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NORTHUMBERLAND.

A Northern County, bounded on tbe North by Berwickshire in Scotland; on the East by the German Ocean; on tbe South by the county of Durham; on the West by the counties of Roxburgh in Scotland, and by Cumberland. It is 62 miles in length, and about 42 in breadth. It is divided into six words, Bamborough, Castle, Coquetdale, Glendale, Morpeth, and Tindale. The principal Rivers, of this county are, the Tyne, the Bluth, the Wambeck, the Coquet, the Alne, and tbe Tweed. The Market-towns are, Allendale, Alnwick, Belford, Berwick, Boilingham, Coldstream, Corbridge, Hexhiim, Haltwhistle, Morpeth,Newcastle, North Shields, Kothbury, Wooler. NorthVMRERLANDsendseight members to parliament; two for the County, two for Newcastle, two for Morpeth, and two for 'Berwick. It is in the Province Of York, in the Diocese Of DurHam, and in the Northern Circuit. It contains 1871 square miles, or 1,197,440 acres; and 88 parishes. It had 23 monastic establishments, and 15 public charities; it has 5 parishes witli no churches; 1 parish with less than 100 inhabitants; 31 parishes with no parsonage-bouses; 8 parishes with parsonage-houses unfit to live in ; the Poor-rates were, in 1818, 99,3732. 3«. 6\d. the number of paupers 13,164; the rental of the county, according to a return made to the parliament in 1818, was 1,240,594/. 9*. 7d.; the population, according to n return laid before parliament in 1821, was 198,965; the number of inhabited bouses in 1321 was, 31,526 ; the number of uninhabited houses at the same epoch, 1,166; the poor-rates bear tbe proportion of one-twelfth of the rental; the number of paupers compared with the number of houses, is one to every two; the poor-rates in 1776, were 14,085; the number of persons to every square mile of this county, is 106; the number of acres to a person, 6; the number of acres to a house, 36; the male population in 1821, was 95,354; the families employed in agriculture were in number

11,566; the families employed in handicraft wore 20,560 in number;. the number of other families was 10,996. The agricultural molt population 25,577; able labourers 112,788; the number of acres in this county to every able-bodied labourer is 93. The uppearance of this county is as various as possible, being a continued dead flat all along the sea coast, from Tyhemouth to Berwick; then, at a distance from the sea, rising in gentle swells, and, in tbe whole of the Western side of it, from Wooler to Allendale, being decidedly mountainous. Bv drawing a line from Berwick to Hexham, and then again from Hexham to North Shields, you have on the East, the fertile and well-cultivated low-land district; and all on the West of this is a mountainous district, in great part barren. The soil of both these districts is nevertheless very various. That on the Eastern part of the county has soma barren heaths, some sandy, and some clayey apots; the valley of Hexham being considered its richest part. In the mountainous district, though the characteristic is bleakness and want of fertility, yet this is not altogether unaccompanied by'spots of considerable fertility. The Cheviot hills, for instance, a district extending from Wooler for some miles in a southerly direction, are celebrated for the excellence of their pasturage. The rotation of crops in the Eastern part of the county is, turnips, barley, or wheat; clover for two years; oats. This is varied according as the land is strong or light. In the Western district, three years' tillage, and then three years' grass, is a very common mode of cropping. The cattle mostly us-il in Northumberland are a shorthorned breed called the Dutch. Tbe sheep are of three breeds, the Dishleu, or long-wooled, in tbe low-land districts; the Cheviot, on the hills of Cheviot, and the Heuth breed, peculiarly adapted to the more barren of the mountains. There are extensive lead-mines in tbe neighbourhood of Allendale, Shieldeu.Fallowfield, and Little-Houghton ; but tbe great article of commerce of the county, is in that of coals. The district of this county that is most fertile in coal, is that extending along the sea coast from North Shields to the mouth of the AIn (nearto Alnwick), and taking in gome miles from the coast all the way, but getting broader as you approach North Shields. The extent of the coal fields is estimated at 300 acres; and the quantity of coal shipped to London from Newcastle was, in 1700, estimated at 300,000 chaldrons annually. The

firincipal manufacture of Northumberand is of glass-ware, which is carried on to a great extent on the Tyne, there being no fewer than eight-and-twenty glass-works on that river, and. at no great distance from its mouth.

ABBERWICK, in Edlingham parish, and popula. included therein.

ACKL1NGTON, in Warkworth parish, and popula. included therein. 2} miles distant S.W.

ACKLINGTON-PARK, in Warkworth parish, and popula. included therein.

ACOMB (East), in St. Peter's-Bywell parish, and popula. included therein.

ACOMB (West), in St. John-Lee parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.

ACTON and OLD FELTON, in Felton

parish, and popula. included therein.

H mile distant N.N.E. ADDERSTONE, in Bamborough parish,

and popula. included therein. AKELD, in Kirknewton parish, and popula.

included therein. 2* miles distant

E.S.E.

ALEMOUTH, in Lesbury parish, and popula. included therein. Tj mile distant S.

ALLENDALE, 874 miles N.N.W. from London. Popula. 4,629.

ALLENTON or ALLWINTON, 8 miles W.N.W. from Rothbury. Popula. 900. Fairs, May 10, Nov. 14, horned cattle, horses, linen cloth, green and dry hides.

ALNHAM, 12 miles W. from Alnwick. Popula. 269.

ALNWICK, 311 miles N.N.W. from London. Popula. 5,927. Market, Saturday; fairs, Palm-Sunday-eve, shoes, hats, and pedlary; May 12 (if on Sunday, the Saturday before), horned cattle, horses, and pedlary; last Monday in July, horned cattle, horses,

and linen and woollen cloth; lit Tuesday in Oct., horned cattle, horses, and pedlary; Oct. 28, cattle; Saturday before Christmas-day, shoes, hats, poultry, and woollen cloth. (Aug. 1, Guild.) Here there was a Premoustratensian Abbey, founded in the year 1147, by Eustace Fitz-John; value 194/. 7s. yearly, now worth 3887/.: granted, 4 Edw. VI., U> Ralph Sadler and Laurence Winnington. AMBLE, in Warkworth parish, and popula. included therein. 1§ mile distant S.

ANGERTON (High), in Hartburn perish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant 8.

ANGERTON (Low), in Hartburn parish, and popula. included therein. 2 miles distant S.

ANICK-GRANGE, in St. John-Lee parish, and popula. included therein, 1| mile distant E.

ANICK, in St. John-Lee parish, and popopula. included therein 1J mile distant S.E.

ASHINGTON and SHEEPWASH, in Bothall parish, and popula. included therein. 1J mile distant E.

ASHOLM, in Lambley pariah, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant E.

AYDON, in Corbridge parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.N.E.

AYDON-CASTLE, in Corbridge parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.

BAMBOROUGH, 4§ mile. E. from Belford. Popula.3,342.

BAMBOROUGH-CASTLE, in Bamborough parish, and popula. included therei n.

BARRASFORD, in Chollerton parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.W.

BARROW, in Hallystone parish, and popula. included therein. 4J miles N.W. from Allenton.

BASSINGTON, in Eglingbam parish, and popula. included therein. 4 miles distant S.E.

BATTLE-BRIDGE, in Edlingham parish, and popula. included therein.

BAV1NGTON (Great), in Kirk whelping ton parish, and popula. included therein. 3 miles distant S.

BAVINGTON (Little), in Throckington parish, and popula. included therein. 2J miles distant E.S.E.

BEADNELL, in Bamborough pariah, and popula. included therein. 5 miles distant S.S.E.

BEANLY, in Eglingham parish, and popula. included therein. ]', mile distant 8.W.

BEARL, in St. Andrew-Bywell parish, and popula. included therein.

BEB8IDE, in Morton parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.

BELFORD, 326 miles N.N.W. from London. Popula. 1,783. Market, Thursday; fairs, Tuesday before WhitSunday; Aug. 23, black cattle, sheep and horses.

BELLASIS and BOGGHALL, in Stannington parish, and popula. included therein.

BELLESTER, in Haltwhistle parish, and popula. included therein. 1 '• mile distant S.

BELLINGHAM, 29? miles N.N.W. from London. Popula. 1,396. Market, Tuesday and Saturday; fairs, Saturday after Sept. 15, horned cattle, sheep, linen and woollen cloth,

BELRIDGE, in Kirkharle parish, and popula. included therein. 4§ miles distant S.E.

BELSAY, in Bolam parish, and popula. included therein. :)\ miles distant S.

BENRIDGE, in Mitford parish, and popula. included therein. 1$ mile distant N.E.

BENWELL, in St. John parish, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and popula. included therein. 3 miles distant W.

BEWICK (Old), in Eglingham parish, and popula. included therein. 2 miles distant N.N.W.

BEWICK (New), in Eglingham parish,

and popula. included therein, 1§ mile

distant W.N.W. BERWICK-HILL, in Ponteland parish,

and popula. included therein. 2 miles

distant N.

BERWICK-UPON-TWEED, 340 -miles N.N.W. from London. Popula. 8,723. Market, Saturday; fairs, Friday in Trinity-week, black cattle, and horses.

A corporate town, having a mayor, recorder, one alderman, and four bailiffs: sends two members to parliament: right of election in the freemen resident or not: number of voters, 600.

BICKERTON, in Rothbury parish, and popula. included therein. 4 miles distant S.W.

BIDDLESTON, in Allenton parish, and popula. included therein. 3 miles distant N.E.

BIGGES, in Longhorsley parish, and popula. included therein.

BINGFIELT), in St. John-Lee parish, and . popula. included therein. 5 miles distant N.E.

BIRTLEY, 4J miles S.E. from Bellingham. Popula. 393.

BIRLING, in Warkworth parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.

BLACK-CALLERTON, in Newburn parish, and popula. included therein. 3$ miles distant N.N.E.

BLACKHEDDON, in Stamfordham parish, and popula. included therein. 2$ miles distant N.

BLACK WORTH, in Earsdon parish, and popula. included therein. 1[ mile distant W.

BLAGDON and STUMPY-RIGGS, in

Stannington parish, and popula. included therein. 1} mile distant S.

BLANCHLAND (High), in Sbotley parish, and popula, included therein. 51 miles distant S.W., and 7 S. from Hexham.

BLENKINSOP, in Haltwhistle parish,and popula. included therein. 4 miles distant W.8.W.

BLYTH (South), and NEWSHAM, in' Earsdon parish, and popula. included therein. 5j milesjdistaut N.

BOCKENFIELD, in Felton parish, and popula. included therein.

BOGGHALL.—See Bellasis.

BOLAM, 8 miles S.W. from Morpeth. Popula. 651.

BOLTON, in Edlinghnm parish, and popula. included therein. 2 miles distant N.

BORROWDON, in Allenton parish, and popula. included therein. 3 miles distant E.

BOTHALL,- 2} miles E. from Morpeth. Popula. 1,222.

BOULMER and SEATON-HOUSE, in Longuoughton parish, und popula, included therein. 1} mile distant E.

BRADFORD, in Bamborough parish, and popula, included therein.

BRADFORD, iu Bolam parish, and popula, included therein. 3 miles distant S.S.W.

BRANDON, in Eglingham pariah, and popula, included therein. 3| miles distant S.W.

BRANTON, in Eglingham parish, and popula, included therein.

BRANXTON, 2§ miles S.E. from Coldstream. Popula. 253.

BRENKLEY, in Ponteland parish, and popula, included therein. .H miles distant N.E.

BRICKWOODHALL, in Bamborough parish, and popula, included therein.

BRIERDEAN, in Earsdon parish, and popula, included therein. 1{ mile distant N.E.

BRINKBURN (High), in Longframlington parish, and popula, included therein. 1 mile distant S.W. Here there was an Augustine l'riory, founded in the reign of Henry I., by Osberlu9 ColuIiiriiis; yearly value 77/., now worth 1,5101.; granted, 4 Edw. VI., to John Earl of Warwick.

BRINKBURN (Low), in Longframlington parish, and popula, included therein. Near the foregoing.

BROCKSFIELD, in Embleton parish, and popula, included therein.

BROKF.NHAUGH, in Warden parish, and popula, included therein.

BROOMHAUGH, in St. Andrew-Bywell

parish, and popula, included therein.

1 mile distant S.W. BROOMHOPE and BUTELAND, in

Ohollerton parish, and popula, included

therein.

BROOMLEY, in St. Peter's-Bywell parish, and popula, included therein. 3$ miles S.E. from Corbridge.

BROOM-PARK, in Edlingham parish, and popula, included therein. 1§ mile distant N.

BROTHERICK, in Warkworth parish, and popula, included therein.

BRUNTON (East), in Gosforth parish, ani popula, included therein. 4 miles distant N.W.

BRUNTON (West), in Gosforth parish, and popula, included therein. 3£ miles distant N.W.

BRUTON (High and Low), in Embleton parish, and popula, included therein.

BUDLE, in Bamborough parish, and popula, included therein. 1¿ mile distant W.

BULLER'S-GREEN, in Morpeth parish, and popula, included therein.

BULLOCK'S-HALL, in Warkworth parish, and popula, included therein.

BURTON, in Bamborough parish, and popula, included therein. 1$ mile distant S.

BUSTQN (High), in Warkworth parish,

and popula, included therein. 2¿ miles

distant N.N.W. BUSTON (Low), in Warkworth parish,

and popula, included therein. 2£ miles

distant N.W.

BUTELAND.—See Broomhope.

BUTTERLOW, in Newborn pariah, ana popula, included therein.

BYKER, in All Sainls parish (Newcastleupon-Tyne), and popula, included therein. 1§ mile distant E.

BYKER, in All-Saints parish, and popula. included therein.

BYWELL (St. Andrew), 3 miles S.E. from Corbridge. Popula. 399.

BYWELL (St. Peter), 2 miles S. from Allendale. Popula. 1,406.

CAISTRON, in Rothbury parish, *ci popula, included therein. 5 miles distant W.

CALLABY and YETLINGTON, in Whittinçhani parish, and popula, included therein. 2$> miles distaat S.W.

С ALLERTON (High), in Ponteland parish, and populu. included therein. Ц mile distant S.S.E.

CALLERTON (Little), in Ponteland parish, and popula, included therein, lj milo distant S.E.

CAMBO, in Hartburn parish, and popula, included therein. 3J miles distant W.

CAPHEATON, in Kirkwhelpington parish, and popula, included therein. Ц miles distant S.E.

CARHAM, 8J miles S.W. from Coldstream. Popula. 1,370.

CARY-COATS, in Throckington parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant W.

CATCHBURN, in Morpeth parish, and popula, included therein.

CATCHERSIDE.in Kirkwhelpington parish, and popula, included therein.

CHARLTON (North), in Ellingham parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant S.W.

CHARLTON (South), in Ellingham parish, and popula, included therein. 3$ miles distant S.W.

CHARLTON (East), in Bellingham parish, and popula, included therein. 1 mile distant W.

CHARLTON (West), in Bellingham parish, and populo, included therein.

CHARTINGTON, in Rothbury parish, and popula, included therein.

CHATHILL, in Ellingham parish, and popula, included therein.

CHATTON, 4 miles E. from VVooler. Popula. 1,460.

CHEESEBURN-GRANGE, in Stamfordham parish, and popula, included therein. ] J mile distant E.

CHEVINGTON (East), in Warkworth parish, and popula, included therein. 4 miles distant S.

CHEVINGTON (West), in Warkworth parish, and popula, included therein. ■ 4J miles distant S.W.

CHILLINGHAM, 4i miles E.frftn Wooler. Popula. 356.

CHIPCIIASE.—See Gunnerton. 1§ mile distant W., and 3J N.W. from Ciiollerton.

CHIRDON, in Gnystead parish, and popula, included therein. \\ miles W.S.W. from Bellingham.

CHIRM, in Longliorsley parish, and popula, included therein.

CHIRTON, in Tynemouth parish, and popula, included therein. 1J mile W. from North Shields.

CHOLLERTON, 5 miles N. from Hexham. Popula. 1,241.

CLAREWOOD, in Corbridge parish, and popula, included thorein.

CLATTERY, in Bambrough parish, and popula, included therein.

CLENNELL, in Alienten parish, and popula, included therein. 1 mile distant N.

CLIFTON and COLDWELL, in Stannigton parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant N.

CLINCH.—See Fawdon.

CLOWHOUSE See Houghton.

COANWOOD (East), in Holtwhistle parish, and popula., included therein. -4 miles distant S.

COCKLAW, in St. John Lee parish, and popula, included therein.

COLDCOATES, in Ponteland parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant N.N.W.

C0LDSN0UTH and THOMPSON'SWALLS, in Kirknewton parish, and popula, included therein.

COLDWELL, in Kirkwhelpington parish, and popula, included therein.

COLDWELL.—See Clifton.

COLWELL and SW1NBURN, hiChollerton parish, and popula, included therein. 1Д mile distant N.

COMB-HILL.—See Healy. 3J miles N.W. from Netherwitton.

CORBRIDGE, 27B miles N.N.W. from London. Popula. 2,037.

CORRIDGE, in Hartburn parish, and popula, included therein. 2J miles distant S.E.

CORSENSIDE, Ц miles N.E. from Bellingham. Popula. 487.

COUPLAND, in Kirknewton parish, and popula, included therein. 1$ mile distant N.

COWPEN, in Horton parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant N.E.

COXLODGE, in Gosforth parish, and popula, included therein.

Cramlingtonc in St. Andrew's parish (Newcastle-upon-Tyne), and popula, included therein.

CHASTER, in Embleton parish, and popula, included therein. 2} miles distant S.E.

CRAWLEY, in Eglingham parish, and popula, included therein. 3¿ miles distant S.W.

CRESSWELL, in Woodhorn parish, and popula, included therein. 3J miles distant N. T

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