Custom, Improvement and the Landscape in Early Modern Britain
Richard W. Hoyle
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2011 - Business & Economics - 317 pages
This volume addresses the fundamental notion of improvement in the development of the British landscape from the 16th to the 19th century. The contributors present a variety of cases of how improvement, custom and resistance impacted on the local landscape, which includes manorial estates, enclosures, fens, forests and urban commons.
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Custom Improvement and AntiImprovement
Landlords Copyholders and the Struggle
Z The Articulation Transmission and Preservation of Custom
Custom Conﬂict and Landscape Change
The Idea of Improvement 015201700
acres Agrarian agricultural Anthony Bradshaw arable Bedford Level Corporation beneﬁt Bradshaw Breckland Cambridge cattle Chancery claimed common ﬁelds common rights conﬁrmed conﬂicts copyhold Corporation court Cromwell Cromwell’s Crown custom customary disputes drainage drainers draining Duchy Dufﬁeld Early Modern England economic eighteenth century Elizabeth enclosed enclosure English evidence example Falvey farmers farming Fenland fens ﬁelds ﬁgures ﬁnances ﬁnd ﬁnes ﬁrst ﬁxed ﬂooding foldcourse Forest freeholders Frith Grant grazing grazing rights Gressenhall Heacham heaths Hunstanton husbandry Ibid improvement inhabitants James John Lancashire landlord landowners landscape leases Level London Lorimer manor manorial lords Marsh neighbouring Norfolk North Elmham Northamptonshire open ﬁelds Oxford parish pasture petition proﬁt Prowse records rents Ringstead riots rural Scotland Sedgeford seventeenth century sheep signiﬁcant Sir Hamon sixteenth century Snettisham social speciﬁcally Star Chamber steward Strathspey Taverner Taverner’s tenants Thirsk Thomas timber town Tutbury urban villages waste Wicken Wood