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stroying the adulterers, and in the Israelites against the Benjamites.

*" To teach, that it is not unlawful in any cafe to resist the superior powers, but rather to submit ourselves to punishment, is a dangerous doĉtrine ; taught by fome, by the permision of God, for our


+ “ It is not fufficient for subjects not to obey wicked commandments of their princes, but to withstand them also in doing the contrary, every man in bis vocation and office.

$." Sheriffs, jaylors, and other inferior offi. cers ought not only not to cast the saints of God in prison (having commandment thereunto by the prince) for fear of losing their officers; but to withstand evil, to support them, and to deliver

them to the uttermost of their power.. : $ If we see a feep in danger to be dee

voured of a wolf, we are bound to deliver it : even go to our power we are bound to put to our hands, to deliver the children of God, when we see them pitiously in danger by God's enemies."

It is the office of counsellors to bridle the affections of princes and governors : Hoblemen

* Goodman, p. 30.
of Ibid. p. 63, 43, 59, 726
| Ibid. p. 87, 88, 89, 90,
$ Ibid. p. 90.
U Ibid. p. 33, 35

P p 2


were first ordained to bridle princes. Noblemer bave their honour of the people to revenge the injuries of their kings, and not for their * lusty bawking, nimble dicing and carding, finging and dancing, open bragging and swearing, false fleering and flattering, subtil picking and stealing, cruel polling and pilling, &c.

† “ Subjects do promise obedience, that the magistrate might help theme ; which, if he does not, they are discharged of their obedience.

I « If magistrates without fear transgress God's laws themselves, and command others to do the like, they then have lost that honour and obedience, which otherwise their subjects did owe unto them; and ought no more to be taken for magistrates, but be examined, accused, condemned, and punished as private transgreffors."

$ Judges ought, by the law of God, to Fuminon princes before them for their crimes ; and to proceed against then as against all other offenders."

! “ Evil princes ought (by the law of God) to be deposed; and inferior magistrates ought chiefly to do it. ( Examples allowed of kings

* Obed. p. 107. + Goodm. p. 190. Ibid. P. 119. 139 & Obedience, p. III. | Goodm. P. $ Ibid. p. 110.

deposed, deposed, Edw. II. Rich. IIChriftierne of Denmark, &c.”

*“ It is lawful to kill wicked kings and tyrants: and both by God's law and man's law, Queen Mary ought to bave been put to death, as being a tyrant, a monster, a cruel beaft, &c. Examples: $ The subjects did kill the queen's highness Athaliah ; Jehu killed the queen's majesty Jezabel : Elias, being no magistrate, killed. the queen's majesty's chaplains, Baal's priests, These examples are left for our instruētion, Where this justice is not executed, the state is . most corrupt.

$ When magistrates de cease to do their duties (in thus deposing or killing of princes) the people are as it were without officers : and then God giveth the sword into their hands, and be himself is become immediately their bead: for to the multitude a portion of the sword of justice is committed; from the which no person, king, queen, or, emperor (being an idolater) is exempt; be must die the death. The people, in the 25th of Numbers, did hang up certain of their heads and captains; which ought to be for ever a perpetual example of their duty, in the like defection from God, to hang up such rulers, as shall

• Obedience, p. 99. 103. • + Goodm. D. 99. [ Obedience, P. 13, 14, 15: § Goodman, p. 180, 184, 185. Рp3


draw them from him. * If neither the inferior magistrates, nor the greatest part of people, will do their offices, (in punishing, deposing, or killing of princes) then the minister must excommunicate such a king : any minister may do it against the greatest prince. I God. will send to the rest of the people (which are willing to do their duty, but are not able) fome Mofes or Othoniel. If they know any Jonathan, they must go unto him to be their captain; and be ought not to refuse them. By the word of God (in such a defeétion) a private s man (baving fome special inward motion) may kill a tyrant : as Moses did the Egygtian ; as Phinees did the Lecherous ; and Abud did king Eglon : or otherwise, a private man may do so, if he be commanded or permitted by the commonwealth.

The first regular establishment, after many fruitless attempts of any colony from this antibafilican feminary in England, was made at Wandsworth on the 20th Nov. 1572; and these had been preceded by Cartwright's two thundering Admonitions to Parliament, in the second of which he most feditiously libelled that high court; telling them in

ment of Calvin
ifts at Wai

* Obedience, p. 115,
+ Ibid. p. 116, 118.,
I Goodman, p. 199, 200, 201.

Obedience, p. 110,

libel upon pare

plain terms, * “ that the state did not shew Cartwright's itself upright, alledge the parliament what liamento it will; that all honest men should find lack of equity, and all good consciences condemn that court; that it should be easier for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for such a parliament ; that there is no other thing to be looked for, than some speedy vengeance to light upon the whole land; but the politic Machiavels of England provide as well as they can, though God do his worst: and finally, that if they of that assembly would not follow the advice of the First Admonition, they would infallibly be their own carvers in it; the church being bound to keep God's orders, and nothing to be called God's orders, but their present platform.” Sir Christopher Hatton was then in high favour at court, + " of a known averseness to the Earl of Leicester, and consequently no friend to the puritan faction. This obstacle was to be removed one way or other, according to that principle of the ancient Donatists, for murthering any man, of what rank soever, which opposed their practices. This Murder of Cap office Burchet undertakes, and undertakes the

(instead of Sir office upon this opinion, that it was lawful Christopher

Hatton) by
* Cartwright's Second Admonition.
+ Heylin's Aerius Redivivus, L. vii. C, 275:


che tain Hawkins.


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