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Perhaps the reader may have to special ; seats, men and women, old and young, learned qualification for the office of teacher; but is and unlearned, full of this world's goods, or there no one, not one single person, with whom comparatively empty ; blessed with leisure or the daily round of life may bring him into con obliged to devote every day to toil; so different tact, to whom such exposition of the truth as in outward appearance and position; so like in he alone feels capable of, will be immeasurably this one point, that every one, without exception, uore intelligible, just because of its very sim- has a charge to keep, bas his or her appointed plicity, than the elaborate arguments of the work to do. He alope, who kyows the secret scholar? Advice, encouragement, pay, even of each heart, can tell whether by junction with warning and reproof, can we any of us venture the living Head, these separate members are in to say that we are clear from such responsibili. a condition to perform their functions; our ties? And for this end what talent is needed teeble gjyhi cannot in many cases go below the in most cases beyond that which falls to the surface, or distinguish between deadness and share of every Christian ?-what knowledge? inactivity, but we can grievously feel that, as a —what grasp of intellect? Earthly lots may whole, there is something amiss, that there is be very different, but are we not all walking an absence of that compacting and energy along the same road Zionward, exposed to the which would of necessity follow on an effectual same temptations, beset by the same weak- working of vitality in every part; that gifts Desses, needing the same grace to uphold and are being neglected, capacities wasted, influences guide us? Who can tell the value of a simple left undirected, which, however slender in inword, a quiei reference to past experience, an dividual amount, would in the aggregate form hour's companionship, as it were, on the way, a power for good almost beyond compute. As all the more welcome and refreshing, it may be already observed, in the spiritual as in the because the utterer of the word, the kindly physical economy, every portion must do its comrade, is one from whom we had not been own daty; for there cannot, consistently with taught to expect such aid ? There are those safety or health, be a transference of the in every meeting, in every community, who burden from the many smaller to the few seem set apart to fill the chief places in the larger organs. Lesser and greater, let us each sanks: they have their mission to perform, an individually, earnestly, perseveringly, seek out operous and important one, when rightly under our part and do it, in that strength through which taken and fully carried out; but I am persuaded alone such will be possible, and let us " consid- . that there are many amongst us who can refer er one another,” not censoriously, nor yet with to occasions when a word in season, whispered an unacknowledged hope of finding in our comby some unrecognised vfice-bearer, who had panion's ivaction an excuse for our own, but received bis charge direct from the Church's according to the apostle's precept, “to provoke Head, won its way into the heart, and bore fruit unto love and," -- wherever that is, the other there, when everything besides seemed to fall can hardly be far distant, — to good works." uselessly on the barren surface. There is And now, before closivg, I would say a few indeed a peculiar blessing often attendant on words on a subject so connected with the such ministrations; they come to us more pure question which we have just beec examining, as from eartbly admixture, more free from the to render allusion to it almost necessary. I refer temptation to lose sight of the Creator in the to the answer so often given to appeals for creature, than is possible in most other cases. activity in any department of labor, any serIf these instances could be increased, if they rice for God, or for our fellow-creatures :"I could become of constant, of daily occurrence, am not good enough!” Not good enough? what added vitality there would be in the If such an excuse were valid, which of us would body, and how easily should we comprehend dare to take one step, or lift a finger, in any by our own experience the full and blessed work whatever ? Perhaps few who say those scope of the text before us!

words can realize how painfully they often I would not indulge in a spirit of judgment, strike upon the hearer, how that idea of " good or suggest such to others; por would I for a enough," vague as it certainly is, and frequently moment seem to advocate the disposition which uttered lightly by the speaker, sends a sort of prompted Peter's “Lord, and what shall this shudder through the listener's heart, lest, in man do?” but I would appeal to every one who such small efforts as be has been enabled to has at heart the true interests of his fellows, make, he way possibly have been guilty of, as and ask whether an almost oppressive sense of it were, touching holý things with unballowed the waste of power that tbere is updeviably hands : and fewer still, if they .but gave them. amongst us does not often weigh on bim, selves time for serious reflection, would venture brought home most forcibly perhaps when, for to bring it forward at all as a plea for exemption whatever purpose it may be, our members' from service, If we wait till we are conscious gather together in larger or smaller companies? of being good enough, we shall wait for lite ; or They come, one after another, taking their rather, if such an idea were to take possession


of our minds, it would prove at once and incon

BIRD MOUND BUILDERS. testably that we were wholly unfit for the work, Among the most remarkable of the feathered whatever it might be. But is it to our own tribe are the birds of Australia, which construct power or holiness that we have to look for prep- large mounds, and then leave their eggs to be aration ? Are we to hold out no helping hand hatched in them, not by the birds themselves, to a brother until we need none ourselves? but by the fermentation of the assembled mass May we not strive earnestly to strengthen our of materials. The heap employed for this purcompanions against temptation, though we are pose is collected by the birds during several still subject to such assault ourselves, age, and weeks previous to the period of laying: it still ever and anon yield grievously before it ? raries in size from two to many cart loads, and

in most instance is of a pyramidal form. The " Alas! the evil which we fain would shun We do, and leave the wished-for good undone;

construction of the mound is either the work of Our strength to-day

one pair of birds, or, as some suppose, the Is but to-morrow's weakness, prone to fall; united labors of several years in succession; the Poor, blind, upprofitable servants all

birds adding a fresh supply of materials each: Are we alway."

succeeding season. The materials composing Poor, blind, unprofitable! Which of us, from these mounds are accumulated by the bird grasp. sad experience, cannot add other and darker ing a quantity in its foot and throwing it back, failings to the list? But if the Master, know wards to oue common centre; the surface of the ing all this better than we do ourselves, will ground for a .considerable distance being so still permit, nay, even command us, to work completely scratched over that scarcely a leaf for Him, are we to stand back from the task ? or blade of grass is left. The mund being Let us beware of self-love under the guise of completed and time allowed for a sufficient heat humility; of that dread which we all feel, some

to be engendered, the eggs are deposited in a of us especially, of making our own shortcom. circle, at the distance of pine or twelve inches ingg doubly apparent by our remonstrances from each other, and buried more than an arın's against those of others; of the fear of provoking depth, with the large end upwards: they are the retort, “ Physician, heal thyself,” which we covered up as they are laid, and allowed to reall so shrink from hearing, and are so prone to

main until they are hatched. Mr. Gould, from fancy we hear on every side. How many there whose “ Hand- Book” we derive this description, are who, if they might, would remain entirely says that it is not an unusual tbing to obtain in the background, silent and unobserved, so

half a bushel of egys at one time from a single keenly conscious of their own manifold frailties mound. Some of the natives state that the that they would gladly shun every eye, and yet females are constantly in the neighborhood of who, through overcoming grace, are made strong the wound about the time the young are likely in the Lord, and in the power of Ilis might, to to be hatched, and frequently uncover and stand forth unflinchingly for the belp of their cover them up again, apparently for the purpose companions, to rouse the slumbering, to encour of assisting those that may have appeared ; age the timid, to support the weak, to turn the while others relate that the eggs are merely very temptations under which they themselves deposited, and the young allowed to force their groan daily into engines of assault against the way out unassisted. One point has been clearly enemy, by first proving personally, and then ascertained, namely, that the young from the effectually pointing out to others, the one sure

hour they are hatched are covered with feathers, escape from the evil! Truly we may

and have their wings sufficiently developed to ask, who is “good enough" for such a task? enable them to fly up to the branches of trees, How can such effectual working be produced should they need to do so to escape from danwhere all is so imperfect? Let us each one ger. They are equally niinble on their legs. take home the answer supplied by the apostle, and act upon it :-"I can do all things through and joyful expectation that attends a spiritual

A SPIRITUAL MIND.—Oh! the blessed hope Christ, which strengtheneth me."


miod, especially when it is eolivened and assist. ed by the powerful influence of divine grace!

For, without that, even good men may be liable To every man there are many dark hours to some dejections and fears as to another world, when he feels inclined to abandon his best en- from the vastness of the change, the sense of terprise ; hours when his heart's dearest hopes their failings, the weakness of their miods, and appear delusive; hours when he feels unequal mistrust of their own fisness for heaven ; but so to the burthen, when all his aspirations seem great is the goodness and mercy of God toward worthless. Let no one think that he alone has them that sincerely love and fear bim, that he dark hours. They are the common lot of bu- always makes their passage safe, though it be manity. They are the touchstore to try whether not so triumphant. And although the valley we are current coin or not.

of the sbadow of death may seem gloomy and

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uncomfortable at a distance, yet when God is the business; no longer grudge a religious meetpleased to conduct his servants through it, being for youth in an afternoon ; neither should makes it a happy passage into a state of glorious we fear a visit from Women Friends delaying immortality and everlasting life and peace.Stillingfleet.

our closing sitting, or have to foreclose subjects

purely from lack of time.” FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. In this country we have not "Foreign Mis

sions,” but the Aborigines and Freedmen of PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 28, 1867.

our own land call for an equal share of sympa. THE CONSIDERATION OF TOO MANY SUB- thy and labor. The “tract meetings" may be JECTS OF INTEREST DURING THE WEEK OF fully represented by the “ Publication AssociaOUR YEARLY MEETINGS. - In the London tion of Friends," and the increasing interest in “: Friend” of the present month, the “Stray the education of Friends' children within the Notes on Passing Subjects,” by W.C. W., con- limits of our Society. tains some pertinent remarks relative to unduly The change of discipline in relation to intoxi. crowding the week of Yearly Meeting, between cating drinks as a beverage, has in great meathe "sittings," with gatherings, which, though sure precluded the necessity of “total abstilaudable and attractive in character, become vence meetings” among Friends bere; but the oppressive after Frieuds have been a long time sad increase of the use of alcoholic drinks in the together. This subject we think worthy the community within the past few years, is the serious consideration of Friends generally. The cause of deep concern with some of our memover burdening of mind and body at the time bers, who feel called to labor in this field. of our annual meetings, has, for years, been a It appears not to matter where our abiding matter of concern to a number of Friends who place may be; if there is life, there will be a have said but little about it, lest it should be call to exercise the gifts bestowed upon us in thought to arise from a want of interest in the our Master's service; whether the labor be various subjects which have especially of latter within a limited or more enlarged sphere, the iime occupied the “spare hours" " between the great Husbandman will abilitate for the service sittings" of the Yearly Meeting.

required. And as be is not a " hard Master," W. C. W. proposes that a time should be es- it is right for us so to apportion our duties that pecially appropriated for wbat he terms semi we do not injure or impair the “body prepared" religious meetings," instead of crowding the for us, in which to do the Father's will. week of Yearly Meeting with so much that is not only interesting, but important to the wel.


Ann Preston will lecture on Third-day evening fare and progress of the Society. The minds of

next, Twelfth month 31st, at 7} o'clock. Subjectvalued Friends, he says, being deeply exercised " The Air we Breathe.” in the concerns of the Yearly Meeting, they are pot free to enter into other subjects with the EXTRACT FROM A PRIVATE LETTER FROM A same power that they would on another occa

FRIEND IN WATERFORD. sion, and the loss is keenly felt by not a few.

The storm has stopped our work at the MeetHe gives as another reason that “to intermix material being nearly all on the ground, and

ing. house. We had made good progress, the other meetings when we are overtaxed in body with a few weeks of good weather we should by long sittings and late committees, is unprof have had it under roof. We bave the means subitable to all."

“ It detracts from the scribed to meet the cost of the work. There warmth and vitality which these occasions would

has been a freedom of both spirit and means otherwise create, and sends us home weak in feel sorry that that Friend, wboever it may

manifested greater than was expected; and I body and distracted in mind, with an oppressive have been, should have said anything, in writing sense that we are really unequal to attending to the Intelligencer, soliciting aid from anyYearly Meeting. "If the duties of the outer where outside of our own Quarterly Meeting, and the inner court were thus divided, I believe

for I thought we could do it ourselves; and we the interest in each would be increased. We

can; and right glad I am, for there was a free

response when some among us did need help; should no longer be driven to hurry through and now I feel quite sure we do not.






sume the full stature, dignity, and responsibility No. 4.

of men and women, do our own thinking, and THE PAST, THE PRESENT AND TIR FUTURE. take care of ourselves as did our ancestors, but It is a common thing among the various re. even profit something by the additional expeligious denominations generally to adhere with rience we have had. much strictness to established creeds and estab. Time has neither superceded nor detracted lished forms. From generation to generation anything from the truth, the beauty, or the they go on without material change, thus form- value of our fundamental doctrines; but they ing an exception to the general law of progress need to be clothed to some extent in new forms, which seeing to obtain in everything else among or rather to be disentangled from forms that imcivilized people. It may well be said that truth pair their effective utility in the present condoes not change; but amoog all the numerous dition of society. The field for labor is scarcely sects, and their varying and contradictory creeds, less than in the days of our early fathers, and is and the various tenets and forms peculiar to white unto the harvest; but though much wanteach, it is not easy to believe that all are so ing in laborers, our chief want is improved and perfect, and so exactly in accordance with fuo effective means and implements for the work. damental truth, as to admit of no advancement, Priesteraft has at no period been more defiant and no change for the better. Such perfection and persevering than at present, but we seem does not belong to anything which depends powerless to resist its onward strides and en

human agency; and this undue reverence croachments upon individual freedom. for and acquiescence in the old and the past is The past is valuable for its many excellent to be traced to the absence, in matters of re- precepts and lessons of wisdom and experience, ligion, of that independence of thought and but these are only valuable in their application action which we exercise in all business and to the present. As ye would that men should other transactions, in which we are constantly do unto you, do ye eren so unto them.” Here seeking for better ways, and discontiouing the we have a precept, the truthfulness and surpass. old whenever a better appears. If there being beauty of which will lose nothing down any error in this tenacious adherence to things to the end of time; but its value consists in its as they are in religious matters, without apply applicability to the present, the present of a ing to them the test of individual understand thousand years hence, equally with the present ing, enlightened by that light which appeareth of to-day. We hear sermons preached in reto all, then Friends are not entirely clear of it gard to this or that portion of the Bible-matters as regards forms at least.

as to which it will ever remain a question who Most of the principal religious sects took knows the most—that are doubtless interesting t1 eir rise some centuries ago, and our own to many; but what the people are most interested Society is now more than two hundred years old. in, and want to know and be told about, is the In the time of George Fox there existed in our present, and that which has some direct relation mother country much less of general intelli. to the duties of the present; and he or she who gence, morality, and social refinement, than exist would supply their wants in this particular, now, both there and here. Bigotry, super- must not only seek for divine grace, but bə stition, intolerance, and religious persecution willing to take the trouble to think. then prevailed in the most cruel and relentless An undue reverence for and dependence forms.. That our Society was needed in the upon the past tends to beget a feeling of selfthen existing state of things, is proven by the satisfaction and self-righteousness, incompatible alacrity with which its testimonies were espoused with the proper disebarge of present duty. Our by the people, notwithstandiog the barbarous forefathers did their duty in their day and time persecutions to which Friends were then sub- on their own account, and it is for us to do ours. jected, and by the remarkable success which Too long have we been content to satisfy ourattended their efforts in arresting the then selves upon the well-earned reputation of our rampant spirit of intolerance and persecution, ancestors. and laying the foundations of that liberty-civil There is a vast difference between the state as well as religious--which we now enjoy. But of our Society in its eariy days and now. that the modes and forms and peculiarities that Then Friends were an active, earnest, zealous enabled us as a people successfully to meet the people, seeking to spread their doctrines, estab. exigencies of a state of society bordering upon lish meetings and add to their numbers wherebarbarism are equally adapted to the present ever they could ; but we of the present day have day, is, to say the least of it, highly improbable. by some means arrived at the strange conclusion,

In addition to the vastly altered circumstances that it is no part of our duty to attempt to make of our day, we of the present generation have proselytes to our faith, or add to our numbers. had the benefit of two hundred years more of This of not being a proselyting people, is at human experience than our progenitors; and least one new article in our creed. It had no ought we not only to take upon ourselves and as I place with early Friends. The prevalence of this sentiment seems to indicate a feeling that tradict the traditions, and show that the unfallen We of the present generation are good enough man contends bravely with the fallen man in ourselves, and content to rest with what our the breasts of men of genius who are earnest forefathers have done in the past, in the way of and faithful to the inner light. · Beauty, which spreading our testimonies for the good of others. is the expression of Genius, according to its

In connection with this point an important degree, is always a combined expression of question arises as to our duty to the future. It | Power, Love and Wisdom. No work can have is a common rule in matters of this sort that beauty which does not impress us with one or whatever is not made to go forward must go more of these attributes, and the better they backward, and it holds in regard to our Society. are barmonized, the more beautiful is the work. The necessary consequence of our ceasing to In the pre-raphaelite works, it is the expression make any effort for the upholding and spreading of these (notwithstanding all deficiencies in of our doctrines and increase of our numbers, proportion and in anatomy) which attracts, and in competition, so to speak, with other sects, is the deficiency of the espression of these, in the that we are losing ground; and whether in this, Dusseldorf school of art, cannot be made up by leaving out of view the general world, we are all their accuracy of imitation of ihe mere forms not failing in our duty to our immediate pos- of nature. The Dusseldorf art certainly has its terity, is a qustion worthy of serious considera- great merits, and the pictures are interesting tion.

T. H. S. just as the memoirs of men and women are in.

teresting which still lack the beautiful and EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENCE.

sublime effect of great poems. Simple percepNo. 12.

tion of natural forms, and appreciation of all Munich, Oct. 25th, 1867. material graces give us a degree of truth wbich I spent five most delightful weeks in Dres- it is doubtless worth while to represent, but den, having found there two American families, the whole truth is something finer than the eye with whom I was immediately domesticated as can see, the ear hear, or the heart of man conit were. Whilst there I made the acquaintance Sceive. A friend of mine, remarkable for his

A of a Miss Kunsté, who educated the daughters insights, once said that all art, even poetry, was of the Duke of Somerset in a six years' resi- /the result of man's being cramped and hindered dence in his family, and who therefore talked in his liberty of action, for that the true life of English perfectly. She is a superior woman in man was direct interaction with men. If Milton every way; she has a family school, and among could have lived out his life as he desired to do her pupils are Russian, American and English on the theatre of humanity, we should not have girls, and it is an admirable place for those sent had “ Paradise Lost,” but a better condition of to Europe to be educated. They learn German society in England. So if Homer had not been surprisingly quick, and she has the best masters blind, there would have been another hero in for French, drawing, etc.

Greece, greater probably than any of whom he In the gallery of Dresden is the greatest sang, but no Iliad or Odyssey. if Dante could Madonna-picture in the world. The story is, have done as he listed in Florence, there would that Raphael prayed, when about to paint this have been a better Florence, but no Divina picture, that the Madonna would reveal herself Comedia. In Dresden, one feels that art is to bis eyes; and such was the protoplastic consolation. The kings of Saxony who gath. power of his imaginative faith that he believed ered these treasures, together with the money this image was objective to his seúses. Certain wrung out of a hard-working people in the form it is that he placed upon the canvas a picture of taxes, were only thinking of their own power of the ideal mother and child which surprised and luxury; but a Divine power overruled the even himself. It is said that he was afraid to wrath of man to its own purposes of love. The elaborate his first sketch much, lest he should power of taxation has found its limitation, for spoil the first felicity of his pencil. I think no the people can do no wore. The government engraving or photograph (probably there has has killed the hen that laid the golden egg, and been no photograph from the original) can fully now both kings and people exist by attracting convey this wonderful picture. In the same foreignere to see these treasures of art. gallery are five of Correggio's largest Madon- The King of Saxony lives in a dreary-looking nas, among which is the first he ever paint-castle when he is in Dresden. The Zurrger, a ed, more wonderful by the head of the ador. magnificent edifice, containing five different ing St. Francis than by that of the Madonna or palaces, connected with immense vrangeries, child, and very interesting as showing how this and built round a square of( I should think) painter sprang at once to tie height of his art. four acres, and adorned with fountains, These great pictures express the short comings was intended by Augustus II. for the vestibule of the human understanding and of tradition, of a palace which he did not live to build; it is certainly, but also there perpetually breaks out now given up to the public for a pleasurein them the expression of insights wbich con. I ground, and the palaces, containing a yreat



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