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Phenomena of the Months.

DECEMBER DECEMBER opens with a temperature at the average of 43 degrees, Fahr., and closes at an average of 38 degrees; the mean temperature of the whole month standing at 40 degrees.

The rainfall in December averages rather more than 24 inches. In December, 1867, there was only about half that quantity.

It is interesting to notice how the system of taking averages brings out the fact of the regular and uniform gradation of heat and cold during the year. Early in January we find an average daily temperature of 36 degrees; from this, by slow advances, it rises to 63 degrees in July and August; and from thence declines as gradually to 36 degrees again in January. There is no chance in all this : it is the arrangement of a beneficent Providence, which adapts all things, according to a wise plan, for the convenience and comfort of man.

The sun rises on the 1st at four minutes before eight, and sets at eight minutes before four; on the 15th it rises at one minute after eight, and sets at eleven minutes before four; and on the 31st it rises at nine minutes after eight, and sets at twelve minutes before four. The length of day on the 1st is eight hours and eight minutes; on the 21st it is seven hours and forty-five minutes, and on the 31st, seven hours and forty-nine minutes; the total variation in its length being only twenty-three minutes.

The moon is new on the 3rd, at forty-one minutes after ten in the morning, and full on the 18th, at ten minutes before midnight. On the first Sunday it sets two hours after sunset; on the second Sunday it shines until half an hour after midnight; on the third Sunday it rises at twenty minutes before five in the evening; and on the fourth Sunday it does not rise until soon after midnight.

The moon is near to Mercury on the 2nd, to Saturn on the 3rd, to Mars on the 5th, to Venus on the 7th, to Jupiter on the fifteenth, to Aldebaran in Taurus on the 17th, to

Uranus on the 20th, to Regulus in Leo on the 23rd, and to Saturn a second time on the 31st.

Mercury is a morning star until the 10th, but does not begin to set after the sun until the 18th, and then becomes an evening star. It sets forty-one minutes after the sun on the 31st, and is unfavourably situated for observation all the month.

Venus, brilliant and conspicuous in the western sky, sets more than three hours after the sun at the beginning, and more than four hours after it at the end of the month.

Mars sets a little more than an hour and a quarter after the sun all the month.

Jupiter rises before sunset, and sets before sunrise. This fine planet has very little apparent motion among the stars during December, and by the 5th of January, reaches a point in its orbit when it is apparently stationary to the eye of an observer on the earth, it being then at the western extremity of the elongated ellipse or loop which it apparently describes annually in the heavens to our view. After that date its motion will again begin to be towards the east.

Saturn is too near the sun for favourable observation. Sun and planet set together on the 14th.

G. B. C.

Passing Events.

“ Is the index ready?” inquired the printer. “Yes.” The eleven months were done on that general holiday, when the world of London turned out to see the Queen open Blackfriars Bridge and the Holborn Viaduct. Yes, while our neighbours got out, we had to be at home, engaged in the very prosaic work of preparing the index. “ There is a good deal of trouble in the world,” a shrewd man said to us on one occasion, and went on to remark,“ I am one of those who wish to get through it with as little as possible.” An index should not be too brief, nor too prolix. Whether we have hit the happy medium it is not for us to say. The index, however, brings with it the end of the year.

Leaving for the present the em.

pires, kingdoms, and republics of the borough :-"I feel grateful to Almighty earth with their varied interests, let God that I have been enabled to pass us look at our municipal corporations. through my .year of office to your The ninth of November is a memor- satisfaction ; because,when I look back able day. Memorable as the birth to the changes that have taken place day of the heir apparent to the British even in my short time, I think of a throne; but more

memorable as poor boy leaving his home at the age being the day when the king of a of fifteen years with 6s. in his pocket, corporation, after one year of office, thrown out into the world to seek his puts off his insignia of royalty, and fortune, and to struggle on in the another puts them on. Who is there great struggle of life; but there is one in London but has gone some time or who is always a Friend to the friendother to see the Lord Mayor's show ? less, and so he changed from business Even those of us who happen to have

to business till he came to be mayor natures as cold and unimpressible as of the royal borough of Windsor (loud possible find ourselves from year to applause). Really it is almost overyear, in spite of our resolves to the powering when one thinks of it; and contrary, looking on with the rest. when one remembers the circumOf course we did not mean to leave stances that have taken place in such our office, and lower our dignity by a short history, how much is there to gazing on the Lord Mayor's show. be thankful for. No one in such cirBut there we were after all.

cumstances is likely to be mayor of The next day there are the papers

Windsor without some amount of with the speeches of the notables at the self-denial. There must not be too Lord Mayor's banquet. There the much wine, too many cigars; there grave premier talks a long talk, and must be no snuff (laughter), no music is careful to say nothing. His lively halls, no race courses, no betting; Chancellor of the Exchequer comes there must be strict attention, to in at the end with the ladies, and business, steady plodding industry, certainly his is the most amusing patience, and a delight in work, and speech.

long constant study, and an endeaWe have often wondered when toasts vour to fit oneself for any higher will be put into the lumber room with position that God's providence may Gog and Magog. But if we must place within reach.

All this one have them, let them be associated must do if he ever hopes to be mayor with something more than mere com- of such a borough as this under the pliment and jejune nothings. We are circumstances in which I stand (apglad to be able to cut something from plause). I say, as I said twelve the Windsor Express worthy the at- months ago, if I can be to the young tention of our readers, and of being men of Windsor anything like a preserved in our columns. It is from beacon light to warn them from quickthe reply of the Ex-Mayor of Wind- sands and whirlpools, I shall rejoice sor, at the mayor's banquet in that to be enabled to do so (loud applause).”

Mutual-Jid Issociation Beporter.


LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT. MY DEAR BRETHREN, -As six months have gone, and nothing has been done, no apology of mine, however plausible, can possibly redeem one lost opportunity. I will say at once, if the branches are waiting and willing to work, I shall feel it my duty to render them all the assistance which is within my power. The long winter nights are fast closing in upon us, and this is the most fitting season for holding public meetings to express our sympathy with the poor brethren who, through age and infirmities, need our assistance.

As an association of brethren having no desire but to walk in the paths of Him who went about doing good, we may assert with truth and gratitude, that the smile of heaven has cheered us in this good work from the beginning, and never more so than at this present moment. The ordinary sources of our income, supplemented with an occasional address from the presidential chair, have enabled us to meet the most pressing claims of our aged and sick brethren ; nor have we the least fear that, whilst the local preachers live in the affections of those to whom they have ministered the Word of Life, the needful supply will ever fail.

Now this is my point, and I wish my brethren to know and understand it. Considering the numerous and pressing clainis which weigh upon every Wesleyan church, I do not think it right that we should keep on begging the whole year round, and thus advertise our poverty to the church and the world. My settled conviction is, and ever has been, that one vigorous united effort would settle the matter at once, and for all coming time.

Twenty thousand pounds is just the sum we require; and let it be remembered that five thousand pounds of the required sum is already in hand, so that in reality we only want fifteen thousand pounds; and what is this among so many, in an age when gold is heaped up like dust? The finest field in the world is open for our efforts. Boldly we put forth claims which none ever ventured to deny. All agree that no local preacher, in the time of sickness and extreme weakness, should stand at the Union door and ask for bread ; and yet this hideous revolting thing is taking place every day. To relate sad tales of woe would be unavailing. What we need is a united, vigorous effort, which never fails to command success. The only difficulty in the way is to get the machinery set in motion. Now only think, 30,000 local preachers,—not all poor, many of them are men of position and commanding influence; only it is for them to will, and the work is done.

To put the matter into a simple form. Suppose that 15,000 engage to get or give £1: there is our £15,000 at once.

In order to set the machinery in motion, every branch secretary should call a meeting, and state the case clearly, impressing upon our friends, if their response is liberal, this will be our last appeal.

Then, simultaneously with the card movement, an effort ought to be made in another direction. One collection, and only one, should be made in every chapel in each circuit. The pecuniary results of this effort would be considerable. A smile upon this movement, and a kind word from the superintendent ministers and their colleagues, would confer a lasting boon upon the poor and needy local preachers.

In conclusion, permit me to say, that all with whom I have conversed upon the subject, agree that it is most desirable to get rid of perpetual

appeals on behalf of our brethren, and are willing to engage to do their part. Some engage to raise £20, others £10; and more than one already stands engaged for £100. One good brother writes to say that his circuit has done its part of the work,-every brother has given his £1. Go then, my dear brethren, and do likewise : and when the dim eyes of thy poor aged brother cannot see thee, the prayer of his grateful heart, ascending to the Throne, shall bless thee. WM. BOWRON, President.

November 15, 1869.


over 25s. out; 11 branches, that for PREACHERS' MAGAZINE.

every 20s. drew over 30s.; 22 branches

received back more than double; 7 MY DEAR SIRS,—It appears we are

branches more than three times the doing well, and have much cause for amount they paid in ; 7, four times as rejoicing in the growing prosperity of much; 6, five times; and 3, even more the Association.

than this. There is no part of your excellent Now, if the brethren concerned will magazine that I look into with greater look into the matter, and each do his interest than that headed “Mutual- best between this and Christmas, and Aid Association Reporter;

and I forward to Mr. Creswell a Christmas sincerely regret that so few commu- offering for the Association, then, nications from the branches appear while our aged brethren are rejoicing under this heading. I have also been over the extra gift of our late Brother anxiously looking for something from Wild, our General Secretary will the prolific pen of our vigorous and rejoice over the Christmas offerings enterprising President, suggesting for the Association. some plan that would aro the I have been greatly pleased of late branches, and make his year of office to find that so many of our circuit a very memorable one. I trust it will ministers are taking a lively interest come with the new year, if not before. in the affairs of the Association, but

I have been looking over the am greatly surprised that after the amount of subscriptions, and total offer of the Committee to send a depureceipts and payments, appended to tation to help the branches where the last report, which, if any of our needful to hold public meetings, and brethren in the branches have not yet otherwise revive the branches, that received, they will do well to procure so few applications have been made from the branch secretaries; and to them, and trust that in the early looking at what many of the branches months of the new year, public meethave done and are doing, I rejoice ings will be held in all the branches with them in what has been done to wherever practicable. help our needy and aged brethren. The Committee will be glad to But while this is the object and glory know that Mrs. Hayward, the kind of the Association to be able to help friend to whom they sent the year's our needy brethren, yet I cannot but magazines from last monthly meeting, think that, at least in some of the has forwarded me a Post Office order branches, if the brethren exerted for £1 2s. 6d., the price of the year's themselves, things might be a little magazines and postage, and a subdifferent. Sure, some of the friends in scription of a sovereign, which she the circuit would help in so good a intends (if spared) to repeat annually. cause if application were made to I hope our poor and aged brethren them to give donations, or to become will not take as unkind any of the honorary members.

above remarks; for while the Lord In the statements above referred to, has preserved my life to be one with without going into particulars, there them in age, yet having blest me appear to be about 12 branches, which with enough of this world to supply for every 20s. paid in have received all my bodily wants, I rejoice in being


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able in any measure to help those of preacher for fifty years, a member of my brethren who are in need. May our Association from 1850; described we so live that as we each fail on earth as being too ill to work, with a blind we may be prepared to meet our older wife, and living upon the private brethren, and all who through faith contributions of a few friends, which and patience are now inheriting the were not adequate to his wants, promises.

was also allowed 4s. per week. I am, dear brethren, yours sincerely, Letters from Gloucester, Inver

R. DURLEY. keithing, Sleaford, and Skipton, were Whitchurch, near Aylesbury,

read and determined upon. Nov. 1869.

The affairs of the magazine were discussed, and the publication com

mittee were appointed for next year. GENERAL COMMITTEE.

Brother Durley called attention to The monthly meeting was held at the list of circuits in the Annual ReBrother Bowron's, 14, Churton Street, port, which showed that many circuits Pimlico, on Wednesday, 10th No- last year received very largely from vember.

our funds, and did but little in return. Present :- The President in the He said he would write to the Magachair), Brothers Cole, Durley, J. zine upon the subject. Carter, Madder, Sims, Jameson, Par- Brother Cole, on the question of ker, and Chamberlain.

ways and means,” suggested that Prayer was offered by Brother Cole. each member of Committee might

The minutes were read and con- obtain four or five additional honorary firmed, and some small matters arising members, and by that means therefrom were settled.

wants would be met. He would try The monthly statement showed 19

for his part. new members, 3 deaths, and 1 mem- Considerable discussion took place ber's wife, 99 annuitants, and 27 sick. on various subjects connected with

The receipts and payments through ways and means but no definite local committees were nearly equal resolution was passed. since last audit, and the balances in Brother Sims closed the meeting hand were only £139 2s.

There were four applications for The next meeting will be held at superannuation, which


Brother David Plant's, 5, Upper follows:

Portland Place, Wandsworth Road, Brother J. S., of R., aged 84, a Vauxhall, on Monday, 13th Dec., at preacher for fifty-six years, and a member of our Association for seventeen years, having no income, no

DEATHS. wife, no family, but works a little in

Oct. 16, 1869. Ann Edkins, of Sunhis garden,

was allowed 4s. per week. Brother T. S., of C. N., aged 72, a

derland Circuit, aged 65. Calmly

resting on the atonement. Claim £3. preacher for forty-three years ;

Nov. 12, 1869. Mary Bainton, of member with us for sixteen years ;

Frome Circuit, aged 59. She died in who has no property ; earns about 7s.

peace. Claim £3. a week, but has failing eyesight; has Oct. 2, 1869. Richard Parker, of eight children, seven of them married, Burton - upon - Trent, after twelve but none able to help him ; months' severe suffering, was suddenly allowed 3s. a week for the present.

called into rest ; sudden death being Brother J. B., of T., aged 70, a

sudden glory. No claim. preacher for forty-eight years, being

Oct. 25, 1869. John Derry, of Leain needy case, not able to work, and

mington, aged 77. His end was peace.

Claim £3 having no friends to help him, having

Oct. 27, 1869. John B. Hall, of applied for help, and the local secretary, who has known him upwards of

Leeds, aged 76. In the hope of eternal

life. Claim £2. twenty years, urgently pressing his

Nov. 4, 1869. John Dudley, Stourcase, was allowed 4s. per week. bridge Circuit, aged 66. In peace

Brother B. D., of H., aged 71, a through believing. Claim £6.

with prayer.


5.30. p.m.



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