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ments are slovenly. If the linens and hangings/ revision and reform. Generosity does not conare clean and fine and the furniture good, the sist in giving money or money's worth. These yard, the garden, the fences are neglected. so called goods are only the shadow of goud. If all are well attended, then must the master | To give money to a sufferer is only a come-off. and mistress be studious of particulars at the It is only a poetponement of the real payment, cost of their own accompli-bments and growth, a bribe paid for silence-a credit system in or persons are treated as things.

wbich a paper promise to pay answers for the The difficulties to be overcome must be freely time instead of a liquidation. We ove to man aduitted ; they are many ard great. Nor are bigher succors than food and fire. We owe to they to be disposed of by any criticism or

If he is sick, is unable, is meanamendment of particulars taken one at a tine, spirited and odious, it is because there is so but only by the arrangement of the household much of bis nature which is uplawfully with. 10 a higher end than those to which our dwel. Wolden from him He should be visited in lings are usually built and furbished. And is this his prison with rebuke to the evil demons, there any calamily more grave, or that more with manly encouragement, with no meandeserves the best good will to remove it than spirited offer of condolence because you have tbis ?-to go from chamber to chamber and see pot money, or mean offer of money as the utmost po beauty; to find in the housemates no aim; benefit, but by your heroism, by your purity, by to bear au endless cbatter and blast; to be com- your faith. You are to bring with you that pelled to criticise ; to hear only to di-sent and to spirit which is understanding health and selfbe disgusted; to find po invitation to what is help. To offer him money in lieu of these is to good in us, and no receptacle for what is wise. do him the same wrong as when the bridg

"groom This is a great price to pay for sweet bread and offers his betrothed virgin a sum of money to warm lodying-being defrauded of affinity, or release him from his engagements. The great repose, of heavenly culture, and the inmost depend on their beart, not on their purse. presence of beauty.

Gepius and Virtue, like diamonds, are best plain It is a sufficient accusation of our ways of set-set in lead, set io poverty. The greatest living, and certainly ought to open our ear to man in history was the poorest. How was it every good-minded reformer, that our idea of with the captains and sages of Greece and Rome domestic well being now needs wealth to exe - with Socrates, with Epaminondas ? Aristides cute it.

Give me the means, says the wife, and was made general receiver of Greece to collect your house shall not annoy your taste nor the tribute which each state was to furnish waste your time. On hearing this, we understand against the barbarian. “Poor,” says Plutarch, how these Means have come to be so omnipo- " when he set about it, poorer when he had fin. tent on earth. And indeed the love of wealth ished it.” How was it with Æmilius and Cato? seems to grow chiefly out of the root of the What kind of house was kept by Paul and love of the Beautiful. The desire of gold is John? by Milton and Marvell? by Samuel not for gold. It is not the love of much wheat Johoson and Jean Paul Richter? and wool and household stuff. It is the means I think it plain at first sight that this voice of freedom and benefit. We scorn shifts. We of communities and agesGive us wealth, desire the elegancy of munificence. We desire and the good household shall exist"-is vicious, at least to put no stint or limit on our parents, and leaves the whole difficulty antouched. It relatives, guests, or dependents. We desire to is better, certainly, in this form, "Give us play the benefactor and the prince with our your labor, and the household begins.” I see townsmen, with the stranger at the gate, with the not how serious labor, the labor of all and bard, or the beauty, with the man or woman of every day, is to be avoided ; and many things worth who alights at our door. How can we betoken a revolution of opinion and practice in do this, if the wants of each day imprison us regard to manual labor that may go far to aid in lucrative labors, and constrain us to a con- our practical inquiry. Another age may

divide tioual vigilance lest we be betrayed into experise. the manual labor of the world more equally on

Give us wealth and the home shall erist. all the members of society, and so make the But that is a very poor solution, a very inglori- labors of a few hours avail to the wants and add ous solution of the problem, and therefore no to the vigor of the man. But the reform tbat solution. “Give us wealth." You ask too applies to the household must not be partial, much. Few have wealth; but all must have a It inust correct the whole system of our social home. Men are not born rich ; and in getting living. It must come with plain living and wealth, the man is sacrificed, and often is sacri. high thinking; it must break up caste, and ficed without acquiriog wealth at last. Besides, put domestic service on another foundation. that cannot be the right answer; there are objec. It must come in connection with a true accepttions to wealth. Wealth is a shift. The wise ance on the part of each man of his vocation man angles with himself only, and with no -Dot chosen by his parents or friends, but by meaner bait. Our whole use of wealth needs bis genius, with earnestness and love.

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Nor is this redress so hopeless as it seems. so that there the intellect is awake and sees the
Certainly, il we begin by reforming particulars laws of the universe, the soul worships truth
of our present system, correctiog a few evils and love; bonor and courtesy flow into all the
and letting the rest stand, we shall soon give deeds.
up iu despair. For our social forms are very

There was

never a country in the world far from truth and equity. But the way to which could so easily exhibit this heroism set the axe at the root of the tree is to raise as ours; never anywhere the State has made

Let us understand, then, that a such efficient provision for popular education, house should bear witoess in all its economy i where intellectual entertainment is so within that human culture is the end to which it is reach of youthful ambition. The poor man's built and garnished. It stands there under the son is educated. There is muny a humble sun and moon to ends analogous and not less house in every city, many in every town, where poble than theirs. It is not for festivity, it is talent and taste, and sometimes genius, dwell not for sleep; but the pine and the ouk shall with poverty and labor.

Tho has not seen, gladly descend from the mountains to uphold and who can see unmoved, under a humble The roof of men as faithful and necessary roof, the eager, blushing boys discharging as as themselves; to be the shelter always open to they can their household chores, and hastening the Good and the True; a hall which shines with into the sitting room to the stu ly of tomorrow's sincerity, brows ever tranquil, and a demeanor merciless lesson, yet stealing time to read a impossible to disconcert; whose inmates know few pages more of the novel hardly smuggled into what they want; who do not ask your house the tolerance of father and mother—atoning for how theirs sbould be kept. They have aims; the same by some pages of Plutarch, or Goldthey cannot pause for trifles. The diet of the smith; the warm sympathy with which they house does not create its order, but knowledge, kindle each other iu school-yard, or in barn or character, action absorb so much life, and wood shed, with scraps of poetry or song, with yield so much entertainment, that the refectory scraps of the last oration, or miwicry of the has ceased to be curiously studied. With a orator; the youthful criticisin, on Sunday, change of aim has followed a change of the of the sermons; the school declamation faithwbole scale by which men and things were fully rehearsed at home, sometimes to the wont to be measured. Wealth and Poverty fatigue, sometimes to the admiration of sisare seen for what they are. It begins to be ters; the first solitary joys of literary vanity, seen that the poor are only they who feel poor, when the translation or theme has been comand poverty consisis in feeling poor. The pleted, sitting alone near the top of the house ; rich, as we reckon them, and among them the affectionate delight with which they greet the very rich, in a true scale would be found the return of each one after the early separations very indigent and ragged. The great make us which school or business require; the foresight feel, first of all, the indifference of circum- with which, during such absences, they bive stances. They call into activity the higher the honey wbich opportunity offers for the ear perceptions, and subdue the low habits of coin- and imagination of the others, and the unrefort and luxury; but the higher perceptions strained glee with which they disburden find their objects everywhere; only the low themselves of their early mental treasures, habits need palaces and banquets.

when the holidays bring them again together. Let a man, then, say, My house is here in the What is the hoop that holds them staunch? country, for the culture of the country-a0 It is the iron band of poverty, of necessity, of auseating house and sleepiog house for travellers terity, which, excluding them from the sensual it shall be, but it shall be much more. I pray you, enjoyments which make other boys too early old, O excellent wife! not to cumber yourself and las directed their activity in safe and right chanme to get a rich dinner for this man or nels, and made them, spite of themselves, reverers this woman who has alighted at our gate, nor a of the grand, the beautiful, and the good. Ah ! bedchamber made ready at too great a cost. short-sighted students of books, of Nature, and These things, if they are curious in, they can of man! too happy could they koow their adget for a dollar at any village. But let this vantages. They pine for freedom from that wild stranger see, if he will, in your looks, in your parental yoke; they sigh for fine clothes, for accent and behavior. your heart and earnestness, rides, for the theatre, and premature freedom your thought and will, that which he cannot buy and dissipation which others possess. Woe t) at any price, at any village or city, and which he them, if their wishes were crowoed! The may well travel fitry miles and dine sparely and angels that dwell with them, and are weaving sleep hard in order to behold. Certainly, let the laurels of life for their youthful brows, are board be spread and let the bed be dressed for Toil, and Want, and Truth, and Mutual Faith. the traveller; but let not the emphasis of hospi lacity lie in these things. Honor to the house “Each moment as it passes is the meeting. where they are simple to the verge of bardship, I place of two eternities"

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COMPARISON OF RAIN,

For Friends' Intelligencer.

crater and many new openings to the air, but it conREVIEW OF THE WEATHER, &C.

tinues to blaze after its ejection. A slight subsiTWELFTH MONTH.

dence of the volcanic motion bad taken place, and 1866. 1867. on Monday, the 9th of December, the mountain re

mained almost quiescent, its sides being covered to Rain during some portion of

a great extent with snow. A heitvy colored smoke the 24 hours,

4 days. 5 days.

issued from what ibe savans term the sinoke-holes," Rain all or nearly all day,... 1

old and new. Tuesday nigbt, December 10, the Snow, incl'g very slight falls

11

eruption was resumed with great force, and a mass Cloudy, without storms,......

7

of lava, resembling a solid rock, was shot from the Clear,as ordinarily accepted 17

8

crater to a great beight, and as seen from this city,

rolled down ibe sides of the great cone after falling. 31 31

A loud roar, as of artillery, was heard during the eptire night. The mountain was veiled in darkongs

long after tbe hour of daybreak the next morning. TEMPERATURE, RAIN, DEATHS,

As the forenoon advanced a strong wind sprong op 1866. 1867. from the nortb and dispelled the gloom, and Vesu

vius has been witnessed in its fiery daily grandeur Mean temperature of 12th

since. To-day a perfect river of fire is seen to flow month per Penna. Hospital, 33.61 deg. 31.78 deg. from tbe mountain, running in a westerly direction. Highest do. during month 61.50 54.00

The fiery flood is nearing the town of Cercala. The Lowest do. do. do. 5.00

10 00 upbeaving of the volcano is attended with shocks Rain during the month,...... 3.46 in. 2.73 in. resembling those of an earthquake, and loud detoDeaths during the month,

nations, as of a battery of heavy guns in full play, being for 5 current weeks

are beard. A perfect panic prevails among the infor 1866 and 4 for 1867..... 1228

974

babitants of all the villages situated in the neigbborbood of the foot of the mountain. - The Press.

Solomon's TEMPLE EXHUMED. - The London Times Average of the mean temperature of 12th

publishes an interesting letter in regard to the dismonth for the past seventy-eight years 32.53 deg.

coveries at Jerusalem, from wbich we select the folHighest mean of do. during that entire

lowing: “The colossal foundations of the temple period, 1849,........

45.00

wall, which are 'stones of ten cubits and stones of Lowest

do.
do. 1832 25.00 eight cubits,' laid by Solomon or his successors on

the throne, are now being laid bare at the enormous
1866. 1867.

depth of 90 feet and more beneath the present sur

face. The bridge that once spanned the ravine be. Totals for the first 6 months,

tween the palace of Zion and the temple on Morinth of each year, .......... 22.47. inch. 30.30 inch. is now proved to buve been upward of 150 feet high. Totals for last 6 montbs....... 22.77 29.80

It this be, as it seems, the ascent to the House of be

Lord which Solomon showed to the Queen of Sheba, Totals for each year.. 45.24 159.10

we cannot wonder that on seeing it there was no J. M. Ellis.

spirit in ber. The pinnacle of the temple on which Philadelphia, First month 1868.

the tempter placed the Saviour has just been un.

covered to the base, and is found still to have an The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid elevation of 136 feet. The statement of Josephus is and Elevation of the Freedmen hus received, during therefore no exaggera'ion. If any one looked from the past monih,

the battlements into the valley he would be giddy, From City contributions......... ....... 160 00 while bis sigbt could not reach to such an immense Friends of Trenton, N. J

....76 50 depth. Sections of the ancient wall of Opbel bave Friends and others of Byberry, Pa.......40 00

been exhumed, sbowing that, as Josepbus says, it Friends of Maktfield Prep. Meeting.

........61 60

was joined to the southeast angle of the Temple. Middletown"

......21 00 Aqueducts, cisterns, rock-bewn channels and pag. Sudsbury Mo.

......40 00

sages have also been discovered within and around Middletown"

......18 25

the barem, throwing new light on the buildings, the Kennet

......16 75 arrangements, and the services of the Temple. The Women Friends of Abington Meeting....21 00 great work of a complete exploration of ancient Je

Center

...10 00 rusalem is thus fairly and auspiciously commenced.

Abington ...11 00 The opportune visit of the Sultan and Grand Vizer John Anthony, Genessee Grove, Ill....... 5 00 to this country, and tbe representations made to the East Jordan, Ill................

5 00 latter by the Archbishop of York, followed up ag

they have been by the energy, the wisdom, and tact

8486 10 of Lieutenant Warren and bis admirable staff, have Also, Donations of Clothing from Rachel W. Smootbed down Moslem prejudice, remored local opTownsend, R. W. Jacobs, T. E. Chapman and Friends position, and thus brought about opportunities for of Hursham. Children's Papers, W. D. C., Philada. excavation and exploration such as never occurred HENRY M. LAING, Treasurer,

before; and besides, large numbers of Arab laborers Pulada., 12th mo. 31st. 30 N. Tbird St.

have been trained to the work, and are eager to be employed; and the exact points for successful ex.

ploration are now well known. – The Press. ITEMS.

The Boston Journal of CHEMISTRY says tbat Naples, Jan. 4.-The eruption of Mount Vesuvius, pencil writings may be fixed almost as indellibly

as which was described some few days since as becom- ink by passing the moistened tongue over it. Even ing still more intensely grand, is just now quite breathing slowly

, over the lines, afier writing, ien. alarming. The whule of the volcano is in violent I ders them much less liable to erasure than when noi action, and the flame issues not only from the old 'subjected to that process.

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
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729

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THE PENNS AND PENING TONS.

tinually in her mind as a case in point, that (Continued from page 706.)

she could io no degree field to the entreaties A few weeks after the death of Sir William of her friends and relatives. It was very try. Springett, the bereaved widow was roused from ing to maintain ber ground against all their the depth of her desolation and sorrow, by her persuasion ; but hard above all it must have maternal feelings on the birth of an infant been to stand out aginst the expressed desire daughter. This was Gulielma Maria, above of her loved and honored mother-in-law; nerer. mentioned.*

theless, singlebandi d and conscientious, she Her Heavenly Father had in this darling withstood all who endeavored to pursuade her child sept another claim on her affections, to have her child formally baptized. She says, another tie binding her to life, and her energy “That scripture in the last of the Galatians, of arose to meet the surrounding circumstances. circumcision or uncircumcision availing noth. In the name Gulielma Maria given to the ing, but a new creature, was so often in my infant, those of both parents were united. Her mind, that I could not but resolve that it [the mother-in-law, now the chief earthly friend baptismal rite] should not be performed. This left to the young widow, came to reside with brought great reproach on me, and made me as her, and she remained there during the residue a byword among the people of my own rauk in of her life, which only lasted about four years the world, and a strange thing it was thought after the death of her son William.

to be by my relatives and acquaintances. Those Lady Springett bad adopted the same views who were accounted able ministers, and such which her husband had arrived at, rerpecting as a formerly delighted to hear, were sent to per. the unscriprural character of infant baptism, suade me; but I could not do it and be clear. and the injury that had resulted to Christian My answer to them was, “ He that doubts is life from the popular construction put on water. damned if he do it.”. She did doubt, and she baptism. Sue therefore refused to allow her believed that she had good reason to doubt of little daughter to be baptized. When reflect infant baptism being an institution authorized ing on the rite of baptism, as practiced in the by Jesus, and therefore the little Gulielma Church, the declaration of the Apostle relative Maria was dever taken to the baptisimal font. to another ritual observance, which was abol. It seems marvellous of two such young per. ished under the new dispensation, was so con- sons, and yet it does really appear as if Sir *A8 February, old style, was the last month of the

William Springett and bis wife were at that year, it may be presumed Gulielma was born in time, when these views became fixed in their 1611, hut we have no exact record of the date. miods, standing totally alone when declining to receive the popular idea of water baptism, leaving thy great-grandmother with two sons as being the essential baptism which accom and a daugbter (born after her father's panies regeneration and salvation. It is very death.) She was married to him about three certain that Mary Pepington says nothing about or four years, and left a widow about twentyhaving studied any writings on the question, two years of age.

She was an excellent woman; save those of the New Testament; or of having and bad a great regard to the well-being of her any example before ber of any one who alto children, both in the inward and outward congether on scriptural grounds disa proved of the dition ; and that she might the better bring rite as practiced in the churches, except her them up, she lived a retired life; refusing all deceased husband. It does not appear that the other marriage, though frequently offered, as I views advocated by them were the same as bave heard her say. She suffered pretty hard those held by the Baptists, who, though disap- things of his two executors, his brother Sir proving of infant baptism, insist on adult water Thomas Springett, and a brother-in-law, who baptism as essential, and as that which was thought that she, being so very young a widow, commanded by Christ. George Fox did not would marry again. Through their jealousy commence his ministry for several years after on this point, they refused her the management the death of Sir William Springett; it was not of the education of her children, and put ber therefore froni the Friends' ideas they had upon suing them for it; which she at last obbeen brought to that conclusion. But it is tained, with charges, after some years' suit. true that about the time of Guli's birth, and after “She lived a virtuous life, -constant in it, there was a minister who held 20 official morning and evening prayer by herself, and place in the University of Cambridge, who en often with her children; causing them to repeat tertained very decided convictions against the to her what they remembered of sermons they notions of water baptism which prevailed in the had heard, and of scriptures. I lived in the Church of England, of which he was a mem- house with her from nine years of age, till after ber. This was William Dell, Master of Gon. I was married to her son; and after he died, ville and Caius College, Cambridge. How far she came and lived with me, and died at my he had sufficient Christian faithfulness to house. In all which time I never, as I remempreach in that persecuting age the views he set ber, heard her say an improper word, or saw forth in his writings which were afterwards her do an evil action. She spent her time very published, I know not. He seemed to have ingeniously; and in a bountiful manner be. but little hope of the age he lived in taking a stowed great part of her jointure yearly upon right scriptural view of the doctrives in ques: the poor, in providing physic and surgery. tion, because he says it was "so rooted and Sbe bad a yearly jointure of about twelve-score built

up

in the doctrines of men.” Hence he pounds, and with it she kept a brace of horses, appealed to and wrote especially for the next a man, and a maid. She boarded with her oply generation. So far as I can ascertain, his ex- brother, Sir Edward Partridge. She kept gevcellent work on The Doctrine of the Baptisms eral poor women constantly employed simpling was not published for eight or ten years after for her in the summer; and in the winter prethe period in question; and in bis preface to paring such things as she had use for in physio the reader,'introducing the work On Baptisms, and surgery, and for eyes; she baving eminent he warns him that he would “speak mnch judgment in all three, and admirable success ; otherwise than all former or later writers what, which made her famous and sought to out of ever, that he had met with."

several counties by the greatest persons, as well Within the four years which elapsed from as by the low ones. She was daily employing the death of Sir William Springett to that of her servants in making oils, salves, and balMadam Springett, John, his first born child sains; drawing of spirits ; distilling of waters; and only son, seems to have also died, though waking of syrups and conserves of many kinds, the child's mother has left us no specific account with pills and lozenges. She was so rare in of the event. Circumstances indicate that it her ability in taking off cataracts and spots oa was within that time bis brief life closed.

eyes, that Hopkins, the great oculist, sent many Of her mother-in law's high moral worth and to ber house when there was difficulty of cure, great ability and usefulness, Mary Penington and that he could not attend or spare so much gives her grandson a beautiful account. Speak time as was necessary to compass it. She cured ing of both great grandparents, she says, “ Thy many burns and desperate cuts ; also dangerous dear mother's father was of religious p'rents; sores that came by thorns; likewise broken his father (thy great-grandfather) though a limbs ; many afflicted with the king's evil; tak, lawyer, was religious and strict, as I have ing out bones. One case of great difficulty I heard of him, in those things wherein the min. especially remember—a child's head that was istration of that time consisted, and in the ex. so burnt that its skull was like a coal; sbe ercise of what in that day of dim light was ac brought it to have skin and hair again, and incounted holy duties. He died of consumption, I vented a thin pan of beaten silver, covered with

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