Page images
PDF

eleventh century it began to assume that importance as a commercial port which it has gone on increasing ever since. Its advantages as an emporium for Irish produce were even then felt; and, besides this, it opened a commerce with Norway and all parts of Europe; and it was also a grand mart for slaves. The Empress Maud resided there a short time during her contest with King Stephen; and, in 1141, Stephen was conveyed as a prisoner to Gloucester, and thence to Bristol, where he was sometime kept a close prisoner. In the 'reign of Henry II., it had so greatly increasedin its commerce, particularlywith Ireland, that the burgesses obtained a grant of free toll throughout England, Wales, and Normandy, and full power to inhabit and possess the city of Dublin, whither a colony was sent. In 1216, the Pope's legate, Guelo, held a synod at Bristol, and there excommunicated the adherents of Lewis, the Trench king's son. In 1280, Edward I. held a parliament there, and then, for the first time, a writ was issued to tho mayor and magistrates of Bristol to send two representatives to the parliament. In 1345, William de Colford, recorder, drew up a code of municipal laws, and the corporation adopted a part, and these were confirmed in a charter, granted to the town by Edward III., who, besides this, constituted it a town and county in itself. In the year 1490, the streets of Bristol were newly paved, and Henry VII. and his chancellor kept the royal court at St. Augustine's palace; and, the following year, the same king granted a new charter to the town, and presented his own sword to the mayor, to be borne on state occasions before him. Henry VIII. made Bristol a city and a bishop's see, by his own letters patent; and Queen Elizabeth granted it a new charter and visited it in the twenty-fourth year of her reign. Another charter was granted it by Charles I., in which the castle and precincts, which had hitherto been deemed to be within the county of Gloucester, were now made to belong to the town and county of Bristol. In 1642, Bristol being in the hands of the parliament, the walls wero strengthened and the castle put in repair, and a fort was erected at Brandon, now called the Royal Fort. In the year following, Prince Kupert laid tiege to the city and took it, and the king joined the camp at Bristol. Two years uitcnvurds, the

city again fell into the hands of the parliament, and the royalist party never rallied again. On Cromwell being made Protector, he ordered the castle to be demolished, and streets built on its site, and this was so completely done, that nothing now remains of what was that ex tensive structure but a few arches in Tower-street. In 1634, the king granted Bristol a charter, confirmatory of the foregoing ones; and, in 1702, Queen Anne visited it, in company with the Prince of Denmark, and was entertained by the citizens with great splendour, and, in 1710, on another visit to it, she confirmed and added to the charters. The cathedral of Bristol is a fine building, comprising specimens of Norman and Gothic architecture, and is situated on a part of the city, called College-green. It was originally the collegiate church V> the monast'-ry of St. Augustine, founded by Robert Fitz-Hardinge in 1460, as a priory of Black Canons. Besides the cathedral, there are now in this city 18 churches and chapels, anl 20 chapels of Dissenters. There are also nearly 20 hospitals and schools in it; and it is1 one of the most important towns of commerce in England. It trades with almost every quarter of the world; and has almost a monopoly of the trade between England and Ireland. It has sugar-houses, vitriol and coalworks, brass and iron founderies, distilleries, glass-houses, &c. It is governed by a mavor, recorder, 12 aldermen, 42 common-councilmen, and inferior officers. It sends two members to parliament, the right of election being in the freeholders of forty shillings a year, and in the free burgesses, who are all those who have gained their freedom by servitude, by purchase, or by marrying the daughters of freemen; the number of voters being altogether about 6000. Before the reformation, there were in Bristol the following religious and charitable establishments. A Beuedictine Priory, built by Robert, son of Hen. I., in the north-east of the city; granted, 39 Hen. VIII., tollenry Brayne. Great St. Augustine's, now Holy Trinity and Cathedral, founded in the year 1148, by Robert Fitz Harding; yearly value 767/. 15s. 3d., now worth 15,355/. 5s. St. Mary-Magdalen Nunnery, founded by Eva, wife to Robert Fitzharding, in the reign of Hen. II., yearly value 21/. lis. 3d., now worth 4.11/. 5s.; granted, 31 Hen. VIII., to Henry Brayne and John Marsh. St.

Bartholomew's Hospital, granted, by Hen. VIII., to the executors of Robert Thorn and Sir Thomas West; is now a grammar school. St. Catherine's Hospital, founded, 4 Hen. III., by Robert de Berkele; yearly value '211. 15s, 8<i., now worth 435/. 13s. 4d. Gaunts, or Billeswyke Hospital, built in the year 1229, by Maurice de Gaunt, for one hundred poor people; yearly value 140/., now worth 2,800/.; granted, 33 Hen. VIII., to themavorund citizens; is now an Orphan Hospital. St. John's Hospital, built by John Earl of Moreton, afterwards King of England, for tlie sick; yearly value 51/. 10s. 4d., now worth 1,030/. 6s. 8d.; granted, 36 Hen. VIII., to G. Owen. St. Lawrence's Hospital, founded before Hen. III.; granted, 35 Hen. VIII., to Sir Ralph Sadleyr. Lyons, or Lewin's Medestreet Hospital, founded in the year 1460, by William Spenser. St. Micbael's-hiU Almshouse^ founded in the year 1504, by John Foster, for one priest, eight poor men, and five poor women, is yet in being. Radcliff-hill Almshouse, built in the year 1442, by William Cannings, is still in being, though having no endowment. Temple* street Hospitals. Under Tucker's Hall is one founded by the Tucker's company;' under the Weaver's Hall is another founded at a very early period. TempleGate Hospital, built by Roger Magdalen, of Nonney. Trinity Hospital, founded, 4 Hen. V., by John Barstable, merchant of the town; granted, 20 Lliz., to the mayor and corporation; is still in being. An Augustine Friary, built in the reign of Edw. II., by Sir Simon and Sir William Montacute; granted, 31 Hen. VIII., to Maurice Dennis. The Black Friary, founded by Sir Maurice Gaunt; granted, 31 Hen. VIII., to William Chester. The Grey Friars' House, founded in the year 1234; granted, S3 Hen. VIII., to the mayor and citizens. Tho population of the city is 52,889; but the whole population of all the parishes, parts of which extend beyond its limits, amounts to 68.318.' The parishes are 18 in number; viz., All-Saints, St. Augustin, Christ-Church, St. Edwin, St. James, St. John-the-Baptist, St. Leonard, St. Marv-le-Port, St. Mary-Redcliff, St. Michael, St. Nicholas, St. Paul, St. Peter, St. Philip-and-Jacob, St. Stephen, Temple, St. Thomas, and St. Werburgh. 'The markets are on Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday; and the

fairs are on March 1 and Sept. 1, fot

most sorts of goods, and lasting ten

days each. A market for cattle every

Thursday. BROADFIELD.—See Wrington. 1J mile

distant N. BROADWAY, 2 miles W.N.W. from II

minster. Popula. 396. Fair, Sept. 14,

cattle and pedlary. BROCKLEY, 7J miles N. by E. from

Axbridge. Popula. 173. BROMPTON-RALPH, 3 miles N. from

Wiveliscombe. Popula. 449.

BROMPTONREGIS. 3 miles N.E. from Dulverton. Popula. 771. Fairs, Wed. before Holv-Thurs., Thurs. se'nnight after Oct. 10.

BROOK or GASPER, in Stourton parish,

Wilts, and popula. included therein. 1

mile distant W. BROOMFIELD, 5§ miles S.W. from

Bridgewater. Popula. 489. Fair, Nov.

13, cattle, hats, and pewter goods.

BRUSHFORD, 1 j mile S. from Dulverton. Popula. 311.

BRUTON, 110 miles W. by S. from London. Popula. 1,859. Market, Sat.; fairs, April 23, Sept. 19, cattle. Here was an Augustine Priory, founded in the year 1005, by Algar Earl of Cornwall; yearly value 480/. 17s. 2d., now worth 9,617/. 3s. 4d.; granted, 37 Hen. VIII., to Maurice Berkely.

BUCKLAND-DENHAM, 2 miles N.W. from Frdme. Popula. 440.

BUCKLAND (St. Mary), 5 miles W. from Ilminster. Popula. 565. Fairs, Sept. 21 and 22, horses tho first dny, and bullocks the second.

BUCKLAND (West), 2 miles E. from Wellington. Fopula. 750. Fair, Oct. '10, cattle and cheese.

BURNHAM, 7 miles S.W. from Axbridge.

Popula. 920. Fair, Trinity-Monday,

cattle, horses, and sheep. BURNETT, 3 miles N.E. from Pensford.

Popula. 75. BURR1NGTON, 3§ miles N.N.E. from

Axbridge. Popula. 559. BUTCOMBE, 6 miles W.S.W. from Pensford. Popula. 213. BUTLEIGH, 3J miles N.E. from Somer

ton. Popula. 809. CADBURY (North), 3 miles S. from

Castle-Carey. Pppula. 1,003.

CADBTJRY (Soufli), 5 miles S. from Castle-Carey. Popula. 257.

CAMEL (West), 3| miles N.E. from Ilchester. Popula. 304.

CAMERTON, 6 miles S.W. from Bath. Popula. 1,004.

CANNINGTON, 3§ miles E.from NethcrStowey. Popula1. 1,228. Here there Wits a Benedictine Nunnery, founded in the reign of King Stephen, by Robert de Courcev; yearly value 39(. 15s. 8d., now worth 795J. 13s. 4d.; granted, 30 Hen. VIII., to Edward Rogers.

CAPLANI), partly in Beer-Crocombe and partly in Broadway parish. Popula. returned with the latter.

eARHAMPTON, 1 mile E. from Dunster. Popula. 587.

CASTLE-CAREY, 116 miles W. from London. Popula. 1,627. Market, Tues.; fairs, first Tucs. before Palm-Sun., May 1, Whit-Tues., bullocks and sheep.

CATCOTT, in Moorlinch parish, and popula. included therein. 1} mile distant N.

CATHERINE (St.), 3§ miles N.N.E. from Bath. Popula, 127.

CHAFFCOMBE, 2J miles 8. from Ilminster. Popula. 225.

CHARD, 139J miles W.S.VV. from London. Popula. 3,106. Market, Monday; fairs, first Wednesday in May, Aug. and Nov., for cattle and all sorts of pedlary.

CHARLCOMBE, 2§ miles N. from Bath. Popula. 124.

CHARLINCII, 3 miles E. from NetherStowey. Popula. 251.

CHARLTON-ADAM, 3$ miles N.N.E. from Ilchester. Populu. 377.

CHARLTON-HORETHORNE, 4§ miles S.W. from Wiucanton. Popula. 489.

CHARLTON-MACKREL, 1§ mile E. from Somerton. Populu. 309.

CHARLTON, in Kilmersdon parish, and popula. included therein. 4 miles distant E.

CHARLTON-MUSGRAYE, 1 mile N. from Wincanton. Popula. 366.

CHARTERHOUSE, 4 miles N.E. from Axbridge. Popula. 115. Here there was a Cell, granted, 36 Hen. VIII., to Robert May.

CHARTKRHOtSE-HINTON, 4 miles S. from Bath. Popula. 6*0.

CHEDDER 2| miles S.E. from Axbrio>. Popula. 1,797. Fairs, May 4, Oct. 29, oattle, sheep, and horses.

CHEDDON-FITZPA1NE, 2 milesN.from Taunton Popula. 272.

CHEDZOY, 2 miles E. from Bridgewater. Popula. 472.

CHELVEY, 8$ miles S.W. from Bristol. Popula. 62.

CHELWOOD, 2 miles S.S.E. from Pensford. Popula. 222.

CHERITON (North), 3 miles S.W. from Wiucanton. Popula. 216.

CHESTERBLADE, in Evercrecch parish, and popula. included therein. 2 miles distant N.E.

CHEW-STOKE, 4 miles W.S.W. from Pensford. Popula. 681.

CHEWTON-MENDHIP, 6 miles N.N.E. from Weirs. Popula. 1,327.

CHEW-MAG NA, 2f miles W. from Pensford. Popula. 1,884.

CHILCOMPTON, 6 miles N.N.E. from Shepton-Mallet. Popula. 474.

CHILLINGTON, 2J miles S.E. from IIminster. Popula. 270.

CHILTHORNE-DOMER, 2 miles S. from Ilchester. Popula. 23-1.

CHILTON-CANTILO, 3 miles N. from Yeovil. Popula. 140.

CHILTON-TRINITY, 1| mile N. from Bridgewater. Popula. 49.

CHILTON-UPON-POLDON, in Moorlinch parish, and popula. included therein. 2J miles distant N.W.

CHIN NOCK (East), 4 miles N.E. from Crewkerne. Popula. 581.

CHINNOCK (Middle), 3 miles N.E. from Crewkerne. Popula. 173.

CHINNOCK (West), 2§ miles N.E. from Crewkerne. Popula. 477.

CHIPSTABLE, 2$ miles S.W. from Wire

liscombe. Popula. 337.

C1IISLEBOROUGH, 4 miles N.E. from Crewkerne. Popula. 4;H. Fair, Or'. 31, oattle of all sorts, cheese, hops and pigs.

CHRISTON, 3$ miles N.W. from Aibridge. Popula. 55.

CHU IICHILL, 3 miles N. from Aibridp. Popula. 824.

CLAPTON, 7 miles W. from Bristol. Popula. 157.

CLAPTON, ¡n North-Cadbury parish, and popula, included therein. "J miles distant E.

CLAPTON, in Midsummer-Norton parish, and popula, included therein. 1J mile distant S.

CLAPTON-FORUMS.—See Cucklington. 2$ miles \V. from Wincanton.

CXATWORTHY, Ц miles N.W. from Wiveliscombo. Popula. ÜßO.

CLA VERTON, 1 mile E.S.E. from Bath. Popula. 137.

CLEVEDON, 12 miles W. by S. from Bristol. Popula. 581.

CLOSWORTH, 4 miles S. from Yeovil. , Popula. 187.

CLOFORD, 4 miles S.W. from Frome. Popula. 312.

CLUTTON, 3 miles S. from Pensford. Popula. 1,206.

COKER (East), 2J miles S.S.W. from Yeovil. Popula. 1,103.

COKER (West), 2 miles S.W. from Yeovil. Popula. 928.

COKER (North), in East-Coker parish, and popula, included therein.

COLE, in Pitcomb parish, and popula, included therein. J mile distant N.W.

COLEFORD, in Kilmersdon parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles distant S.

COMBE (St. Nicholas), 4 miles S.W. from Ilminster. Popula. 1,046. Fairs, June 18, Wednesday before Dec. 11, bullocks, horses, and sheep.

COMBE-FLOREY, 4 miles N.N.E. from Milverton. Popula. 306.

COMB-HAY, Ц miles S.S.W. from Bath.

Popula. 237. COMPTON-BISHOP, 1 mile W. from

Axbridge. Popula. 513.

COMPTON-DANDO, 2 miles E. from Pensford. Popula. 344.

COMPTON-DUNDON, 3 miles N. from Somerton. Popula. 544.

COMPTON-MARTIN, 7 miles N. from Axbridge. Popula. 534.

COMPTON-PAUNCEFOOT, 3 mues S.

from Castle-Carey. Popula. 228. CONGRESBURY, 5 miles N. from Axbridge. Popula. 1,202. Fair, Sept, 14, ■ cattle and horses.

COOMB'S - ASH, in Bishop's-Lydeard parish, and popula, included therein.

CORFE, 5{ miles E. from Wellington. Popula. 232.

CORSTON, 3 miles W. from Batb. Popula. 368.'

CORTON-DENHAM, 6 miles N.E. from Yeovil. Popula. 469.

COSSTNGTON, 4 miles N.E. from Bridge* water. Popula. 268.

COTHELSTON, 5 miles N.W. from Taunton. Popula. 108.

CRANMORE (East), 4| miles E. from Shepton-Mallet. Popula. 68.

CRANMORE (West), 4 miles E. from Shepton-Mallet. Popula. 270.

CREECH (St. Michael), 3 miles N.E. from Taunton. Popula. 812.

CREWKERNE, 132 miles W.S.W, from London. Popula.3,434. Market, Sat.; fairs, Sept. 4, horses, bullocks, linendrapery, cheese, and toys.

CRICKET-MALHERBIE, 2 miles S. from Ilminster. Popula. 73.

CRICKET (St. Thomas), 4 miles W.S.W. from Crewkeme. Popula. 75.

CROSCOMBE, 2 miles W.N.W. from Shepton-Mallet. Popula. 742.

CROWCOMBE, 5J miles S.E. .from Watchet. Popula. 600. Market, Tues.; fairs, first Friday in May, Monday after Aug. 1, Oct. 31, cattle and drapery.

CUCKLINGTON with CLAPTONFORMS, 2J miles S.E. from Wincanton. Popula. 320.

CUDWORTH, 2 miles S. from Ilminster. Popula. 144.

CULBONE.or'KILNER, 7} miles W. from Minehead. Popula. 45.

CLRLAND, 5 miles W.N.W. from IIminster. Popula. 168.

CURRY-MALLETi 4 miles N. from Ilminster. Popula. 461.

CURRY (North), 4 miles S.W. from Langport. Popula. 1,645. Market, Tues.; fairs, Sept. 3, bullocks, sheep, and toys.'

CURRY-REVELL, 2 miles S.W. from Langport. Popula. 1,192. Fairs, Mon. after Lammas, Aug. 5, cattle and sheep ,

CUTCOMBE, 5 miles S.W. from Dun ster. Popula. 664.

DEUCUMAN (St.), i mile S. from

Watchet. Popula. 1,865. F'airs, Aug.

24, Sept. 16, cattlo, and all sorts of

goods. DINDER, li mile S.E. from Wells.

Popula. 175.

DlNNIXGTON,inSeavington-St.-Michael

parish, and popula. included therein.

DISCOYE, in Brulon parish, and popula. included therein.

DITCHEAT, 4 miles W. from Bruton. Popula. 1,223.

DODINGTON, 1 mile N.W. from NetherStowey. Popula. 113.

DONYATT, H milo W. from Ilminster. Popula. 5137

DOULTING, 2 miles E. from SheptonMallet. Popula. 633.

DOWLISH (West), 1 mile S.E. by S. from Ilminster. Popula. 32.

DOWLISH-WAKE, 1 mile S.E. from Ilminster. Popula. 319.

DOWNHEAD, H miles W.S.W. from Frome. Popula. 208.

DOWNSIDE, in Midsummer-Norton parish, and popula. included therein.

DRAYCOTT, in Limington parish, and popula. included therein.

DRAYTON, 2 miles S.S.W. from Langport. Popula.-169.

DUDDLESTOXE, in Pitminster parish, anil popula. included therein.

DULVERTON, 168 miles W. by S. from London. Popula. 1,127. Market, Sat.: fairs, July It), Nov. 8, cattle.

DUNDRY, 3$ miles N.W. from Pensford. Popula, 454. Fair, Sept. 12, cuttle, sheep, and hogs.

DUNKERTON, 4 miles S.W. from Bath. Popula. 365.

DUNSTKR, 160 miles W. by S. from London. Popula. 895. Market, Fri.; fair, Whit-Monday, forpedlers. Here was a Benedictine Cell, founded in the time of William the Conqueror, by Sir William de .Malum; yearly value 37/. 4s. 8d., now worth 741/. 13s. 4rf.; granted, 34 Hen. VIII., to Humphrey Colles.

DIJRLF.IGH, H mile W. from Bridgewater. Popula. 127.

DURSTON, 4 miles N.E. from Taunton. Popula. 211.

EARNSHILL, 3 miles S.S.W. from Lar^. port. Popula. 13.

EAST-COMBE-HILL, in Bishop's-Lydeard parish, and popula. indudfd therein.

EASTON - IN - GORDANO, 4$ mSr, W.N.W. from Bristol. Popula. 2,1<W.

EASTR1P (Extra Par.), 2 miles W.£ro= Bruton. Popula. 17.

EDINGTON, in Moorlinch parish. u4 popula. included therein. 2J miles di~ taut N.

EDSTOCK and BEER, in Camungtas parish, and popula. included therein.

ELM (Great and Little), 2 miles W.S.W. from Frome. Popula. 449.

ELWORTHY, 5 miles S. from Watchet. Popula. 187.

EMBORROW, 6 miles N.E. from Wells. Popula. 250.

ENGLISH-COMBE, 3 miles S.W. fro* Bath. Popula. 311.

ENMORE, 4* miles W.S.W. from Bridjfwater. Popula. 287.

EYERCREECII, 3 miles N.W. from Bruton. Popula. 1,253.

EXFORD, 8 miles N.W. by N. from Dal

verton. Popula. 373.

EXMOOR, 6 miles S.W. from Dunsur. Popula. 113.

EXTON, 4 miles N. from Dulvertos. Popula. 301.

FAIRFIELD, in Stogursev parish, »-d popula. included therein. 1 mile distant N.W.

FARLEIGH-IIUNGERFORD, 6 mil« S.E. from Bath. Popula. 174.

FARMBOROUGH, 3 miles S.E. froa Pensford. Popula. 752.

FAKR1NGTON-GURNEY, 5 miles S. from Pensford. Popula. 526.

FLAX-BOURTON, 6 miles S.W. bvm

Bristol. Popula. 192.

FIDDINGTON, 1 mile N.E. from Xe

thei-Stowey. Popula. 185.

FITZHEAD, 2 miles N. from Milvertai. Popula. 300.

F1YEHEAD, 3§ miles S.Wr. from Langport. Popula. 326.

FROME-SELWOOD, 105 miles W.brS. from Londpn. Popula. 12,111. Jjsrket, Wed. aid Sat.; fairs, Feb. 24,

« PreviousContinue »