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was acquainted, -robin, sparrow, oriole, and the for every description of sores and cuts or like,--and with surprising accuracy. The wounds, it is almost a certain specific. It is . morning was fair, the air 'still, and the bird even asseru d now, that for fiesb wounds it is a seemed to be swallowed up in

song.

prompt and perfect cure or prophylactic against “Pray tell me," said my stranger friend, erysipelas, that dread monster that haunted the “what bird is that which sings so delightfully? hospitals of both sides so faithfully during our It is not quite the thrush."

recent war, and that proved the death of so That, sir, is our cat-bird.”

many brave mnen. it is to be hoped that this " You must be making fun of me. You will be thoroughly investigated, and, if it should don't pretend to say that the homely squalling prove effectual in this terrible disease, that the bird we heard yesterday, and this singer, are fact may be generally known. It is already the same?"

known that by applying either crude or refined “I do truly, and to convince you I will thro petroleum to flesh cuts or other wounds, that a stone into the tree and drive her out, and you all offensive suppuration is checked or avoided, shall see it is the same bird."

and that the fissure speedily heals, apparently With that I threw the stone, and ont popped by “first intention.” Mrs. Cat-bird, making directly for the lilacs, Petroleum in a crude state is also of value where she began again to scream, “Yaah! for painting purposes. There are two sorts of

: yaah!”

this article, the heavy or fixed oil, usually The gentleman looked on in amazement. in common use for lubricating purposes, and “ This bird,” said I, is very much like some the light or volatile oil used for illuminating. people. In those lilacs she has her nest, and The latter oply is used for painting, and for that is her home; but there she never utters a outside work is superior to any other oil, as pleasant note. I should think her husband well as for “priming,” or first coating, or stopwould avoid her, ażd her little ones tremble at ping, inside work. The chief value of the oil the souod of her voice. But when she gets for painting seems to be in the residuum, thg away from home, up in the lofty tree, you see black pitchy substance left after distilling the how agreeable she can be. I know many people refined oil from it. This residuum, wbep spread just like her. When away from home, they are out as paint, forms a thin surface, protecting fall of smiles and gentle ways, and they seen the work from the air. To prepare the oil for among the most agreeabie people in the world. painting, it ought to be about balf distilled, But see them at home! and the cat bird's notes thickening up what is left, or adding about are theirs. They contrive to make home just a pound of the residuum to a gallon of common ay unpleasant as possible-to tbemselves, to crude volatile oil. To do this I have melted their children, and to every body that happens the residuum carefully in a pot over a stove, to see them at home.- Western Christian Advo-|(care being taken against fire), gradually addcale.

ing thin crude oil to it. The mixture is not

very perfect, and the thick matter settles when From The Cultivator and Country Gentleman. cold, but it can be shaken or stirred up when THE VALUE OF PETROLEUM TO MANKIND. about to be used. The color of course is nearly

Desponding as men usually are, too apt to black, but not much more so than the preparalook only to the troubles they bave to contend tion known as boiled linseed oil, which is conagainst in this world, we must all admit that sidered the bes i of all paint oils. the Great Giver of all Good seems to be con- Of course this preparation is best for all stantly striving to bring those made after His rough outside work, exposed to the elements. image closer to Him, and add to their comfort | It is superior for wagons, plows and all farmers' while in this world. What beneficent discov. implements, preserving them effectually. For eries has He vouchsafed to us within a few wood work, the best pigment I have used, as short years. The railway has supplanted the well as the cheapest, is the common hydraulic common road; the steamer, the sloop and barge; cement, or water lime, costing about two or the reaper, the scythe; the sewing machine, the three dollars a barrel. It makes a cool, pleaneedle; petroleum, the dingy, dirty, old tallow sant grey or neutral tiot, entirely different from candle. Truly of all modern discoveries, pe. the brown and chocolate colored earths, as well troleum is certainly not least valuable, and here as much cheaper than they are. It must of I propose to enumerate a few of its most valu. course be ground with the oil in a paint mill, able economic properties.

as all other paints should be. As a medicine for both man and beast, it is At the present time petroleum thus prepared certainly without an equal. For rheumatic for painting ought to be retailed everywherə complaints, lumbago, and all pains and aches, for not more than seventy-five cents a gallon. used externally, it gives almost instantaneous As this is half the price of livseed oil, as well relief. For frost bitten feet or limbs, for bee. as much better, it ought to come into general stings, for burns or scalds, even the most severe, I use with the public as an economical and most

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efficient paint. It is well known to most paint. SKELETON LEAVES.—The following method has ers that white lead ground up in the common,

been communicated to the Botanical Society of Edor even boiled linseed oil, and applied to exte-inburgh: "A solution of caustic soda is made by

dissolving 3 oz. of washing 90: two pints of rior board surfaces, soon rubs off like whitewash boiling water, and adding 11 oz. of quick lime preupon the baud. The hydraulic cement, ground viously slacked ; boil for ten minutes, decant the iu petroleum, secms to form a solid cement, or clear solution, and bring it to the boil. During

ebullition add the leaves; boil briskly for some artificial stone, and at one year old shows no

time--say an hour, occasionally adding hot water sign of rubbing off, though it way in the course

to supply the place of tbat lost by evaporation. of time.

Take out a leaf, and put it into a vessel of water, Mixed with sand and applied to leaky valleys rub it between the fingers uader the water. If the between roofs, or around chimneys, it soon epidermis and parenchymna separate easily, the rest becomes as hard as stone. It might even

of the leaves may be removed from the solution, answer for roofing when applied to felting; but boiling must be continued some time longer. To

and treated in the same way; but if not, then the I have never used it in this way. I have heard bleach the skeletons, mix about a drachm of chlo. that there is a patent upon the use of petroleum ride of lime with a pint of water, adding sufficient as a paint oil, in what way applied I do not acetic acid to liberate the chlorine. Steep the leaves know.

B. T.

in this till they are whitened, (about ten minutes,) taking care not to let them stay in too long, other

wise they are apt to become brittle. Put them into ITEMS.

clean water, and float them out on pieces of paper. Tue North Carolina Freedmen's Bureau reports quile dry, and place them in a book or botanical

Lastly, remove them from the paper before they are that there are sixty thousand negro childien in that

press."

Dr. G. Dickson in Ilardwicke's Science State, twenty-five thousand of wbom have been at.

Gossip." tending school during the past year. There are one

The Palestine exploration is making good prohundred and twenty-five thousand poor white chil. dren in North Carolina, but the Boston “ Journal" gress. An official report, dated at Jerusalem on the says that no such proportion of these go to scbool. 22d of Oct., says that Mr. Warner has established, In fact, seven-tenths of them can weither read nor by actual demonstration, that the south wall of the

sacred enclosure which coutained tbe Tomple is write.

buried for more thao half its depth beneatb au acDr. LivingSTONE - FURTHER ACCOUNTS GIVING cumulation of rubbish, probably the ruins of the HOPES Ofuis Safety.-At a meeting of the Royal successive buildings which once crowned it, and Geographical Society in London, December 9, a that if bared to its foundation the wall would preletter was read from Dr. Kirk, of Zanzibar, fourteen seot an unbroken face of solid masonry of nearly days later in date than the last that have been pub- one thousand feet long, and for a large portion of lished. The letter is as follows:

that distance more than one hundred and fifty feet in height; in other words, nearly the length of tbe

London Crystal Palace and the height of the transept. ZANZIBAR, Oct. 9, 1867.

Mr. Warren adds : The interesting discovery that a wbite man bad

The wall, as it stands, with less than balf that been seen, seven months ago, to the sou b of Lake height emerging from the ground, bas always been Tanganyika, induced Mr. Churchill

, the consul, and r-garded as a marvel. What must it bave been myself to go to Bangamoyo, a place on the coast, wlien entirely exposed to view ? No wonder that the point of arrival and departure of Ujiji caravans. Prophets and Psalmists sbould have rejoiced in the The result of our visit has been to find two other

" walls" and“bulwarks” of the Temple, aud that Tacimen, who also saw this wanderer in the country of tus should have described it as modo arcis constructum. Marungo, and to place bis existence apparently be. The question immediately occurs, what does the yond a doubt. We bare also learned sometbing

lower part of the structure formed by this enormous about his personal appearance, bis escort, and the

wall contain, our present knowledge being confined route he was taking, and have been told that letters

to the existing level of the ground? Of this I can were given to one of the head men of another cara

say notbiog, though the passage discovered by Mr. van tben at Marungu. This man, we bave since

Warren, 'birty feet below the “siogle gateway,'' and found, is no mythical personage, but a well known described by bin under October 22d, promises to man, so that on his arrival from the interior, ex

lead to important discoveries. The valley west of the pected in the course of a month, we may have not Temple (Tyropæon) turns out to be very different only our curiosity satisfied, but I sincerely hope our in form from anything bitherto supposed, viz: Tolbest wishes for our dear friend Livingstone realized. erably flat for the greater part of its width, with am. I hope we shall find he has been successful, and is ple space for a “lower city," and suddenly descendpushing his way to the Albert Nyanza, thence to ing close below the Temple wall to a narrow gully emerge, via the Nile, on the Mediterranean. He of great depib. The well-known arch discovered will have been the first man who bas not only by Robinson, the centre of so many speculations, may crossed the continent, but has passed through its thus prove to have been only a single opening to whole length from the Cape of Good Hope to ibe span ibis gully, instead of the commencement of a mouth of the Nile.

long bridge or viaduct.-Ledger. -- The Press.

John KIRK.

An editor getting tired of paying printers, resolved During the six months preceding Eleventh month, to put bis own shoulder to the wheel. Here is a spe. the London uoderground railway carried over cimen of bis effort at setting type: twelve millions of passergers, or about three times wa tqiny se shyll do wost on our own setjiNg the population of London. The actual number Y Pe beprafier-PruterS mua tylk about iTo transported over the line since its opening in First Æing difjicult to sEt tipe, bur We dUn,t taparienci mouth, 1863, is about 70,000,000.

wuch difficult Yi',

LETTER FROM DR. KIRK TO MR. WEBB.

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.
The Penns and Pepingtons.

705 Extract from “ Lise Thoughts".

706 An Appeal to Mothers......

707 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Blue River Quarterly Meeting.

708 MADE TO Thomas a Kempis. .

708 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,

Notes of Foreign Travel, from Private Correspondence. 710
A New Coal Mine

711 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street,

EDITORIAL

712 TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE

OBITUARY...

...... 712 The Paper is issued every Seventh day, at Three Dollars per address of Green Street Monthly Meeting of Friends....... 713 annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four coples for $10.

Address of Nottingham Quarterly Meeting

714 Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

First Day Schools .........

715 The Postage on this paper, paid in aivance at the office where

715 It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. European Correspondenco. AGENTS.-Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

POETRY......

716 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y. Domestic Life..

717 Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

720 William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.

Review of the Weather, &c., for Twelfth Month..
James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.
ITEMS...

720

THE PENNS AND PENINGTONS.

diers. My husband, as he passed out, put in (Continued from page 690.)

five pieces of gold to the Irish, and one piece "He was very generous to the Irish Protes- into the other basin; and said nothing to me tants who came over after the massacre in about it till we came to our lodgings; then he Ireland; also to the plundered winisters and refused to sup, but went up to writing. After maimed soldiers that were wounded in the some time he called me to fetch bim fifteen army.

He rarely gave less than a twenty-pounds in a bag. When I brought it, he then shilling piece at the private fasts where these spoke to me to this purpose :— Now that I have sufferings were presented before him, and that made sure of the thing, I will acquaint theo was constantly once and sometimes twice a what it is to do ;' so he told me the business, week. I shall mention a remarkable instance and read to me the engagement in his book, of his charity for the sufferers in Ireland. and the letter he had written to Thomas Case, We were at a fast at Milk street in London, giving hiin an account how it was, but not setwhere Thomas Case, a Puritap preacher, setting his dame to it; declariug that he had forth the great distress the Irish Protestants given it to the Lord, and desired to remain were in, and the need they stood in of assist- unknowo. The footboy was sent away with ance to get over to England. He related it so the letter and money sealed up, with the order affectingly that it pierced my husband greatly, to turn his coat before he came in sight of the and as he was taking down the sermon after place, that they could not see what livery be him, he felt an engagement in his miod to give wore, and, on delivering the money and letter twenty pounds” ---a sum in that day probably into his hands for whom they were sent, not to equal to a hundred pounds at the present time. stay to be asked any questions. “Afterwards he considered that, as this was • He was most affectionately tender to me determined when he was warmed with a clear and his child-beyond what I have known in sense of their misery, and as be grew cooler any, considering his youth. I do not rememthat he might change, whereupon he took bis ber that he ever let an opportunity slip of notebook, and wrote in it a soleinn engagement acquainting me with his condition when absent. before the Lord to perform it when he came to hath often writ letters when he baited, on, home. Wbeo all was over, there was appointed purpose to send to me by travellers that he at the door two men of quality to stand with might meet on the road. After the battle of basins, to receive the collections for the Irish Newbury he gave tbe messenger he was send. Protestants; and some others that were officers ing to the Parliament to acquaint them with were appointed to receive for the maimed sol- ! the issue of the battle, a piece, only to kaock.

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BY H. W. B.

at the door of my lodgings in Blackfriars, and

John Springett, and one daughter, leave word that be saw him well after the bat.

Gulielma Maria Posibuma Spriug-it,

H., being Colonel in the service of the Parliament tle-there being time for no more; which

at the taking of Arundel Castle in Sussex, there message in all probability saved my life

contracted a sickness of whicb he died 1 being then sick of the measles, which could February tbe 3rd, Anno Domini 1643, not come out because of the exercise of my

being 23 years of age. mind by reason of my having beard of the His wife, in testimony of her dear affection 'to bim,

halb erected this monument to his memory. battle. The 'message was left between three

(To be continued.) and four o'clock in the moroing; at the hearing of which the oppression was rolled off my

From Life Thoughts. spirits, like the removal of a great stone, and

God says the peace of the man that loves the measles came forth. " I must add that, in addition to such such, it is because its springs are not in Mount

bim shall flow like a river; and if ours is not gentleness, sweetness, compassion, affableness, Zion, because its sources are the marshes and and courtesy, thy grandfather had a cour the lowlands, and not tbe crystal fountains of age that was without barshness or cruelty; the hills. and an undaunted spirit such as was rarely found with the forementioned excellencies, with temporary abundance, but like the river

This peace shall not be like a shower, falling He was also very hospitable; his generous mind which flows by the cottage door, always full delighted in entertaining those that were en and singing. gayed in the cause with him, -not in excess,

The man hears it when he rises in the morabut with great freedom and heartiness, always ing; he hears it in the quiet noon; he bears it seasoned with savory and edifying discourse, when the sun goes down; and if he wakes in --making mention of the Lord's gracious the night, its sound is in his ear. It was there dealings with them.”

when he was a child; it was there when he Thus closes Mary Pepington's retrospective description of the husband of her youth, in the grew up to manhood; it was there when he was

an old man; it will murmur by his grave upon letter she addressed to her grandson, Springett its banks, and sing and flow for his children Peon. As a true and altogether reliable, un- after him. It is to such a river that God likeng adorned history, it constitutes, I think, one of the divine bounty of peace given to his people. the finest and most touching descriptions of a

How little do we know of this peace of God! poble, gallaot young Puritan soldier which the We deem ourselves happy if we have one serede seventeenth century has bequeathed to us. hour out of the twenty-four; and is now and The men of Sussex migbt well be proud of him then there comes a Sabbath wbich is balm at as a native of their county, and doubtless they morning, and sweetness at the still noon, and would be so if they only understood his charac- benediction at evening, we count it a rare and ter. But, during the lapse of agos, one gener. blessed experience. ation dying out, and another coming in, each cherishing its own favorites for the time being, his mother. She takes him upon her lap, and

The child frightened in his play runs to seek true and accurate knowledge of the good and the noble sons of past centuries is liable to be presses his head to her bosow; and with the

tenderest words of love she looks down upon forgotten even in their native place. And,

him, and smooths his hair and kisses his were it not for some favorable circumstances, cheek, and wipes away his tears. And then, this history of Sir William Springett's short in low and gentle voice, she sings some sweet life would have been lost like many another. descant, some lullaby of love, and the fear fades His wife's most tender and graphic description, out from his face, and a smile of satisfaction addressed to his daughter and to his grandson, plays over it, and at length his eyes close and and the careful preservation of her letters, he sleeps in the deep depths and delights. of among the Friends, bring him now before us in life-like colors after the lapse of so many ages. soul is the tired child; and He folds it in his

peace.

God Almighty is the mother, and the Probably few in Sussex at this day know aught about him, save what the mural tablet in the arms, and dispels its fears, ani lulls it to re

pose, saying, “Sleep, my darling; sleep. It is church of Ringmer sets forth.

I who watch thee.” “ He giveth His beloved Jere lyeth the dy of

sleep.” The mother's arms eucircle but one; SIR WILLIAM SPRINGETT, KNT., but God clasps every yearning soul to his Eldest son and heir of Herbert Springett of Sussex, bosom, and gives to it the peace which passeth Who married Mary Proude, only daughter and heir of understanding, beyond the reach of care or Sir John Proude, Kot.,

storm. Colonel in the service of the United Provinces, And of Anne Fagge, his wife, of the co-heirs of

A good thought is a great boon, for which God Edward Fagge of Ewell, near Feversham, in the County of Kent, Esq.

is first to be thanked, next he who is first to He had issue by Mary his wife, one sonne,

utter it.

women

young mind.

For Friends' Intelligencer.

man, when used under His guidance, and AN APPEAL TO MOTHERS,

therefore we are in duty bound to love, worIn this age much is said about raising ship and put our trust in Him. The first and

to an equality with men. Io some greatest commandment being taught, the second respects it may be necessary, but already it is will also be fulfilled, to love not only our kind. evident that by the laws of nature, established neighbor, but to love all mankind and pray for by the beneficent Creator, woman is designed them who may treat us unkindly, by rememberto occupy the highest position possible for hu. ing the wise man said, “ A soft answer turneth man beings to staod upon-she training of the away wrath, but grievous words stir up anger.”

This great duty devolves more Thus, training the child in the way he should especially on the mother, as the fatber is de go, the ground of the heart is prepared for the cessarily otherwise much engaged, and she has reception of the good seed, which, if permitted it in her power, in a great degree, to form the to grow, will bring forth an bundred fold in future character of her child according to this world, and in the world to come life eternal. her wishes. It was said of some great war. Children, seeing their parents concerned to atriors of olden times that they had Roman tend all our religious meetings, will generally mothers and Spartan mothers,-their mothers be willing to go with them, although at times thought there was great glory in being great they may plead excuses; yet the parent, seeking conquerers; but the truly Christian mother aright for ability, will be enabled to convince teaches her son that "he that is slow to them of the obligation to worship the Supremo anger is better than the mighty, and he that Being in spirit and in truth. Have we not ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city.” reason to believe that our offspring thus trained To rule our own spirits, and submit our wills would in most cases grow up as plants of the to the will of our Father in Heaven, is the Lord's right hand planting, and that there great business of our lives. In very early life would be a succession of faithful standard the loving mother sees the necessity of prevent-bearers. A profitable inquiry for every parent ing the infant from gratifying its own will, to make is, why are so many of our members when about to seize some article, or to do some absent from our religious meetings? Is it not act that would endanger its safety; thus the because of the lukewarmness of parents and Christian mother, who has the courage and heads of families ? Let our hearts be searched independence to turu her back to the tyrant as with a lighted candle, lest we as a people fashion, which demands that her child shall be be set aside while others are called in to bear given over to a hired purse, impriots on the up our testimonies. young mind its first and important lesson, obedi. We are aware that after the best education

Her strong love for the babe induces her the youth may wan:der far away as into a to treat it with the greatest kindness and tender- strange land, but even there many have rememDess, and the little creature returns tbis affection. bered a mother's prayers and tears, by which Ab ! see how the babe loves the mother who their spirits have been tendered and contrited, nurses and takes care of it herself. It is in a and they have desired to return; but whether state to receive instruction from her as its men they return or not, the faithful mother will be tal faculties expand, and as she herself has clear, and the language will be, “Let her alone, been taught in the school of Christ, she teaches she has done what she could ;” and many of her by example and precept His commandments. offspring may late in life rise up and called her In an early age, that great duty of doing to blessed. others as we would they should do to us, may be Have not many of our great men made a imprinted on the memory, by gently telling the similar acknowledgment with John Quincy child not to do anything to å little playmate Adams, when he said, “ Whatever there is good that he would not like done to himself. This in me I received from my mother.” She la. feeling will become a settled principle of action, bored from his early life to train him for useas later in life he mingles with the business fulness as a statesman, and she succeeded. world. And when the children begin to love To prepare him for the iesignation he felt when. and admire the beauties of this wonderful he exclaimed, “ This is the last of earih, I am world in which we live, and inquire who made content," was, no doubt, also her care and conthem all, the deeply concerned mother will cern, and her name will go down to posterity not allow herself to be so earnestly engaged in as one the people delight to hooor. But above business, or engrossed with the piano or other all keep in remembrance how Hannah of olid vain amusements, as to turn away the innocent took little Samuel to the Lord's house and dedichildren with a short or impatient answer ; but cated him to the Lord's work and service; and will improve the opportunity of teaching them as he was obedient to the call, he was made a to love the Omnipotent Creator, who in His prophet to the house of Israel; his mother lagoodness and loving kindness has adapted bored and succeeded. Oh! that mothers in all His works for the benefit and enjoyment of this day would do likewise, not desiring ang

ence.

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