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of milk and water. A method sometimes em- as you were dead to God and living only for ployed for detecting the fraud-perhaps it may yourself. But since the new man was born in be useful now—was to drop a little milk on the you through the Holy Spirit, that old dress bas thumb nail; if the milk was pure it would re- become too tight for you and it makes your soul main in its place; if not, it would flow away. ache. This shows, my dear, that there is nex

These are only a few points in the rural life life within you; and the best counsel I can give of the Greek farmer; sufficient, perhaps, to you is that which the Apostle gives to all who are show the homely side of the lite of Greece, or, in Christ: Put off the old man, which is corat any rate, to open a glance into its labors, re- rupt according to the deceitful lusts, and pat sources and joys, behind the splendid scenes that on the new man, which, after God, is created fill the theatre of history.-- Exchange Puper. in righteousness and true holiness.'

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PUTTING OFF THE OLD MAN.

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LABOR-SAVING AMONG THE INDIANS.

The Indians, left to themselves, have no reOne of the surest signs by which we may sources for food or clothing except the game koow that the Spirit of God is striving with us, and fish they take and the little patches of corn or is our beginning to recognize our own sins and potatoes they cultivate. For tilling the ground, defects, so that they become a cause of grief to they have only sticks for implements. For taku8. A good man one day in the presence of his ing game and fish they have wooden bows and wife gave expression to his fear that the Spirit arrows and wooden spears pointed with stone of God would have nothing to do with him. “I or shell. Their only clothing is the skins have been reading the Gospel,” he said, "and of animals which they tbus procure. "

To praying and meditating upon the things of God, secure so much food and clothing as are during the last six months; but instead of get. quired to sustain life needs great labor and inting better I am getting worse. Every day I tepse eagerness of pursuit. Give the Indian a am couscious of new sips and impurities which gun and ammunition, a few fish-hooks and knives, I never discovered before, and which cause me an ase and a spade, and be sees the labor of liva great deal of sorrow and anxiety. I am of opin- ing reduced more than one-half. Leave bim ion that if God's Spirit were working in me, I without any other cultivation, by which his should see my holiness increase and not my scale of life may be raised, and his wants greatly sins.”

eularged, and he has no motive except to enjoy in Whereupon his good and well-instructed wife idleness the respite from toil which is conferred answered : “My dear husband, you will never by his newly found labor-saving instruments. be able to see your holiness increase except This is just the condition the dians on by seeing your sins more clearly than you did the great central plaids. Our government makes before. Your case is very like that of our John- treaties with the Indian tribes and gives them ny, when he was recovering from his dangerous largesses, for the twofold object of promotiog and lengthened illness. You kpow how ema- their welfare and securing their friendship for ciated he was when he left his bed for the first our citizens. The Indians have found that with time. He was afraid he would never get strong the money they receive from the government again. 'Oh, mother,' he would often say to me, I they can buy colored cottons, gay blankets and shall always remain a thin, weakly boy! No, shining trinkets, and especially plenty of whisDo, Johnny,' I would answer; you are grow- key and gunpowder. ing stouter every day, and you will soon be as But as the advance of civilization converte well as ever.' But I cannot feel I am growing,' the plains into a thoroughfare of travel, the he would answer. 'Well, my dear,' I would say, buffaloes disappear, the product of the goveroone candut feel it, but it is none the less true. ment donation of ten or twenty or fifty dollars Oiher people can see it.'

is soon wasted, and then the Indian finds his “This answer, however, did not satisfy him, gun and ammunition capable of being converted and be continued 10 be afraid that true health into a labor saving machine of a still more prowould never be restored to him. But one day ductive nature. That is, by attacking the trains he came to me and complained that his coat of emigrants, or the caravads of merchandise, or was growing uncomfortable for him, and his the mail stage, he can secure in an hour a supfeet beginning to ache because of his boots. 'Ay, ply of horses, cloths, flour, sugar, and perhaps Jobody,' I said to him, there it is. You're whiskey enough for a long carouse. beginning to feel now that you're getting strong. That this metbod of labor-saving involves the

The annoyance which your tight coat and killing of a number of persons is a consideration boots cause you, tell a pleasant story—that of small weight with the Indians. White peohealthy life is working within you.'

ple are his enemies, who are encroaching on his “And thus, my dear husband,” the women hunting grounds, and rapidly exterminating his oontinued, " your old man was a wide dress to race ; and the chance to make something by you, which caused you no displcasure, so long | killing them is an additional satisfaction to him.

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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

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Oar whole policy of largesses to the Indians the adoption of civilized habits by the offer of is bad in principle and worse in practice. It the privileges of equal citizenship, the cost of does the ludians no permanent good, while it Indian wars in blood and treasure might aggravates their greed, exasperates them by its have been mostly saved. But by recognising unequal distribution, and inflames their pride their tribes by erectiog each little body, that is by making them think that our very gifts are to say, into a separate state, while denying all a confession of our fears and of their superiori- personal rights to individuals, a false pride of ty. We have bound ourselves by perpetual Dationality has been prolonged, and a spirit cultreaties to continue these gifts. We find a par. tivated among them which nothing but extertial statement to this effect:

mination could subdue. " The finance report for 1866 reports that If even now the older states, in which a few the Arapahoes and Cheyennes of Upper Ar- nominal tribes still exist, would abandon the kansas River are to receive, in addition to the tribal policy and give to the individuals the old installment of nearly $10,000 per annum, rights of citizenship, the newer states would fol. 'forty instalments, being an annount equal to low, and then the national government would $20 per capita for 2,800 persons,' or $56,000 adopt a similar policy, by incorporating all the per annum, for forty years, amounting in the Indians under the jurisdiction of the territorial aggregate to $2,224,000. The Apaches, nun- governments, and securing to them, as fast as bering 800 persons, are to receive a smaller they will consent to an industrious life and a som for a similar period. The Camanches and fixed residence, the same rights of citizenship Kiowas are to receive $10 per capita for 4,000 and the same protection of the law which are persons for forty years, or in all $1,600,000. possessed by white citizens. The different bands of Sioux with whom treaties Then some good can be accomplished by the were made in 1865 are to receive $76,400 per largesses. Then the means of education and aboum for a period of twenty years.”

the other appliances of civilization will produce Most of these lodians are constantly commit proper effects. Then the Indian will learn to ting depredations, which we call acts of war, value other labor-savers besides the gun and against our citizens. The officers sent to defend the clasp-knife. The tribes may disappear even our people and chastise the Indians find that more rapidly than they do now; but they will the tribes keep themselves supplied with guos go where the Picts have gone, and the Allobroand ammunition by means of the government gee, and the Ditmarshers, and other aborigioal money, and buy them of the traders whom the tribes, whose names remain in history and whose goverament permits to go among them to sell posterity make up the race of Anglo-Saxons. such goods as they require. We furnish them They will go to swell the citizenship of the Rethe labor-saving machines which they use so public of the Future, and becoming American

80 diligently to increase their means of subsistence citizens, will never regret that they are DO by the robbery and murder of our people. longer Camanches or Arapahoes, Mohawks or

It is now proposed to put the Bureau of Io. Sious. dian Affairs onder the control of the War Department, so that military officers—Indian-kill- TIE REVELATIONS OF SCIENCE MORE WONDERers--may regulate the distribution of our yearly

FUL THAN FICTION. tribute. If they forbid the sale of guns and If men can love fiction, they can love scienco ammunition, the Indians will perish, for the better. Men love fiction because they love wonpresent race are no longer able to live by bunt- der and excitement; but nothing is more true ing with bow and arrow. Whether a supply of than that truth is more wonderful than fiction. arms is likely to be kept from them, or any No invention of the imagioation is so exciting greater security given to our necessary travel as the revelations of science, provided only that across the plaius under the severer discipline of the faculties which comprehend the latter are military rule, we will not undertake to predict. as much developed as those which comprehend It was not referred to us by the Supreme Ruler the former. Amid the marvels which scienee to decide whether there should be Indians, but is yet to unfold, the wonders of Aladdin's lamp only how we should deal with them. For this will lose their splendor, and posterity will look uone he bolds us responsible.

back upon those whose imagination could be It is humiliating to think that Anglo-Saxon satisfied with the “ Arabian Nights,” or stories agacity has so utterly failed, both in America of fairyland, with as much pity as we look upon and on the other continents, of adopting any the savage whose highest idea of regal adornmeans of protection against the aborigines but ment can be satisfied with beads of glass and that of brutal exterwipation--for it come to jewelry of tin. The tricks of the juggler, the just that. If our colonial, national and state craft of the sorcerer and the magician, will die governments had from the beginning pursued out; for the lovers of wonder will seek for the ibe policy of absorption, recognising the tribes exhilarations of novelty and amazement in the is only aliens, and urging upon the individuale laboratory of the chemist and in the lecture

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room of the philosopher, where nature, inspired (suance of the investigation recenily ordered. Tbo by God, works miracles with fire and water, with resolution in regard to educational interests in the attraction and repulsion, with light and light- adopted requesting the Judiciary Committee to

District of Columbia was passed. A resolution was ping, at once kindling devotion and dispensing port on the impearh meat resolution in print, on tbe knowledge.- Horace Mann.

first day of the adjourned session. Also, the reso.
lution for the distribution of seeds in the South.

In accordance with the concurrent resolution of
INCULCATE JUST VIEWS OF GOD.

both' Houses, Congress, on the 30th ult., adjourned The Golden Rule, of doing unto others as we until the first Fourth-day of Serenih mouth next. would have them do to us, covers a large and lu accordance with a proclamation from the Presiimportant part of our duty to our fellow-men, dent of the United States convening the executive and he who does his duty to and loves his broth session, the Senate reassembled on the 12th inst. er whom he has seen is most likely to love God difficulties arise from questions about Iudian land.

INDIAN LANdg.-In nine cages out of ten, lodian whom he has not seen. But in order to induce By the latest intelligence it appears that settlers are a child, as well as an adult, to love God whom rushing upon and taking possession of the Indian ho has not seen and cannot see, his character reserve lands in Kansas. "The Government of the and attributes should be represented to the child Joited States, or rather the lodian Bureau, invited in such a manner as to develop in him love and the Kansas lodians to Washington this winter. Re

presenlatives of these tribes are, or bave been, at gratitude, rather than fear and dread. Show the Capitol on such invitation. The reserves there, him his Heavenly Father in such colors that held mostly by patent from the United States, wero his instinctive sense of justice and mercy shall guaranteed as perpetual homes, being bought for not be outraged. “ There is no fear in love, but the price of far greater quantities of land else. perfect love casteth out fear, because fear hath Where. The present purpose was to induce the lo

diads to sell these lands and purchase fresh tracts forment.” In teaching a child the fear of God, in the Indian Territory, south of K218a3, whero it should not therefore be such a fear as was there is to be a community of civilized Indians. No taught me, a fear that “ hath torment,” but sooner is the intelligence sent West that such tr ea. such as an affectionate child would feel when ties are pending than a borde of settlers, or rather tempted to do what his conscience told him of dealers in pre-emption rights, rush on these lands would be offensive to a kind, loving and beloved should the treaties not be ratified, and it is doubtful,

and take possession. When the Indians get bome, earthly father. When a frightful being is set they are doomed to find their people turned out of before the susceptible mind of a child, whether bouse and home, and forbidden to cut their owo be be called God or Lucifer, he will be feared,

timber. and when a lovable being is set before the child, the Cherokee Neutral Lands in Kansas. Secretary

Last year the Government compelled a sale of be will be loved, whatever may be the name by Harlan attempted to sell them for $800,000. The which he is called. But in telling a child of his sale was not made. The Cherokee bave sold Heavenly Father, do not describe a being with tbem for $1,000,000, on much better terms as to pay. a character that the child would be unable to ment. Meanwbile several thousands of persons have love in an earthly father.-Christian Pregister. timber. Some members of the Senate demor to

intruded on them, and are cutting and selling tho ELISEUS.

thie just sale for fear that it may interfere with the

rights of settlers. By the treaty the settlers get the ITEMS.

lands they occupy at a fair appraisement. These Russian AMERICA. -A treaty has been formed and lands were conveyed by the United States in fee bent to the Senate, by which Rossia surrenders to simple, and have cost the owners $1,400,000. To the United States its sovereignity over all Russian postpone a just sale, leaving the intrudere in posAmerica, and the adjacent isladds. The price to be session, is a gross wrong to the holders. So far as paid for this territory is about $7,000,000. The ter- settling on the public lands of the United States is ritory covers 394,000 square miles, and nearly, but concerned, we are glad to see it; but just so long not entirely, excludes British America from tbe as the Government encourages such gross invasions Pacific Ocean. Its chief value consists in its fisher- of individual rights, so long will they be grossly inies and its fur trade. The treaty was sigoed to-day

vaded.-Late paper. and sent to the Senate shortly afterwards.

The FREEDMEN.-Wm. F. Mitchell, in his report Congress.--Among others, the following bills and men's Schools bave bad in determining tbe moral resolutions were passed in the Senate. A bill fixing for the 3d month, says: “Tbe influence which Freedthe first of Sixth month as the time at which the status of the colored people will probably never be bankrupt bill shall go into effect; a bill to establish kown; but it has been immense. I bazard potbing u port of delivery at Chester ; a joint resolution, de-in saying that the action of such Southern legisla. claring that the proposed establishment of tbe Cuctures as bave recognized the claims of the freed Qadian Confederation cannot be regarded by the people, has been largely influenced by the general people of this country without extreme solicitude, good character of the latter; and this is due in a was passed ; a resolution expressing sympathy for great measure to the line upon line' counsels of the Fonians in Ireland and the Cretans; and a joint their teachers." resolution, transferring fifty thousand dollars from The Maryland and Delaware Legislatures have the Freedmen's Bureau to the Agriculiural Depart- both adjourned. The former failed to pass the bill meat, for the purcbase of seeds, to be distributed in admitting the testimony of blacks in the courts of the rebel States.

the State on an equal footing with that of the whites. la the House, the Committee on Indian Affa'r8 The latter equalized by law tbe punishment of of. was authorized to visit the ladian Territory in pus-fences, without regard to the color of the criminal,

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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LAT HER NOT GO; KEEP JEB; FOR SAB 18 THY LIFE.

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 13, 1867.

No. 6.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.

Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson........ 81
Selections from the Writivgs of John Barclay....

83 COXXONICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Letters from Sarah G. Rich.......

85
MADR TO
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,
Be Faithful ia Little Things..

86 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, EDITORIAL

88 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M.

OBITUARY.......
Residence, 809 North Serenteenth Street.
Meetings for Reading and Conversation.

89
TERM S:-PAY ABLE IN ADVANCE.
The Education of Women....

90 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per annum. $2,50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10. POETRY..

91 Ago it for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club. Agricultural Ant of Texas.

92 The Postage on this paper, paid in a ivance at the office where It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 vents a year. Near and Far Sightedness.

94 AGENTS - Joseph 8. Cohu, New York, Strength of Will to do Right.

95
Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Id.
The Bird Teacher......

05
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Ballimore, Md.
ITEMS...

96

F. W. ROBERTSON.

BY SAMUEL N. JANXBY.

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REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES Or to parental authority, he conceived that he was

obeying the divine law, and he determined to devote himself sincerely and carnestly to the

work that had been chosen for him. (Continued from page 66.)

This is, obviously, a very inadequate ground In order to understand fully the position oc on which to base a call to become a teacher of cupied by one author in the religious move. Christian truth, and doubtless has in very many ments of his day, a brief sketch of his life and cases led to a formal and lifeless ministry that character is deemed appropriate.

could not profit the hearers. It appears, howFrederick William Robertson was born in ever, to have been the turning point of his life; London in the year 1316. His grandfather and being sincere in bis efforts to do the divine was a Scotchman who was engaged in this will, so far as he saw it, be was blessed with an country as an officer in the service of Great increase of light, wbich enabled bim to obtain Britain. His father was a captain of artillery, clearer views of spiritual religion than those inand three of his brothers served ia the army. culeated by his teachers. Having sprung from a military ancestry, it is The High Church party was then in the asnot surprising that he imbibed a martial spirit, cendency at Oxford, and ritualism was adyo. and that he evinced, in early life, a predilection cated by some of the ablest professors; but for the profession of arms. In this respect he Robertson, after patient investigation, became may be compared to Wm. Pena, who, in early satisfied that it had peither warrant from scrip panhood, aspired to a captaincy, but was led tural authority por efficacy in promoting the by Divine Providence to engage in that nobler growth of genuine religion. His views at that eonfict--the Lamb's warfare against all evil. time were those of the Evangelical school, with

In the early life of Robertson there appears a decided leaning to moderate Calvinism, but to have been a singular blending of earnest mingled with charity and toleration. picty and enthusiastic admiration of the military After completing his studies, he began his profession. In accordance with big wishes, a ministerial career at Winchester in a poor par. commissiva in the cavalry service was solicited ish where there was much immorality and ignofor bin, which, after long delay, was granted; rance, the result of neglect on the part of those bat, happily, it came too late. He had already, whose position in society gave them the power at his father's request, entered as a student at to mi!igate these evils. The young minister Osford, to prepare bimself for the pulpit. In went earnestly to work, his labors being esthus sacrificing his own inclination by yielding pecially directed to the instruction of the

poor, who found in him a steady friend and conflict in his own mind that ensued during counsellor.

this state of transition from the religion of bis At this time be endeavored to overcome the education to the clearer views that began to temptations that assailed him by a life of labor dawn upon his mind, was so excruciating that and austerity. “He restricted himself to all his health gave way, and he again resigned his but pecessary expenses, and spent the rest of position. his income on the poor. IIe adopted a system Io order to recruit his health he re-visited of restraint in food and sleep. For nearly a Switzerland, and found great benefit from its year he almost altogether refrained froni meat. pure air and majestic scenery.

Ile then went He Je comp.lled himself to rise early.” “ Thus,” to Germany, where, for a time, he was deeply

".

, says his biographer," he passed through the engaged in investigating the religious writings do nain of the law before he entered on the of that indefatigable people. Oo his return to freer region of the gospel." His motto always England the Bishop of Oxford offered him the was—"If any man will follow me, he must deny charge of a congregation in that city, where he himself, and take

up
bis cross daily.

preached two months, and then received an in. His health having declived, be resigned bis Citation to become the rector of Trinity Chapel, curacy at Winchester, and travelled on the con. Brighton, which, in acccordauce with the tinent. While invigorating his frame by exer. Bishop's advice, he accepted. cise in Switzerland, where the grand and beau- In that fashionable watering place, situated tiful scenery restored the buoyancy of his on the English Channel, and surrounded by despirits, he met in that country an English lady lightful scenery, there was much to cheer and to whom he became soon after united in mar. invigorate the mind. Here a wide field was riage. On returning to England be accepted a open for religious labor, among a population curacy at Cheltenham, where he remained four where the two extremes of society met, the up. years. It was there he was led to review his per class consisting of the English aristocracy, religious opinions. The profesors of religion among whom were many cultivated minds, and were excited by an earnest controversy between the less privileged class consisting of tradesthe Evangelical or Low churcb party and the men, laboring men, and servauts. Puseyites, who were called Tractarians, on ac- He found the congregation assembled in his count of a series of tracts they issued. To hod chapel was chiefly composed of trademen, but certain doctrinal views, or to be engaged in in a very short time ali classes, from the highcertain cereinonial observances, was accounted est to the lowest, began to flock thither, atby the respective parties the test of orthodoxy. tracted by his earnest, fervid eloquence, and Practical piety and Christian charity were little his lucid'expositions of Holy writ.' Thoughtregarded, and the essence of true religion had ful, eager-minded men were delighted, and evaporated in the heat of disputation.

while the learned were instructed, the laboring The truthful and tolerant character of Rb- classes hung with reverence on the accents of ertson made him recoil from the spirit that was one whose sympathy and love were so manifest manifested in the professedly religious circles in his teaching and in his life. with wbich_he mingled. Writing to a friend In his ministry he took independent ground, he said—“I think Doctor Pusey's doctrine on uttering with carnestness and reverence his rethe Eucharist just as dangerous, but much ligious convictions, which, on several important more incredible than transubstantiation.” “ As points, were pot in accordance with the popular to the state of the Evangelical clergy, I think it theology. In the course of six months, says lamentable. I see sentiment instead of pripci- his biographer, he “had put himself into oppople, and a miserable mawkish religion super- sition with the whole accredited theological seding a state which was once healthy. Their world at Brighton, on the questions of the Sabadherents I love less than themselves, for they bath, the Atonement, Inspiration, and Baptism. are but the copies of their faults in a larger | The results were sad and dreary for him. His edition. Like yourself, I stand nearly alone, -- words were garbled; passage from his sermons, theological Ishmael. The Tractarians despise divorced from their context, were quoted me, and the Evangelicals somewhat loudly ex. against him. Persons who could not understand press doubts of me.

him came to hear him, and look at him as a Having no sympathy with either of these strange phenomenon ; be became the common parties, he was led to an examination of the talk of all the theological tea-tables of the town. ground he occupied, and soon began to enter People were solemnly warned against him; tuin doubts concerning some of the theological those who knew little of his doctrines, and less views he had held. It became painful to him of himself, attacked him openly, with an appato preach, because his religious convictions rently motiveless bitterness. He had dared to were upsettled. He was regarded as belonging be different from the rest of the world, and that to the Evangelical school, and began to feel in itself was revolutionary.” that bis position was a false one. The painfull. One of the objections uged against him by

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