Page images
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]


gallery of pictures, a gallery of engravings, the riding on the banks of the Elbe, and later on the collections of the Historical Society, of the Beraun, and still later on the Moldau, through Natural History Society, etc., are all vow at beautiful valleys and picturesque towns.

The the disposition of the public, and serve to attract church-spires of the villages, instead of beforeigners to Dresden, which is a great source ing red as in Switzerland are painted black. of revenue to the inhabitants. It is difficult to We were just too late for the vintage, but it express the mingled feelings inapired in me by was a beautiful journey. Bohemia is entirely my residence in Dresden. It is certainly a surrounded by mountains, not very bigb, and beautiful city, and the number of its buildings is, within the cincture of the mountains, a rollis increasing; but this increase is in what is ing country. The vicinity of Prague and the called the English quarter, where are streets of entrance to it are very hand:ome, and Prague houses built of the soft sand stone of Saxony. itself looked fine as we approached, the river All are to be let to foreigners, the owners living being very broad. The old city was surrounded in the upper stories, each story below being by a wall, and the new city is built entirely complete in itself. Sometimes tho owners un round this wall. The hotel to which we were deriet to persons who furnish the apartments directed, the Blauer-Stern, is just outside of and rent them, living in their small way on the the old wall, and nearly opposite the now everprofits. I rode over to the new city, on a beau- open gate. My first walk was through this gate tiful road on the banks of the Elbe, extending to an open space between the old Hotel de Ville two or three miles, with fine houses on each and the Zeyukirche. In this open space were side surrounded by gardens. Ilere, I under. executed some thirry Bohemian gentlemen, the stood, lived the Saxou nobility, partly by means leaders of the Pro'estaut and National party of of letting out one story of the ho se. The most Bohemia when it was subjected to Austria and painful sight in Saxony was the hard working here, also, after the battle of Lutzen, Wallenpeasant women, who throng the streets with stein caused about twelve more to be executed heavy baskets and tubs on their backs; these for alleged cowardice at the battle. Poor emasbaskets are filled with fruits, vegetables and culated Bohemia, there is no sadder story in all other things, for sale, eren kindling wood. The the sad European history.

E. P. P.
woman who brought these articles to the house
where I lived had come into Dresden every

For Friends' Intelligencer.
day (whether rainy or clear) with that basket
on her back for twenty-seven years. It was so

In Ucmoriam-R. M. P.
heavy that her back was in an angle of forty- The snow li-g white on frozen plain
five degrees to the rest of her body.

And on the bleak and wintry hill.
We left Dresden to journey slowly through

The spring shall bring the tender rain
Saxon Switzerland, which is a country on the

With song the woodlands fill.
Elbe of most extraordinary formation, geologi.

And bring all gentle thoughts of peace
cally speaking. Its most remarkable point is

And beauty to the weary beart; called The Baster, and consists of precipitous

For tbese wild, wintry storms shall cease,

These sbudows shall depart.
perpendicular rocks, wbich are separated from
each other by diep wooded ravines that are ex-

Yet henceforth unto us less bright
tremely beautiful. In the plates of the Gov.

The glory on the grass shall lie

A somewhat fainter splendor light
eromental work of the Explorations for the Pa. The radiant summer sky.
cific railroad in our own West, there is something Henceforth the dawn's ethereal rose
like this, though not quite so picturesque, I Shall open in a tenderer beam,
think. No one who goes to Dresden should While with a sweeter murmur flows
omit taking this trip. It is quite worthy of a

The sad, continual stream.
whole day's work, and one can go up the Elbe

But far away from these, thou now to it in a steamboat, or take the railroad, as we

Art crowned in light without a shade, did. There is a hotel at the foot and one on the

The amaranth around thy brow heights; the winding way up to the several

That truly sball not fade. heights has been rendered commodious to trav. The radiance shall for aye endure ellers by wooden steps, bannisters and galleries,

That robes thee in superior ligbt, and in one place a strong stone bridge. A very

Arrayed in garments very pure

And of celestial wbite.
pleasant young gentleman accompanied us from
Dresden, but it would be possible for a party of

Afar upon those shining plains
ladies to go alone, everything is so safe; and if

Thy ransomed soul, with rapture stirred,

Is now entranced with bigher strains
one bas time, a guide, who hurries one, can be

Than any ear hath heard.
dispersed with. At three o'clock in the after-
noon we went on to the border-town of Saxony,

'Mid mysteri s to no mortal known,

Kneeling with more than earthly awe, (Bodenach.) where we staid all night, and the Low down before the Great White Throne next day found ourselves in beautiful Bohemia, Which the rapt stër saw.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

Since ibis we bold, and thou art blest through the effect of “anxiety, watching, and
Beyond all need of eurihly fears,

sorrow," attendant upon the illness.and death Oh ! let us still ibis sad unrest

of his children, four of whom were taken from And dry these bitter tears.

him in the space of three or four years. ReFor, somewhere in the future vast, Our brows shall meet thy saintly kiss,

peated attacks of vertigo ioduced him to susWhen we may come to tbee at last,

pend his scientific labors for a time and seek And enter endless bliss!

relief in travelling. His health, however, was December, 1867.

I. W. G.

not re-established, though the journeys were

doubtless salutary. The principal cause of his For Friends' Intelligencer.

renewed vigor appears to have been a change THE WIND-SWEPT HARP.

of diet, of the nature and effect of which he It is related that in Germany there stood a great castle, from the towers of which huge wires were

gives the following iostructive account: stretched, thus constructing an Æolian Harp. Or- “When my health began to fail in 1821 and dinary winds produced no effect, but when fierce 1822, I was under the common delusion that tempests arose, then the wires gave forth straios of debility and functional derangement must be glorious melody.

overcome by a moderate use of stimulants. I On the summit of a mountain,

had used the oxide of bismuth as an anti-dysTo the Rhineland nigh, Stood a baron's lordly castle,

peptic remedy, but with no serious benefit. Towering to the sky.

The muscular system was enfeebled along with From the battlements suspended,

the digestive, the nervous power was thrown Hung the Æolian lyre,

out of healthy action, an indescribable discomThat the wind-god in his passage

fort deprived me in a great degree of physical Oft might touch the wire.

enjoyınent, and the mind became unequal to But the zephyrs would not linger

much intellectual effort. My spirits were, howFor one joyous strainand the nigh'-winds only murmured

ever, cheerful; and even when I was unable to Forth their sad refrain.

sustain a conversation with a calling stranger, But when rose the mighty tempest

I still believed that I should recover, for my
Blew the wintry gale-

physicians, after careful examination, could Then the wind-barp strains majestic

find no proof of any organic disease, but only of Sent from hill to dale.

functional derangement. I yielded for a time Thus in hours of ease and pleasure,

to the popular belief that good wine and corWhen our sky is clear,

dials were the lever which would raise my deOft the beart grows cold and carelessWe po dangers fear.

pressed person ; but the relief was only But when clouds the sky have darkened,

temporary: a flash of nervous excitement pro

duced Angry storms assail,

illusive appearance of increased And our bark, the rudder broken,

vigor with which the mind sympathized; the Flies before tbe gale;

transient brightness was soon clouded again, When no haven in the distance,

and no permanent benefit followed; but often Meets the lo, ging eye,

disturbed slumbers, with nocturnal spasms and And, all earthly succor failing,

undefined terrors in dreams, proved that all We to death are nigb ;

was wrong

No medical men informed me that
Then each wail becomes a prayer-
And the heart-felt cry,

I was pursuing a wrong course; but the same
For the Father's help and guidance,

wise and good friend, to whom I had been Wings its way on high.

already so much indebted, Daniel Wadsworth, Only when through tribulation

convinced me, after much effort, that my best We the harbor gain,

chance for recovery was to abandon ull stimuOnly when by sorrow chastened,

lants and adopt a very simple diet, and in such Taught by grief and pain, Can the soul pour forth ascriptions,

quantities, however moderate, as the stomach Songs of sacred praise;

might be able to digest and assimilate. I took For the victory, shouts exultant,

my resolution in 1823, in the lowest depression Hymns of triumpb raise !

of health. I abandoned wine and every other Ever in the fiery furnace

stimulant, including, for the time, eren coffee Is the pure gold tried

Tobacco had always been my abhorAnd the precious wheat we wionow

rence; and opium, except medically, when From the chaff divide.

wounded, I had never used. With constant A. R. P.

exercise abroad, I adopted a diet of boiled rice,

bread and milk, – the milk usually boiled and ADVANTAGES OF TEMPERANCE.

diluted with water; plain animal muscle in The late eminent Benjamin Silliman records small quantity, varied by fowl and fish, avoiding his testimony in favor of simplicity and strict rich gravies and pastry, and occasionally using temperance in eating and drinking. His health, soups and farinaceous preparations. I perseoriginally very good, became seriously impaired I vered a year in this strict regimen, and after a


and tea.

From “The Friend."

[ocr errors]



[ocr errors]

few weeks my unpleasant symptoms abated, my / regular and sufficient sleep, and a due regulation
strength gradually increased, and health, imper- of all propensities, physical, moral and intel-
ceptibly in its daily progress, but manifest in lectual. With a good conscience and
its results, stole upon me unawares. While faithful discharge of duty, which will naturally
this course of regimen was in progress, I met result from the course which I have sketched,
at D. Wadsworth's the late William Watson, they will pass on agreeably and usefully
who, as an invalid, had pursued a similar through life, and may expect, under the influ-
course, and, although consumptive, had recover- ence of religious principles and the hopes which
ed comfortable health. He gave me-then they inspire, to meet death without dismay."
beginning to recover strength-the fullest

For Frien Is' Intelligencer.
assurance that, as I had no organic disease, I
should fully recover, provided I persevered ;

FRIENDS AMONGST THE FREEDMEN. and that in his opinion I should by and by be

No. XII. able to ride all nigh in the stage, and to per We have again been encouraged by the cheerform all the labors to which I had been accus. ful letters of our Teachers, and although some tomed in former years. I was then at the of the schools are not quite as well filled as we meridian of life, in my forty-fourth year; and could desire, they generally express the opinion in the almost thirty-six years that have elapsed that ere another month rolls round there will since, I have resumed no stimulus which I be a considerable incrcase in numbers. then abandoned, except tea, and very rarely It should be borne in mind, that in the effort coffee. Tea is a cordial to me; “it cheers but to be self-sustaining, the Freedmen must labor, not inebriates.” Tea and water are my only and that diligently, whenever and as long as constant drinks; milk I drink occasionally. they can find work to do. This is increasingly I bave not the smallest desire for wise of any the case since the assistance formerly rendered kind, nor spirit, nor cider, por beer; cold water by the North has almost entirely ceased, and is far more grateful than any of the drinks which they are now left dependent upon their own exI have pamed. I never used them more than ertions. moderately, as they were formerly used in the CORNELIA Hancock writes from Mount most sober families. If any person thinks that Pleasant, S. C: “This month (the Eleventh) wine and brandy may be useful to him, he can the weather has been unusually fine, hence the not, at this day, have any assurance that they exiremely good average. Out of thirty-six puare not manufactured from whiskey, with pils in my department, I have bad an average wany additions, and some of them noxious. attendance of thirty four! It looks formidable Very little port wine has seen Portugal, or in the morning to seo in the yard one hundred madeira wine Madeira, or champagne wine and fifty children who must be assembled and France.

got iuto order by three teachers. We assemble “ I cannot dismiss this topic without adding in one of the rooms below stairs, and read a that W. Watson's predictions have been ful portion of the Bible to them, and ask them filled. Some of my most arduous labors have questions upon it. After the opening exercises, been performed since my recovery. I have not we separate to our respective rooms, and comonly been able, as he predicted, to travel all mence the lessons for the day; and if there can night in the stage, but to travel extensively be found in the city of Philadelphia a collection both at home and abroad; to lecture to popular of pupils more intent upon the task befure them, audiences in many towns and cities,—some of it must be io schools I have not visited. I was them far away; to write and publish books; to educated in the Public Schools of your city, and ascend the White Mountains of New Hampshire adhere as nearly as possible to the regulations in 1837; to explore copper mines in the Blue imposed there. The attendance and interest of Ridge of Virginia in 1856; twice to traverse the scholars continue so good, that we are able the Atlantic and portions of the Mediterranean; to make promotions, and keep up a thoroughly and to ascend Mount Bolca, near Verona, graded school. Mount Vesuvius, and Mount Etna, at seventy- “ How much I wish some of you could visit two years of age, in 1851. I record these this school and see and know how much these facts, not with any feeling of vanity or pride, 1 pupils have accomplished for themselves in the but with deep gratitude to God; and I am space of two years." influenced more than all by the wish to warn

MARY A. TAYLOR, also at Mount Pleasant, my children, and my children's children, to remarks, "Little that is new can be said of our obey God's physical as well as moral laws, and school, nor do I know that there should be any. so remember, that if they would enjoy bealth thing new, only the old well persevered in. The and long life, that they must not waste their average bas been unusually good this month, physical powers upon extraneous indulgences, (forty-three out of forty five. In these schools but must be satisfied with nutritious food, we do not have to make the ordinary allowance water, or watery fluids and milk for driok, for sickness, for they come when they are sick,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

sit around the fire until their chill has passed every week for that abomination. The progress off, and then resume their work.”

of the school is very encouraging, and they are In ief-rence to the number and progress of governed easily. My health is good, and though her pupils, she states, “I have counted forty. | almost entirely cut off from all society, I am three or forty-five every day, and flatter myself contented and very happy, and much pleased to that I can see an improvement daily. I have be here." some scholars who have never missed a single CAROLINE THOMAS, at Leesburg, Va., writes, day since I first came to South Carolina. “My evenings are very much occupied since I

I enjoy the opening exercises in the morn have commenced teaching night-school, but it ing. The colored teacher we have assisting us is well to be so, as I am better satisfied to be is a very good singer, and we have taught the doing something. There is so much to do here children a number of beautiful little hymos, that I sometimes feel worried, and as though I which they sing very sweely."

had just commenced. 0! if the people here ISABEL LANAIR, a colored teacher at Mount , would arouse to a sense of this great work-take Pleasant, is still supplying the place of Esther hold of it, and help me along-it seems as Hawks, (who, at last report, was still delayed, though we could do much more. from reaching her school by impassable roads " At times when I look ahead, I am almost in that portion of Florida from which she is to discouraged, and must needs take a glance at come ;) and is giving satisfaction to our other the past, and with this contrast I can then see teachers located there, who have a supervision and know it is well for me to be here. The im. over her school. Her report is confirmatory of provement in the children has been such that the estimation in whih she is held.' She bas one can scarcely believe they are the same. I 70 pupils—all between 6 and 16 years of age, have so many little creatures who require so 41 vrite, 43 read, with 27 in the alphabet. much patience, and who have not the right kind

Vary McBride, at Fairfax Court House, of bome training, as playful as kittens, but a Va., gives a very satisfactory account of her great deal daughtier, ihat daily my prayer goes school, and states, that in addition to the 39 up for patience, patience.” pupils she reports as in the first, second and PHILENA HEALD, at Falls Church, Va., third readers, she has “four who can read any states : “The anxiety to gain knowledge, manithing set before them; they have been througb fested by many of the pupils, is a constant inthe fourth reader long since.”

centive to renewed effort and increased earnest. She also informs, that in consequence of in. iness on my part. My interest has been esdisposition for one or two days, she had to place pecially awakened in a young woman who has the school under the entire care of Maggie commenced coming to school lately. She bas Lewis, (her colored assistant,) and that, during no mother, keeps house for her father and her absence, her school was visited by two cler, brothers, but comes to school whenever she can gymen, who subsequently reported to her that possibly leave. She did not know her alphabet, they found the school in excellent order. Al, but in less than a week she has learned to read though apparently a trifling circumstance, it is in four letters, and is trying hard to learn how gratifying to know that one who has received to write and cipher. She is a fine, doble girl,

er instruction under our auspices, is not only and is very grateful for the privilege of schools, capable of imparting her knowledge to others, never before having bad an opportunity to atbut also of maintaining discipline in a school. tend. My heart goes out to her in tender sym

SARAH ANN STEER, at Waterford, Va., in pathy.” She adds : addition to her satisfactory report, remarks, "Joseph Horner and Charles Kirk bare “Since my last report, I bad a pleasant visit visited us most acceptably since last I wrote from D. F. W., of Philadelphia. She expressed to you. The former is visiting the colored peoherself pleased with the appearance of my ple in a religious capacity, and his concero exschool, which was truly gratifying to me. tends in a special manner to South Carolina

SARAH M. Ely, located near Lewinsville, Va., and Georgia. They had a meeting in my regrets the small size of her school, but looks school room, and the advice given was truly exforward to an increase when the fall work is cellent and very practical. I am sure the peocompleted; and in reference to the attendance ple must have beeu benefited thereby. To me states that four pupils bave beer present every this visit was a most welcome one, and it seemed day, and three absent only one day each- very home like to have those with me who used adding

the plain language. Their presence did my “ [ have a deep interest in the school and heart good, and the precious season of silence, the people. I have tried, and shall try again, cre the words of encouragement were uttered, to get them to place something every week in was to me rich in blessings." my hands, if it is only half what they spend for FRANCES E. Gauze, at lerntion Station, tobacco, but so far they will not consent to that speaks of a prospective increase in the size of arrangement, although they spend considerable ber school after Christmas, and feelingly alluded

[ocr errors]

to a "great loss” they have sustained by the very considerable interest, having a tendency death of one of her pupils, a girl of 13 years of as some of us think, to “stir up the pure mind age; adding, that her schoolmates feel it deeply by way of remembrance,” and a feeling of re

“ The day before she died, she sang a beau-gret is oftimes experienced that more of our tiful hymo that she had been accustomed to friends are not present with us to share our ensing with her playmates at school. At her joyment. funeral, which took place on Thank-giving day, Philadelphia, 12th mo., 1867. J. M. E. my pupils stood around her coffin and sang the same hymn. They sang it so mournfully, and A WONDERFUL SPINNING MACHINE. seeme i to feel it so deeply, that there were but The stratagems employed by insects for the few dry eyes present.” She also speaks of capture of their prey are very curious, and af- . some of the little ones not being able to come ford to naturalists an exceedingly entertaining to school for want of shoes and stockings, and and interesting study. The ant lion digs a acknowledges the receipt of a barrel and box of tuonel shaped pit in the loose sand, and fixing sundries for them; remarking, “ My Kennett itself in the depressed apex, catches and defriends are certainly very kind to remember us, vours the ant or spider which is so unfortunate and to send so many articles of warm clothing as to fall into its snare. But no epecies of infor the poor and needy. They are lending to sects excel the different kinds of spiders, in the Lord, and will be amply repaid.”

their ingenious devices for securing their prey. CATIARINE E. Hall; at Vienna, Va., re. The spider, though wingless, feeds op flies, and ports a considerable increase in her school, but its food must be captured on the widg. But regrers the roof and weatherboarding of the how can it accomplish such a task? Were we. house are iosufficient to keep out the rain and not familiar with its web sand nets, the strucsnow. Consequently on very stormy days no ture of such snares, by an animal so minute, school can be beld.

would not fail to excite our admiration and MARY PERRY (late Brosius) is still at Ma. wonder. As it is, we look upon the spider web nassas, Va., awaiting the completion of her as evidence of a neglected room, and, instead of school-room, but has been advised to do what making its structure a study, and admiring the she can, in the way of teaching, in the dwellings wonderful wisdom it displays, we sweep it from of the Freedmen, until the building is finished the wall with manifest delight.

From DEBORAH K. Smith, at Gum Springs, If that which we regard with so little respect, and Sarau E. LLOYD, at Wooillawn, the Cor. because it is the work of a spider, were done responding Secretary of the Educational Com- with the same perfection by some of the larger mittee lias received neither letter nor report for animals, we would never cease to wonder.' Eleventh month. When these omissions take “How would the world crowd to see a fox place, it is always a matter of regret, as they which would spin ropes, weave them into an render it impossible to make a correct record accurately.meshed net, and extend the net beof what the Association is doing.

tween two trees for the purpose of entangling The three South CAROLINA schools number birds in their fight !" But there would be 151 scholars, 114 of whom read, 12.2 urite, 95 nothing more marvelous in this, than there is are in arithmetic, and only 27 are in the alpha in what the spider is doing every day; and just bet, while all of them are between 6 and 16 because of the minuteness of the little ropeyears of age.

maker and weaver, the work ought to excite in The VIRGINIA schools, as far as heard from, us the great wonder. number 295 scholars, 208 of whom read, 217 We always judge of the ingenuity of any write, 163 are in arithmetic, with only 18 in the piece of machinery by the simplici y of its parts, alphabet, while of the whole number 239 are and its adaption to the services for which it between 6 and 16 years of age.

has been constructed. Now, judging by this The whole oumber under the care of the rule, we find the spider possessed of a Association for the Eleventh month, as far as ning machine," far surpassing, in the perfection heard frown, was therefore four hundred and of its work, all the inventions of man. I once forty-si.c.

heard a gentleman express his astonishment at It may be well to add to the above summary, the perfec ion of the machinery by which man that the Association continues to meet on the had succeeded in drawing out brass wire to the third Fourth-day evening in each month, in fineness of a human bair. How much greater the Monthly Meeting Roon of Race Street was bis astonishment when I told him, that Meeting House, at half-past seven o'clock, on there was a very minute spider which spun a which occasions, in addition to the transaction thread so fine that it required 4,000,000 of of the ordinary business of the Society, the en- them to equal in thickness one of ihe bairs of tire letters from our teachers (of which the ex- his beard, and that every one of these threads tracts published in the Intelligencer form but was composed of not less than 400 separate a small portion) are read. These letters possess strands !

- Spiu

« PreviousContinue »