Restructuring of Arms Production in Western Europe

Front Cover
Profound changes are occurring in the structure of arms production in Western Europe. Concentration is increasing at a fast pace. Small producers are disappearing and even large ones are opting out of the market. The various national arms industries, long operating in protective environments, are rapidly internationalizing. Three factors combine to bring about this change: East-West detente, the creation of the Single European Market, and the constant pressure of increasingly complex technology. In this book experts describe how the framework for producing arms in Western Europe is altered, and how various actors--firms, governments, and trade unions--are adapting to the new situation. The book presents detailed analyses of all the arms-producing countries in Western Europe. In addition to describing recent changes, the authors speculate on the implications of these for the balance of power in Western Europe, the relations between Western Europe and the United States, arms exports to the Third World, and problems of converting from military to civilian production. The appendices include the SIPRI list of the 50 largest arms-producing companies in Western Europe; data on mergers and acquisitions, procurement expenditure, and exports of major weapons; selections from treaties and other official documents relevant to current and future regulation of West European arms production; and a select bibliography.
 

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Contents

The economics of the West European arms industry
17
1
18
1 Comparative sales figures of the 10 largest European
20
3 Actual and potential domestic procurement of major
34
impact
44
1 Likely stratification of the European arms economy
53
Responses of the US arms industry
59
Science technology and the peace dividend
69
91
167
2 Value of Greek Portuguese and Turkish arms exports
172
i
175
Swedens search for military technology
178
1 Number of new Swedish military joint ventures 195085
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1
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Summary
197
Appendix A The 50 largest armsproducing companies in
207

The British restructuring experience
81
Reorientation of French companies
97
Consequences of the French arms exports crisis
108
the final stage of concentration in German
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2
121
Appendices
125
Crisis and adaptation in northern Germany
131
The slow restructuring of the Italian arms industry
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88
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Arms production and modernization in Spain
161
The developing arms industries in Greece Portugal and
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i
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Table B 2 International takeovers in the arms production sector
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97
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Appendix F Selected documents of the Independent European
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17
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Appendix G Select bibliography
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30
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Copyright

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About the author (1992)

Michael Brzoska is at University of Hamburg. Peter Lock is at Berghof Stiftung, Berlin.

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