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Witten with Twambrook,Cheshire
Witten (East;, York
Witt on (West;, iork
Wiveli scorn be, Somerset
Wix, or Weeks, Essex
Wolford (Great), Warwick
Wot ford (LittleJ, Warwick
Wol las ton, N ort hampton
WoUtnn ,or Weston-ny-End, Mont-
Wobtoti with Maratón, Warwick
W'olrerton, N orfolk
W omens would, Kent
Wood boron gh, Notts
Wood boro a gh, Wilts
Wood bridge, Suffolk
Wood- Burcott, Northampton
Woodcote.—See Southcote, Oxon
Woodcroft.—See Etton, North-
Wood -dalltng, Norfolk
Wood -Ditton, Cambridge
Woodeaton, Stafford |
Wood end, Northampton
Woodford, Cheshire I
Woodford (St. Mary), Essex
Wood ford-(¿range, Stafford
Woudhayf West), Berks
Woodiiay (East), Hants
Woodhorn, Northumberland *
Wood h ou se, Stafford
Woodland and Heathwaite, Lan-
Woodlands and Charidenwicke,
Wood I and-Hope, Derby
Wood's field, Worcester
Woodspeen and Bagnor, Berks
Woodthnrp- See Strubby, Lincoln
Woodyates (East and Went), Dorset
Woo l fard i s woi thy, líevi-n
WoolavingUm (East and West),
Woolstone (Great), Bucks
cas h ire
Wootton (St. Lawrence), liants
Wormleigbton, Warwick i
An Inland County of England, hounded on the North by Huntingdonshire and Northamptonshire, on the East by Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire, on the South by Buckinghamshire and Hertfordshire, and on the West by Buckinghamshire. It is in an irregular somewhat oval form, and is about 34 miles long and 19 broad. The area, or superficial measure, of it, is 463 square miles, or 396,520 stature acres. The country is generally level, and the land very good: a large proportion is pasture land; but the arable is, on an average, much better than that of the average of England; and some part of it is finer, it is supposed, than any other land in England. It is sufficiently wooded, is rich in pasture and in all sorts of cattle and agricultural produce, and has very little waste or poor land.—It has no large manufactories; but a part of the women and children are employed in the making of lace and of straw-plat; though these are not in amount sufficient to prevent us from calling this a purely agricultural county.—Its Rivers are the Ouse and the Jrel, the former of which divides the county into two parts, aud is navigable as far as the borough of Bedford, which is the capital of the county.—The ProDucts of Bedfordshire are, corn, meat of all sorts in very great abundance, butter; and all of the finest quality.—This county is in the Province or Canterbury; in the Diocese Of Lincoln, and in the Norfolk Circuit.—It is divided into nine hundreds; namely, Barford, l%gleawede, Clifton, Flitt,Manshead, Iled
bornestoke, Stodden, Willey, Wixhamtree.—There are 131 Parishes and Townships, and with distinct parochial jurisdiction; and 10 Market-towns; namely, Amptliill, Bedford, Biggleswade, Dunstable, Harrold, Luton, Leighton - Buzzard, Potion, Shefford, Woburn. Bedford town sends 2 members to parliament; and its 2 members, with the 2 for the county, are all that this county is permitted to send.—Before the Protestant " Reformation," or devastation, there were 18 monastic establishments at the following places: Bedford, Biggleswade, Bisseniede, Caldwell, Chicksand, Dunstable, Eaton-Socon, Elstow, Farle, Grovesbury, Harwood, Melchbouru, Market-Street, Newenham, Northill, Warden, Woburn; under the names of which places a particular acrount of these establishments is given.— There are 2-1 Public Charities in this county, mostly very ancient.—Of the 131 Parishes which the county contains, there are 6 which have less than 100 inhabitants each; 10 which have no parsonage houses; 59 which have parsonage bouses, which, in a return made to parliament in 1818, the incumbents represent as unlit for them to live in; and, in the whole county, there are 124 churches ; there being 7 parishes and townships with no churches. The poor-rates of the county amounted annually, agreeably to a return made to parliament in 1818, to 80,638/. is.5}d.; tbe number of Paupers was 7,030; the Annual Rental of all ihc real property of the county amounted to 343,6821.19s. B
10rf.; the Population, by return of 1821, was 83,710; and tlie number of bouses 15,412. So that the poor-rates amounted to a fourth part, within a fraction, of the whole of the rental; and there were, on an average, 1 pauper to every two bouses throughout the county. According to the same return of 1818, the annual poor-rates of this whole county amounted, in 1776, to only 16,310/.—There are, in this county, on an average, 181 persons to each square mile, which is about 4 acres of land to every person; and there are, within a fraction, 18 acres of land to every inhabited house, including the most miserable houses in town and country, and not excepting alms-houses.—The male population of the county is 40,385. The return states 10,754 families to be employed in agriculture; 4,827 families in trade and handicraft; and 1,792 families to consist of all other descriptions of persons. The male agricultural population must, therefore, be 25,000 all but a fraction. Of these we must allow one half to be children, men past labour, or men infirm: there then remain, including the farmers themselves, 12,500 agricultural labourers; that is to say, one labourer, on an average, to every 23$ seres of land. AMPTHILL, 45 miles N.W. from London. Popula. 1527. Market, Tburs. Fairs, May 4, Nov. 30, for cattle. ARLSEY, Í6J miles S.E. from Shefford.
Popula. 562. ASPLEY GUISE, 2 miles N.E. from Wo
burn. Populo. 848. AST WICK, 4 miles S.E. from Biggleswade.
Populs. 99. BARFORD (Great), 5 miles N.E. from
Bedford. Popula. 635. BARFORD (Little), 5 miles N.W. from
Fotton. Popula. 123. BARTON-IN-THE-CLAY, 3 miles S.
from Selsoe. Popula. 668. BATTLESDEN, 3 miles S. from Woburn.
Popula. 151. BEDFORD, the county town of Bedfordshire, seated on the river Ouse, 50 miles N.W. from London. It has five parishes: St. Cuthbert, St. John, St. Mary, St. Paul, and St. Peter Martin. It is a corporate town, having a msyor, recorder, deputy recorder, two bailiffs, two chamberlains, thirteen common-councilmen, and an uncertain number of aldermen, snd sends two members to parliament. At or near this place there were,
an Hospital of St. Leonard's Hospitalers, founded in the reign of Edward IV., by a townsman, whose yearly revenue was 16/. 6s. 8d. in 26 Henry VIII.; nowworth 326/. 13s. 4rf. A Franciscan Friary, founded by Mabilea de Plateshull, in the reign of Edward П., valued vearly at 5/., now worth 100/.; granted, 31 Henry VIII., to John Gostwyke; at Caldwell, an Augustine Priory, founded 4 in the reign of John, by Robert of Houghton. Revenue 148/. 15s. 10<<-, now worth 2,9751. 16«. 8rf.; granted, 5 Elizabeth, to Thomas Leigh; and at Newenham, a Monastery of Augustine Canons, founded in the reign of Henry 11., by Simon Beauchamp. Yearly revenue 313/. 15s. 5'/., now word» 6,875/.8s.4</.; granted,32 Henry VIII., to Urion Brereton. Popula. 5446. Market, Mond., Tues, and Sat. Fairs, first Tues. In Lent, Apr. 21, July 5, Oct. 11, Dec. 19 for cattle of all sorts. BEESTOX, in Sandy parish, and papula. included therein. 3 miles N.W. from Biggleswade. BIDDENHAM, 2 miles W. from Bedford.
Popula. 393. BIGGLESWADEwithHolme andStratton, seated on the river Ivel, 45 miles N.E. from London. Popula. 2778. Marke», Wed. Fairs. Feb. 14, Sat. in Easter week; Whit-Monday; Aug. 2, Nov. 8. At this place there was a Chantry; revenue 7/., now worth 140/. BILLINGTON, in Leighton-Buzzard parish, and popula, included therein. S miles S. from Leighton-Buzzard.
BLETSOE, 6 mile» N. from Bedford. Popula. 383.
BLUNHAM,4imilesN. from Biggleswade. Popula. 945.
BOLNHURST, 5 miles N.E.from Bedford. Popula. 264.
BROMHAM, 3 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 298.
BROOK-END, in Northill pariah, and popula, included therein.
BROOM, in Southill parish, and popula. included therein. 1} mile from Biggleswade.
BUDNOR, in Northill parish, and popula. included therein.
CALD1COTTS (Upper and Lower), in Northill parish, and popula, included therein.
CAMPTON with Shefford, 1 mile S.W. from Shefford. Popula. 1,028.
CARDINGTON, 4 miles S.E. from Bedford. Popula. 1,194.
CARLTON with Chellington, 7 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popule. 429.
CHALGRAVE, Ц miles N.W. from Dunstable. Populaf710.
CHELLINGTON with Carlton, 7 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 121.
CHICKSANDS, (Extra Pa.) Popula. 56. At this place there was a Priory of Nuns of St. Gilbert, founded in the year 1150, by Pain de Beauchamp and his wife. Yearly value, 230/. 3«. 4Jd., now worth4,603/. 7s. 6c/. Granted, 31 Henry V11I., to R. Snow.
CLAPHAM, S miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 204.
CLIFTON, Ц mile N.E. from Shefford. Popóla. 483.
CLOPHILL, 2 miles N.E. from Selsoe. Popula. 838.
COCKAYNE-HATLEY, 2j miles E. from Potion. Popula. 117.
COLMWORTH, 9 miles N.E. from Bedford. Popula. 450.
COPLE, Ц miles S.E. from Bedford. Popula. 524.
COTTON-END, in Cardington parish, and popula, included therein.
CRANFIELD, 5} miles N.W. from Ampthill. Popula. 1,153.
DEAN (Nether and Upper), 12 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 479.
DUNSTABLE, 34 miles N.W. from London. Popula. 1,831. Market, Wed. Fairs, Ash-Wed. and May 22 for horses, Aug. 12, Not. 12 for cattle. At this place there was a priory of Augustine Canons, founded by Henry I. Yearly value 402/. 14s. 7jd. ¡ now worth 8,054/. 12j. 6d. Granted to Sir Leonard Clismberlayne.
DUNTON with Millo, 3 miles S.W. from Biggleswade. Popula. 332.
EAST-COTTS, in Cardington parish, and popula, included therein.
EATON-BRAY, Г? miles S.W. from Dunstable. Popula. 816. At this place there was a College, or Guild. Yearly value 7/. 16.«., now worth 156/.
EATON-SOCON with Wyboston, 2 miles S.W. from St. Neots, in Huntingdonshire. Popula. 2,039.
EDWORTH, 3 miles N.E. from Biggleswade. Pópala. 87.
EGGINTON, in Leighton-Buzzard parish, '.nul popula, included therein. í j miles E, from Leighton-Buzzard.
ELSTOW, 2 miles S.W. from Bedford. Popula. 548. Fairs, May 14,15, Nov.
5, 6, cattle of all sorts. At this place there was an Abbey of Benedictine Nuns, founded by Judith, niece to the Conqueror, and wife to Waltheof, Earl of Huntington. Yearly value S25/. 2». l§d4 now worth 6,502/. 2s. 6d. Granted, 7 Edward VI., to Sir Humphrey Kadcliff.
EVERSHOLT, 2 miles S.E. from Wobura. Popula. 870.
EVERTON with Tetworth, 2 miles N.W. from Potton. Popula. 334.
EYWORTH, 3 miles N.E. from Biggleswade. Popula. 111.
FARND1SH, 11 miles N.W. from Bedford. Pópala. 73.
FELMERSHAM, 6 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 390.
FENLAKE, in Cardington parish, and popula, included therein.
FLITWICK, 25 miles S. from Ampthill, Popula. 489.
GOLDINGTON, 1§ miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 426.
GRAVENHURST (Lower), 2 miles S.E. from Selsoe. * Popula. 63.
GRAVENHURST (Upper), Ц miles E. from Selsoe. Popula. 291.
GRITFORD.—See Sandy. HARLINGTON, 5 miles N.E. from Dunstable. Popula. 398.
HATCH, in Northill parish, and popula, included therein.
HARROLD, 7 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 939. Market, Tuesd. Fairs, 'lues, before May 13, Tues, before July
6, Tues, before Oct. 11, cattle of all sorts. At this place there was a Priory of Augustine Nuns, founded, in the reign of Stephen, by Sampson le Forte. Yearly value 47/. 3s. 2d., now worth 943/. 3s. 4d. Granted to William Lord Parr, 35 Hen. VIII.
HARROWDEN, in Cardington parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles from Bedford.
HAYNES, Ц miles N.E. from Selsoe. Popula. 775.
HEATH, in Leighton-Buzzard parish, and popula, included therein. 1 mil* N. from Leighton-Buzzard.