Page images
PDF

population, according to a return made to parliament in 18'J1, was 136,971; the number ot' inhabited houses in 18'J1 was £5,594; the number of uninhabited houses at the same epoch, 513; the poor-rates bear the proportion of one-fourth of the rental; the number of paupers, compared with the number of houses, is 1 to every *i; the poorrates, in 1776, were 28,1.'ill.; the number of persons to everv square mile ot this county is IH'2; the number of acres to a person, 3; the number ot* acres to a bouse, 19; the male population, in 1821, was 68,817; the families employed in agriculture were 13,965 in number; the families employed in handicraft were 8,971 in number; the number of other families was 3,905; the agricultural mute population, 38,09-4; able labourers, 19,017; the number of acres in this county to every able-bodied labourer is 3.i. This county is, in its southern district, that is, from Henley to Witney, a pleasant country of hill »nd dale; of rhalky soil, growing fine crops of corn, having good pastures (particularly on the banks of the Thames), and growing excellent beech timber. Jn the upper, or northern, parts of the county, beginning at \\ hitney, Woodstock, and Bicester, the land is a chalky loam, the hills high .and bleak, with few pastures, I and with no timber to any account but beech. This is an open country, or, at least, enclosed only bv stone walls; a disagreeable one to the eye, but exceedingly productive of corn. There is but little waste land in this county, that of Otmoor, near Islip, and some appertaining to Whichwood Forest, are the two most extensive tracts. The Herefordshire oxen, and the Leicestershire cows, are the two sorts of horned cuttle most preferred in Oxfordshire, and, as it has no peculiar breed of sheep, on the high-lands the cots wold sheep are mostly fed, and in the lower lands, the Southdown. The manufactures of this county are very limited, both in extent and importance. Whitney has long hud a manufacture of blankets, which it formerly carried on to a much larger extent than it does at present. Woodstock has those of polished steel, and leather breeches and gloves: Bloxham and Banbury have a little manufacturing of velvet; Thame, a little of silk; but Henley carries on a considerable business in malting, and supplies Loudon with a great quantity of malt. There are no iniues in the county.

ADDERBURY (East), 3 mite* S. from Banbury. Popula. 2,277.

ADDERBURY (West), in East-Adderbury parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant S.W

ADWELL, 3 miles N. from Watliogton. Popula. H.

ALBURY, 8 miles S.E. from Oxford. Popula. till.

ALKERTON, H miles N.W. from Banbury. Popula. 158.

ALYESCOTT, 'i£ miles N.W. from Bampton. Popula. 357.

AMBROSDEN, 2§ miles S.E. from Bi

cester. Popula. 84,3.

ARDLEY, :H miles N.W. from Bicester. Popula. 191.

ARXCOTT, in Ambrosden parish, and popula. included therein. 1$ mile distant S.

ASCOTT, 5 miles S. from Chipping1-Norton. Popula. 409.

ASCOTT, in Great-Wilton parish, and popula. included therein. 3 miles distant S.W.

ASHAMSTEAD, in Lewknor parish, and popula. included therein.

ASSENDON, in Pirton parish, aid popula. included therein.

ASTHALL and ASTHALL-LEIGH, *J

miles E. from Burford. Popul?."*co.

ASTHALL-LEIGH. —See Astl all. 15 mile distant N.E.

ASTON (North), i

dington. Popul ASTON-ROWANT, 3$ miles N.E. fro»

Watlington. Popula. 870.

ASTON-STEEPLE, 3J miles S. from Deddington. Popula. 515.

ASTON and COTE, in the parish of Hampton, and popula. included therein. \{ mile distant W.

ASTON (Middle), in Steeple-Aston pa rish, and popula. included \ mile distant N.

ATTINGTON (Extra Par.) from Thame. Popula. 8.

SAINTON, in Stoke-Lyne popula. included therein. tarn S.E.

BALDON-EOOT, 4* miles S.E. from Oxford. Popula. 258.

[ocr errors]

therein. o miles S.W.

parish, and 1 mile dia

BALDON-MARSH, 5} miles S.S.E. from Oxford. Popula. 312.

BALSCOTT, in Wroxton parish, and popula, included therein. 1} mile distant W.

BAMPTON-WITH-WEALD, 70$ miles W.N. W. from tondon. Popula. 2,304. Market, Wed.; fairs, March 26, Aug. 26, horses and toys.

BAXBURY, 75J miles N.W. from London. Popula. 5,347, Market, Thurs.; fairs, Thurs. after Jan. 18, horses, cows', and sheep; first Thurs. in Lent,' ditto, and fish; second Thurs. before Easter, cattle and sheep; Ascensionday, Thurs., and r'ri. in Trinity-week, Aug-. 13, horses, cows, and sheep; Thurs. after Old-Michaelmas, hogs, cheese, and hiring servants; Oct. 30, second Thurs. before Christmas, cheese, hops, and cattle. A corporate town, having a mavor, high-steward, recorder, six capital burgesses, twelve assistants, a town-clerk, and a sergeant-at-, mace. Sends one member to parliament: right of election in the mayor, aldermen, and capital burgesses only: number of voters, 19. Here there were, a College; yearly income 48/. 6s., now worth 9661. An Hospital for sick persons, founded in the reign of John; vearlv value 15/. 1$. 10d., now worth 301t.'6s. 8d.

BARFORD (St. John), in East-Adderbury parish, and popula. included therein. 2 miles N.E. from Beddington.

BARFORD (Great), 2 miles N.W. from Deddington. Popula. 339.

BARTON-STEEPLE, 4 milee S. from Deddington. Popula. 404.

BARTON-MIDDLE, in the above parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.

BARTON-SESSWELL, in the same parish, and popula. included therein. Nearly adjoining Steeple-Barton.

BARTON-WESTCOTT, 4§ miles S.W. from Deddington. Popula. 253.

BECKLEY, 4£ miles N.E. from Oxford. Popula. 825.

BEGBROKE, 2J miles S.S.E. from Woodstock. Popula. 102.

BEXS1NGTON, 2 miles N. from Wallingford. Popula. 961.

BERRICKrPRlOR, id Newiflgton parish,

and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant S.

BERRICK-SALOME, 3$ miles N. from Wollingford. .Popula. 174.

BICESTER, 55 miles N.W. from London. Popula. 2,544. Market, Fri.; fairs, Fri. in Easter-week; Whit-Mon., first Fri. in June, Aug. 5, Dec. 17, horses, cows, sheep, pigs, wool, toys, &c. j Fri. after Old St. Michael, 'Oct. 10, hiring servants.

BICESTER-MARKET-END, partly in the above, and partly in Caversfield parish.

BIX, 3J miles N.W. from Henley. Popula. 388.

BLACKBOURTON, 1J miles N.W. from Bampton. Popula. 336.

BLACKTHORN, in Ambrosden parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.E.

BLADON, 1§ mile S. from Woodstock. Popula. 510.

BLECHINGDON, 3§ miles E. from Woodstock. Popula. 570.

BLENHEIM-PARK (Extra Par.), 1 mile W. from Woodstock. Popula. 90.

BLOXHAM, 3 miles S.W. from Banbury. Popula. 1,520.

BODICOTT, in East-Adderbury parish, end popula. included therein. 1£ mile distant N.

BOLNEY.—See Harpsden. 1} mile distant S.W.

BOURTON (Great and Little), in Cropredy parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant S.S.W.

BRIGHTHAMPTON, partly in Bampton and partly in Standlake parish, and popula. returned with the two accordingly. 4 miles E. from the former.

BRIGHTWELL-BALDWIN, 2§ miles W. from Watlington. Popula. 286.

BRIGHTWELL-PRIOR, in Newington parish, and popula. included therein.

BRITWELL-SALOME, 1-mile W. from Watlington. Popula. 192.

BROADWELL, 4 miles W. from Bampton. Popula. 594.

BROCKHAMPTON, in Newington p« rish, and popula. included therein. 11 mile distant N.

BROUGHTON, S miles S.W. from Banbury. Popula. 517.

BROUGHTON-POGGS, Ц miles W. from Hampton. Popula. Ц4.

BRUERN (Extra Par.), 5 miles N. from Burford. Here there was a Cisterciim 'Abbey, founded in the year 1147, by Nicholas Basset; veiirly value 124Í. 10s. 10i/., now worin 2.490Í. lGj. 8rf.; granted, 8 James I., to Sir Anthony Coke. Popula. 64.

BUCKNELL, 2| miles N.tt.W. from Bicester. Popula. 235.

BURFORD, 73 miles W.N.W. from London. Popula. 1,686. Market, Sat.; fairs, last Saturday in April, cattle and eheep; July 5, horses, sheep, cows, and small ware; Sept. 25, cheese and toys. Here there was an Hospital; valued at 13/. 6s. 6d., now worth 266Í. 10s.; granted, 35 Henry VIII., to Edward Herman.

[blocks in formation]

CADWELL, in Brightwell-Baldwin parish, and popula, included therein. $ mile distant N.W.

CASSINCTON, 4J miles N.W. from Oxford. Popula. 393.

CAVERSHAM, 6 miles S.W. from Henley. Popula. 1,317. Here there was an Augustine Cell, founded in the year 1162.

CHADLINGTON, in Charlbury parish, and popula, included therein. 2$ miles distant N.W.

CHALFORD, in Aston-Rowant parish, and popula, included therein. 1£ mile distant N.

CHALGROVE, 3§ miles N.W. from Wellington. Popula. 569.

CHARLBURY, 6 miles N. from Witney. Popula. 2,877.

CHARLTON-UPON-OTMORE, 7 miles E.S.E. from Woodstock. Popula. 581. Here there was an Alien Priory, founded in the year 1081, by Hugh Grentemoisnil ; granted to Sir"Thomas White and others.

CHASTLETON, 4 miles W.N.W. from Chipping-Xorton. Popula. 250.

CHKCKENDON, 4} miles S.E. from Wallingford. Popula. 295.

CHESTERTON, Ц mile S.W. from Bicester. Popula. 392.

CHILSON, in Charlbury parish, and po

[blocks in formation]

CHILWORTH, in Great Milton pariah, and popula, included therein. 1) suk distant N.E.

CHIMNEY, in Hampton parish, and papula, included therein. 3 miles distut S.E.

CHINNOR, 5} miles N.E. from Watlinjton. Popula. 1,097.

CHIPPINGHURST.inCuddesden psrisb, and popula, included therein. 1¿ mil« distant S.

CHIPPING-NORTON, miles NX. from London. Popula. 2,640. Market. Wed.; fairs, March 7, May 6, last Friday in May, July 18, Sept. 4, O«. 3, statute; Nov. 8, last Friday in Not„ horses, cows, sheep, lambs, leather, and cheese.

CHISELHAMPTON, 6 miles E.X.E. from Abingdon. Popula. 118.

CHURCHILL, Ц miles S.W. from Chipping-Norton. Popula. 665.

CHURCH- ENSTONE. —&*> Enstooe

Church.

CLANFIELD, 2 miles S.W. from Bamp

ton. Popula. 490.

CLARE, in Pirton parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant N.W.

CLATTERCOTT (Extra Par.), 5Д miles N. from Banbury. Popula. 8. Here there was a Gilbertine Priory, founded in the time of King John; y'eariv rslne 34/. 19s. lid., now worth 699Í. 18«.M.; granted, 2 fclii., to Thomas Lee.

CLAYDON, in Сropredy pariah, and popula, included therein, a miles distant N.

CLEMENTS (St.), 1 mile E. from Oxford. Popula. 770.

CLEVELEY, in Charch-Enstone parish, and popula, included therein. ¿ mil« distant S.E.

CLIFTON, in Deddington parish, and. popula., included therein. 1} mile distant E.

CL1FTON-HAMPDEN, 3 miles E. from Abingdon. Popula. 277.

COGGES, 1 mile E. from Witney. Popula. 463.

COMBE (Long), Ц miles W.S.W. from Woodstock. Popula. 564.

CORNWELL, Ц miles W. from Chipping-Norton. Popula. 97.

COTE.—See Aston. 4 mile distant W.

COTON, in Cropredy parish, and popula, included therein. 2J miles distant S.E.

COTTESFORD, 5 miles N. from Bicester. Popula. 140.

COWLEY, Ц miles S.E. from Oxford. Popula. 472.

CRAWLEY, in Witney parish, and popula, included therein. 1J mile distant N.W.

CROPREDY, 4 miles N. from Banbnry. Popula. 2,395.

CROWMARSH-BATTLE, in Bensington parish, and popula, included therein. 4 mile distant S.

CROWMARSH-GIFFORD, 1} mile E. from Wallingford. Popula. ИЗО. Here there was an Hospital, built before the year 1248; granted to Thomas Gratewick and Anselm Lamb.

CROWELL, 44 miles N.E. from Wellington. Popula. 159.

CUDDESDBN, 54 miles S.E. from Oxford. Popula. 1,328.

CULHAM, 14 mile S.E. from Abingdon. Popula. 359.

CIRBRIDGE, in Witney parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant S.W.

CUXHAM, 14 mile W. from Watlington. Popula. 182.

DEAN, în Spelsbury parish, and popula, included therein. 1 mile distant N.W.

DEDDINGTON, 68J miles N.W. from London. Popula. 1,847. Market, Sat.; fairs, Aug. 21, horses and cows; Sat. after Old St. Michael, Oct. 10, statute fair; Nov. 22, horses, cows and swine.

DENTON, in Cuddesden parish, and popula, included therein. 4 mile distant W.

DITCH LEY, in Spelsbury parish, and popula, included therein. 2 J miles distant E.

DORCHESTER, 5 miles S.E. from Abingdon. Popula. 854. Fair, Easter-Tues., for pleasure. Here there was an Augustine Priory, founded in the year 1140, by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln; yearly value 219/. 12s. 04a., now worth 4,392/.Os. KM.: granted,36 Hen. V 111., to Edmond Ashlield.

[merged small][ocr errors]

Haythrop. 4 mile from Dedding

DUNSTEW, 2 miles S. ton. Popula. 464).

EASINGTON, 24 miles N.W. from Watlington. Popula. 25.

ELSFIELD, 2* miles N.N.E. from Oxford. Popula. 188.

EMM1NGT0N, 3 miles N.E. from Thame. Popula. 77.

ENSHAM, 44 miles E. from Witney. Popula. 1,705. Here there was a Benedictine Abbey, founded in the year 1005, bv Ailmer Earl of Cornwall; vearly value 441/. 16». Id., now worth 8,836/. 1». Ы.; granted, 35 Hen. VIII., to Sir Edward North and William Darcey.

ENSTONE-CHURCH, 4 miles E.S.E. fromChippjng-Norton. Popula. 1,077.

ENSTONE (Neat), in the foregoing parish, and popula, included therein. ¡ mile distant S.

EPWELL, in Swelcliff parish, and popula, included therein. 24 miles distant N.W.

EWELME, 24 miles N.E. from Wallingford. Popula. 573. Here there was an Hospital for the Poor, founded in the year 1437, by William de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk; yearly value 20/., now worth 400/.

EYE and DUNSDEN, in Sonning parish, Berks., and popula, included therein. 24 miles E. from Caversham.

FAWLET, in Charlbury parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant S.E.

FENCOTT and MURCOT, in Charlton parish, and popula, included therein. 1 ¡ mil» distant E.

FEWCOT, in Stoke-Lyne perish, and popula, included therein. If mile distant W.

FIFIELD, in Bensington parish, and popula, included therein.

■ FIFIELD, 4 mile* N.W. from Bnrford. Popula. 136.

FILKINS, in Broadwell parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant W.

FINMERE, 7 miles N.E. from Bicester. Popula. 395.

FINSTOCK, in Charlbury parish, and popula. included therein. 1§ mile distant S.

FOREST-HILL. 4 miles E. from Oxford. Popula. 157.

FR1NGFORD, 4 miles N.E. from Bicester. Popula. 289.

FR1TWELL, 4 miles S.E. from Deddington. Popula. 476.

. FULBROOK, 1 mile N. from Burford. Popula. 351.

FULWELL, in Spelsbury parish, and popula. included therein.

FULWELL, in Mixbury parish, and popula. included therein. IS mile distant E.N.E.

GAG1NGWELL, in Church-Enstone parish, and popula. included therein. 14 mile distant E.

GARSINGTON, 4} miles S.E. from Oxford. Popula. 59.).

GLYMPTON, 3| miles N. from Woodstock. Popula. 141.

GODDINGTON, 4f miles N.E. from Bicester. Popula. 110.

GOLDER, in Pirton parish, aad popula. included therein. 2 miles distant N.W.

GORING, 6$ miles S. from Wallingford. Popula. 867. Hero there was an Augustine Nunnery, founded in the time of Hen. II. ; yearly value 60(. 5». 6d., now worth 1,205(* 10».; granted, 30 Hen. \ 111., to Charles Duke of Suffolk, and afterwards to Sir Thomas Pope.

. GOSFORD, in Kidlington parish, and popula. included therein. £ mile distant S.E. Here there was a House of Hospitalers, founded in the year 1180, by Robert D'Oily; granted, 34 HenrV VIII., to Antony Stringer and John Williams.

GREENFIELD, in Wellington parish, and popula. included therein.

GROVE-ASH, in Sandford parish, and popula. included therein. 3 miles dis'N.N.W.

HA1LEY, in Witney parish, and popula. included therein. 2 miles distant X.

HAMPTON-GAY, 3 miles E.S.E. from Woodstock. Popula. 86.

HAMPTON-POVLE, 3J miles E.S.E. from Woodstock. Popula. 153.

HANDBOROUGH, 3 miles S.W. from Woodstock. Popula. 885.

HANWELL, 2 miles N. from Banbury. Popula. 286.

HARDWICKE, 4§ miles N. from Bicester. Popula. 98.

HARDWICKE, in Ducklington parish, and popula. iucluded therein. If mile distant S.E.

HARPSDEN with BOLNEY, lj mile S. from Henley. Popula. 223.

HASELEY (Great), 5 miles S.W. from Thame. Popula. 628.

HASELEY (Little), in the foregoing parish, and popula. included therein. 1 'mile distant S.

HAYTHROP with DINTHJIOP, 3 milts E. from Chipping-Norton Popula. loo.

HEADINGTON, 2 miles N.E. from Oxford. Popula. 1,087.

HEMPTON, iri Deddington parish, and popula. included therein. H mile riistant VV.

HEXLEY-UPON-THAMES, 35 miles W. from London. Populu. 3,509. Market, Wed., Fri., and Sat.; fairs, March 7, horses; Holy-'f hurs., sheep; Thurs. after Trinity-Sun., horses, &c. ; Thurs. se'nnight before Oct. 10, cheese.

HENSINGDON, in Bladon parish, and popula. included therein.

HENTON, in Chinnor parish, and popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.E.

HETHE, 4 miles N. from Bicester. Popula. 350.

HEYFORD (Lower), 6' miles W.N.W. from Bicester. Popula. 495.

HEYFORD (Warren or Upper), 6 miles N.W. from Bicester. Popula. 257.

HOLCOMB, in Newington parish, tnd popula. included therein. £ mile distant N.

HOLTON, 5 miles E. from Oxford. Popula. 260.

V

« PreviousContinue »