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. FIFIÉLD, 4 miles N.W. from Burford. HAILEY, in Witney parish, and popul. Popula. 136. .
- included therein. 2 miles distant N. · FILKINS, in Broadwell parish, and po- HAMPTON-GAY, 3 miles E.S.E. from
pula. included therein. 1 mile dis- Woodstock. Popula. 86. tant W.
HAMPTON-POYLE, 34 miles E.S.E. FINMERE, miles N.E. from Bicester. from Woodstock. Popula. 153. Popula. 395.
HANDBOROUGH, 3 miles S.W. from FINSTOCK, in Charlbury parish, and po
Woodstock. Popula. 885. pula.. included therein. 14 mile distant S.
HANWELL, 2 miles N. from Banbury. FOREST-HILL, 4 miles E. from Oxford. |
HARDWICKE. 44 miles X. from Bi. FRINGFORD, 4 miles N.E. from Bi
cester. Popula. 98. cester. Popula. 289.
HARDWICKE, in Ducklington parish, FRITWELL, 4 miles S.E. from Ded
and popula. included therein. 14 male dington. Popula. 476.
distant S.E. . FULBROOK. 1 mile N. from Burford.) HARPSDEN with BOLNEY, 14 mile Popula. 351.
S. from Henley. Popula. 223. · FULWELL, in Spelsbury parish, and po- | HASELEY (Great), 5 miles S.W. fron pula. included therein.
Thame. Popula. 628. FULWELL, in Mixbury parish, and po- HASELEY (Little), in the foregoing pa
pula. included therein. 14 mile dis rish, and popula. included therein. 1 tant E.N.E.
• mile distant S. GAGINGWELL, in Church-Enstone pa-HAYTHROP with DUNTHROP, S miles
rish, and popula. included therein. 11 E. from Chipping-Norton Popula. 136. mile distant E.
HEADINGTON, 2 miles N.E. from Os· GARSINGTON, 44 miles S.E. from Ox ford. Popula. 1,087. ford. Popula. 595.
HEMPTON, in Deddington parish, kol GLYMPTON, 34 miles N. from Wood popula. included therein. 15 mile disstock. Popula. 141.
tant W. · GODDINGTON, 44 miles N.E. from HENLEY-UPON-THAMES, 35 miles W. Bicester. Popula. 110.
from London. Popula. 3,509. Market, GOLDER, in Pirton parish, aad popula.
Wed., Fri., and Sat.; fairs, March 7, included therein. 2 miles distant N.W.
horses; Holy-Thurs., sheep; Thurs.
after Trinity-Sun., borses, &c. ; Thurs. GORING, 64 miles S. from Wallingford./ se’nnight before Oct. 10, cheese.
Popula. 867. Here there was an Augustine Nunnery, founded in the time
HENSINGDON, in Bladon parish, and of Hen. II. ; yearly value 601. 55. 6d.,
popula. included therein. now worth 1,2051. 10s.; granted, 30 HENTON, in Chinnor parish, and poHen. VIII., to Charles Duke of Suffolk, pula. included therein. i mile tis
and afterwards to Sir Thomas Pope. tant N.E. GOSFORD, in Kidlington parish, and po- HETHE, 4 miles N. from Bicester. Po
pula. included therein. mile distant | pula. 350. S.E. Here there was a House of Hos
HEYFORD (Lower), 6 miles W.N.W. pitalers, founded in the year 1180, by Robert D'Oily; granted, 54 Henry
from Bicester. Popula. 495. VIII., to Antony Stringer and John HEYFORD (Warren or Upper), 6 miles Williams.
N.W. from Bicester. Popula. 257. GREENFIELD, in Watlington parish, HOLCOMB, in Newington parish, and and popula. included therein.
popula. included therein. mile disGROVE-ASH, in Sandford parish, and
tant N. popula. included therein. 3 miles dis- | HOLTON, 5 miles E. from Oxford. Po. tant N.N.W.
HOLWELL, in Broadwell parish, and LEDWELL, in Sandford parish, and po
popula. included therein. 2 miles S. pula. included therein. 1 mile disfrom Burford.
tant N. HOOK-NORTON, 44 miles N.N.E. from LEIGH (North), S miles N.E. from Wit
Chipping-Norton. Popula. 1,351. Fairs, | ney. Popula. 592. second Tuesday after May 12, Nov. 28, | LEIGH (South), 3 miles E.S.E. from horses and cows.
Witney. Popula. 316. HORLEY, 3 milės N.W, from Banbury. LEW, in Witney parish; and popula. in. Popula. 846.
cluded therein. 3 miles distant S.S.W. HORNTON, in Horley parish, and po- LEWKNOR, 2 miles N.E. from Watling
pula. included therein. 14 mile distant ton. Popula. 691. N.W.
LIDSTONE, in Church-Enstone parish, HORSEPATH, 34 miles S.E. from Oxford. and popula, included therein. 14 mile Popula. 204.
distant w. HORTON.-See Studlev. + mile distant | LILLINGSTONE-LEVELL, 14 miles N.W.
N.E. from Bicester, locally situate in
Bucks. Popula. 160. IDBURY, 5 miles N. from Burford. Po
LITTLEMOUR, partly in Ifey parish, pula. 193.
and partly in that of St. Mary-tbe VirIFLEY, 2 miles S, from Oxford. Popula. gin (Oxford). í mile S.E.' from the 881.
former. Here there was a Benedictine IPSDEN, 24 miles S. from Wallingford. Nunnery, founded in the reign of Henry Popula. 583.
II.; yearly value 331. 6s. 8d., now
worth 6661, 13s. 4d. ; granted, 38 Hen. ISLIP, 5 miles S.E. from Woodstock. VIII., 'to William Owen and John Popula. 655.
Bridges. KELMSCOTT, 41 miles S.W. from Bamp-LYNEHAM, in Shipton-under-Whichton. Popula. 118.
wood parish, and popula. included KENCOTT, 4 miles N.W. from Bampton. therein. 14 mile distant N. Popula. 174.
| MAPLE-DURHAM, 64 miles S.W. from KIDDINGTON (Nether), 4 miles N.W.
Henley. Popula. 508. from Woodstock. Popula. 252.
MARSTON, 14 mile N.N.E. from Oxford. KIDDINGTON (Over), in the above
Popula. 340. parish, and popula. included therein. $ mile distant S.W.
MERTON, 34 miles S. from Bicester.
Popula. 163. KIDLINGTON, 34 miles S.E. from Wood
MIDDLETON-STONEY, 3 miles W. stock. Popula. 1,153. KINGHAM, 34 miles S.W. from Chip
from Bicester. Popula. 340. ping-Norton. Popula. 464.
MILCOMB, in Bloxham parish, and po
pula. included therein. 14 mile disKINGSTON-BLOUNT, in Aston-Rowant
tant S.W. parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant E.
MILTON (Great), 74 miles S.E. from KINGS. END, in Bicester parish, and po
Oxford. Popula. 701. pula. included therein. * mile distant. MILTON (Little), 7 miles S.E. from KIRTLINGTON, 34 miles N.E. from
Oxford. Popula. 442. Woodstock. Popula. 697.
MILTON, in East Adderbury parish, and LANGFORD, 5 miles N.W. from Far popula. included therein. ' 14 miles ringdon. Popula. 638.
distant S.W. LANGLEY, in Shipton-under-Whichwood MILTON, in Shipton-under-Whichwood
parish, and popula. included therein. parish, and popula. included therein. LAUNTON, 14 miles S.E. from Bices
11 mile, distant W. ter. Popula. 553.
MINSTER-LOVELL, 54 miles E. from LEAFIELD, in Shipton-under-Whichwood
Burford. Popula. 326. parish, and popula. included therein. 34 | MIXBURY, 7 miles N.N.E. froin Bicesmiles N.W. from Witney.
ter, Popula. 336.
· MOLLINGTON, in Cropredy parish, and one mile and a quarter from East to
popula. included therein. 14 mile West, and nearly the same from North distant N.E.
to South ; is surrounded on the East, · MONGEWELL, 1 mile S. from Walling
West and South, by the two very ford. Popula. 142.
pretty rivers, the Isis and the Charrell ;
and is an ancient-looking, beautiful MURCOT.-See Fencott. mile distant
town, the buildings solid, nearly all of S.E.
stone, and the inain streets spacious NEITHROP, in Banbury parish, and and well paved and lighted. Fabulous
popula. included therein. .mile dis bistory makes Oxford a town 1000 tant N.W.
years before the Christian era, ascribNETTLEBED, 44 miles N.W. from Hen
ing the founding of it to Memprick, a ley. Popula. 545. Fairs, Monday
British king, who named it after him. after St. Luke; Oct. 18; Tuesday
self. It is said to have been afterwards se'nnight after Whitsuntide, small fairs,
called Rbid-Ychen, a name meaning in chiefly toys, &c.
the British dialect, the same as Oies
ford, which was the name afterwards NEWINGTON, 5 miles W. from Wat
given it and by which we find it delington. Popula. 445.
scribed in the Doomsday Surrey. It NEWINGTON (South), 34 miles N.W. does not appear to have been a place of from Deddington. Popula. 428.
very great consequence till the time NEWINGTON (North), in Broughton
of Alfred, who built three balls, or parish, and popula. included therein.
colleges, there in 386. He then 251 mile distant N.
sembled some learned men together,
· among whom was Grymbald, and Joka NEWNHAM-MURREN, 1 mile S. from
the Monk, and settled them at Oxford Wallingford. Popula. 260.
to superintend the colleges ; but there NEWTON-PURCELL,54 miles N.E. from was, before this, a college at Oxford; Bicester. Popula. 143.
for, upon Grymbald and his associates NOKE, 44 miles N.E. from Oxford. Po
introducing new statutes and regula
tions for the conducting of the des pula. 168.
colleges, we read that great resistans NORTH-MOOR, 54 miles S. E. from Wit was offered to them by the old scholars, ney. Popula. 336.
and the strife between the parties west NORTH-STOKE, 24 miles S. from Wal to such a height, that the king himself lingford. Popula. 203.
went to Oxford to act as umpire. NORTON-BRIZE, 4 miles S.W. from
Having settled, as he thought, the disWitney. Popula. 528. Here there
pute, he left it, but the old students was an Augustine Priory, founded in
continued their opposition to Grymbald the reign of Henry II., by William
till he retired to Winchester in despair. Fitz Alan; yearly value 501. now
The halls built by Alfred were called worth 10001. ; granted to the Brazen.
the Great, Little, and Less Halls, and
the three now form nose College, Oxford.
what is called
University College, the most ancient of NORTON-OVER, in Chipping-Norton all now standing. In the reign
parish, and popula. included therein. Ethelred, the city and college mere i mile distant N.
sacked, and partly consumed by fire, by NORTON-HOOK.-See Hook-Norton. the Danes, and they were scarcely re
paired before Haroid, in 1036, being NUFFIELD, 34 miles S.E. from Walling
incensed against the students, banished ford. Popula. 198.
them. They were recalled, borever, br NUNEHAM-COURTNEY, 44 miles
Edward the Confessor. William I., wish S.S.E. from Oxford. Popula. 312.
ing to abolish the English tongue, Wes opODDINGTON, 4+ miles S.S.W. from
posed by the clergy and the students,
and for this he stopped the stipends Oxford. Popula. 166.
granted them by King Alfred; and, OXFORD is seated in a vale of beautiful shortly after this, they and the citizens
and luxuriant water meadows, with a joining in a rebellion against William, range of hills at a little distance from
he besieged the city, took it and are it, forming a sweep nearly all round
it up to plunder. It is supposed that it. It is 544 miles W.N.W. from Lon
he then surrounded it with a wall, and don; is, including its suburbs, about
the North-gate and some other frag.
ments of his fortification still remain. I In the reign of King John, the magistrates of Oxfordshire having, without trial, hanged three priests, or scholars, for a murder of which they were supposed innocent, the students all deserted the place, and dividing, went to Reading, Salisbury, Maidstone, and Cambridge; by which means the place became so impoverished that it sent
deputies to the pope's legate at West• minster to beg pardon on their knees, and they submitted to do penance. The students therefore returned to Oxford. It appears to have been allowed the rank of University in the year 1256. In 1349 a dreadful plague ravaged it. In the reign of Edward III., several parliaments were held there. Henry V. was partly educated at Oxford, and is said to have intended to add to its foundations. At the be. ginning of Henry VIII.'s reign, he confirmed the charters of the University and shortly after paid it a visit. But, by assuming to himself the title of head of the church, and by the unequi. vocal signs of his intentions towards the church property which he soon after displayed, he drove away more students than the plague had ever done. He confiscated and granted to laymen, the chief religious houses in Oxford. The colleges, however, were suffered to remain as they were, and great pains was taken to encourage the students to return, Cardinal Wolsey erected a new college ; and Henry made the Abbey of Osceney, near Oxford, a cathedral, and the county a diocese; but when Wolsey bad completed his college of Christ's Church, the cathe. dral church was translated to the town of Oxford, until which it was not properly a city. In Edward VI.'s reign, a commission was appointed to examine the state of the colleges, and they either directed or allowed a pillaging of their libraries, in which many valuable books were burned, and the colleges became again deserted. On the accession of Mary, many of the students returned, but the death of Mary again dispersed them, and from the year 1560, for several years scarcely any use was made of the colleges, and there were but two University preachers, who both retired and left the pul. pit vacant. In 1566, Queen Elizabeth visited Oxford, and the magnificence with which she was treated by the university, shows that it was then re
viring. In the thirteenth year of her reign, an act was passed to incorporate it. James I. resided some time at Os. ford on account of the plague which was in London ; but the disorder reaching Oxford itself, he was obliged to quit it, with its citizens and students. In the reign of Charles I., the plague being still in London, the king held a parliament at Oxford ; and to this place he fled when assailed by the parliament which ultimately dethroned him. The colleges suffered a good deal from the ransacking of the parliament forces, and Cromwell became Chancellor of the University. On the Restoration, the University was placed on its foriner basis. - In 1681, Charles II. held a parliament in Oxford. The statutes under which the University acts as a corporate body, received the approbation of Charles I. The officers by whom it is immediately governed, are, a chancellor, high-steward, vicechancellor, and two proctors. The chancellor is usually a nobleman of high rank, the high-steward is chosen by him, and is also a man of high rank, and, like the chancellor, retains his office for life. The university consists of twenty colleges and five halls; namely, All-SOULS COLLEGE, founded in 1437, by Henry Chichele, Archbisbop of Canterbury. BallioL COLLEGE, founded by John Balliol, of Barnard-Castle, Durham, in the reign of Henry III. BRAZEN-NOSE COLLEGE, founded in 1509, by William Smyth, Bishop of Lincoln. Corpus-Christi COLLEGE, found. ed by Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester. CHRIST'S - CHURCH COLLEGE, founded by Cardinal Wolsey. EXETER COLLEGE, founded in 1315, by Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter. HERTFORD COLLEGE, founded by Bi. shop Stapledon. JESUS COLLEGE, found. ed by Queen Elizabeth. LINCOLN Col. LIGE, founded by Richard Flemmynge, Bishop of Lincoln. MAGDALEN COL. LEGE, founded by William of Wainfleet. MERTON COLLEGE, founded in the reign of Henry III., by Walter de Merton, Bishop of Rochester. NEW COLLEGE, founded in 1979, by William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester. ORIEL COLLEGE, founded in 1315, by Adam de Brom, rector of Hanworth, Middlesex. PEX BROKE COLLEGE, founded early in the seventeenth century, out of the contributions of two wealthy, zealous men, Thomas Tesdale and Richard Wightwick. Queen's COLLEGE, founded by Robert Eglefield, confessor to the
Queen of Edward III., in 1340. ST. assistants, two bailiffs, a town cleri, Joun's COLLEGE, founded in the two chamberlains, and twenty-ke fifteenth century, by Sir Thomas White, common-councilmen. It sends you a London merchant. TRINITY COL members to parliament; two for the an. LEGE, founded in 1954, by Sir Thomas who are elected by about 1,600 voters, Pope. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, founded being the mayor, magistrates, comme in 1249, by William of Durham. WOR council, and freemen; and two for the CESTER COLLEGE, founded in the time university, who are elected by the Doc. of Elizabeth, by Sir Thomas White, but tors and actual masters of arts, general y endowed principally by Sir Thomas about 1,200. It contains the following Cookes, of Worcestershire. WADILAM parishes : St. Aldate, All-Saints, N. College, founded by Nicholas Wad. Ebbe, St. Giles, Holywell, St. Marr ham, of Someretshire. The Halls are the-Virgin, St. Mary Magdalen, si five in number; namely, Sr. ALBAN'S Martin, St. Michael, St. Peter.de Hall, deriving its name from Sancto Bailey, St. Peter-in-the-East, and Albans, a citizen of Oxford in the time Thomas. The popula. is 16,364. Te of King John. EDMUND HALT, SO markets are on Wednesday and Satur. termed from St. Edmund, Archbishop day, and the fairs on May 3; Monday of Canterbury. St. Mary's Hall, after St. Giles ; Sept. 1, and Thurstas given by the burgesses of Oxtord in the before New Michaelmas, toys and sens! reign of Henry III., to the rectors of ware. St. Mary's church, for a house of resi- | PESUELL. 5 miles N.A.W. from Henler. dence. St. MARY MAGDALEN Hall,
Popula. 155. close to Magdalen College, built in 1480, by William Waynfleet, as a
PIDDINGTON, 5 miles S.E, from Bi. grammar school. New-Inn Hall,
cester, Popula. 359. were premises bestowed by William of PIRTON, 1 mile N. from Watlingtea. Wykeham, on the warders of New Cols Popula. 622. lege, and they acquired the name of POSTCOMBE, in Lewknor parish, and pe New Hall. The old monastic institue m ula. included therein. 1 $ mile din tions of Oxford were, St. Frideswides,
tant N. a Nunnery founded in 730, by King Didamus, for his own daughter. This
PRESCOTT. in Cropredy parish, and po Nunnery was suppressed by a Bull of
pula. included therein. 1 mile disl'ope Clement VII., and the site and
tant E. lands granted to Cardinal Wolsey, | RADFORD, in Church-Enstone parid whereon he founded his college of and popula. included therein. 11 ail: Christ-church. A Convent of Blach! distant E.S.E. FRLIRs was established in the parish of RAFFORD. in Chalgrore parish, 10: St. Ebb, in the rear 1261, under the
popula. included therein. 14 mile dis protection of Henry III., and an estah
tant N. lishment of GREY FRIAR'S was brought to the same place about the same time. RAMSDON, in Shipton-under-Which Both of these were dissolved by Henry wood parish, and popula. included VIII., and their possessions were therein. 3 miles N. from Witney. granted to Richard Andrews and John ROLLRIGHT (Great), 24 miles X. free How. A CARMELITE FRUARY was
Chipping. Norton. Popula. 419. established about the year 1310, by King Edward 11.; but was dissolved ROLLRIGHT (Little), 2 miles Now, fros and its lands granted to Edward Sour), | Chipping-Norton. Popula. 28. by King Henry VIII. There were also ! ROTHERFIELD-GRAYS, 2 miles . a society of Crouched Friars, Friars de
from Henley. Popula. 717. Succo, and Trinitarian Friars for the redemption of captives; but these were
ROTHERFIELD-PEPPARD, miles either altogether suppressed, or were
S.W. from Henley. Popula. 401. annexed to other religious houses, be.
ROUSUJAM, 4 miles N.E. from Woodfore the Reformation. - Oxford has no
stock. Popula. 160. manufactures, and its trade is principally owing to the great nuinber of scholais SALFORD, 14 mile N.W.Irom Laippaus
SALFORD, 14 mile N.W. from Chippie constantly resident in the colleges, Norton. Popula. 293. The city is governed by a mayor, high- | SANDFORD. 4 miles S.W. from Deli steward, recorder, four aldermen, eight dington. Popula. 189. Here there