Page images
PDF

HENLOW, 1 mile S.E. fromShefford. Popula. 688.

HIGHAM-GOBION, 2§ miles S.E. from

Selsoe. Popula. 86. HOCKLIFFE, 3 miles N.E.from Leigbton

Buzzird. Popula. 393.

HOLCUTT, 4 miles N. from Wobura. Popula. 62.

HOLME.—See Biggleswade.

HOLWELL, 4 miles S. from Shefford. Popula. 179.

HOLYWELL, in Shetlington parish, and popula included therein.

HOUGHTON-CONQUEST, «4 miles N. from Ampthill. Popula. 651.

HOUGHTON-REGIS, 2 miles N.E. from Dunstable. Popula. 1,383.

HUMBERSHOE, in Studham parish, and popula, included therein.

BUSBORN-CRAWLEY, 2 miles N.E. from Woburn. Popula. 572.

HYDE (East and West), in Luton parish, and popula, included therein.

KEMPSTON, Î miles S.W. from Bedford. Popula. 1,419.

KEYSOE, 8 miles N. from Bedford. Popula. 649.

KNOTTING, 11 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 13л.

LANGFORD, 2 miles S. from Biggleswade Popula. 631.

LEEGRAVE. or LIGHTGRAVE, in Luton parish, and popula, included therein.

LEIGHTON-BUZZARD, situated on the Kiv.r Lyssel, 41 miles N.W. from London. Pupula. 4,421. Market, Tues. Fairs, Feb. 5, second Tues, in Apr. for horses and cattle. Whit. Tues, for horses. July 26, Oct. 24, Nov. 17, for cattle. Near this place there were, an Hospital, founded by Henry II. Granted, 26 Henry VIII., to the Provost and Fellows of Cambridge College, and a Priory of Aliens, whose possessions still remain. Revenue uncertain.

LIDLINGTON, 3 miles N.E. from Woburn. Popula. 739.

LIMBURY CUM BISCOTT, in Luton parish, and popula, included therein.

LUTON, 31 miles N.W. from London. Situated on the River Lea. Popula. 4,529. Mar. Mon. Fairs, April 18, Oct. 18, for

cattle.

MARSTON-MORETA1NE, 3 miles S.W. from Bedford. Popula. 899.

MELCHBOURN, 10 miles N. from Bedford. Popula. 244. At this place there was a I'receptory of Knights Hospitalers, with a Manor and a Church, settled by Lady Alice, or Adelize, de Claremonle, Countess of Pembroke, in tbe reign of Henry I. The Lands belonging to this Preceptorr were valued at 2411. 9«. MM., now worth 4,8291.16». 8d. Granted, 3 Edward VI., to John Earl of Bedford.

MEPPERSHALL, 2 miles S.W. from Shefford. Populs. 397.

MILLBROOK, 2 miles N.W. from Ampthill. Popula. 405.

MILLO.—See Dunton.

MILTON-BYANT, 2 miles S.E. from Woburn. Popula. 346.

MILTON-ERNEST, 4 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 364.

MAULDEN, 1J miles N.E. from Ampthill. Popula. 1,017.

MOGGERHANGER, in Blunham parish, and popula, included therein.

NORTHILL, 3 miles N.W. from Biggleswade. Popula. 1,001. At this place there was a Collegiate Church, founded, б Hen. IV., by Sir Gerard Braybroke, Knt., Thos. Pevre, John Harvey, John Ward, Edm. Hampden, and John Hertshorne, for the souls of Sir John Trayllv and son. Yearly value at the dissolution, 61/.5s.5d., now worthl, 225/. 8». Ai.\ granted, 2 Edward VI., to William Fitiwilliam. '•

OAKLEY, 3 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 486.

ODELL. 7 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 439. Fairs, Thurs. in Whit-week, cattle oi all sorts.

OLD WARDEN, 3 miles W. from Biggleswade. Popula. 670. At this place ibera was an Abbey of Cistercian Monks, founded, in the year 1135, by Waller Espec. Yearly value 442/. 11». ll<i-. now worth 8,851/. 18». 4d.; surrendered, hy the abbot and fourteen monks, December 4, 1538.

PAVENHAM, 5miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 455.

PERTENHALL, 10 miles N.E. from Bedford. Popula. 324.

POTSGROVE, 2 miles S.E. from Wobnri. Popula. 183.

POTION, 45 miles N.E. from Londos. Popula. 1,498. Market, Sat. fain. third Tues, in Jin. O.S.; a large bone fair last Wednea. in April, first Tues, in July, Tuea. betöre Oct. 29, cattle in general.

PUDDINGTON, 10 mile« N.W.from Bedford. Popula. 581.

PULLOXHILL, Ц miles S.W. fromSelsoe. Popula. 475.

RADWELL, in Felmeraham parish, and popula, included therein, oj miles from Bedford.

RAVENSDEN, 4 miles N.E. from Bedford. Popula. 263.

REACH, in Leighton-Buzzard parish, and popula, included therein.

RENHOLD, 3 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 340.

RIDGMONT, 4 miles S.W. from Ampthill. Popula. 810.

R1SLEY, 9 miles N. from Bedford. Popula. 790.

ROXTON, 7 miles N.E. from Bedford. Popula. 537.

SALFORD, 4 miles N.W. from Woburn. Popula. 312.

SANDY with Girtford, 2§ miles N.W. from Biggleswade. Popula. 1,392.

SELSOE with Flitton, 41 miles N.W. from London. Popula. 1,069. Market, -Mon. May 13. Sept. 21 for cattle of all sorts.

SHADWELL, in Felmeraham parish, and popula, included therein. 5J miles from Bedford.

SH ARNBROOK, 8 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 691.

SHARPENHOE.—See Streatley.

SHEACH, in Leighton-Buzzard parish, and popula, included therein.

SHEFFORD, in Campton parish, and popula, included therein. 9 miles from Bedford. Fairs, Jan. 23, Old LadyDay, May 19, cattle; Oct. 29, holiday fair.

SHELTON, 12 miles N. from Bedford. Popula. 129.

8HETLINGTON (Hundred of Flitt), 3 miles S.E. from Selsoe. Popula. 1,149.

SHETLINGTON (Hundred of Clifton), Ц miles S.W. from Shefford. Popula. 470.

SOULDROP, 9 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 223.

SOUTHILL, 3 miles S.W. from Biggleswade. Popula. 1,165.

STAGSDEN, 4 miles W from Bedford. Popula. 542.

STANDBRIDGE, in Leighton-Buzzard

parish, and popula, included therein. 2 miles S.E. from Leighton-Buzzard.

STANFORD, in Southill parish, and popula, included therein.

STAUGHTON, LITTLE, 10 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 406.

STEPPINGLEY, 2 miles S.W. from Ampthill. Popula. 323.

STEVINGTON, Ц miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 485.

STONDON (Upper), 2* miles S. from Shefford. Popula. 33.

STONDON (Lower), in Shetlington parish, and popula, included therein. 4J miles N.E. of Selsoe.

STÖPSLE Y, in Luton parish, and popula, included therein.

STOTFOLD, 4 miles S.E. from Shefford. Popula. 693.

STRATTON.—See Biggleswade.

STREATLEY with Sharpenhoe, 3§ miles S. from Selsoe. Popula. 309.

STUDHAM, 4 miles S.W. from Dunstable. Popula. 774.

SUNDON, 4 miles N.W. from Luton. Popula. 387.

SUTTON, 1} miles S. from Potton. Popula. 369.

TEMPSFORD, 4 miles N.W. from Potton. Popula. 577.

THORNCOTE, in Northill parish, and popula, included therein.

THURLEIGH, 54 miles N. from Bedford. Popula. 477.

TILBROOK, 2 miles N. from Fertenhall. Popula. 297.

TILSWORTH, 4 miles S.E. from LeightonBuzzard. Popula. 246.

TINGRlTH,4milesE. from Woburn. Po. pula. 155.

TODDINGTON, 4 miles N.W. from Dunstable. Popula. 1,665. Fairs, April 25, first Mon. in June, Sept. 4, Not. 2, Dec. 16, for all sorts of cattle.

TOTTERNHOE, 2 miles S.W. from Dunstable. Popula. 450.

TURVEY, 7 miles W. from Bedford. Popula. 882.

WESTONING, 4 mUes S.E. from Dunstable. Popula. 634.

WH1PSNADE, Ц miles S.W. from Dunstable. Popula. 199.

WILDEN, 4 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 447.

WILLINGTON, 6 miles N.W. from Biggleswade, Popula, 286.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

An Inland County of England, bounded on tlie North by Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire, being separated from them by the river Thames; on the Kast by Surrey; on the South by Hampshire ; on the West and North-west by Wilts]]ire and Gloucestershire. Its length is about 40 miles, and its breadth about 30, Its form is uncommonly irregular; but it is taken to be about 1 to miles in circumference. It contains 756 square miles, and 4H3.840 acres, statute measure; about one half is estimated as arable, two-thirds of the remainder pasture, und tin* rest woodlands and waste, of which latter, and of a very poor description, that is a considerable tract, beginning, on the east. near to Windsor Great Park, and, with little intermission, continuing on nearly to Hunger-ford; that is to sav, from one end of the county to the other. This tract is a strip of sundv and gravelly land, all along on nearlv the southern edge of the county. With the exception of this tract, the land of Berkshire is generally good; and especially in the Vale of Herkshire, in nearly the centre of which lies the ancient town of Wantaok, the mime of which {it being the birth-place of Ai.Irkii) ought to be dear to every Knglishman. This is a pleasant county, very beautifully wooded, salubrious for the far greater part, well watered and assisted bv the Rivers Thames, hfnnett, l.adiUm, Oik, and I Minimum, and by the canals, which love been made in the

rollFltv. Vs to the PR'WH't V* of' tills

county, they *•>»• chiefly agricultural, tin-re being hardly any manufacturing carried on in any part of it; and, the soil being generally good, these pro

ducts are abundant in proportion, and rather of superior quality. Berkshire is in the Province or Canterbury; in the Diocese Ok Samsbvry ; and is one of the counties of the Oxford Cir-(i It. It is divided into VO Hnmlrftis, named as follows :—Bevnhurst, Brav, Charlton, Compton, Cookhuni, Faircross, Farringdon, G an Held, Hormer, Kintburv-Ettgle, Lambourn, More ton, Ock, Beading, Ripplesrnere, Shrivenham, Sunning, Tbeale, Wantage, Wargrave. There are in the county 144J Parishes ; there are 12 Market-towns, namelv, Abingdon, Farringdon, Hungerford, llslev, Lambourn, .Maidenhead, Newbury, Oakingham, Beading, Wallingford, Wantage, and Windsor. Of tiiese Abingdon, Reading, Wallingford, and \\ iudsor, are boroughs, the first sending 1 member to parliament, and the last three sending *i members each, which, together with the 2 members for the county, make 0 members fur this county. Readixo is generally looked upon as the Capital of the county; but, as tin* scene of elections and other county a flairs, Abingdon shares with it. Before the Protestant *' Reformation," or devastation, there were 14 Monastic establishments, at the following places; Abingdon, Risham, ('huddle worth, Farringdon, Henley, Newbnry, Residing, Donnington, Shottesbrook.Steventon, StrathHeld-Sav, and W alliugford : under the names of which places, a particular account of thes#establishments is given. There are b7 [*i ai ic Cii Arii ii ■» (^inost ot' them very ancient") in this county, 8 of which are at Abingdon,and 1'J at Newbury. Of the 148 parishes which the county contains, there is 1 which ha« no ehurch; 4 which have 1*89 then 100 inhnbltanW each;? which heve no parsonage-houses; «ml SI which have parsonage-houses, wliich, in a return nntde to parliament in 1818, the incumbent» represent as unfit for them, to live in. The Poor-rates of this county amounted annually, agreeably to a return made to parliament in 1818, to 185,1781.17i. 10d. ; the num. her of Paupebs was 19,013; the AnNual Rental of all the real property of the county amounted to 652,082/. lbs.; the Population, by return of 1821, was 131,977, and the number of houses 24,70a. So that, the poor-rates amounted to within a fraction of a fourth part of the rental, and there were, on an average, 3 paupers to every 4 houses throughout the county. According to the same return of 1818, the annual poor-rates of this whole county amounted, in 1776, to onlv 35,989/., while those of the town of Heading alone now amount annually to abont 12,000/. There a»e in this'county 175 persone to each square mile; that is, about 4 acres of land to every person; and there are, within a fraction, 19 acres of land to every inhabited house, not excepting the most miserable of places in the poorest of towns, «ml not even excepting amishouses. The «mi« population of the county is 65,546. The return states 1*4,759 families to be employed in agriculture; 8,773 families in trade and handicraft, and 4,158 families to consist of all other descriptions of persons. The male agricultural population must, therefore, be 34,924: of these, about one half must be children, must be past labour, of infirm; there, then, remain, including the farmers themselves, 17,462 agricultural labourers; that is to say, one labourer, on un average, to every 28 acres of land.

ABINGDON, seated on the Isis, in the hundred of Hormer, 56 miles N.W. from London, 17 miles N.W. from Reading. It derives its name from an Abbey of Benedictine Monks, 500 in number, in the time of the Ancient Britons, where Constantine the Great is said to have been educated; it was destroyed by the Danee, A.D. 955; but afterwards rebuilt by the Abbot Ethelwold, through the bounty of King Edred und King Edpar. Valued, at the dissolution, at 2,042/. 2«. W<¿. yearly, no* worth 4t».84>2i. 14«. td': granted 1 Edw. VI. to Sir Thomas Seymonr : and. he having been attainted, anil the estate having

returned to the crown, it was granted' in the 5th Edw. VI. to Sir Thomas Wrath, It has two parishes, St. Helen's and St. N icholas. It is a corporate town, having a mayor, nine aldermen, and sixteen assistants. It sends one member to parliament. The number of voters is about 900, Markets, Mon. and Fri. Fairs, first Mon. in Lent; May 6, June 20v and Aug. 5, for cattle; Sept. 19, and Mon. before Old Miohaelmas, for hiring servants, and Dec. 11 for horses and cattle. Popnla. 5,137.

ALDATES (St.)—See Oxford.

ALDERMASTON, 7 miles S.E. from Newbury. Popula. 653. Fairs, May 6, July 7, for horses and cattle; October 11, horses and pedlary.

ALDWORTH, 3 miles S,E. from Ilsley. Popula. 2931,

APPLEFORD, in Sntton-Courtney parish, 6 miles S. from Abingdon. Popula, included in Sutton-Couftney.

APPLETON, 3 miles N.W. from Abingdon. Popula. 389.

ARBORFIELD, 3 miles S.W. from Oakingham. Popula. 245. Fairs, Oct. 5.

ARDINGTON, 2 miles N.E. from Wantage. Popula. 403.

ASCOT.—See Winkfield.

ASHAMSTEAD, 4 miles S.E.from E. Ilsley. Popula. 337.

ASHBURY, 7 mile» S.W. from Wantage. Popula. 683.

ASTON TIRROLD, 3 miles S.W. from Wallingford. Popula. 355.

ASTON-UFl'HORPE, in Blewberry parish, and popula, included therein. 4 miles S. from Wallingford.

AVINGTON, 5 miles W. from Newbury. Popula. 77,

BACKLAND withCarswell, 8 miles N.E.

from Forringdon. Popula. 893. BAGLEY-WOOD (ExtraPe.) Popula. 4.

BALGRAVE and Hadley, in the parish of Lambourn. Popula, included therein.

BARKIIAM, 2 miles S. from Oakingham. Popula. 215.

BASSILDON, 6 miles S.E. from E. Ilsley. Popula. 686.

BAULKING, in Uffington parish, and popula, returned therein. 5 miles from Wantage.

BEEDON, 2 miles S.W. from East Ilsley. Popula, 313.

BEENHAM, 7 miles S.W. from Reading. Popula. 437.

BENHAM, in the parish of Speen, 3 miles from Newbury. Popula. included in Speen.

BESSELSLEIGH, 3 miles X.E.from Abingdon. Popula. 118.

BETTERTON and West Ginge, in Lockings parish, and popula. included therein.

BINFIELD, 3 miles N.W. from Oakingham. Popula. 1,057.

BISHAM, 2 miles N.W. from Maidenhead. Popula. 707. Here was a Priorv of Augustine Canons, founded hv Hugh de Spencer, jun., originally for the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. Valued, at the dissolution, at 6611. lis. 9rf. yearly, now worth 13,234/. 15s., granted 7 Edw. VI. to Sir Edward Hobv.

BLEWBERRV, 1 miles S.W. from Wallingford. Popula. 911.

BOCKHAMPTON.—See Eastbury.

BOTLEY, in the parish of Cumner, \\

miles from Oxford. Popula. included in

Cumner. BOL'RTOX, in Shrivenham parish, and

popula. included therein. 10 miles S.W.

from Farringdon. BOXFOR1) with Westbrook, ,'3miles N.W.

from Newbury. Popula. 563. BRADFIELD, 6 miles S.W. from Reading.

Popula. 910. BRADLEY, in the parish of Cumner. Popula. included therein.

BRAY, 1 mile S. from Maidenhead. Popula. 3,159.

BRIGHT-WALTHAM, 4 miles S.W. from Bast llsley. Popula. 450.

BRIGHTWELL, 1 mile N.W. from Wallingford. Popula. 546.

BRIMPTOX, 4 miles S.E.from Newbury. Popula. 464.

BUCKLEBURY, tmilesN.E. from Newbury. Popula. 1,143.

BURGHFIELD, 4miles S. from Reading. Popula. 881.

Bl'SCOT, 3 miles N.W. from Farringdon. Popula. 421.

CARSWEI.L.—See Backland.

CATM ERE, 2 miles S.W. from East llsley. Popula. 89.

CHADDLEWORTH with Wooley, 6 miles S.W. from F.ast llsley. Popula. 448. At Poughley, in this parish, there was

a Priorv of Augustine Canons, founded, in the year 1160, by Ralph de Chaddleworth. Valued at 71/. 10s. 7d., nowworth 1,430/. lis. Sd.

CHALLOW (East), in the parish of Letcomb-Regis, 2 miles N.W. from Wantage. Popula. returned with LetcombRegis.

CHALLOW (West), in tlie parish of Letcomb-Regis, 1 mile from the above, and popula. included therein.

CHARLTON, in Wantage parish, and popula. included therein. $ mile from Wantage.

CHARNEY, in the parish of Longworth, 6 miles from Abingdon. Popula. returned with Longworth.

CHAWLEY, in the parish of Cumner, 3 miles from Oxford. Popula. returned with Cumner.

CHIEVELEY, 4 miles N. from Newbury. Popula. 1,842.

CHILDREY, 1 mile W. from Wantage

Popula. 478.

CHIUSWELL, in the parish of Cumner. 5 miles from Abingdon. Popula. included in Cumner.

CHILTON, 2 miles N. from East llsley. Popula. 229.

CHOLSEY, 1| mile S.W. from WaHingford. Popula. 975.

CLAPCOT, in the parish of Allhallows, VVallingford. Popula. included therein.

CLEWER, 1 mile W. from Windsor. Popula. 2,115.

COLLS!IILL, 2 miles S.W. from Farringdon. Popula, 324.

COMPTON, 1 mile S.E. from llsley East. Popula. 482.

COMFl'ON-BEAUCHAMP, 4 miles S. from Farringdon. Popula. 103.

COOKHAM, 3 miles X. from Maidenhead.

Popula. 2.731. Fairs, May 16 cattle

and pedlary, Oct. 11 statute. COXWELL (Great), 1 mile S.W. from

Farringdon. Popula. 306. COXWELL (Little), in the parish of

Farringdon, j mile from Farringdon,

and popula. included therein.

CUMNER, 3§ miles N.W. from Abingdon. Popula. 1,303.

DENCHWORTH, 2 miles N. from Wantage. Popula. 254.

DON XIX UTON,—See Shaw.

« PreviousContinue »