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who cannot attend meetings in the probably, the old practice will be provinces far from their own places resumed. of abode.

The brethren assembled for consulAbout two dozen members of the tation and the despatch of business General Committee, including all the on Monday morning, June 7th. The officers, met to transact the prelimi- President reminded them that they nary business, in one of the rooms of were there to do the business of the King's Cross Chapel, in the evening Association, and not to make speeches. of Saturday, June the fifth, when the He had, of course, to make a speech joy of meeting seemed to be shared himself; and in doing that, he spoke by all, and congratulations were mu- encouragingly, showing that the Astual and general. Among those pre- sociation had become stable, and that sent were seven or eight who had it now had a history, not only recorded served the institution in previous in its minutes and other documents, years as presidents, and others who

but also a living history, in the actihad in various ways promoted its vity and zeal of brethren who devote interests, both by service and by their time, energies, talents, and moliberal gifts. Of their number were ney to advance its interests; in the some, also, bearing the honours of affections, deep interest, and symcivil office in their own localities, and pathy of many friends, throughout who have learnt how to combine civil the length and breadth of the land; and religious service in one service to in the affectionate attachment of God, and one philanthropic sacrifice. families that have been benefited by Several of the brethren, also, who it in various ways in the time of their cater for this magazine, were present.

trial and sorrow; and in the numerThere was, therefore, a pretty good ous prayers that have been offered, proportion of the Committee and of and that have been recorded on its its working power, in attendance to behalf in heaven. Thus it stands totransact its business.

day,-a thing of mercy and beauty, On the Sunday, about thirty of the firmly based on the truth of God; and pulpits of the metropolis and its a thing of life, that may exist when suburbs were supplied by the bre- we are passed away. If there was thren, mostly from the country. Some any thought at the beginning that it of the London Methodists had thus was of a two-fold character, intending an opportunity to hear provincial something different from what it prolocal preachers. Whether that was fessed, that idea must have passed or was not a gratification, it was not away. We have only to make a barren of good. Saving fruit was re- broad and earnest appeal to a loving ported at the public meeting of the people, and it will still exist and be following evening, in the conversion sustained. of some and the edification of others ; After the adoption of the usual and generous contributions were ren- standing orders, and the appointment dered for the relief of our aged and of scrutineers for the ballot, our poor brethren. There was no official Honorary Secretary at present sermon, no sacrament, no love-feast, mayor of the royal borough of Windand no arrangement for out-door ser

sor—read the report, as given in vices. This was regretted. Sermons pages 207-209, one of the most commight have been preached in different plete, and certainly the most encouspots out of doors. There was a dif- raging, of any report ever rendered of ficulty about a love-feast, as that is a this institution. The Association means afforded in London after even- never was so well understood, never ing service only. As for an official so much appreciated, and never so sermon, it might have been out of well supported and so much counteplace, and therefore inappropriate in nanced as it is now. Nevertheless, such a focus of light, where so many it will require great exertions on the pulpit luminaries

are continually part of its friends and supporters to emitting so much brilliancy. Com- keep up its efficiency, so as to provide plaining was heard, however, about for the moderate allowance of four these omissions ; and in future years, shillings a week to every annuitant.

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This is altogether a benevolent part of and other officers. They are here, the institution, and can be sustained and can raise their hands, and nothing only by the generosity of those who sticks to their fingers. He sympacan and will spare something for the thised with the sentiment, that we aged and worn-down labourers in the only needed to be better known, to be word and doctrine, who have laboured more appreciated and supported. He on the principle of freely giving what hoped we should get on with business. they had freely received.

Silence, on many occasions, is the Two brethren were nominated for greatest eloquence. the office of President for the ensuing The Treasurer, in acknowledging year; but one of them declined the the vote of thanks accorded to him, honour, not having time to spare for said, he had endeavoured to watch its duties. The other was unani- the interests of the Association with mously elected—Brother BowRON, of great anxiety. He liked to have the Chelsea. The Treasurer and Hono- money in John Bull's old treasury, rary Secretary were both nominated the Bank of England. We have only for re-election to their respective three per cent. interest, and we might, offices, and both were unanimously perhaps, lend it out at four and a half chosen, and received the cordial per cent. ; but there is risk in doing thanks of their assembled brethren There is such a place as Holborn. for their past most valuable and effi- The changes that have taken place cient services.

there, show that property once very The retiring President introduced valuable may, by changes that nobody his successor to the chair, delivering anticipated, come to be worth very to him the official Bible, and express- little. “So long as I am your treaing the hope that his year of office surer," he added, “ I shall like your would be very pleasant and profita- money to be safe ; and I will try to ble, adding, that he had great plea- do my duty, if God spare my life: but sure in retiring, to make way for the nothing short of the unanimous vote man whom the brethren delighted to of the aggregate meeting would induce honour.

me to remove the money from the The new President avowed himself national funds, to invest it in any to be not the right man in the right other securities.” place,” but the wrong man. He be- The indebtedness of the Association lieved the vote, however, to be sin- to the Honorary Secretary and the cere; and they could do him no Treasurer was emphatically declared greater honour. But he trembled by several of the senior brethren. under the responsibility of the posi- The Honorary Secretary, on receiving tion. What he had done for the the thanks and applause of the meetAssociation had no merit: it was ing, said : “Every year the Associadone for love of the cause, and of the tion has discharged itself of every dear brethren who had laboured in debt for my services. In the borough the work of Christ. He thought the of Windsor I am 'a terror to evil church and the world would say of doers, and a praise to them that do us, that we had minded our own well;' but here I am the servant of work, and let every one else alone. the brethren, and am honoured by Comparing our doings with some the expression of your love and good other associations (mentioning some will. If I live, I shall be very glad bad speculations and impoverished to do all I can for the Association." companies), we have cause to rejoice Thanks having been unanimously and be thankful. Our officers are voted to the General Secretary, he not among those who cannot be found said : “ Although I may be a little when wanted. We have our Secre- slow, I have endeavoured, so far, to tary and Honorary Secretary, and, discharge my duty in the fear of God, more than that, our Treasurer, pre- and for the interests of the Associasent. That is a great matter. Some tion:-how far I have done it efficitreasurers have been playing at hide ently, is for you to judge. In the and seek with the money entrusted to future, should I in any way be conthem. It is not so with our Treasurer nected with the Association, whether as Secretary or merely as a member, wish to be guided in such matters is, I shall endeavour to discharge my “Let well alone.” They are not reduty according to the best of my luctant to adopt the maxim enjoined ability.”

by Wesley upon his helpers,—“Do The scrutineers here announced not mend our rules, but keep them." the result of the ballot, and the bre- Little alteration, therefore, was made, thren adjourned for dinner, most of and that little not unsettling anything them being escorted by Brother Dur- in the constitution of the Association. ley and the Treasurer to dining-houses Out of seven notices of motion, only that were conveniently near.

two met with acceptance: first, the At the afternoon meeting invita- common-sense and equitable one altions were given from Northampton lowing the trustees to become exand Keighley, backed by strong argu

officio members of the General Comments in each case, to induce the mittee; and the kindly-considerate brethren to hold their meeting of next one of allowing new members to pay year in those places respectively. their entrance fee by quarterly instalNewcastle-on-Tyne was also men- ments. tioned. An interesting and animated Much time was consumed in debatdiscussion of the question resulted in ing the notices of motion, so that no the acceptance of the Northampton time remained for taking into consiinvitation, by a large majority. deration the paper read at the pre

The magazine was the next subject ceding aggregate meeting, on “Mutual discussed. Honourable testimony Aid for Mutual Improvement.It was borne to its general excellence as was therefore ordered to stand over a literary organ, and its satisfactory for discussion at next year's meeting. management by the editorial and When the question of “Ways and publishing committee. Exception Means” was before the brethren, the was taken, however, to some part of Honorary Secretary stated that we an autobiography that had been ad- want about six pounds a year of free mitted at the commencement of the income from every branch of the Asyear, as containing ex parte state- sociation. The question was, how to ments of certain ecclesiastical tran- raise the requisite amount. Collectsactions that it was thought had ing cards, annual collections in chabetter be allowed to sink into obli- pels, and personal application and vion; as such things, it was alleged, appeal were among the means sug. did the magazine much harm. Sug- gested by different speakers. One of gestions were offered for the increase them remarked, “ Push, and Perseverof its circulation. One brother ex- ance, and Publicity are the means by pressed his belief that in many cir- which business is made successful : cuits there was no knowledge of its and we, if we would succeed, must existence; and he added, “I live in use the same means. Many of our a very small village, where there is a aged brethren have served the socievery small chapel. I have tried to ties and congregations “ without moget the magazine into circulation ney and without price” for a term there, and have induced seven persons ranging between thirty and fifty years, there to take it.” Being asked by a and some even for more than the halfbrother what he would give towards century. Surely it cannot be thought reducing a chapel debt, he replied, he too much to ask one collection a year would give as many copies of the in every chapel dependent upon the Local Preachers' Magazine as they local ministry, for the relief of these could sell in the school: and twenty- men in the period of their decline, two copies are sold, all on new ground, and in circumstances of need. If this and that to pay the chapel debt. could be had, there would be no lack

On the notices of motion for alter- of funds. An allowance of, not only ing and amending different rules, four shillings, but twice four shillings great reluctance to make any but might then be secured to every poor absolutely necessary alterations or brother in time of old age and decay. changes was manifested. The prin- Where no public collection can be ciple by which the brethren evidently obtained, however, some one should

be pressed into service to collect allel texts, together with that of all weekly a penny from six, ten, a dozen, that history and tradition and every or more contributors; by which a kind of literature can cast upon them. larger sum in the year might be His object is, not to lecture his obtained than a public collection readers—not to spiritualise

or to would yield.

moralise—but to explain. This is his The sittings of the brethren were aim; all else is subsidiary to that. held, by successive adjournments, The student wanting to gather mauntil about five o'clock on the Tues- terials for sermons, must go to other day afternoon, when, prayer and writers: he who wants to know what praise having been offered, and the words the inspired penmen of the benediction pronounced, they sepa- New Testament used, and in what rated. How many of them will meet sense they used them, must read this again on earth? The Lord alone commentary. We have stated our knoweth. Some are sure to pass

author's main design; but we should away ere the year shall have com- do him an injustice if we did not pleted its circle. May all, through distinctly say that there is interwoven the great atoning sacrifice, by the with his expositions, a considerable grace of God, meet at last in heaven, amount of religious and moral teachwhere partings are unknown! Amen. ing of the purest, noblest, and most

beautiful kind. There are gems of Literary Notices.

moral and spiritual thought, and precious passages

of moral and

spiritual teaching, blended with verCOMMENTARY ON THE NEW TESTAMENT.

bal exposition, to be found in almost By James Morison, D.D. London :

every page. We have before given Hamilton, Adams, & Co., Paternoster-row.

extracts that sustain these statements, The seventh and eighth parts of this and we gladly give a few more. erudite work, extending to Matt. xxiv. Thou shalt love the Lord thy 17, are before us. Our admiration of God with all thy heart, and with all the author's learning and talents, in- thy soul, and with all thy mind. It creases with every part that comes to is in, instead of with, in the original. hand. If the author live to complete The heart and soul and mind are his undertaking he will have brought thus represented rather as the seat of a mine of word-wealth into the pos- the love required, than as the instrusession of his readers, together with a ments wherewith the loving is to be critical exposition of the New Testa- effected,

The word rendered ment, such as had no previous exis- all, is not the common word for all, tence. We have never read a writer but the word for whole. It is in fact, who displays so fine and delicate a our very word whole (hólè). In thy perception of the relation of words to whole heart, and in thy whole soul, ideas, and so complete a mastery of and in thy whole mind, that is,—if we language-especially Greek and Eng. would produce to a nicety the peculish-as the author of this commen- liarity of the Hebrew expression, tary does. Almost every suntence is (Deut. vi. 5; X. 12), in which the an exact reflection of mind in the word whole is a substantive,-in the mirror of speech. Students may here whole of thy heart, and in the whole of learn how to make use of our com- thy soul, and in the whole of thy mind. posite English ; the strong, the pre- The words heart, soul, mind, represent cise, and the beautiful of our manifold different aspects of one substantive incorporations and combinations with entity—the one spiritual element the old Anglo-Saxon, so as to present of our nature, whether that element his thoughts with exactness to an should be metaphysically simple, or audience or to a reader. He may do in some respects constituted and this almost unconsciously, whilst compound. It is the heart or centre attending only or mainly to the ex- of our complex being. (See Matt. ix. pository teaching before him. Dr. 4; xii. 34; xiii. 15, 19; xv. 8, 19.) Morison examines every word and It is the soul,—the seat of sensations phrase of the text in the light of par- and feelings in general. It is the

mind,—that in us which perceives and thinks and understands.

• All that is within us' should be enlisted in the love of the Lord our God; and every element of our inner being should contribute somewhat to the completion of our duty.” Page 457.

“ It seems to be scientifically clear, that the whole New Testament is the outgrowth of the Old. Richard Baxter was right, — Judaism was but Christianity in the egg.' And outside the sphere of Judaism there were multitudes of things lying in the same direction, only not so positively pronounced. There has been, indeed, a grand Unity of Aim in all ages. God, and God Propitious, has been in all history.

Behind the progress of events, there has been, all along, a Divine Mind showering in, as the clouds and fogs of human prejudices would permit, innumerable sparks or sparkles of its own infinite intelligence, and pointing men hopefully onward and upward. An infinite Conscience, too, has all along kept touching human consciences, and, as it were, divinely magnetising them, or adjusting the moral compasses of men's souls. Side by side with the infinite Conscience an infinite Heart has been sending its pulses strangely and mysteriously, but really, into all human hearts, as much as might be, and often producing wonderful reciprocal longings and lovings and yearnings. So far, also, as the myriad movements of finite free-wills would admit, an infinite Will has been seeking to guide the helm of every human soul, and the helm of all those groups of souls which we call peoples or nations.” (Matt. xxii. 43, 44.) Page 460.

Our expositor clearly and strongly holds and teaches both the freeness of divine grace and the freedom of the human will.“ And ye would not: -or, And ye wished not. Such is the literal translation (Matt. xxiii. 37) but nothing can excel that of our authorised version. The language is evidence,' as Dean Alford justly remarks, ‘of the freedom of man's will to resist the grace of God.' Calvin was led astray by the theology which he inherited, when he denied the validity of the evidence, and accused

those of sophistry who adduced it (a sophistis arripitur). He did not anticipate the progress of philosophic thought, and perceive that the denial of all theology, revealed and natural, is involved in the denial of the freedom of the will.Page 491.

For a witness unto all nations (Matt. xxiv. 14). Not a witness against them, as Chrysostom, Theophylact, and Arnoldi suppose; nor yet a witness to them against the Jews, as Grotius and Richard Baxter suppose; but for a testimony to them of the grace of God to sinners universally, and His willingness to take them back into the enjoyment of His favour. * This,' says John, 'is the testimony, that God hath given to us—hath made over to us in gifteternal life, and this life is in His Son. Hence Whitby's paraphrase is substantially correct, 'for a witness to all nations that I am the Christ.'Page 506.

We close our extracts with a most solemn and weighty sentence, that cannot be too widely promulgated, and that all need to ponder: When the morals of a people become thoroughly corrupt, no political expedients will long succeed in averting social ruin and physical degradation." Page 496.

GARDENER'S MAGAZINE. The August issue of this serial, being the forty-fourth part, and comprising Nos. 218 to 221 inclusive, is now upon our table. Its immediate predecessor we have not seen. Thorough lovers of gardening, who follow the art, whether as a business or as a pleasure, we are inclined to think, must be as anxious to see each number, as soon as it appears, as is the politician, or the cosmopolitan, or any other habitual reader of news, to get hold of a copy of the Times as soon as he sits down to breakfast. There is always something new and something instructive and agreeable in its pages. The part before us contains reports of far towards a score of exhibitions -horticultural, floral, and botanic; notices of many new flowers; descriptions of interesting localities; valuable information in meteorology,


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