Page images
PDF
EPUB

of a person to notice in the Dictionary has been held to depend on the probability that his career would be the object of intelligent inquiry on the part of an appreciable number of persons a generation or more hence.

Owing mainly to the longer interval of time that has elapsed since the publication of the volumes of the Dictionary treating of the earlier portions of the alphabet, the supplementary names beginning with the earlier letters are exceptionally numerous. Half the supplementary names belong to the first five letters of the alphabet. The whole series of names is distributed in the three supplementary volumes thus : Volume I. Abbott—Childers; Volume II. Chippendale--Hoste; Volume III. How-Woodward.

It was originally intended that the Supplement to the Dictionary should bring the biographical record of British, Irish, and Colonial achievement to the extreme end of the nineteenth century, but the death of Queen Victoria on 22 Jan. 1901 rendered a slight modification of the plan inevitable. The Queen's death closed an important epoch in British history, and was from a national point of view a better defined historic landmark than the end of the century with which it almost synchronised. The scope of the Supplement was consequently extended so that the day of the Queen's death might become its furthest limit. Any person dying at a later date than the Queen was therefore disqualified for notice. The memoir of the Queen is from the pen of the Editor.

1 During the six months succeeding Queen Victoria's demise, 22 Jan. to 29 July 1901, death qualified the following thirty-eight persons for notice by the national biographer of the future. In each case the date of the close of life falls outside the limit assigned to the present Supplement, and the names are necessarily excluded from it. The list roughly indicates the rate at which material for national biography accumulates in the present era. The day of death is appended to each name.

ARTHUR, WILLIAM (Wesleyan divine), 9 March.
BESANT, SIR WALTER (novelist), 9 June.
Bowen, EDWARD ERNEST (master at Harrow and

song-writer), 8 April.
BRIGHT, WILLIAM (ecclesiastical historian),

6 March.
BROWNE, SIR SAMUEL, V.C. (general), 14 March.
BUCHANAN, ROBERT (poet and novelist), 10 June.

CATES, ARTHUR (architect), 15 May.
COMMERELL, SIR JOHN EDMUND (admiral),

21 May.
Dawson, GEORGE MERCER (Canadian geologist),

2 March. Dickson, WILLIAM PURDIE (professor of divinity

at Glasgow and translator of Mommsen), 10 March

The choice of Queen Victoria's last day of life as the chronological limit of the Supplement was warmly approved by Mr. George Smith, the projector and proprietor of the Dictionary. But, unhappily, while the supplementary volumes were still in preparation, the undertaking sustained the irreparable loss of his death (6 April 1901). In accordance with a generally expressed wish the Editor has prefixed a memoir of Mr. Smith to the first volume of the Supplement; but, in order to observe faithfully the chronological limit which was fixed in consultation with Mr. Smith, he has given it a prefatory position which is independent of the body of the work.

A portrait of Mr. Smith, to whose initiative and munificence the whole work is due, forms the frontispiece to the first volume of the Supplement: it is reproduced from a painting by Mr. G. F. Watts, R.A., which was executed in 1876.

Much information has been derived by writers of supplementary articles from private sources. The readiness with which assistance of this kind has been rendered can hardly be acknowledged too warmly. The principle of the Dictionary requires that the memoirs should be mainly confined to a record of fact, should preserve a strictly judicial tone, and should eschew sentiment. The point of view from which the

SANFORD, GEORGE EDWARD LANGHAM, C.B.,

EDDIS, EDEN UPTON (portrait painter), 7 April.
ELLIS, FREDERICK STARTRIDGE (bookseller and

author), 26 Feb.
FAIRBAIRN, SIR ANDREW (engineer), 31 May.
FARMER, JOHN (musician), 17 July.
FITZGERALD, GEORGE FRANCIS (physicist),

21 Feb.
Hall, FITZEDWARD, D.C.L. (philologist),

10 Feb.
HAWEIS, Hugh REGINALD (divine), 29 Jan.
HOPKINS, EDWARD JOHN (organist), 4 Feb.
HOSKINS, SIR ANTHONY HILEY (admiral),

21 June.
JEAFFRESON, JOHN CORDY (legal and historical

writer), 2 Feb. LEWIS, JOHN TRAVERS (archbishop of Ontario),

6 May. LOYD-LINDSAY, ROBERT JAMES, LORD WANTAGE,

10 June. MONKHOUSE, Cosmo (art critic), 21 July. ORMEROD, Miss ELEANOR ANNE (entomologist),

20 July

C.S.I. (general), 27 April.
SAUNDERS, SIR EDWIN (dental surgeon), 15 Mar.
SMITH, JOHN HAMBLIN (mathematician), 10 July.
STAFFORD, SIR EDWARD WILLIAM, G.C.M.G.

(premier of New Zealand), 14 Feb.
STAINER, SIR JOHN (musician), 1 April.
STEPHENS, JAMES (Fenian), 29 March.
STUBBS, WILLIAM (bishop of Oxford and his-

torian), 22 April
Tait, PETER GUTHRIE (professor of natural

philosophy at Edinburgh), 4 July.
VANE, CATHERINE LUCY WILHELMINA, DUCHESS

OF CLEVELAND, 18 May.
WARR, GEORGE CHARLES WINTER (classical

scholar), 21 Feb.
WATKIN, SIR EDWARD (railway director), 13 April.
WESTCOTT, BROOKE Foss (bishop of Durham

and scholar), 27 July. WILLES, SIR GEORGE OMMANEY (admiral), 18 Feb. YONGE, CHARLOTTE MARY (novelist and his

torical writer), 24 March.

articles are written cannot therefore be expected always to commend itself to the near relatives of their subjects; but the Editor deems it right to state that the great majority of those who have helped in the preparation of memoirs of their kinsmen and kinswomen have shown every disposition to respect the dispassionate aims which the Dictionary exists to pursue.

A special word of thanks is due to Mr. Thomas Seccombe, Mr. A. F. Pollard, and Mr. E. Irving Carlyle, all of whom rendered valuable assistance to the Editor during the publication of the substantive work, for the zealous aid they have given him in preparing the supplemental volumes, to which they have each contributed a very large number of articles. Mr. Pollard has also helped the Editor in seeing the Supplement finally through the press.

** In the supplemental volumes cross references to articles that form part of the Supplement are given thus (q. v. Suppl.], while cross references to articles that have already appeared in the substantive work are given in the ordinary form (q. v.]

MEMOIR OF GEORGE SMITH

« PreviousContinue »