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of legislation, who absorbs in his own person the inheritance of a whole family of children, or doles out to them some pitiful porțion with the insolence of a gift?” . - *“ A body of men holding themselves accountable to nobody, ought not to be trusted by any body.”

“ By engendering the church with the state, a sort of mule animal capable only of destroying, and not of breeding up, is produced, called the church established by law."

I“ The revolution of 1688, however from circumstances it may have been exalted beyond its value, will find its level; it is already on the wane, eclipsed by the enlarging orb of reason, and the luminous revolutions of America and France. In less than another .century it will go, as well as Mr. Burke's labours, to the family vault of all the Capulets.' Mankind will then scarcely believe, that a country calling itself free, would send to Holland for a man, and clothe him with power, on purpose to put themselves in fear of him, and give him almost a million sterling a year for leave to submit themselves and their posterity, like bond-men and bondwomen, for ever."

• Rights of Man, p. 71.
| Ibid. p. 82.

+ Ibid. p. 76.

« As *“ As to who is king in England or elsewhere, or whether there is any king at all, or whether the people chuse a Cherokee chief, or a Hessian huslar for a king, is not a matter that I trouble myself about.”

+" This ought to be a caution to every country, how it imports foreign families to be kings. It is somewhat curious to observe, that although the people of England have been in the habit of talking about kings, it is always a foreign house of kings; hating

foreigners, yet governed by them: it is now - the house of Brunswick, one of the petty

tribes of Germany." : $.“ Government with insolence is despotism; but when contempt is added it be- ' comes worfe; and to pay for contempt is the excess of slavery. This species of government comes from Germany, and reminds me of what one of the Brunswick soldiers told me, who was taken prisoner by the Americans in the late war— Ah!' said he, • America is a fine free country, it is worth the people's fighting for; I know the difference by knowing my own; in my own country, if the prince says, Eat straw, we eat straw. God help that country, thought I, * Rights of Man, p. 122. + Ibid. p. 123. Ibid. p. 124.


be it England or elsewhere, whose liberties are to be protected by German principles of government and princes of Brunswick.”

*« Mr. Burke talks about what he calls an hereditary crown, as if it were some production of nature; or as if, like time, it had a power to operate not only independent, but in spite of man; or as if it were a thing or a subject universally consented to. Alas! it has none of those properties, but is the reverfe of them all. It is a thing in imagina. tion, the propriety of which is more than doubted, and the legality of which in a few years will be denied.”

. † “ If men will permit a second reflection to take place, and carry that reflection forward but one remove out of their own perfons to that of their offspring, they will then see that hereditary succession become in its consequences the same despotism to others, which they reprobated for themselves. It operates to preclude the consent of the fucceeding generation, and the preclusion of consent is despotism."

I As therefore hereditary succession is out of the question with respect to the first geperation, we have now to consider the cha• Rights of Man, p. 126. + Ibid. p. 127 Ibid. p. 128.


e now

racter, in which that generation acts with respect to the commencing generation, and to all succeeding ones. It affumes a character to which it has neither right nor title." ; **« After all, what is this metaphor called a crown, or rather what is monarchy? Is it a thing, or is it a name, or is it a fraud? Is it ' a contrivance of human wisdom,' or of human craft to obtain money from a nation under specious pretences? Is it a thing neceffary to a nation? If it is, in what does that necessity consist, what services does it perform, what is its business, and what are

its merits ? Doth the virtue consist in the , metaphor, or in the man ? Doth the gold

smith that makes the crown, make the virtue also ? Doth it operate like Fortunatus's wishing cap, or Harlequin's wooden sword? Doth it make a man a conjuror? In fine, what is it? It appears to be a something going much out of fashion, falling into ridicule.” :f “If government be what Mr. Burke describes it, “a contrivance of human wisdom,' I might ask him, if wisdom was at such a low, ebb in England, that it was become necessary to import it from Holland and from

• Rights of Man, p. 130. + Ibid.


Hanover ? But I will do the country the justice to say, that was not the case; and even if it was, it mistook the cargo. The wisdom of every country, when properly exerted, is sufficient for all its purposes; and there could exist no more real occasion in England to have sent for a Dutch stadcholder, or a German elector, than there was in America to have done a similar thing."

*“ If monarchy is a useless thing, why is it kept up any where ? and if a necessary thing, how can it be dispepfed with ?"

+“ When the people of England sent for George the First (and it would puzzle a wiser man, than Mr. Burke to discover for what he could be wanted, or what service he could render) they ought at least to have conditioned for the abandonment of Hanover. Befides the endless German intrigues, that must follow from a German elector being king of England, there is a natural impoffibility of uniting in the same person the principles of freedom, and the principles of defpotism, or, as it is usually called in England, arbitrary power ; a German elector is in his electorate a despot; how then could it be expected, that he should be attached to prin.

• Rights of Man, p. 132. 't Ibid. p. 133.

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