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of christians, than I lay to their charge the maxims and practices of robbers-and piratess
To prove, that any human institution has attained its ne plus ultra of perfection is to produce internal evidence of a radical deficiency or vice in the system; and to prove a continued progress in the melioration or improvement of a system is conclusive evidence, that the ground-work of the superstructure is in its nature firm and permanent. I have endeavoured to trace and mark the advances, which our constitution has been gradually making since its first institution towards the perfection of civil
establishment of religion they formerly allowed to the pope, yet it is evident beyond cayil or doubt, that they neither attempted nor intended to inyest, nor did they by law invest the king with a power of collating spiritual jurisdiction ; for they expressly direct the bishop to apply to the archbishop or other bithops for that, which was not in its nature conferable by the laity; for though the law subjects the archbishop and bishops to the leverest penalties and forfeitures, if after such election or nomination they refuse to confirm and invest the person elected or nominated, yet it autho. rizes not the king or any other persons to confirm and invest, or to grant or collate the real fpiritual jurisdiction, nor does it lay or luppose, that the person elected or nominated becomes a real fpiritual paftor of Christ's church without such confirmation or investiture. When the bishop has been elected or nominated, and confirmed and invested, he then is to sue to the king for his temporalities, which as appendages of the civil establishment of religion were holden by our Roman catholic ancestors, as well as by the nation at this day, to be at the difporal and under the controul of the State, and not of the supreme or other fpiritual ministers of the church of Christ ; for in the year 1350 (25 Ed. III.) though they then did and for many centuries afterwards, continued to acknowledge the spiritual supremacy of the pope, they complained, that he assumed a right to give and grant church bea nefices to aliens and denizens, as if he had been patron and advowee of the said dignities and benefices, as be was not of right by the law of England.
liberty; liberty; and in this progress do we find the fureft earnest of future improvements, as the exigencies of times and circumstances shall require them.
To the bleflings of our happy constitution do we at this moment owe the exalted situation we hold amidit surrounding nations envying, distracted, and distreft. Who then but an avowed enemy will attempt to force or seduce us from the sure hold of such an unparalleled transcendency? The continuance alone of the means, by which we have attained the glory can ensure it to our pofterity. Let every true Englishman therefore join in the patriotic wish for the conftitution,
ABBESSES summoned to parlia, Balance, constitutional, of power in our
Baldwyn, John; his opinion of Beza
and Calvin, 553.
tions, 578. :
Baronies anciently represented the peo-
Beza, Theodore, his feditious doc-
Bifhops, their spiritual jurisdiction, 263,
---- their civil jurisdiction, 265,
372. 376. 384.
---- their lands and temporalities,
Bishopricks, nomination to, 382, 618.
Body politic, 595.
---- whence the idea of borough
Bribery, caution against it, 446.
--.fource of, 446.
tuate the principles of the revolu- Burgeles in parliament, their election,
Bribery in elections, 449. ...
Buchanan, his feditious principles, 568.
Burke, his opinion of the want of
power in the people, not tenable, 54.
formerly confirmed by the pope, 105. Calvin, John, his feditious doctrines,
Canon law, its obligations, 236,.280.
Cantons of Switzerland under demo-
Capacity of the king natural and poli-
Cartwrigit's libel wp0! parliament,
Capital punishment, 489. .Consent of the people necessary for every
--- II. his refloration, 415. : one, 115. 172.
.... of pofterity, not involved in the
acts of their ancestors, 188.
man conquest, 79.
rights of man, 3. 73.
---. illuminates and instructs, 310.
.--- adapted to enforce subordina-
Constructive treason, unconstitutional,
Continuance cannot give force to a baut
Contempt of the king, 217, 218.
Convention parliament, 201.
of justice, -575.
Crimes, what, 487.
Crown, abdication of the, 175. 206.
-o.. täken metaphorically for the
person who wears it, 484
to follow the dictates of God, 83. Declaration of the convention, 175..
people, 40: 76. 77. 196.
-... vain efforts to establish it in
in society, 64. 201.417.469. 618. Denial of true principles, dangerous,"
-... to females, .213.
Diocese, limitation of, 298.
Difcuffion of truth favourable to its Executive power, 210.482. .
..... concentered in the crown, 484,
general propositions, 28. :
-..- tenures abolished, 416.
Fortescue, Sir John, his sublime ideas of
original sense of power, 51. Forfeiture of the crown, 175. 206.217.
of parliament, and of legislatures in election).
Freedom in the adoption of religion, 85.
Geneva, antibisilian school of, 540.
...: all power and authority origi.
Government, contempts against, 496.
.... form of it left to the option of
each nation, 44, 45. 57. 150.
.... it requires more power to alter
an old, than to form a new one, 55.
.... mixed form of, 150.
"ture of it, 15.
-... fociety cannot fubfilt without
-... its perfection consists in the
difficulty of its diffolution, 154.!
others what we claim.ourselves, 8. enemy, 77.
Great council, 364.
vernments there, 44.
Habeas-corpus aet, 416.
230. 275. 284. 306.
.... V. 406.
.... VII. 407. 439.