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“My son, I say
Thow art my derling dere;
Thou wotyst hyt well yn fay.
And syng, By-by, lullay."
Then take me up on lofte;
And dandell me full soft;
And kepe me nyght and day; And yff I wepe And cannott slepe,
Syng, By, baby, lullay.”
Syth all ys at thy wyll,
Yff hyt be ryght and skylle; “That chylde or man, Whoever can
Be mery on thys day, To blys them bryng And I shall syng:
By-by, baby, lullay!"
Your askyng shall I spede,
Yn wordes nor in dede.
“Syng what ye wyll, So ye fullfyll
My ten commaundements ay. Yow for to please Let them nott sesse
To syng, Baby, lullay.” 1 certainly 2 thee 3 beautiful
Yffe he say he can nowght do,
For now ys the tyme of Crystymas.
What cher ? Gud cher! gud cher, gud cher ! Be mery and glad this gud Newyere!
Lully, lulley, lulley, lulley !
The fawcon hath born my make 1 away!
6 And in that hall there was a bede, Hit was hangid with gold so rede. Lully, lulley, etc.
9 And yn that bed there lythe a knyght, His wowndis bledyng day and nyght.
Lully, lulley, etc.
15 And by that beddis side there stondith a
ston, Corpus Christi wretyn thereon.
Lully, lulley, etc.
Among the levys grene,
But yet ye wote ? not whome I mene !
Among the thornys sherp and keyn And comfort me wyth mery cher.
But yet ye wot not whome I mene!
A lady ryght wel be-seyne,
But yet ye wot not whome I mene.
Hur corse was closyd all in grene; Away fro me hur herte she toke,
But yete ye wot not whome I mene. “Lady!" I cryed, wyth rufull mone,
“Have mynd of me, that true hath bene! For I loved none but you alone.”
But yet ye wot not whome I mene. 1 mate, sweetheart ? know 3 appear 4 in 5 nature
THE BEGINNING OF THE RENAISSANCE
SIR THOMAS MORE (1478-1535) and eche of them lese ' but theyr part : yet I
thinke ther will no printer lightly? be so A DIALOGUE OF SYR THOMAS MORE, hote 3 to put anye Byble in prynte at hys own KNYGHTE
charge, whereof the losse shoulde lye hole in
his owne necke, and than * hang upon a doutFROM THE THIRDE BOKE. THE 16.
ful tryal, whether the first copy of hys transCHAPITER
lacion was made before Wickliffes dayes or
since. For if it were made synce, it must be The messenger rehearseth some causes which he
approved before the prynting. hath herd laid by some of the clergie wherfore
And surelye howe it hathe happed that in the Scripture should not be suffred in Englishe. all this whyle God hath eyther not suffered, or And the author sheweth his mind, that it wer con- not provided that any good verteous man hath venient to have the Byble in Englishe.
hadde the mynde in faithful wise to translate
it, and therupon ether the clergie or, at the “Syr," quod your frende, "yet for al this, least wise, some one bishop to approve it, thys can I see no cause why the cleargie shoulde can I nothing tell. But howesoever it be, I kepe the Byble out of ley mennes handes, have hearde and heare so muche spoken in the that can
no more but theyr mother tong. matter, and so muche doute made therin, that “I had went," quod I, “that I had proved peradventure it would let and withdrawe any you playnely that they kepe it not from them. one bishop from the admitting therof, without For I have shewed you that they kepe none the assent of the remenant. And whereas from them, but such translacion as be either
many thinges be laid against it: yet is ther in not yet approved for good, or such as be alredi
my mind not one thynge that more putteth reproved for naught, as Wikliffes was and
good men of the clergie in doubte to suffer it, Tindals. For as for other olde ones," that
than thys: that they see sometime much of wer before Wicklisfes daies, remain lawful, the worse sort more fervent in the calling for and be in some folkes handes had and read.'
it, than them whom we find farre better. “Ye saye well,” quod he. “But yet as weo- Which maketh them to feare lest such men men saye, somewhat it was alway that the desyre it for no good, and lest if it wer hadde cat winked whan her eye was oute.' Surelye in every mannes hand, there would great peril so is it not for nought that the English Byble arise, and that sedicious people should doe is in so few mens handes, whan so many more harme therwith than good and honest woulde so fayne have it.” “That is very folke should take fruite thereby. Whiche trouth,' quod I; "for I thinke that though
feare I promise you nothyng feareth me, but the favourers of a secte of heretikes be so fer- that whosoever woulde of theyr malice or vent in the setting furth of their secte, that folye take harme of that thing that is of it they let 6 not to lay their money together and selfe ordeyned to doe al men good, I would make a purse among them, for the printyng of
never for the avoyding of their harme, take an evill made, or evil translated booke:
from other the profit, which they might take, which though it happe to be forboden 6 and
and nothing deserve to lese. For elles 5 if burned, yet some be sold ere they be spyed, the abuse of a good thing should cause the
taking away thereof from other that would alleged ? know 3 weened, thought 4 This word use it well, Christ should hymself never have is the subject of remain, as well as a part of the been borne, nor brought hys fayth into the phrase in which it stands; the construction is curious but common. 5 hesitate 6 forbidden
I lose 2 easily 3 hot,
ready 4 then
world, nor God should never have made it WILLIAM TYNDALE (D. 1536)
When he sawe the people, he went up into a "I am sure," quod your frend, “ye doubte not but that I am full and hole of youre mynde
mountaine, and wen he was sett, hys disciples in this matter, that the Byble shoulde be in
cam unto him, and he opened his mouth, and oure Englishe tong. But yet that the clergie
taught them sayinge: “Blessed are the poure is of the contrary, and would not have it so,
in sprete: for thers is the kyngdom of heven. that appeareth well, in that they suffer it not
Blessed are they that mourne: for they shalbe to be so. And over 1 that, I heare in everye
comforted. Blessed are the meke: for they
shall inheret the erthe. Blessed are they place almost where I find any learned man of
which hunger and thurst for rightewesnes : for them, their mindes all set theron to kepe the Scripture from us.
they shalbe fylled. Blessed are the mercyAnd they seke out for
full: for they shall obteyne mercy. Blessed that parte every rotten reason that they can find, and set them furth solemnely to the
are the pure in hert: for they shall se God.
Blessed are the maynteyners of peace: for shew, though fyve of those reasons bee not woorth a figge. For they begynne as farre as
they shalbe called the chyldren of God. our first father Adam, and shew us that his
Blessed are they which suffre persecucion for
rightewesnes sake: for thers is the kyngdom wyfe and he fell out of paradise with desyre of knowledge and cunning. Nowe if thys
of heven. Blessed are ye when men shall woulde serve, it must from the knowledge and
revyle you, and persecute you, and shal studie of Scripture dryve every man, priestfalsly saye all manner
of evle sayinges agaynst and other, lest it drive all out of paradise.
you for my sake. Rejoyce and be gladde, Than2 saye they that God taught his disciples
for greate is youre rewarde in heven. many, thynges apart, because the people persecuted they the prophettes which were
before youre dayes. should not heare it. And therefore they
“Ye are the salt of the erthe, but ah ! yf the woulde the people should not now be suffered to reade all. Yet they say further that it is
salte be once unsavery, what can be salted
there-with? it is thence-forthe good for nothhard to translate the Scripture out of one tong into an other, and specially they say into ours,
ynge, but to be cast out at the dores, and that
men treade it under fete. Ye are the light of which they call a tong vulgare and barbarous.
the worlde. A cite that is sett on an hill But of all thing specially they say that Scripture is the foode of the soule. And that the
cannot be hyd, nether do men light a candle comen people be as infantes that must be
and put it under a busshell, but on a candelfedde but with milke and pappe. And if we
stycke, and it lighteth all those which are in
the housse. Se that youre light so schyne have anye stronger meate, it must be chammed 3 afore by the nurse, and so putte
before men, that they maye se youre good into the babes mouthe. But me-think though
werkes, and gloryfie youre Father, which is
in heven. they make us al infantes, they shall fynde
“Ye shall not thynke, that y am come to many a shrewde brayn among us, that can
disanull the lawe other the prophettes : no, y perceive chalke fro chese well ynough, and if they woulde once take 4 us our meate in our
am not come to dysanull them, but to fulfyll own hand, we be not so evil-tothed 5 but that
them. For truely y say unto you, tyll heven within a while they shall see us cham it our
and erthe perysshe, one jott, or one tytle of self as well as they. For let them call us
the lawe shall not scape, tyll all be fullylled. yong babes and they wil, yet, by God, they
“Whosoever breaketh one of these leest shal for al that well fynde in some of us that
commaundmentes, and shall teche men so, he an olde knave is no chylde.”
shalbe called the leest in the kyngdom of
heven. But whosoever shall observe and 1 besides ? then 3 masticated 4 deliver 5 ill
teache them, that persone shalbe called greate toothed it
in the kyngdom of heven.
“For I say unto you, except youre righte- the erth, For it is hys fote stole: Nether by wesnes excede the rightewesnes of the scrybes Jerusalem, for it is the cite of the greate kynge: and pharyses, ye cannot entre into the kyng- Nether shalt thou swere by thy heed, because dom of heven.
thou canst not make one heer whyte, or “Ye have herde howe it was sayd unto them blacke: But youre communicacion shalbe, of the olde tyme. Thou shalt not kyll. ye, ye: nay, nay. For whatsoever is more Whosoever shall kyll, shalbe in daunger of then that, commeth of evle. judgement. But I say unto you, whosoever “Ye have herde howe it is sayd, an eye for ys angre with hys brother, shalbe in daunger an eye: a tothe for a tothe. But I say unto of judgement. Whosoever shall say unto his you, that ye withstond ? not wronge: But yf brother, Racha! shalbe in daunger of a a man geve the a blowe on thy right cheke, counseill. But whosoever shall say unto his turne to hym the othre. And yf eny man wyll brother, Thou fole! shalbe in daunger of hell sue the at the lawe, and take thi coote from fyre. Therfore when thou offerest thy gyfte the, lett hym have thi clooke also. And att the altre, and there remembrest that thy whosoever wyll compell the to goo a myle, brother hath eny thynge agaynst the: leve goo wyth him twayne. Geve to him that there thyne offrynge belore the altre, and go axeth: and from him that wolde borrowe thy waye fyrst and reconcyle thy silff to thy
turne not away. brother, and then come and offre thy gyfte. “Ye have herde howe it is saide: thou shalt
“Agre with thine adversary at once, whyles love thyne neghbour, and hate thyne enemy. thou arte in the waye with hym, lest thine But y saye unto you, love youre enemies. adversary delivre the to the judge, and the Blesse them that cursse you. Doo good to judge delyvre the to the minister,' and then them that hate you, Praye for them which doo thou be cast into preson. I say unto the you wronge, and persecute you, that ye maye verely: thou shalt not come out thence tyll be the chyldren of youre hevenly Father : for thou have payed the utmoost forthynge.? he maketh his sunne to aryse on the evle and
“Ye have herde howe yt was sayde to them on the good, and sendeth his reyne on the of olde tyme, thou shalt not commytt ad- juste and on the onjuste. For if ye shall love voutrie. But I say unto you, that whoso- them, which love you: what rewarde shall ye ever eyeth a wyfe, lustynge after her, hathe have? Doo not the publicans even so? commytted advoutrie with her alredy in his And if ye be frendly to youre brethren only: hert.
what singuler thynge doo ye? Doo nott the “Wherfore yf thy right eye offende the, publicans lyke wyse? Ye shall therfore be plucke hym out and caste him from the, perfecte, even as youre hevenly Father is Better hit is for the, that one of thy membres perfecte.” perysshe then that thy whole body shuld be caste in to hell. Also yf thy right honde
SIR THOMAS WYATT (1503-1542) offend the, cutt hym of and caste hym from the. Better hit is that one of thy membres perisshe, then that all thy body shulde be
THE DESERTED LOVER CONSOLETH caste in to hell.
HIMSELF WITH REMEMBRANCE “Hit ys sayd, whosoever put 4 awaye his THAT ALL WOMEN ARE BY wyfe, let hym geve her a testymonyall of her
NATURE FICKLE divorcement. But I say unto you: whosoever put * awaye hys wyfe (except hit be for
Divers doth use, as I have heard and know, fornicacion) causeth her to breake matrimony,
When that to change their ladies do begin, And who soever maryeth her that is divorsed,
To mourn, and wail, and never for to lynn; 3 breaketh wedlocke.
Hoping thereby to 'pease their painful woe. “Agayne ye have herde, howe it was said
And some there be that when it chanceth so to them of olde tyme, thou shalt not forswere thysilfe, but shalt performe thine ot he to God.
That women change, and hate where love
hath been, But I saye unto you swere not at all: nether
They call them false, and think w'"ords by heven, for hit ys Goddes seate: nor yet by
to win 1 officer 2 farthing 3 adultery 4 puts
many are accusto