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Nothing but this can give a check to that immorality which hath“ spread the land as a flood.” Can you empty the great deep, drop by drop?

Nothing but this can stop the mouths of those who “glory in their shame, and openly deny the Lord that bought them."

For this reason the adversary so rages whenever “salvation by faith " is declared to the world.

Now, “thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ ;” to whom, with the Father and the Holy Ghost, be blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, for ever and ever. Amen.


Literary Notices.

Every number of this unpretending

four-paged folio deserves commendaTHE GARDENER'S MAGAZINE.

tion. Its matter is almost all such as We have no abatement to make from

candid Christians of all denominations all that we have ever said in favour of

will admit to be wholesome and good; Mr. Shirley Hibberd's magazine. It and its illustrations are generally is supported by some able contributors,

admirable, both as to design and to and is skilfully edited. In addition


In addition to to all that belongs to its appropriate from life and nature, we have now an literary department, there are some illustrated monthly article, displaying interesting particulars of the pro- the blood-thirstiness of true popery, ceedings of the British Association

as exemplified under the brief but for the Advancement of Science,

cruel reign of the infamous Mary. and a series of half a score papers

If every cottage and every workman by the editor, under the designation in Britain were supplied with the of “Holiday Trips," narrating his

publication regularly, neither popery summer excursion, and describing, nor infidelity would stand much chance in his own humorous and graphic of making proselytes. style, the scenery, the objects of beauty and curiosity in nature, the OLD JONATHAN'S ALMANACK for 1870. antiquities, the persons and places,

An admirable broad sheet, containing &c., that came under his notice in the

the calendar, daily texts, political and course of his journeys and rambles.

religious notes and information, a Many wood engravings are introduced,

New Year's Address, and a cluster of representing places, antiquities, and

instructive wood cuts in the centre, curious objects. Some portions of the

together with a view of the Druidical ruins of Beaulieu Abbey are thus il

antiquity of Stonehenge at the foot : lustrated. The narrator, from what

as much for a penny as would have he says of himself, seems to have no

been charged a shilling for in the objection to good eating and drinking;

early part of this century. but had sometimes, like all travellers and ramblers after the beautiful and the picturesque, to submit to short Sunday School Column. commons” and unenjoyable fare. He is an enthusiastic lover of nature,

“ILLUSTRATING." however, and has an eye for the beau- Who can doubt the importance of iltiful everywhere. Moreover, he knows lustrating our lessons ? and yet what how to describe what he sees; and to neglect there is in this respect. With read what he writes-except when many teachers it is not lack of capasomething has put him out of humour city, but lack of industry, that makes -cannot fail to afford pleasure to their lessons so tedious and unprofitthose who have in them that which able to the class. A careful searching responds to true taste and nervous for metaphors and anecdotes for the appreciativeness.

purpose of enlightening, will repay us

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by placing us in possession of a power evils; for depend upon it, he is the that will win the children's hearts, best instructor, who so mingles illusand make enduring impressions.

trations with his lessons, that attenFew young

minds have much depth. tion is riveted, and the heart is Their comprehension is necessarily impressed.

H. H. limited; hence the need of assisting their understandings. Thomas Fuller

Temperance. has said, “ Arguments are the pillars of truth, illustrations are the windows DR. TROTTER shows the ill effects of to let in light.” Are not illustrations immoderate drinking in retarding the very often to the truth, just what the healing of wounds; but in order to set bow is to the arrow? How power- forth the horrors of drinking, several fully the truth strikes into the dullest cases of the combustion of the body of minds and hardest of hearts by this through it are adduced. He says :means! Eternity alone will reveal But the most interesting part of all the good that has been thus accom- this doctrine, is the combustion of the plished; and some teachers will then

human body, produced by the long and wish they had been wiser in their day immoderate use of spirituous liquors. and generation.

Such cases are on record; and a What Spurgeon said of sermons collection of them, with remarks, is may well be said of Sunday school to be fonnd in the Journal de Phylessons. Sermons without metaphors . sique, year 8, by Pierre Aime Lair. are dark vaults, in which men must I subjoin a copy of that memoir, grope after the jewels of truth, with taken from the Philosophical Magalittle hope of finding them. A judicious zine, vol. vi. p. 132, by Mr. Alexander use of comparisons will make a dis- Tilloch. It is in vain to request course captivating to the careless, in- implicit faith to this narrative. The structive to the inquiring, suggestive testimony on which the whole cases to the thoughtful, and profitable to are given, seems nearly alike. But all."

in the present state of chemistry, and Let us be diligent, then, in this what we know of the nature of spirirespect; choose illustrations tuous liquors, it does not appear bewisely: point them well, and we shall yond credibility, that from their long be imitating the “Great Teacher.” and excessive use, such a quantity of Martin Tupper has truthfully said, hydrogen may accumulate in the

body, as to sustain the combustion of “ Principles and rules are repulsive to a child :

it.” But happy illustration winneth him;

There are twelve cases cited. As Aud parables shall charm his heart, Wbile doctrines seem dead mystery.”

specimens of the others, I will give

two:Illustrations are easily remembered, “ Vicq d'Azyr, in the Encycloand will often recall lessons other- pedie Methodique, under the head wise forgotten. They are helps to Pathologic Anatomy of Man, relates : memory, which none of us should A woman about fifty years of age, despise. Books are better understood who indulged to excess in spirituous from the artist's sketches; and lessons liquors, and got drunk every day bewill be more profitable for being illus- fore she went to bed, was found en. trated. It is our duty to use all the tirely burnt and reduced to ashes. means we can to impress the truth we Some of the osseous parts only were teach ; and while we do that which is left, but the furniture of the apartment right, God will surely make us more had suffered very little damage. successful.

Vicq d’Azyr, instead of disbelieving I know there are some teachers, this phenomenon, adds, that there have who while away a whole lesson time been many other instances of the like telling anecdotes, the sole drift being kind. only to amuse; but this is an evil · We find also a circumstance of equally as great as refusing to tell an this kind in a work entitled, Acta anecdote when it would serve a pur- Medica et Philosophica Hafniensia ; pose. Let us guard against both and in the work of Henry Bohanser,


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entitled Le Nouveau Phosphore en- the most dangerous nature, at once flamme. A woman at Paris, who had destroying the body, and depraving been accustomed for three years to the mind, are the certain followers of drink spirit of wine to such a degree habitual ebriety. Amidst all the evils that she used no other liquor, was one of human life, no cause of disease has day found entirely reduced to ashes, so wide a range, or so large a share, except the skull and extremities of

as the use of spirituous liquors. When the fingers."

we see dropsies, apoplexies, palsies, In chapter four we have a catalogue &c., multiplying in the bills of morof diseases induced by drunkenness: tality, we must look to hard drinking Apoplexy, epilepsy, hysterics, con- as the principal agent in bringing on vulsions, oneirodynia (or fearful these maladies. More than one half dreams), phlegmasiæ, inflammatory of all the sudden deaths which happen, diseases, as, phrenitis, brain fever, are in a fit of intoxication, softened rheumatism, pleurisy; ophthalmia, into some milder name, not to ruffle carbuncles, and gutta rosacea, hep- the feelings of relations, in laying atitis, or inflammation of the liver, them before the public." gout, schirrus of the bowels, icterus, Many persons are of opinion that jaundice, dyspepsia, indigestion, wine is a nourisher, although the book dropsy, tabes, atrophia, syncope, dia- of inspiration has declared it "a betes, locked jaw, palsy, ulcers, mad- mocker.” Dr. Trotter observes:

and idiotism, melancholy, “It may now be asked, at what change of temperament, impotency, age ought a child to begin the use of premature old age. I may close this wine? To this I must reply, that sist with what Shakespeare says on spirits, wine, and fermented liquors the subject.

of all kinds ought to be excluded from Reputation! reputation! repu- the diet of infancy, childhood, and tation! 0! I have lost my reputation! youth. Natural appetite requires no I have lost the immortal part, Sir, of such stimulants. Human blood and myself; and what remains is bestial. healthful chyle do not acknowledge -Drunk ? and speak parrot? and alcohol to be an ingredient in their squabble ? swagger? swear? and dis

composition. The use of these liquors course fustian with one's own sha- is hurtful in proportion to the tender dow? O, thou invisible spirit of age in which it is begun. The lawine, if thou hast no name to be borious rustic, whose chief beverage known by, let us call thee—Devil!- is water, or milk, toils through the I remember a mass of things, but seasons, is never troubled with dysnothing distinctly: a quarrel, but peptic complaints, and never suffers nothing wherefore. -0! that men from low spirits or hypochondriacal should put an enemy in their mouths, apprehensions. Why, then, will the to steal away their brains; that we better orders of life lay the foundation should with joy, revel, pleasure, and in infancy for what are to be constant applause, transform ourselves into troubles to their children while they beasts !- I will ask him for my place live? again : he shall tell me I am a drun- “ When wine was first introduced kard! Had I as many mouths as into Great Britain, in the thirteenth Hydra, such an answer would stop century, it was confined to the shop them all. To be now a sensible man, of the apothecary: it would have been by and by a fool, and presently a well had it been still confined there." beast! O strange! Every inordinate Dr. Trotter was no teetotaller; cup is unblessed, and the ingredient hence his testimony in favour of water is a devil."

drinking is of more value. He says: The fifth and last chapter treats of * In a survey of my whole acquainthe method of correcting the habit of tance and friends, I find that the intoxication.

water-drinkers possess the most equal “From what has been said in the temper and cheerful dispositions. preceding pages, the importance of With respect to labour of body, this part of my subject will be readily the same arguments apply. Vinous admitted. A train of complaints of liquors for a while increase muscular


It so

strength; but to a certainty bring on part of the sentence was pronounced premature weariness and fatigue, with considerable emphasis. with more

inclination to sleep. happened that the lady, suspecting Spirits have the same effects in a the subject of consultation to be hergreater degree, and cause a greater

self, was concealed in an adjoining consumption of pure air. In a warm room, and overheard


word. season or climate, the best articles to

The words of the physician strongly use under severe corporeal hardships,

affected her; her pride was wounded, are the acid fruits, such as the lemon

and her resentment roused to the and orange, apple, &c.; or in lieu of highest pitch imaginable. In the them, vinegar and water, as practised whirlwind of passion the chain of by the Roman soldiers. In winter,

habit was broken in an instant; feplain diet, with a due admixture of male delicacy resumed its ascendency animal food, and moderate exercise, over her actions; and from that moare the sure security of preserving

ment she abjured the intoxicating warmth of body. Spirituous liquors, charm. I am sorry to add, my honest though generally used, give but a

friend was never after beheld with temporary glow, and in the end render complaisance by the fair convert, the effects of cold more speedily though he had proved to be her best hurtful.”

benefactor.” Let us listen once more to this How to sober a drunken husband : temperance advocate of seventy years

Buffon says: ago. The most stringent teetotaller “ Among the savages in the Isthmus of the present day could not say more.

of America, the women throw their “As far as my experience of man

drunk husbands into the rivers, in kind enables me to decide, I must give order the more speedily to remove the it as my opinion, that there is no effects of intoxication. safety in trusting the habitual ine- • This practice among these savages briate with any limited portion of was probably tried at first as a punishliquor. Wherever I have known the ment; but having observed its good drunkard effectually reformed, he has effects, ontinued as a remedy. at once abandoned his potations.

The custom of ducking a drunken That dangerous degree of debility husband, common enough in different which has been said to follow the parts of this island, had most likely a subtraction of vinous stimulus, I have similar origin. It is much to be lanever met with, however universal mented that our fair country-women

has been in its favour; it is do not exercise their privilege much the war-whoop of alarmists; the idle oftener.” cant of arch theorists."

It is sad, sad, sad, that the fine intelThe following anecdote of how a lect of man should be clouded by drink. lady was cured of her inebriety is That the body which is designed to very striking :

be the temple of the Holy Ghost, "A friend of mine, an eminent should be abused, and the term of its physician in the north, was consulted existence shortened by the intoxiby a gentleman on the subject of cor- cating cup. To every one in danger recting an unfortunate attachment to I would say, Abstain! To those who the bottle, in the wife of his bosom. are in no danger, Oh, my brother, They formally sat down to deliberate, “Drink no wine while the world and the doctor listened with much standeth, if it maketh thy brother to patience to all the ways and means

offend.” that had been devised by the distressed and affectionate husband to reclaim his cara sposa. So much had

Miscellaneous. bee done, and so many expedients tried in vain, that the physician de- WEALTH AND PIETY: A CONTRAST. clared nothing further could be at- BECKFORD OF FONTHILL, AND JAY tempted, but to place a hogshead of brandy before her, and let her drink The late Rev. William Jay, whose till she gave up the ghost! The last Autobiography and Reminiscences


the cry


issued from the press under the edi- proprietor, designer, and builder of torial supervision of two venerable the splendid Fonthill Abbey, which ministers of the gospel, the Rev.J. A. cost in its erection £273,000, and the James of Birmingham, and the Rev. pictures, library, and furniture of Dr. Redford of Worcester, was the which were valued at more than a son of a stonemason, and apprenticed million. He was the son of the to his father, with a view to his fol- famous Beckford, twice Lord Mayor lowing the same occupation. Young of London, who reproved King George Jay and his father worked at the the Third on his throne, when he Abbey of Fonthill, in the designing, insulted a deputation of the citizens. erecting, and furnishing of which, Mr. Beckford, the son, who was Mr. Beckford, its proprietor, lavished placed, at his father's death, under an enormous expenditure. It was at the care of the first Earl of Chatham, this period, whilst yet a lad, that Jay became an accomplished man and heard the “glad tidings of great joy,' distinguished author. His gorgeous which reached his heart, effected his tale, Vathek,' was written in French conversion, brought him under the when he was barely twenty-two, at notice of the late Rev. Cornelius one sitting of three days and two Winter, led to his early engagement nights. Byron said of it, that even in the great work of his preaching, Rasselas must bow before it.' He and to his settlement in Bath, in the wrote also ‘Letters on Spain and bloom of manhood, as the pastor of a Italy,' Observations on Celebrated church, an office which he continued Painters,' &c. &c. He was univerfor the long period of sixty-three sally esteemed a man of exquisite years to sustain over the same people. taste and of keen discernment. His During that period he wrote and splendid fortune was spent in the published, as well as preached, much. gratification of his taste for the fine One of his works fell into the hands arts and literature. Over his mantelof Mr. Beckford, who wrote many piece, in his dining parlour, was a notes upon it, and who occasionally picture of St. Catherine, by Raffaelle, attended the ministry of its author. which cost him £3,000. One who

“This man's mind,” says Beckford, knew him well says, I had many in these notes, “is no petty reservoir conversations with him upon the supplied him by laborious pumpings; subject of religion, for he was rather it is a clear, transparent spring, fond of controversy. I should say flowing so freely as to impress the that he was an orthodox Catholic; idea of its being inexhaustible. In but, like many, professed a faith he many of these pages the stream of did not practise. eloquence is so full, so rapid, that we “ He was famous for a most sumpare fairly borne down and laid pros- tuous .entertainment he gave to Adtrate at the feet of the preacher, miral Lord Nelson. But though he whose arguments in these moments · was accounted in his day the richest appear as if they could not be contro- commoner in England, yet he susverted, and we must yield to them. tained, long before his death, imThe voice which calls us to look into mense losses of property, and the ourselves, and prepare for judgment, abbey was sold to Mr. Farquhar for is too piercing, too powerful, to be £330,000. The sale of its contents resisted; and we attempt, for worldly created an excitement throughout the and sensual considerations, to shut nation, and during its continuance of our ears in vain.”

thirty-three days, such was the influx Let us glance at the career of the of visitors, that not a lodging was to individual whose conscience pro- be had for many miles round. It is nounced this judgment upon a writer recorded that between seven and who had once been occupied in exe- eight thousand catalogues were sold cuting works for the gratification of at a guinea each. the wealthy man's taste. We take it After this calamity, Mr. Beckford as we find it, from the volume before retired to Bath, where he ended hi

days, at very nearly the same age as “ William Beckford, Esq., was the Mr. Jay, and where, probably, he


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