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sary to his composing a treatise on philosophy, in elucidation of his favourite system ; and met with liberal friends, who, by a subscription among themselves of three hundred pounds per annum for three years, enabled him to furnish himself with such an apparatus as he wanted. The result of his labours was “ An Essay on the First Principles of Natural Philosophy,” published in 1762, quarto, intended to demonstrate the use of natural means, or second causes, in the economy of the material world, from reason, experiments, and the testimony of antiquity. It was designed as a preparatory work, to obviate the objections against the system for which he was an advocate, founded on the Newtonian philosophy ; and it displayed considerable learning and ingenuity, as well as an ardent attachment to the interests of piety and virtue, united with the eccentric peculiarities of the Hutchinsonian school. The Earl of Bute was so well satisfied with it, that he desired the author not to be intimidated through fear of the expense from pursuing his philosophical studies, but to direct Mr. Adams, the mathematical instrument-maker, to supply him with such instruments as he might want, and to place them to his lordship's account.
In the year 1764, Archbishop Secker presented Mr. Jones to the vicarage of Bethersden in Kent, whither he removed with his family ; and when he afterwards found that the income of his benefice was not equal to what he expected, in pursuance of the advice of his friends, he undertook the tuition of a few pupils. For such an office he was well qualified by his skill in the learned languages, his various knowledge, his great industry, and his perspicuous easy manner of communicating instruction. In the year 1765, Archbishop Secker presented Mr. Jones to the rectory of Pluckley, in the same county, where he took up his residence, and continued his plan of education, pursuing at the same time his course of philosophical experiments, as well as theological studies, and discharging his pastoral duties with exemplary zeal and diligence. In the year 1769, he published a letter to “A Young Gentleman at Oxford, intended for Holy Orders, containing some seasonable Cautions against Errors in Doctrine,” octavo; consisting, chiefly, of the substance of a visitation sermon preached before Archbishop Secker in 1766. His subsequent publications, during his continuance at Pluckley, were, some remarks on the principles and spirit of “ The Confessional,” an
nexed to a new edition of his “ Answer to an Essay on Spirit,” &c. 1773, octavo; “Zoologia Ethica : ' a Disquisition concerning the Mosaic Distinction of Animals, clean and unclean; being an Attempt to explain to Christians, the Wisdom, Morality, and Use of that Institution, in two Parts," 1772, octavo ; “ Three Dissertations on Life and Death, 1772, octavo; a volume of “ Disquisitions on
, some select Subjects of Scripture,” which had been before separately printed, 1773, octavo; and “ Reflections on the Growth of Heathenism among Christians, in a Letter to a Friend at Oxford, by a Presbyter of the Church of England,” 1776, octavo. About this time Mr. Jones was induced to move from Pluckley, and to accept of the perpetual curacy of Nayland, in Suffolk. Soon afterwards he effected an exchange of Pluckley, for the rectory of Paston in Northamptonshire, which he visited annually; but took up his abode at Nayland, which no future offer of preferment tempted bim to quit. In the mean time he had entered a member of Sydney College in the university of Cambridge, where he was admitted to the degree of M. A.From the title of his next publication, Mr. Jones appears to have been admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society; but we have no infor
mation concerning the time when this honour was conferred upon him. The work to which we allude was his " Physiological Disquisitions, or, Discourses concerning the Natural Philosophy of the Elements,” 1781, quarto. This performance contains discourses on matter, and the several kinds of bodies :
; on the nature and causes of motion ; on the nature and uses of the elements ; on fire, its properties and effects ; on the nature and properties of air; on the philosophy of musical sounds ; on fossil bodies ; on physical geography, or, the natural history of the earth ; and on the appearances, causes, and prognostic signs, of the weather. They contain much instructive, much entertaining, and much fanciful matter, ingeniously applied in an attempt to investigate the causes of things, and to construct a theory of nature on the principles of the author's favourite system. Mr. Jones's next publication was theological, and consisted of “ Lectures on the Figurative Language of the Holy Scripture, and the Interpretation of it from the Scripture itself,” 1788, octavo; which contain a mixture of judicious and valuable explanations of Scripture metaphors, with others in which the author has given full scope to his lively imagination.
In discharging the duties of his pastoral office, Mr. Jones paid particular attention to the
young people of his parish, whom he instructed privately in his own house, and publicly in the church, by a course of catechetical lectures adapted to their capacities; and as he was zealously attached to the establishment, of which he was a minister, he endeavoured to secure their adherence to its communion, not only by the representations which he laid before them of the nature of the church, and the sinfulness of schism, but by different small treatises, such as “An Essay on the Church," the “ Churchman's Catechism,” &c. That these labours were not inefficacious among his parishioners, he had reason to conclude from the increase which he had the satisfaction to see in the number of those who attended at the sacrament. In the year 1790, our author published two volumes of “Sermons on moral and religious Subjects," octavo; which
” are chiefly of a practical and useful tendency, and include some discourses on natural history, delivered at Mr. Fairchild's annual lecture at Shoreditch Church, of which the preacher is appointed by the Royal Society. They reflect credit on the author's piety and benevolence; but his fondness for the introduction