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CHAP. have heard also that our Lord Jesus Christ hath promised, in his
X. gospel, to grant all these things that ye have prayed for; which

promise, he, for his part, will most surely keep and perform. Where.
fore, after this promise made by Christ, this infant must also faith-
fully, for his part, promise by you that are his sureties, (until he
come of age to take it upon himself,) that he will renounce the devil
and all his works, and constantly believe God's holy Word, and
obediently keep his commandments.
The Minister shall then demand of the Sponsors as follows: the

questions being considered as addressed to them severally, and
the answers to be made accordingly.
“ I demand therefore,

" Dost thou, in the name of this child, renounce the devil and all his works, the vain pomp and glory of the world, with all covetous desires of the same, and the sinful desires of the flesh; so that thou wilt not follow, nor be led by them?

Ans. I renounce them all; and by God's help, will endeavour not to follow, nor be led by them.k

Minis. Dost thou believe all the articles of the Christain Faith, as contained in the Apostles' Creed ?

" Ans. I do.
Minis. Wilt thou be baptized in this faith?
Ans. That is my desire.

Minis. Wilt thou then obediently keep God's holy will and commandments, and walk in the same all the days of thy life?

Ans. I will, by God's help.

• Regard, we beseech thee, the supplications of thy congregation; sanctify this water to the mystical washing away of sin ; and grant that this child, now to be baptized therein, may receive the fulness of thy grace, and ever remain in the number of thy faith. ful children, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. " And then, naming it after them, he shall dip it in the water dis

creetly, or shall pour water upon it, saying,

“N. I baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

Then the Minister shall say, “We receive this child into the congregation of Christ's flock,

} In this and the succeeding replies, it is evident the child is considered as actually speaking, though by his sponsors.

and do sign* him with the sign of the Cross; in 'token that here- SECT. after he shall not be ashamed to confess the faith of Christ cruci. II. fied, and manfully to fight under his banner, against sin, the world, *Here the and the devil; and to continue Christ's faithful soldier and servant minister

shall make unto his life's end. Amen.

a cross upon Soeing now, dearly beloved brethren, that this child is regene- the child's rate, and grafted into the body of Christ's church; let us give forehead.” thanks unto Almighty God for these benefits, and with one accord make our prayers unto him, that this child may lead the rest of his life according to this beginning.

• We yield thee hearty thanks, most merciful Father, that it bath pleased thee to regenerate this infant with thy Holy Spirit, to re. ceive him for thine own child by adoption, and to incorporate him into thy holy church.

“Forasmuch as this child hath promised by you his sureties, to renounce the devil and all his works, to believe in God, and to serve him; ye must remember, that it is your parts and duties to see that this infant be taught, so soon as he shall be able to learn, what a solemn vow, promise, and profession he hath here made by you."

ask no

these candidates

The reader has now clearly before him the universal Baptists idea of infant baptism as held by the ancient (not apos- more of tolic).church. That in baptism the infant “ renounces the devil," 6 believes all the articles of the Christian than the faith,” and pledges himself "obediently to keep God's Churches

episcopal holy will an

commandments." What more does a baptist ask as a pre-requisite to baptism than to be satisfied that this is really the state of mind of the person desiring to be baptized? But again ; it will be observed, that the idea of the “washing away of sin," by the sanctification of the water is distinctly preserved; and that after baptism the child is declared to be regenerate and “grafted into the body of Christ's church.” The philosophical difference between the ancient and episcopal churches and the baptists on this point is this; that the former hold the blessings to be conferred in baptism; the latter to be signified by baptism.

my life.”

tency of

&c. by

CII AP. Let us now refer to the “ Catechism to be learned by X.

every person before he be brought to be confirmed by

the bishop." Episcopal Quest. Who gave you this name? catechism. " Ans. My sponsors in baptism; wherein I was made a member

of Christ, the child of God, and an inheritor of the kingdom of heaven.

Quest. What did your sponsors then for you?

Ans. They did promise and vow three things in my name: First, that I should renounce the devil and all his works, the pomps and vanity of this wicked world, and all the sinful lusts of the flesh: Secondly, that I should believe all the articles of the Chris. tian faith : And, thirdly, that I should keep God's holy will and

commandments, and walk in the same all the days of Inconsis- I stated in a former chapter, that the episcopal service believing, required the sponsor to promise that the child should

renounce the devil, &c., while in fact the child does then proxy.

renounce, believe, and declare his intention to obey, by his sponsor; yet the catechism is worded as though the sponsor had only promised that the child should do these things. Strange, indeed, that when the minister asks the

sponsor, - Wilt thou be baptized in the faith ?" and he replies, “ That is my desire,” that then the babe should

be baptized instead of the person who has asked baptism! Baptismal

In this catechism the child is taught that he was rege

nerated in his baptism; and as no man is regenerated tion the doctrine of twice, it is, of course, improper to speak to him, though the episcopal and ever so wicked, of the necessity of being “ born again, or ancient church.

born of the Spirit:” and this the great bulk of the clergy of the church of England, (with Dr. Mant and Dr. Lawrence at their head, strenuously maintain against the evangelical party, and certainly they have their formula and the belief of the ancient church on their side.

There is one more point in this catechism which requires special notice. It is the following:

regenera

"Quest. Dost thou not think that thou art bound to believe, and SECT. to do, as they have promised for thee?

III. Ans. Yes, verily; and by God's help so I will."

Here the youth is taught to say that he was 6 bound" to “ believe and do as they have promised.” I must be permitted to speak plainly and observe, that it is impossible any

infant can be bound, as a moral being, by any promise made in its behalf. Would any man deem himself bound by a promise made for him, while he was asleep, or without his knowledge and consent? This is repre. senting the religion of Jesus as contrary to the dictates of common sense, and to the very first principles of moral obligation. That this unhappy delusion has been a source of immense mischief to the church and the world will appear in the closing chapter.

SECTION III.

BAPTISM OF THE REFORMERS.

I SHALL commence the presentation of reformed baptism, by the practice of the

American Reformed Dutch Church. The principal parts of the doctrine of holy baptism are these American three: First. That we, with our children, are conceived and born Reformed

Dutch in sin, and therefore are children of wrath, in so much that we can. Church, not enter into the kingdom of God, except we are born again. This, baptismal

service. the dipping in, or sprinkling with water, teaches us, whereby the impurity of our souls is signified, and we admonished to loathe and humble ourselves before God, and seek for our purification and salvation without ourselves.

Secondly. Holy baptism witnesseth and sealeth unto us the washing away of our sins through Jesus Christ. Therefore we are baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

CH AP. “Thirdly. Whereas in all covenants, there are contained two X. parts: therefore are we by God, through baptism, admonished of

and obliged unto new obedience, namely, that we cleave to this one God, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; that we trust in himn, and love him with all our hearts, with all our souls, with all our mind, and with all our strength; that we forsake the world, crucify our old nature, and walk in a new and holy life.

“And although our young children do not understand these things, we may not, therefore, exclude them from baptism, for as they are, without their knowledge, partakers of the condemnation in Adam; so are they again received unto grace in Christ; as God speaketh unto Abraham the father of all the faithful, and therefore unto us and our children.-Gen. xvii. 7.

. Thanksgiving “Almighty God and merciful Father, we thank and praise thee, that thou hast forgiven us, and our children, all our sins, through the blood of thy beloved Son Jesus Christ, and received us through thy Holy Spirit, as members of thy only begotten Son, and adopted us to be thy children, and sealed and confirmed the same unto us by holy baptism: we beseech thee, through the same Son of thy love, that thou wilt be pleased always to govern these baptized chil

dren by thy Holy Spirit.” Inconsis. The reader will now begin to perceive the inconsistency tency of pædobaptist of pædobaptist churches. The Ancient church (and the churches. Episcopal church follows her,) maintained that a babe is

made a “member of Christ, the child of God, and an inheritor of the kingdom of heaven,by baptism ; the Lutheran (and the presbyterian, or Calvinistic, it will be seen, accords in this view,) maintains, that “ as members of his church, they ought to be baptized.” The Ancient and Episcopal churches assert, that children must be baptized, because they are not members of Christ, and the Reformed churches because they are! Is it unrea

a As far as baptism is concerned, the English and American episcopal churches must be regarded, not as reformed, but as fol. lowing the ancient church.

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