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ville. Any Friends wishing to locate in the steadfast faith in the power of truth to over West will find a good farming country there come error, would much more abundantly and prices of land within the reach of those in strengthen those who may be standing as at moderate circumstances. J. M. Wood.

the point where two ways meet. FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. The injunction of Jesus to his disciples may

ever be remenubered to profit: “Thou, when PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 13, 1867.

thou fastest, anoint thine head and wash thy Society Bonds. In the social religious ele- face, that thou appear not unto men to fast, ment consequent upon the peculiar organiza. but unto thy Father which is in secret.” Thus tion of the Society of Friends, there arises an the discerning spirits of the young will be interest akin to a family relation, which ex-spared the discouragement of receiving what tends to the remotest sections, where members may be appropriately compared to a false report of the Society are to be found. We have be- of the good land. lieved this feeling of interest might be stimu.

MARRIED, by the approbation of Solebury Moothly lated and increased, if the columns of the IQ- Meering, on the 28th of Third month, 1867, at telligencer were more often used as the medium the residence of the bride's father, Jobo Simpson,

Davis Palmer, jun., to AGNES Simpson, all of Bucks of information interesting to all. We mean not Co., Pa. to be busy bodies, meddling with other mens' affairs, but allude to subjects of general interest month,' of typboid pneumonia, Freddie W., son of

Died, near Waynesville, Obio, on the 20th of Third which are claiming the attention of Friends David and Jane S. Furnas, aged 11 months. in different neighborhoods, a knowledge of at Son Jose, Cal., Second month 3), of pulwhich might have a tendency to unite the So. monary consumption, Walter L. L'Ariont, in the 35th

year of bis age. On board a California steamer ciety more firmly in the boods of sympathy bound for New York, Third monih 4th, of the same and Christian fellowship.

disease, SAMUEL FRANKLIN BABight, in the 31st year

of bis á ge; sons of Augustin and Mary P. Barigot, The Apostles, in their day, wrote to their late of Elba, and members of Roches:er Monibly brethren for the purpose of stirring up the Meeting, N. Y.

in First-day evening, 3d month 31st, at the pure mind and encouraging them to bold fast residence of his son, Canby S. Smith, Chester, Pa., their confidence in the faith which works by Davis Smith, Sr., late of Philadelpbia, aged 75 years. love to the purifying of the beart, and they Middleion, in her 65th year. (Buried from her 800

Third monih 181h, Sarah B., widow of Wm. gave also a statement of the condition of the in-laws', Josiah Huipes, Haddonfield.) church in which they were then laboring.

on 3d day, Third month 26th, at Philadel. We feel assured that an advantage would pia, Benjamin A. SHOEMAKER, of Long Branch, aged arise from a more intimate personal knowledge Third month 27th, Oliver HOWARD, only of the state of the Society of Friends as it ex- child of Oliver and Alice Ś. Wilson, aged 2 years

and 26 days. ists, not only in one yearly meeting, but in all.

Third month 281b, Mary H., daughter of The seasons of discouragement which are Josepb and Sallie G. Chapman, in ber 13th year. experienced at times by concerned Friends, do Third monih 291h, Joan MISKEY, youngest not prove that the body is declining, por that its

cbild of John l'.and Elizabeth Hance, aged 9 montbs.

on the 21st of Third month, 1867, CHARLES strength is expended. It is doubtless in divive Palmer, son of Duvid Palmer, in the thiriy-third wisdom, that at times we experience a spiritual year of his age; A member of Falls Montbly fast, and are left as in a desolate place, but in

Jieeting, Bucks Co., Pa.

His close was peaceful, with a well grounded these scasons of discouragement, if we retire hope of an entrance into the mansions of the blessed.

To know him was to LOVE HIM. from outside influences, and wait for the still small voice, we would, like Elijah, hear the en: Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of couraging language, there are yet seven thou- the Freedmen will meet on Fourth-nuy evening, sand in Israel w bo have not bowed the knee to

Fourth month 17tb, at 8 o'clock, at Green Si. Meeting

House. Baal nor kissed his image.

J. M. Ellis,

} Clerks.

Anse Cooper, We hare some times been sensible of the depressing influence arising from the presenta- Tbe Executive Committee of Friends' Publication tion of a gloomy picture of the state of things

Association will nieet on Sistb-day afternoon, 41b

mo. 1916, at 3 o'clock. 'among us, and we believe a manifestation of a

LYDIA H. Hall, Clerk.

57 years.

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For Friends' Intelligencer.

this hurtful weed, and the language of Cowper CAUTION.

in reference to it was aptly quoted, as follows:
Friends in their different neighborhoods are Pernicious weed! whose scent the fair annoys,
cautioned against giving either pecuniary aid Unfriendly to society's chief joys,
or encouragement io a colored man who is col- Thy worst effect is banishing for hours
lecting money under the pretense of establish- The sex whose presence civilizes ours.
ing a colored school in Maryland.

Thou art, indeed, the drug a gard'ner wants
He is a sinall man, quite light-colored, and

To poison vermin that infest his plants

But are we so to wit and beauty blind when in the vicinity of New York, he gave his As to despise the glory of our kind, Dame as Jacub Charop. He has made improper

And show the softest minds, and fairest forms, use of letters that were given to him, has altered

As little mercy as the grubs and worms? the figures opposite to the names of those who In view of the importance of language as a gave him money, and behaved in a very unbe means of conveying our thoughts and feelings, coming banner at several Friends' houses. we were reminded of our duty to keep it pure

SAMUEL WILLETS, and simple, fre

and simple, free from those corruptious and ex. Tuomas FOULKE. aggerations which often pass current among New York, 4th mo. 1st, 1867.

the thoughtless and unscrupulous. Attention

to the moniiions of truth will preserve from Have the courage to acknowledge your igno- forms of language which have originated in gay radce, rather than to seek credit for knowledge and artificial society and will lead to accurate under false pretences.

and truthful speech. This is the ground of

the testimony to plainness of speech, a testiMEETINGS FOR READING AND CONVERSATION mony. which has lost none of its importance in

At Race Street Meeting-House, Philadelphia. modern times, and which we are still called At the meeting held on 27th ult. letters upon to maintain faithfully and conscientiously, were read from similar associations of Friends The wide range which the discussion embraced in Baltimore, Newtown, and Yardley ville. brought into view the proper moral training of These were in reply to those addressed to then the young, who should be taught not only to by our Committee of Correspondence, and gave avoid positive vice, but to cultivate generous encouraging evidence that their meetings had and benevolent feelings. The inpressible been valuable in strengthening each other. miod of young children should be brought in

The subject of plaidness and moderation, contact with some of the forms of human suffer-
continued from our last meeting, was resumed. ing, and they should be early taught the luxury
A friend called attention to the fact that even of doing good.
in cases where mothers felt themselves restrain- Habits of giving food to the hungry and
ed, in relation to their own ápparel, from fol- clothing to the destitute should be acquired in
lowing absurd and changing fashions, the same early life under stimulus of parental influence,
care was not observed in relation to their little so that those tender sympathies, the gerus of
children, whose appearance so much resembled which are plauted in every soul, may grow into
that of other children, as to give occasion to expansive benepolence and Christian charity.
the hun sous remark of some writer that he Thus the root of selfishness is choked by a
bad never seen "a Quaker baby.” The sprak. growth which tends to fit men and women for
er had no desire to see the dress appropriate to enlarged usefulness in this world and enjoy-
age placed upon childhood, but that simplicity, ment in that which is to come. Education in
atility and a regard to health should be the its woral aspect must begin in the domestic
goverping motive with mothers in regard to circle; all the learning of schools can never
the dress of their children, rather than a de- substitute that of home, por can intellectual
sire to conform to unhealthful and ridiculous acquirements take the place of the training of
fashion.

the moral nature.
A friend who acknowledged himself to be The elevating iufluence of nature, a commo-
in the moderate use of tobacco, called atten. vion large and wide with the works of the
tion to the fact that unless it was kept within Divine Architect, was adverted to as a means
proper bound:, it was deleterious to the hu- of moral as well as intellectual culture, and in
man constitution. Ile and some others thought the absence of travel, which puts us under its
it might sometims be used as a medicinal immediate influence, we have pictures which
agent, while others believed it was always dele. represent its grandest scenes so as almost to
terious, and that the same probibition wbich equal the original in their effects The influ.
applied to the use of ardent spirits should ences of good society were also held up as of
also be applied to tobacco—"Touch not, taste great importance in moulding the character;
Dołe, handle not.” The hope was expressed young men may often be in great measure
that the female portion of our community would preserved from the grosser forms of immorality
exert their iufluence in discouraging the use of Iby the influence of refined female society. It

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is better to promote the growth of the good in food be left to the appetite, but let the apour children than to be too much occupied with petite have a large choice of food. There is observing and reproving what to our wore ma- little reason to think that women would betake ture judgments may appear as faults. These themselves, as a general or usual thing, to agand many other considerations occupied the riculture, commerce, finance, manufactures, or meeting, which was large and interesting. engineering; but if they should, this action

would merely prove that a feminine element From the N. Y. Tribune.

was in those pursuits which she was to supply. THE EDUCATION OF WOMEN.

Are men afraid lest women might do their work This was the subject of the second lecture in better than they themselves do? That fear is the Rev. O. B. Frothiogham's course on the So-a confession that their work must be meant for cial Condition of Women, dow delivering in his women; and who would hinder women from dochurch on Sunday evenings. Mr. Frothingham ing what they were meant to do? Mr. Frothbegan by saying that the question of work was ingham contended that nearly all occupations intimately connected with the question of edu- had their feminine side. Religion bal, as the cation. The uneducated classes in the commu- Catholic Church has proved; and Protestant nity will always be the drudges. Before women Christendom would be greatly benefited by incan do all the work they are capable of doing, troducing women into its organization. Medithey must receive all the education they are cine has a large place for women; so has social capable of receiving. We are not ready yet to science; so bas public education. But women decide what education best befits women, and can do nothing of all this by instinct; they need what best befits men; for until buth are educat teaching at every step as men do. Education ed equally well it will be impossible to say what holds the key to every kind of employment. place either may be competent to fill. Men and Washing and ironing do not come by nature. women are no doubt very different beings in Plain sewing must be taught. It is an Amerimany respects; but how different they are, and I can superstition that cooking comes by nature to what degree, and in what respects different, to all Irish girls; and we are a nution of dyscan be determined only when both have bad peptics. Every profession requires training; the same intellectual advantage. The female even the bumblest do. Of course, the more intelligence is no more uplike the masculine lucrative and delicate must. Literature is the than the female organization is; and if mascu- easiest ; but nimble wits alone carry few to fame line and feminine bodies are submitted to the or fortúne. Art in all degrees requires instrucsame general regulations, why should not the tion, severe and lovg. Come to the occupations masculine and feminine intellects be ? Both which women are supposed to take to naturally ; breathe the same air physically; why not intel. how far will a kind heart go toward making a lectually ? Both bask in the same sunshine good nurse? Do the sciences come by instinct ? bodily; why not mentally? Boys and girls suck Does logie? Will sympathetic feeling in a fernithe same milk and eat the same article of por- niue tea: her dispense with a knowledge of bisridge; why shou'd they not both feed on the tory, philosophy, or language? Another popusaine knowledge? It is absurd to siy that men lar superstition would have us believe that woand women should not travel over the same men are endowed with genius for housekeeping. fields of literature, as that they should not travel Where is the evidence? The good housekeeper over the same islands and continents ; tbat they needs as much education as an overseer. She must not devour the same sort of books, as that should be a chemist, a sociologist, a physician, they must not eat the same kind of vegetable and a metaphysician. No:hing less than an orJust as the b:ef and mutton, the bread and the dinary coinmon-school educatiun is required to bominy, go to make girlhood in the girl, and qualify women to be good hou emaids, to deboyhood in the boy, why should not ihe arts liver messages, take correct change from the and sciences assimilate according to the same shopman, keep themselves and thrir mistresses organic law? The very thing we need to know out of trouble. Now, with the immensity of is—what can women assimilate, and what can this need for intellectual preparation, contrast men assimilate ? And this we shall never know the miserable scantiness of the supply. The till we have tried the most liberal nutriment, common school education taxes the brain too on both. We are contionally talking about severely, and is not practical enough. The man's career, and woman's career; but the private school education, with its unconscion. career is determined by the capacity, and the able amount of French, its dash of Italian, its capacity is not ascertained, nor can it be at spatch of music, its patch of arithmetic, its present. By all means, let education be adapt- muddle of geography and physical science, its ed to career; but a general education can alone confusion of many things undigested and indi. decide what the career shall be; whether it gestible, prepares the girl for nothing useful, shall be in doors or out, scientific or artistical, and ends just as her mind is maturing. The mechanical or literary. Let the choice of special schools are alınost all for boys and men.

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Women are not instructed in book-keeping, in and not a shame, that culture is an honor, and
teehoology, in practical science, They have no knowledge a praise; that industry is more re-
divinity Echools. The conveniences for the spectable than idleness, and that self-support-
study of medicine are for the male sex, The ing occupation is more creditable than languish-
old countries bave, in many respects, the ad. ing ease, then the doors of academies will ily
vantage over us. Tbe University of Bologna open ; ihe avenues to honest labor will be
conferred degrees on women, and was proud to thronged by eager aspirants; feminine talent
send out Professoresses of Jurisprudence, of An- will come fairly into the market; women will
atomy and Natural Philosophy, of Greek and be healthier for being more comprehensively
the Mathematics. More than a centuary ago developed, and the weaker sex will become in
courses of medical lectures were delivered to society the power it is ordained that it shall be.
women in Leyden and Paris. The Universities
of Got ingen and Giessen gave doctorates to
women in the last century; so did the College

TIE FISHERMANS' WIFE.
at Marburg ; so did the famous hospital at Ber. It was summer time, and the dawning day
lio. In Paris the Materniié educates young And my man went out in his boat to sea,

Shone bright on the cliffs of our lonely bay,
Fomen as midwives. The Sorbonne bas insti. To win the bread for his house and me.
tuted concurrent courses of instruction for wo-
men, with examinations, degrees and diplomas, The rooms were filled with the salt sea smell;

The day went on-I remember it well-
and sends out 140 or 150 women, married and And the sunlight came, like an angel good,
single, as duly qualified teachers. Paris has Through the doors and the windows that open
upward of 80 free schools, employing more than

stood.
200 mistresses, and educating annually some 15,- I sang and worked with joy in my beart,
000

poor girls. All this mak's America look For I bold that a wife should do her part
small. Thorough education, either for men or

To clean and brighten tbe bouse within, womeo, is not to be had here by any but the Praying the Lord to keep her from sin. very rich. Business with us bas in hand the I had finished, and juat sat down to rest, task of developing the material resources of an

When I saw a cloud rise up in the West, immense continent. For this, male vigor is de- And the gulls flew landward in shriekiog flycks.

And the moan of the sea grew loud on the rocks, manded, and male vigor in its rude state. Men Soon the wind blew loud from the hollow skies, are educated for their immediate purposes, and And I watched the waves with frightened eyes; as women are not supposed to be concerned in As they struggled and sprang at the cloud's black these purposes, their education is omitted. But frown, better times are coming. Mr. Frothingham And clutching their broad wings, swept them down. here spoke of the Western Colleges-Antioch, Then I hurried out to the old pier-head, Oberlin, and the Normal School associated with Through the yard of the church, where slept the the Michigan University. He also gave a glow

dead; ing description of Vassar College, as striking And were quietly sleeping there, side by side.

And I wished that my man and I bad died, the key note of education for women in America. Special schools, too, are beginning to grow." But one heart is weak where there should be two,

'Twas an eril wish-I rebuked it ton;
and to flourish; schools of Art and practical And one voice alone grows weak in prayer,
Science ; Medical schools, and schools of Design. When it misses another so often there.
What women will become when thoroughly Well, I watched for hours in that beat and blow,
educated time alone can show. At all events, 'Till all the light from the sky did go.
they will simply beconte more finely developed. Then I turned heart-sick from the filing of the foam,
women. They will not become men. Educa- | And wrestled my way to my vacant home.
tion will not produce an immediate crop of There the breath of the storm blew under the door,
Maria Theresas or Elizabeths; of Eloiscs or And I felt it whisper along the floor;
Hypatias ; of Miss Blackwells or Miss Zakrzew- And the clothes of my man as they hung on the stand,
skas; of Maria Mitchells, Rosa Bonheurs or Swung as if touched by a spirii band.
Harriet llosmers; but it will enable those who The lights I put in the window small,
must work to find work, and to do it well; it were blown into darkness one and all;
will give those who are not compelled to work And I heard, as the whirling storm went by,
a refuge from idleness and eonui. It will make Shri-ks as of souls about to die.
all women better talkers, more interesting com- 1 dropt to the ground with my hands on my face,
panions, more intelligent associates, more capa. And I prayed the Lord my soul to keep,

For I feared to see some sight in the place;
ble housekeepers, more competent mothers, And He heard my prayer, and gave me sleep.
more influential wives, more significant mem
bers of society. It may be the fault of men that I ran to the door—the storm was gone;

I leapt up at last ; 'twas early dawn:
women are not better educated, but it is at least Tue morning star sbone bright o'er the gea;
as iluch the fiult of women. When “ Jadies," And my man came home to bis bou:e and me.
so called, shall feel that intelligence is a glory

Chambers' Journal.

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ON TIE AGRICULTURAL ANT OF TEXAS.

BY GIDE ON LINCECUM.

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“ JUDGE NOT THAT YE BE NOT JUDGED." The workers increase the concealment, which I'll couut not up another's faulis,

had been kept up by the mother ant during the And thus forget my own;

period of her personal labors, of the passage or Nor criticise another's words,

gate-way to their city, by dragging up and But mine, e'en to their tone

covering it with bits of stick, straw and the It surely is not meet for me

hard black pellets of earth, which are thrown To try the work of Deity.

up by the earth worms, until there is no way For I shall have enough to do To guide myself aright;

visible for them to enter; and the little litter And so to act, that all my deeds

is so ingeniously placed, that it has more the Be pleasing in His sight

appearance of having been drifted together by I am not ready to begia

the wind than to have been the work of design. To reckon up my brother's sin.

In about a year and a half, when the numbers A tender caution oft is good,

of the community bave greatly increased, and With kindly feeling given; But criticism Dever will

they feel able to sustain themselves among the Advance one step towards Heaven

surrounding nations, they throw off their conThe heart is to our Fatber known,

cealment, clear away the grass, herbage and "Tis He must judge, and He alone. other litter to the distance of 3 or 4 feet around

the entrance to their city, coostruct a paveThe following account was published in the ment, organize an efficient police, and, thus es. late “ Proceedings of the Academy of Natural tablished, proclaim themselves an independent Sciences of Philadelphia."

city. The pavement, which is always kept very clean, consists of a pretty hard crust about

half an inch thick, and is formed by selecting (MYRMICA MOLEFACIENS.)

and laying such grits and particles of sand as will

fit closely over the entire surface. This is the This ant is inodorous, having no smell of case in sandy soil, where they can procure coarse formic acid. It is a large reddish browo ant, sand and grit for the purpose, but in the black dwells in the ground, is a farmer, lives in com- prairie soil, where there is no sand, they conmunities, which are often very populous, and struct the pavement by levelling and smoothing coatrolled by a perfect government; there are the surface aod sufferiog it to bake in the sunno idlers aidongst them. They build paved shine, when it becomes very hard and firm. cities, c'estruct roads, and sustain a large mili- That both forms of these pavements are the tary force.

work of a well planned design, there can be do When one of the young queens, or mother doubt with the careful investigator. All the ants, comes to maturity, and was received the communities of this species select their homes embraces of the male adt, who immediately dies, in the open sunshine, and construct pavements. she goes out alone, selects a location and goes Their pavements are always circular and conrapidly to work excavating a hole in the structed pretty much on the same plan. Duriog ground, digging and carrying out the dirt with the ten years drought that prevailed here, and her mouth. As soon as she has progressed far which seemed very favorable to the increase of enough for her wings to strike against the sides this species of ant, they suffered their paveof the hole, she deliberately cuts them off. She ments to remain fat, sometimes even basinnow, without further obstruction, continues to form. But the drought could not continue deepen the hole to the depth of 6 or 7 joches, always. The rain, which would be certain to when she wideos the bottom of it into a suita. drown the ants should it come upon their fato ble cell for d positing her eggs and nurturing and basio-form pavements, would return again the young. She continues to labor out-doors some day, and they seemed to know when this apd in, until she has raised to maturity 20 to 30 much dreaded event would occur. At least six workers, when her labor ceases, and she re- months previvus to the coming of the rain, mains in the cells, supplying the eggs for com- they commenced, universally, building up ing millions, and her kingdom has commenced. mounds in the centre of the pavements. To But very few of the thousands of mother these mounds in the prairie they brought the ants that swarm out from the different king. little pallets of earth, thrown to the surface by dows iwo or three times a year succeed in es- the earth worms, and piled them up into a cirtablishing a city. However, when one does cular mound a foot or more in height. In succeed in rearing a sufficient number of sandy soil it is constructed of coarse saad, and workers to carry on the business, she entrusts in rocky situations they build it of gravel, and the management of the national works to them, the pieces are so large, and the mound so high and is seen no more outside.

(18 inches to 2 feet, with a four feet base) that The workers all seem to understand the ile beholder is overwhelmed with wonder. I duties assigned to them, and will perform them know of one of these stope pyramidy nearly 3 or die in the effort.

I feet bigh and 51 to 6 feet base, in which there

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