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This remarkable machinery is exceedingly, lines of gossamer threads attached to the books simple. If you examine the hinder extremity on a stand about twenty inches distant. As of ihe abdomen of the common house-spider, soon as it ascertained that its threads had you will find, on its under side, four or six profound a connection with some object beyond tuberances of a cylindrical sbape, which are the basin, it fastened the end of the line next called spinnerets, or spinders. Each spinderet it to the paper, ascended its pontoon, and made is furnished with tubes so exquistitely fine, its escape. that, in a space not much larger than the point This artifice has been observed by many of a pen, are found a thousand other distinct naturalists, and accounts for the way in which tubes. From each of these tubes proceeds a these animals, though destitute of wings, trans.' single strand, which unites with all the other port themselves from tree to tree, across brooks, strands to make that which is ordinarily known and frequently through the air itself, without as the spider's thread. So you perceive that any apparent starting point.— Family Treasure. this thread, often so fine as to be almost imper. ceptible to our senses, is not, as is commonly
ITEMS. supposed, a single line, but a rope, composed of at least 400 strands.
CONGRESS.--In the Senate, e memorial from the SoHuman art has never attained such wonder. ciety of Friends in six States in regard to the treat.
ment of the Indians by the Government was preful perfection as this. It is truly astonishing, sented and-referred to the Committee on Indian Afand were it not a matter of daily observation, fairs. the most credulous would hesitate to believe General Miles, Freedmen's Bureau Commissioner the statement,
for North Carolina, bas written a strong letter to But yļu ask, is it necessary for the spider to General Howard, urging that the bureau must not
be discontinned till reconstruction is fully accomspin such a compouvd thread? This question plished. He says that, in bis judgment, at no peis very naturally suggested, and admits of two riod since the close of the war bes the bureau been probable answers. First : the dividing of the of greater advantage than now. He is sure that its ihread into so many strands, just at its exit immediate withdrawal from North Carolina would from the spinderets, favors the rapid drying of result in great public and private pecuniary losses ; the gum used in its manufacture-an important spirituully; school bouses would decay ; teachers
the freedmen would suffer physically, morally, and consideration to the spider, as it is under the would be driven out of the State ; jails and peniten. pecessity of putting its thread into immediate tiaries would be filled; idleness and prodigality and use. Secondly: the combination of so many want would take the place of industry and prosperthreads into one, vastly strengthens the web, ity... The labor of the freedman would become unand enables it to sustain the shock of the flying laboring man, with no roof to cover his starring
profitable to him, and the poor dependent colored insect it is intended to capture, or to bear the family, or foot of ground to call his own, would be heavy body of the spider wbile it struggles reduced to a state of serfdom. He concludes by with its captive, or in its passage through the saying that he feels it bis duty, as a commissioner air.
for North Carolina, on bebulf of that portion of its The only other instruments used in spioning directly involved, earnestly to appeal to you to use
population whose interest and welfare are most are its feet, with the claws of which it guides, your influence to continue the bureau until the or separates into two or more, che line from be great political changes and experimeuis now going hind. Two of the claws of the spider's foot on in this State bave been completed and their sucare toothed like a comb. It is with these two cessful working is assured. - New York Express. claws that it keeps the threads apart. When A daring attempt was made on the 13th inst. to the spider ascends the line by wbich it has effect the release of Col. Burke, a Fenian, confined dropped itself from an eminence, it wiods up ploded beneath the walls, and a whole side
in Clerkenwell prison, London. Powder was exthe superfluous cord into a ball. For this pur- and three adjoining buildings, were destroyed. pose it uses the third claw, which I have called Forty persons were injured, and it is reported three the thumb of the spider's hand.
lives were lost, but the object was not gained, and A few days ago, I brought a garden spider Burke was removed to a place of greater safety. into my study, and placed it upon a small slip IN ENGLAND a loan of $5,000,000 has been proposed of paper surrounded by water in a basin. At to open a new ronte for transit across Central Amerifirst, it traversed its paper island, and, by
The proposed route is tbrough Honduras, and reaching out its arms on all sides, found that Panama transit, but it is so much farther north that
measures 230 miles. It is much longer than the there was no escape across the water. Then, it lesseps the distance from New York or London 10 after trying to ascend the sides of the vessel San Francisco over 1100 miles. It is said that the without success, it raised itself upon its legs, new route can be constructed for $40,000 & mile. and elevated its spinnerets to a horizontal po- FULLY ONE-THIRD of the wbole amount of sugar sition. I observed it intent upon something consumed in the world is manufactured from beets ; It was throwing out its lines, upon which it and immense quantities of raw beet sugar are im.
ported into England for their refi:eries, competing designed to make its escape across the water.
very successfully with the care sugar from the West In a short time, I discovered about half a dozen Indies and elsewhere.
TAKE FAST COLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE."
PHILADELPHIA, FIRST MONTHI 1, 1868.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
The Penns and Peningtons...
Thomas a Kempis....
Friends' Meeting at Orange, Essex Co., N.J...
Notes of Foreign Travel, from Private Correspondence.
A Voice from Southampton.
The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where Stereoscopic Pictures.....
The Bird of Two Songs..
The Value of Petrolenm to Mankind.
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THE PENNS AND PENING TOYS.
carefully examining the texts of Scripture that (Continued from page 675.)
bore on the point, this conviction continued to When dwelling on Sir William Springett's deepen in his mind till he felt constrained to character and religious convictions, his wile discontinue partaking of it. Respecting his mentions some points on which a change had having turned from the use of forms of prayer, gone forward in bis mind, from the time when his wife says, “ This turning in him proceeded with so much solemnity he had carried his in. from a glimpse of the dawning of the day wben fant son to the baptismal font. Having in vain prayer is to be offered up in the spirit and with looked for any declaration in the New Testa | the understanding; also that there was a spirit ment that recommends infant baptism, he at of prayer and supplication, in which any one length came to the conclusion that it was an who felt it might wentally engage without unauthorized rite. Again arose the thought, form, yet with true acceptance to God, seems if infant baptism be incorrectly looked on as to have been made clear to bim. " He also producing regeneration—the being born again saw," she says, " in the little measure of light — without which, our Lord declared to Nicode- accorded him, that priests were not to preach mus, "a man cannot enter into the Kingdom for hire, but were to be sent of the Lord to of God," then it was not merely an uninfluen- reach the consciences of the hearers. This tial and unauthorized rite, but, by giving a made him decline false dead ways, and cleave false meaning to Christian regeneration, it had in heart to the people called Puritans (for in become a positive evil. Its tendency and in that day those that heard the Lord were pick. fluence, leading away from the true meaning of named Puritans). Amongst them it was his Scriptural regeneration, had done great harm delight to be exercised in the worship of God, in the church.
and to mingle in their chaste conversation." With respect to the sacramental rite of the Sir William Springett was one of those inLord's Supper, not having experienced it to domitable soldiers of the Covenant, who, in bring his mind, as he had hoped it would have their zeal for the Lord, brought their energies dope, into any closer spiritual communion with into action against the use of priestly vestments the Lord, he was startled. Striving to discover as well as against Papal idolatry. The Puri- . the cause of this, he came at length to the con. tapical glasses they looked through in that day clusion that there existed a wrong construction represented almost every work of art as dauof our Lord's words, which had led to its es- gerous that had been imported from any countablishment in the Church as a congregational try under the Papacy; hence much was sacrireligious rite. As he dwelt on this subject, ficed which in another age would have been
spared. Sir William's wife tells us ber hus-do, never in any case converting confiscated band commanded his soldiers to break down property or sequestered estates to his owo use. and destroy every vestige of those objects that She adds, “ He even refused to buy any goods he regarded as Popish idols, whether crosses, that were plundered from the enemy; nor ever statues, pictures, or gold orpaments. It mat- made any use of one pound's worth, I dare tered not with what exquisite art the marble aver, that belonged to them who were configures bad been chiseled, or with what elab- quered. He had very great offers from perorate and successful skill the painting repre- sons in power, of houses and goods both in sented life, if it depicted or attempted to em- London and elsewhere, of those called delin. body fanciful representations of the Lord Je- quents; all wbich he refused, and rather chose, sus, of bis apostles, or of Romish saints, from whilst his family was with bim in the city, to the fury of the Puritan soldier nothing could pay twenty shillings a week for lodgings than shield it. " Be they ever so rich,” says Lady touch any of them. One considerable place Spridgett, "he destroyed them, and reserved offered him was Leeds Castle in Kent. not one for its comeliness or costly workman- seized by the Parliament party, and made a ship.” Looking back from our stand-poiut garrison, and he was intended to be the comupon that wholesale destruction of works of mander of it, and greatly pressed to make use artistic genius, some of us may be more inclined of the goods and furniture, and have his famito cry out against the iconoclastic furor of our ly live in the Castle, but he refused it. AnPuritan forefathers, than to commend their other house offered him was Hollingborn, which destructive proceedings. Whatever we may was very well furnished, and within a few miles think, wives like Lady Springett in that day of Leeds Castle; but he refused it also, giving regarded them as evidences of Christian faith- them ad answer to this effect, that he durst not fulness, and no doubt they did imply faithful- make use of any man's estate or goods, nor
to the conscientious views they had dwell in any man's sequestered bome, much less adopted. In Sir William's crusade against this, which was his uncle Sir Thomas Culpepidolatry there was not only true conscientious per's. His mind throughout life was ever for earnestness, but a commendable impartiality, the exercise of compassion and charitableness, not saving what was his friend's property and of which there have been many instances giren destroying his evemy's; as is manifested by the me by persons who have observed him in the following statement from his wife :--" I find places where he was quartered, beside what I freedom,” she says, “to mention one passage have seen myself, and I bad converse with him in this pursuit of destroying Popish relics and from the time he was 12 years old to bis dying pictures. There was a parliament-man who day. Obe instance I shall mention that I had was also a deputy-lieutenant of the county, a from the Mayor of Maidstone, in Kent. He great stirrer in the Parliament cause, and his brought me a bill for three pounds after his wife a zealous Puritan. This man was assist. death, with my husband's hand to it, telling me ing him (Sir William) and was his companion that as he was walking in the street with bim, a in the searching of Popish houses, and in de poor man was had to prison, who made miserable stroying their pictures and trumpery. Going moan; whereat Sir William stopped the bailiff, one day to their house to visit them, as he and asked what they were taking him to prison passed through the hall, be spied several su- for? He answered for debt. He replied, 'You perstitious pictures, as of the crucifixion of shall not carry him there. Mr. Mayor, lay you Christ, bis resurrection, and such like; very down the money, and I will see it discharged.' large pictures they were, and a great ornament to the hall. They had been moved out of the parlor to manifest Deglect. He, looking upon
Our friend H. M. will observe that we have it as a very unequal thing to destroy such availed ourselves of the liberty granted by her, things in Popish houses, and have them in and in the abridgment we trust we have rethose of their opposers, drew out his sword, tained the substance of her concern and not and cut them all out of their frames, and, robbed it of its life. We acknowledge with spearing them on the sword's point, he went into the parlor with them. The mistress of the pleasure the manifestations of an increase of house being there, he said to her, “What a interest among our members in the welfare of shame thy husband should be so zealous a our religious Society. prosecutor of Papists, and spare such things in
For Friends' Intelligencer. his own house! But,' saith he, thou seest I "BE NOT WEARY IN WELL DOING." have acted impartially, and have destroyed The deep interest I feel in First-day schools them here also.''
makes me wish to encourage those engaged in His wife says, and no doubt she had good the work to look after localities in which there reason to say it, that he was just and merciful are no such schools, for I believe it is a good in doing the work which as a soldier he had to work-one for which the wants of the Society
(To be continued.)
From "The Silent Pastor."
loudly call. Some of us have too long been idlers, and need to be aroused from protracted slumber, which has a withering effect; and
Come, let us praise the goodness of God, who when light is thrown upon our pathway, let us orders every thing for the best ; our life and be up and doing, that our work may be done in our death are equally His care. the day time, for “the night cometh wherein
The Lord casts us upon a bed of sickness, no man can work.” A home-labor is required, and draws the curtain between the world ani an individual search to see that our own hearts us, shutting out all its vain desigos, and conare pure and clean, that they may be prepared traeting our business to our little chamber. In for the divine unction, through which we may
that quiet solitude He speaks to our hearts, an | be strengthened to labor effectually for the good sets our whole life, as iu a mirror, before us. of others as well as our own. Watch and
There he discovers to us the treachery of the
pray is a Scripture injunction that is necessary for world, and invites us, by the exhibition of its all to observe. Let us continually seek for vanity, to prepare for a better.
Thither He sends His messengers of strength, preservation and knowledge, that we
peace to be not drawn off by much that is abroad in the perfect our reconciliation. land which is calculated to divert the attention
Oh! how different are the thoughts of that from the true Guide, and which leads into a hour from those of careless, unreflecting health.
How do we now censure what we once es. state of spiritual weakness and poverty.
teemed. If parents in their early setting out in life would daily gather their little ones about them,
How easily are we led to wiser resolutions, ei her in solemn silence, or read to them when our uuruly senses are rebuked with pain,
and the fears of death teach the rashness of portions of Scripture or other religious books, and, as ability is furnished, explain what they our minds sobriety ;-when the occasions of sin read, I believe they would increase in the
are removed from our way, and everything
about us exhorts to repentance. knowledge of divine things, and the influence would be to enliven the body of which they are
Adored be thy name, O Lord! whose mercy members. Is not the reverential waiting upon
sanctifies into a blessing even the chastisement God in our families with the desire to be led
of Thy rod. and guided by His Spirit, a sure foundation for
Thou bringest us low to awaken our humility, us to build upon who profess a faith in the and prescribest sickness to cure our infirmity. immediate revelation of His will ?
Thou commandest, and the grave is inexo. If children were accustomed to seasons of rable; with it is no respect of persons. silent waiting at home, I think they would learn die, but kindly hidest in clouds and darkness
Thou tellest us by experience that all must to love them and to love to go to meeting. They the time and place, that everywhere we may would be impressed by example as well as pre. I be upon our guard, and through all our days cept with the importance of seeking first the kingdom of heaven and its righteousness, that may be looking for the summons. they might witness the fulfilment of the
Thou teachest us, by the removal of those promise attached, that all things necessary
we love, to renew the contemplation of our own will be added. If this were the habit of Friends, grave, and the wholesome thoughts of a future
world. then do I believe that our meetings would increase, and that we as a people would prosper ; lost upon us; but let such scenes be attended
Let not, O Lord! these gracious desigas be but much, very much, depends upon the manner in which our children are educated, and this with the most serious reflections upon our own should be done within the pale of our own
And wh! cause every meditation of this na. ture to make us the more diligeat in preparing
for our latter end. It is an undoubted truth, that the less one has to do, the less one finds time to do it in. Mind the Light, that light that lighteth every One yawns, one procrastinates, one can do it man that cometh into the world. By attending when one will, and, therefore, one seldom does to this inward monitor, the mind will be led on it at all; whereas, those who have a great deal from one degree of perfection to another, until of business, must (to use a vulgar expression), we realize the promise, “ If ye abide in me, and buckle to it; and then they always find time. my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye enough to do it in.
will, and it shall be done unto you.” O! This
abiding in the Spirit of Christ, how it qualifies The man who has never tried the companion for every duty at all times and on all occasions. ship of a little child, has carelessly passed by one of the greatest pleasures of life, as one It is wise and well to look on the cloud of passes a rare flower without plucking it or know. sorrow as though we expected it to turn into a ing its value.
From "Reformers and Martyrs before and after Luther." Brother House, he was directed by the teacher
to attend with some other boys in the choir of THOMAS A KEMPIS.
the chapel. Here Florentius attended also. Among the numerous pupils of the schools of Thomas says, “Now whenever I saw my good the “ Brethren of the Common Lot," none be master Florentius standing in the choir, eren came more justly eminent for genuine piety, or though he did not look about, I was so awed in was more truly and widely beloved by cotempo. his presence by his venerable aspect, that I tary and succeeding Christians for the loviog never dared to speak a word. On one occasion and lamb-like spirit pervading his writings, I stood close beside him, and be turned to me, than the humble but celebrated author of the and sang from the same book. He even put "Imitation of Christ."
his hand upon my shoulder, and then I stood Thomas Hamerken, or Hamerlein, was born as if rooted to the spot, afraid even to stir, so in the year 1380, at the little town of Kempen, amazed was I at the honor done me. in the eat plain of the Rhine, near the city Thomas, jo course of time, came to dwell in of Cologne. From the name of his native place, Florentius's house, and closer acquaintance according to the custom of those times, he was strengthened his love for him. When he hapgenerally called Thomas à Kempis. His pa-pened to be troubled in his mind, he applied, rents, John and Gertrude, were io humble life, like the other youths on similar occasions, to his father earning their subsistence by bis daily his respected master; and such was the effect labor as a mechanic; his mother was a woman of even a sight of his placid and cheerful counof exemplary piety, exerting a favorable influ- tenance, or of a few words of copversation, that ence on the tender mind of her son, in cherish- be seldom failed to leave his presence comforted ing a love for heavenly things.
and encouraged. This attachment showed itself When about thirteen years of age, he went in small matters. In consequence of weak to Deventer, wbere the school of the Bretdren health, Florentius sometimes could not partake of the Common Lot offered an opportunity for of the common meals, but ate at a small table his obtaining a good education without much in the kitchen. Thomas then considered it an expense to his family. He was, however, pot honor to wait upon him. “Unworthy though at first a resident in the Brother House, but I was,” be says, “ I often at his invitation prebeing introduced to Florentias Radewins, the pared the table, brought from the dining-room superintendent, be obtained through bim a wbut little he required, and served him with lodging in the house of a pious matron, and cheerfulness and joy." If Florentius was at pursued bis studies in the grammar school. any time more sick than usual, it was customary Florentius soon won bis respect by his venera. with the Brethren to inform the neighboring ble manners, and his affection by acts of kind. Brother Ilouses and request their remembrance Dess and attention to the poor boy. He fur- of bim in prayer. On yuch occasions Thomas nished him with books, which his limited means often undertook to carry the message, delighting did not enable him to purchase, and supplied to be so employed. Deubtless Florentius's pious hinu with money to pay the school expenses. example had great effect in moulding the after. The rector of the grammar school at that time life and character of his affectionate pupil. was John Boehme, who, according to Thomas's Another inmate, whose example made a deep account, was an intimate friend of Florentius, impression on him, was Henry Brune, a memoir and exercised rigid discipline. Thomas having of whose life also is among the productions of one day gone to him to pay the school fees, and his pen. He says, “One day in winter, Henry to redeem a book which he had temporarily was sitting by the fireside, warming his hands, pawned, the rector asked him, “who gave you but with his face turned towards the wall, for the money?" On hearing that it was Floren he was at the time engaged in secret prayer. tius, Boehme dismissed the boy, with the words, When I saw this, I was greatly edified, and “ Go, take it back tu him; for his suke I shall from that day loved hiin all the more.” Little charge you nothing He thus obtained his incidents of this nature, tuld in Thomas's simschooling for the future on the funds of the ple familiar style, let us into the inward characInstitution.
ter of his mind perhaps more readily than Thomas was evidently a youth of very con events of apparently greater importance. He scientious, tender, and susceptible feelings; and was deeply interested in the religious exercises being deeply imbued with sentiments of piety, of the Brethren at Deventer, and attached was struck with love and admiration whenever himself entirely to their mode of life, entering he witnessed evidences of it in others. In his into full outward communion with the society. memoir of his friend Florentius, Thomas men. He obtained from Florentius a place in the tions many traits of that simplicity, dignity, Brother House, in which at that time twenty; gentleness, and self-sacrificing activity for the three members dwelt together and received good of others, which had won his ardent ad- maintenance. His chief companion, and soon miration. Before he became a boarder in the his most intimate friend, was Arnold of Schoen