The Sicarii in Josephus's Judean War: Rhetorical Analysis and Historical Observations
This book offers a comprehensive study of the Sicarii in Josephus's Judean War. Detailed rhetorical analyses are provided not only for the Masada narrative, where Josephus tells how the Sicarii famously committed suicide, but also for all other places in War where their activities are described or must be inferred from the context. The study shows how Josephus adopted the Sicarii in his narrative to develop and bring to a resolution several major themes in War. In a departure from the classical proposal that the Sicarii were an armed and fanatical off-shoot of the Zealots, this work concludes that from a historical perspective, “Sicarii” was a somewhat fluid term used to describe Jews of the Judean revolt who were associated with acts of violence against their own people for religious/political ends.
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Agrippa Ananus Antiochus auTouc banditry bandits Bellum Judaicum Book Context Brill captured Catullus conclude connection crimes Cyrene divine Domitian Eckstein Eleazar elements emphasize enemies Engaddi episode evidence fight Flavian Flavian Rome Flavius Josephus Florus fortress Fourth Philosophy freedom God’s Greek Hengel Herod high priest highlight historical Horsley Ibid identifies Idumeans irony Jerusalem Jews John of Gischala Jonathan Jose Josephus describes Josephus presents Josephus tells Josephus’s Jotapata Judas Judas’s Judean killed Ladouceur leader Leiden literary Machaerus Masada narrative Menahem murder one’s passage phus political Polybius punishment raids Rajak revolt rhetorical Roman Roman power Sicarii Sicarii Activity Sicarii at Masada Simon Solomon Zeitlin speech at Jotapata speeches of Eleazar stasis statement Steve Mason suicide tcov temple term Tfjc themes Titus toTc touc tyranny tyrant Vespasian violence voluntary death War’s words xf]v xfjc Zealots ἀνάγκη δὲ καὶ τὴν τῆς τὸ τοῦ τοὺς τῶν