Peasants, Citizens and Soldiers: Studies in the Demographic History of Roman Italy 225 BC-AD 100
Recent years have witnessed an intense debate concerning the size of the population of Roman Italy. This book argues that the combined literary, epigraphic and archaeological evidence supports the theory that early-imperial Italy had about six million inhabitants. At the same time the traditional view that the last century of the Republic witnessed a decline in the free Italian population is shown to be untenable. The main foci of its six chapters are: military participation rates; demographic recovery after the Second Punic War; the spread of slavery and the background to the Gracchan land reforms; the fast expansion of Italian towns after the Social War; emigration from Italy; and the fate of the Italian population during the first 150 years of the Principate.
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Peasants, Citizens and Soldiers: Studies in the Demographic History of Roman ...
Luuk de Ligt
No preview available - 2012
according to Str adult male citizens allies Apulia archaeological evidence argued assume Augustus average Beloch Brunt Campanians Cascio censors census ﬁgures cent central and southern central-western Italy Chapter Cisalpine Gaul Conventi decline difﬁcult early Empire early-imperial Italy early-modern estimate Etruria farms ﬁeld ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst century BC free Italian free population free rural population Hannibalic War hectares high count Hopkins implied interpretation Italian Italian population iuniores large number late Republic late-republican Latin Latium Ligt Livy Livy’s low count mainland Italy manpower ﬁgures military million northern number of adult p.ha period Polybius population densities population growth proletarians provincial Quilici reconstruction regions republican census Roman citizens Roman Italy Rome Samnium Scheidel second century BC Second Punic Second Punic War seems signiﬁcant slaves Social War southern Italy speciﬁc square kilometre suggests sui iuris theory total number town wall Umbria urban population densities urbanization rate walled area