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of christians, than I lay to their charge the maxims and practices of robbers-and pirates. Το
human institution has attained its ne plus ultra of perfection is to produce internal evidence of a radical deficiency or vice in the system; and to prove a continued progress in the melioration or improvement of a system is conclusive evidence, that the ground-work of the superstructure is in its nature firm and permanent. I have endeavoured to trace and mark the advances, which our conftitution has been gradually making since its first institution towards the perfection of civil
establishment of religion they formerly allowed to the pope, yet it is evident beyond cavil or doubt, that they neither atteinpted nor intended to invest, nor did they by law invest the king with a power of collating spiritual juriidiction ;'for they expressly direct the bishop to apply to the archbishop or other bishops for that, which was not in its nature conferable by the laity; for though the law subjects the archbishop and bishops to the severest penal. ties and forfeitures, if after such election or nomination they refute to confirm and invest the person elected or nominated, yet it authorizes not the king or any other persons to confirm and invest, or to grant or collate the real Ipiritual jurisdiction, nor does it lay or luppose, that the person elected or nominated becomes a real spiritual pattor of Christ's church without such confirmation or investiture. When the billiop has been elected or nominated, and confirmed and invested, he then is to sue to the king for his temporalities, which as appendages of the civil establiňment of religion were holden by our Roman catholic anceltors, as well as by the nation at this day, to be at the disposal and under the controul of the state, and not of the supreme or other spiritual ministers of the church of Christ; for in the year 1350 (25 Ed. III.) though they then did and for many centuries afterwards, continued to acknowledge the spiritual supremacy of the pope, they complained, that he assumed a right to give and grant church benefices to aliens and denizens, as if he had been patron and advowee of the said dignities and benefices, as be was not of right by the law of Englands
liberty; and in this progress do we find the fureft earnest of future improvements, as the exigencies of times and circumstances shall require them.
To the blessings of our happy constitution do we at this moment owe the exalted situation we hold amidit surrounding nations envying, distracted, and distreft. Who then but an avowed enemy will attempt to force or seduce us from the sure hold of such an unparalleled tranfcendency? The continuance alone of the means, by which we have attained the glory can ensure it to our pofterity. Let every true Englishman therefore join in the patriotic wish for the conftitution,
ABBESSES summoned to parlia- Balance, constitutional, of power in our
Baldwyn, John, his opinion of Beza
and Calvin, 553.
Baronies anciently represented the peo-
Beza, Theodore, his feditious doc-
Bishops, their fpiritual jurisdiction, 263,
their civil jurisdiction, 265.
372. 376. 384.
their spiritual character and
Pennington's petition to par-
their lands and temporalities,
Bishopricks, nomination to, 382, 618.
Body politic, 595
whence the idea of borough
Bribery, caution againit it, 446.
fource of, 446.
Bribery in elections, 449.
Buchanan, his seditious principles, 568.
Burke, his opinion of the want of
power in the people, not tenable, 54.
formerly confirmed by the pope, 105. Calvin, John, his feditious doctrines,
necessary for a state, 363, 386. Can ns of the church bind not the
commended by Calvin, 545. laity, 89. 281.
Cantons of Switzerland under demo-
Capacity of the king natural and poli-
Cartwright's libel pou parliament,
Çapital punishment, 489.
Consent of the people necessary for every
rebellion against him, 586. Conscience, right of, inherent in every
one, 115. 172.
of pofterity, not involved in the
acts of their ancestors, 188.
man conquest, 79.
rights of man, 3. 73.
illuminates and instructs, 310.
alterations in it, 338.
adapted to enforce subordina-
Constručtive treason, unconstitutional,
Continuance cannot give force to a bad
Contempt of the king, 217, 218.
of the laws, 468.
Convention parliament, 201.
rights only given by the state, Coronation oaths, 314, 315. 317.
their exemptions ariel privi- Covenanters assume the administration
of juitice, -575
Crimes, what, 487
Crown, abdication of the, 175. 206.
descent of, 211.
taken metaphorically for the
their gradual acquilition of limitation of the, from the be-
their rights vested in them un- Defender of the faith, title whence,
people, 40: 76. 77. 196.
vain efforts to establish it in
to females, .213.
Diocese, limitation of, 298.
Discusion of truth favourable to its Executive power, 210.482.
concentered in the crown, 484.
argument, 50.71.159. 331.47 5.
of freedom, 79.
tenures abolished, 416.
cafes tending to it, 334. Fish-ponds, 490.
Fortescue, Sir John, his sublime ideas of
Forfeiture of the crown, 175. 206. 217.
Freedom in the adoption of religion, 85.
to submit to magistrates, 163: Gentleman, necessary in a common-
Geneva, antibisilian school of, 540.
ledge of him, 27.
all power and authority origi-
nally from him, 38.
Government, contempts against, 496.
form of it left to the option of
it requires more power to alter
an old, than to form a new one, 55.
its origin, 33.
mixed form of, 150.
freedom of, '430. 445. 448. motives for considering the na-
'ture of it, 15.
society cannot subsist without
its perfection consists in the
difficulty of its dissolution, 154:
Great council, 364.
vernments there, 44.
Habeas-corpus act, 416.
230. 275. 284. 306.
VII. 407. 439.
VIII. defends the supremacy
of the Pope, 227, 409.