's mouth water with Shroll take, and her awful joy repeat,
desire; but one might as well endeavor to eat The laughter of his lips--(Thy kir.gdom come,) And hills that sit apart shall be no longer dumb;
soaked pine shaviugs, for they are hard, gritły No, they shall shout and shout,
and tasteless. The people also are great Raining i beir lovely loyalty along the dewy plain
gardeners, and are extremely fond of flowers, of And valleys round about.
which almost every variety is grown in the And all the well-contented land, made sweet country; but although fine to look upon, they are With finwers she opened at Ilia feet,
almost totally devoid of smell. Some of the Shall answer : and make the welkin ring,
gardens in the vicinity of Yokohama are very And tell it to the stars, shout, shout and sing; Iler cup being full to the brim,
fine and tastefully laid out. The implements Her poverty made rich with Him.
used by the Japanese, both in their agricultural Her yearning satisfied to the utmost sum
and mechanical pursuits, are very similar to Lift up thy voice, 0 Earth, prepare thy song,
those used in China. It shall not yet be long;
In mechanical arts I do not think they are Lift up, O Earth, for He gball come again,
superior to the Chinese, except in their bronze Tby Lord; and He shall reign, and He spall reign- castings. In this latter and the manufacture Thy kingdom come."
of lacquerware they are not to be excelled by [Correspondence of the San Francisco Alta California.)
any nation. In their minutest figures, espeCUSTOMS OF THE JAPANESE.
cially of birds or insects, they are exceedingly Flow they Till the Land-Streets and Street Traveling true to nature, evea to the smallest detail. - Arrival of a Daimio.
These manufactures are mostly carried on at
You generally find the shopkeepers resting by useful trades are neglected by young men choosing sitting on their heels--a position which seems callings in life.- Ledger. perfectly comfortable to them, but one which I the fact that the head waters of the Androscoggin,
A RECENT hydrographic survey of Maine discloses was glad to quit after giving it a trial of about Kennebeck and Penobscot are higher than those of two seconds. They will cordially invite you in, the Mississippi at Lake Itaska, although the disand are not at all set back if, after inspecting tance from the source of the former river to the every article in their shop, you leave without sea is less than 200 miles in a straight line; that purchasing anything. The streets have not Moosehead 107, and that the water power of the
Umbagog lake is 1256 feet above tide water, and that crowded appearance which they have in State is practically unlimited. China, from the fact that they are much wider. MACHINE BELTING is now being manufactured of But there is a horrible din kept up all the time, paper by a firm in Dalton, Massachusetts. This which is anything but pleasant, by the coolies belting is reported to be in use in several New Eng. transporting merchandise. In 'China this is land mills, and the Dalton manufacturer bas made
a paper belt seventy-five feet long and eight inches done by suspending the article to be carried wide. The paper belling is said to have all the either on the middle of the pole, when it is merits of leather and some advantages. carried by two coolice, or dividing it and placing The Frencb Government contemplate a new and a portion on either end, when one man can vast project, which, if carried out, will be of incalcarry it by balancing it on his shoulders. But culable importance to that nation. This is to enlarge in Japan it is transported on bandcarts. These the Canal Deur Mers, so ibat large vessels may pass
directly from the Atlantic ocean to the Mediterrane. are large trucks, with two massive wooden an, without passing under the guns of the Fort of wheels, that look as cumbersome and clumsy a: Gibraltar. At present the canal connects with the you please. · Four coolies generally attend one Garonne River, at Toulouse, and falls into the Medi--two in front and two behind-and they keep terranean near Agde; the river reaching the ocean up this meaningless, monotonous chant to keep tion. In order to fill the canal when it is enlarged,
near Bordeaux completing the cbain of communicatime. Now and again you see an itinerant hawk- it is proposed to intercept the innumerable mountain er with a small gong in his hand, which he streams, from the Pyrenees and mountains of Austrikes at regular intervals, in order to attract vergene, and imprison them in huge rezervoirs, attention to his wares. But what is this that whence the water can be drawn as Deeded. - Scien
tific American. is being carried through the streets at rather a rapid rate, on the shoulders of four balf-dressed
The Paris Presse relates the discovery, in one of coolies, two in front and two in the rear? It doubtless employed by the Romans to raise water in
the mines of Portngal, of an old wbeel which was looks like a small sized dry goods box. But it the operation of draining the mine. It is well isn't. It is a norimon--a Japanese carriage- known that the hydraulic works of the Romans surand there is actually a human being cooped up passed in extent any of those of modern times. As therein. Upon inspecting it I could scarcely that great people bad not the use of either steel or imagine that a man or wornan could rest therein water over 'a ledge, where modern engiveers would
gunpowder, they were sometimes obliged to raise more than five minutes. They are about four carry it right through. lo some of the mines were feet in length and three in height, and are more dug draining galleries nearly ibree miles in length, fit for cages to transport wild animals than for but in some places the water was raised by wbeeis the means of human locomotion. When Sir
to carry it over the rocks that crossed the drift. Rutherford Alcock, H. B. M. Minister, once by the miners, who are now working the same old
Eight of these wheels have recenily been discorered went from Yeddo to Yokohama in one of these mines. It is supposed that these wheels cannot be porimons, he says that when he got out it took less than one thousand and four hundred years old, him some time to find out that he had not beep and the wood is in a perfect state of preservation, baked; and nothing could induce him ever to owing to tbe immersion in water cbarged with the
salts of copper and iron. Tbe water was raised by travel again in a similar vehicle.
one wbeel into a basin, from which it was elerated
THE GERMAN RAILWAYS have adopted a new syg. THE REVENUE COMMI88I0NER'S REPORT last year tem for heating cars on railways. At a conference stated that the men employed in the glass works and of the railway managers of the North German steel factories, in Pittsburg, bave averaged eight Bund, some time ago, it was agreed to warm the dollars a day wages. This statement startles a Bos. passenger cars on all the lines, beginning as soon ton paper, which asks: Are vot taritf's too bigb as tbe cold weather sets in this winter; and for when tbry give to the day laborer wages as large as this purpose a special car, containing the heating the salaries the Governors and members of Con- apparatus, will be placed immediately next to ibe gress, and more than the graduates of our colleges can locomotive of every train, from which pipes will obtain for years in ang profession ? If pay depends on convey a contioual circulation of bot water through userul work, we think that the man who earns his the wbole train. Inside the cars these pipes are money by bard labor deserves quite as much as either made of copper, which will coiomunicate with the Governors, Congressmen or graduates. A great trou- other cars by sbort lengths of India-rubber pipes, ble in tbis country is tbat too many people try to live fitting in by means of screw metal beads. Ventilawithout work; and tbat whilst professions and stores tors in the interior of the compartments enable the are overstocked, and there are about twenty times as passengers to regulate the temperature so as to sui: wany politicians as there is any nece-sity for, the 'ibeir convenience.