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God, nor of the chearful concurrence of all
If I am charged with inconsistency in de-
not the free act
• D. Brady's Hift. of the Succeffion, p. 357.
* « And we
as would have consented to it; and yet this charge is drawn up and urged against the king, as the act of the commons and all the people of England; or lastly, who can deny, that they published for law and right whatsoever they did or fáid, though it were never so treasonable, vile, or wicked.” In the answer of the house of commons to King Charles the Second's letter, or declaration from Breda, we shall hear some more authentic accounts of the fewness of the actors and abettors in these scenes of horror and tyranny. beseech your majesty, we may add this farther for the vindication of parliaments, and even of the last parliament convened under your royal father of happy memory, when as your majesty well observes, through mistakes and misunderstandings, many inconveniences were produced, which were not intended; that those very inconveniences could not have been brought upon us by those persons, who had designed them, without violating the parliament itself; for they well knew it was not possible to do a violence to that sacred person, whilst the parliament, which had vowed and covenanted for the defence and safety of that person remained entire, Surely Sir, as the
Vid. Clar. Hift. of the Civil Wars, b. xvi. Vol. üi. P. 592.
persons of our kings have ever been dear
tion not guilty,
Though Dr. Priestley finds occasion of The murderers exultation and triumph in the annual comme- a faction, and moration of the 30th of January, yet in ano- tives of the naRr2
of King Charles
ther part of his works he owns, that from the nature of things it was necessary, that the opposition to King Charles's government should begin from a few, who might therefore be called a faction, for whom there was no fafety short of his death. *“ For,” says he, “it is to be regretted, that the situation of things was fuch, that the sentence could not be passed by the whole nation, † or their representatives solemnly
* Priestley upon Government, p. 39.
+ Lord Clarendon relates the following anecdote, not irrelevant to the present subject, which happened on the first day of King Charles's trial. Hift. of the Civil Wars, vol. iii.. b. xi. p. 196.“ When all those, who were commisfioners had taken their places, and the king was brought in, the first ceremony was, to read their commission, which was the ordinance of parliament for the trial; and when the judges were all called, every man answering to his name, as he was called, and the president being first called and making answer, the next who was called being the general, Lord Fairfax, and no answer being made, the officer called him the second time, when there was a voice heard that said, " he had more wit than to be there;' which put the court into some disorder; and somebody asking who it was, there was no answer, but a little murmuring; but presently, when the impeachment was read, and that expression used, of all the good people of England, the fame voice in a louder tone answered, “No, nor the hundredth part of them;' upon which one of the officers bid the foldiers give fire into that box, whence those presumptuous words were uttered; but it was quickly discerned, that it was the general's wife the lady Fairfax, who had uttered both those sharpe sayings, who was presently persuaded or forced to leave the place, to prevent any new disorder.
asembled for that purpose. I am sensible indeed
From what I have already said, may we
Some of the most noxious herbs, under the disguise of improper names, find their way into the fairest gardens; but one fatal instance of their deadly poison, induces the melancholy but requisite caution to prevent their future progress to maturity. Thus confident am I, that the abusive appli- Seditious pocation of the term religious to these feditious ries masked unand rebellious political sectaries, has alone appellation. procured the admission, 'adoption, or toleration of them in our constitution. We have
She was of a very noble extraction, one of the daughters