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Both Houses of Parliament were so bent upon humbling the colony of Massachusetts bay, that they had proceeded, on the 13th of February, to address his Majesty, for calling all the offenders in that colony to an account before the judicatories of this nation. This declared how earnest the majority in parliament were in exercising the authority of the mother country over the colonies. Their address is expressed in the strongest terms of loyalty to the King, and severity to the offenders in the colony *His Majesty in his answer to the address of both Houses of parliament enters warmly into the spirit of the measures
they Τ Η Ε ADDRES S. Moft Gracious Sovereijn, most speedy and effectual manner
We, your Majesty's most dutiful for bringing to condign puniltment and loyal subjects, the Lords fpiri- the chief authors and initigators of tual and temporal, and Commons the late ditorders, we most humin Parliament affembled, return bly befeech your Majesty, that you your Majesty our most humble will be graciously pleased to direct, thanks, for the communication your Majesty's Governor of Massayour Majesty has been graciously chusets bay to take the most effecpleased to make to your parliament, tual methods for procuring the fitof se eral papers relative to public test information that can be obtaintransactions in your Majesty's pro- ed, touching all treatons, misprivince of Massachusetts Bay. sion of treaton committed within
We beg leave to express to your his government since the 30th of Majerly our sincere satisfaction in December, 1767; and to transmit the measures which your Majesty the same, together with the names has pursued, for fupporting tlie of the perfons who were most acconftitution, and for inducing a tive in the commiflion of such ofdue obedience to the authority of fences, to one of your Majesty's the legislature, and to give your principai secretaries of ftate, in orMajesty the strongest assurances, der that your Majesty may isue a that we will effe ctually stand by special commission for enquiring and support your Majesiy, in such of, hearing, and determining the further measures as may be found said offences within this realm, purnecessary to maintain the civil ma- suant to the provisions of the ftagiftrates in the due execution of the tute of the 35th year of the reign laws, within your Majesty's pro- of King Henry the eight, it cafe vince of Massachusets bay. And your Majesty shall, upon receiving we conceive nothing can be imme- the faid information, see sufficient diately necessary either for the ground for such a proceeding. maintaining of your Majesty's au To this Address, his Majesty gave thority in the said province, or for the following moft gracious anguarding your Majesty's subjects fwer. lher ein from being further deluded My Lords and Gentlemen, by the arts of wicked and design The fincere fatisfacion you exing men, than to proceed in the press in the measures I have alrea
they recommend, and breathes the spirit of vengeance against some leading persons in the colony of Massachusets bay. It was now manifest that nothing could bring matters to a proper temper, except an unconditional submission on the part of the colonists ; for both King and parliament were determined to humble them. At this time it appeared to almost all ranks of people, an easy matter to have settled the difference. Moderation in the government, equal to the submission of the colonists might have settled all the commotions ; but it was now determined to make use of the most rigorous measures, and to bring the colonist to the feet of the minister. Wise men began to perceive the abfurdity of the measures of the ministry, and publicly shewed their dislike of their proceedings, and on that account were considered as disloyal and disaffected to the government. The most wretched and despicable tools of administration, over all the nation, were, on all occasions, ready to iusult every person that hinted the smallest dislike of the violent measures that were now proposed. Petitions and remonstrances were considered as seditious libels, and the petitioners and remonstrators accounted factious and disloyal perfons. The very Jacobites and Papists, who, it is well known never were well affected to the revolution settlement, nor the Hanoverian succession, became now the accusers of the King's most loyal subjects, and were not ashamed openly to charge the Revolution with rebellion. The great numbers of those who had been concerned in the rebellion in the year 1745
dy taken, and the strong assurances I will not fail to give those orders you give of supporting me in those which you recommend as the most which may be still necessary, to effectual method of bringing the maintain the just legislative autho. authors of the late unhappy diforrity, and the due execution of the ders in that province to condign laws in my province of Massachu- punishment. fetts bay, give me great pleasure.
Being restored to their fortunes and estates, as well as preferred in the army and navy, gave fu picion to those who were friends of the constitution, that some dark fcheines were operating to bring the empire under a more arbitrary government. What added to thefe fufpicions was, that ever since 1745, it had been the conttant conversation of the Jacobites in their private afsemblies, that they would walk more surely, and play a morë certain game in their future proceedings, than they and their fathers had done fince the revolution : that it would be a work of more time, to worm themselves into places of power and trust; 'by'a specious behaviour, but would operate with more certainty, than proceeding to acts of violence. These secret manuovres were not kept so close, as to be totally concealed; they had, upori occasions, admitted fome into their meetings who were unknown to them, not of their principles. These made no secrets of what they had heard, but told them to others, and they at last circulated so wide as to spread over the whole nation. Thefe hints moved the friends of the revolution, and made them publish their fufpicions to the nation. The friends of the ministry declared that all this was fiander, proceeding from matice and disappointment: that the people in oppofition had nothing in view except to embarrafs government, and to have the management, and the perquisites belonging thereto, into their own hands. This assertion was not unplausible; for it oftentimes happens that the clamour against the ministry proceeds more from a love of their places, than from any dislike of their measures. The ministry on this occasion, as on many occasions fince, were but badly served with those whom they employed to defend their measures, to the public. The writers upon their side, were not equal in abilities to thofe in
the opposition; and though they had been equal to it, it indeed is impossible for hirelings to write with so much spirit and freedom as those who write from prinn ciple, and from the heart.
What irritated the colonists to the highest degree, was an act paffed in 1767, for granting certain duties in the British colonies and plantations in America. This law.contains a vast number of articles which the colonists thought heavy and grievous, and which were judged inconsistent with those ideas implied in the law repealing the stamp act. But that the reader may judge for himself, I have given this law, together with the declaratory act, in the notes below*. Inno year since his Majesty'saccession tothe the throne, were there greater
* Forevery hundred weight avoir- containing forty quires, not made dupois of crown, plate, Bint, and in Great Britain, six pence." white glass, four shillings and eight For every ream of paper caled pence.
brown cap, not made in Great For every hundred weight avoir- Buitain, nine pence; cinuis of green glass, one filling For every ream of paper called and two pauce.
brown large cap, made in Giveat For every sundred weight avoir- Britain, four pence halfpenny. dapois of red lead, two whers. For every ream of påper called
For every hundred weight avoir small ordinary brown, 'made in dupois of white lead, two thillings. Great Britain, three pence.
hundred weight avoir For every vanile, conļaining fordupois' of painters colours, two ty quires of paper called white Millings.
brown, made in Great Britain, four For every pound weight avoir- pence balspenny. dupois of tea, three pence,
For every ream of cartridge paFor every ream of paper, usual- per, one spilling and one penny ly called or known by the name of halfpenny. allas fine, twelve Dillings.
For every ream of paper called Forevery ream of paper called at- Chancerý double, one Milling and las ordinary, fix shillings.
fix pence. Por every ream of paper called For every ream of paper called bastard, or'double copy; one thil- Genoa crown fine, one shilling and ling and fix pence.
one penny halfpenny: For every single ream of blue For every ream of paper called paper for sugar bakers, ten pence Genoa crown fecond, nine pence. balfpenay.
For every ream of paper called For every ream of paper called German crown, nine pence. blue royal, one histing and fix For every ream of paper called pence.
fine printing crown, nine pence. or every bundle of lurou n paper For every ream of paper called
commotions and debates in the empire than in this. Not only were the colonies in a state of commotion, but the nation at home was in a continual bustie. Ad. dresses on one side, and petitions on the other, were presented in great numbers to the throne. The principles upon which they proceeded were so opposite, and contrary to each other, that one would conclude, by comparing them, that the human mind must have, in some people, different faculties, from what others åre possessed of, and that right and wrong are not the
second ordinary printing crown, elephant ordinary, two fhillings fix pence three farthings.
and five pence farthing. For every ream of paper called For every ream of paper called crown fine, made in Great Britain, Genoa fools cap fine, one shilling
and one penny halfpenny, For every ream of paper called For every ream of
called erown second, made in great Great Genoa foolscap second nine pence: Britain, fix pence three farthings. For every ream of paper called
For every ream of paper called German fools cap, nine pence. demy fine, not made in Great Bri For every ream of paper called tain, three shillings.
fine printing fools cap, nine pence. For every roam of paper called For every ream of paper called demy second, not made in Great second ordinary priraing Tools cap, Britain, one thilling and four pence fix pence three farthings. halfpenny.
For every ream of any other paFor every ream of paper called per called fools cap fine, not made demy fine made in Great Britain, in Great Britain, one shilling and one ibilling 2nd one penny half. ten pence haltpenny. Deiiny.
For every ream of any other paFor every ream of paper called per called fools cap fine, second, not siemy second, made in Great Bri- made in Great Britain, one shilling tain, nine pence.
and six pence. For every ream of paper called For every ream of paper called demy printing, one shilling and fools cap fine, made in Great Brithree pence.
tain, nine pence. For every ream of paper called For every ream of paper called Genoa demy fine, one shilling and fools cap recond, made in Great
Britain, fix pence three far. For every ream of paper called things. Genoa demy second, one shilling For every ream of paper called and one penny halfpenny.
imperial fine, twelve shillings. For every ream of paper called For every ream of paper called German demy, one thilling and one second writing imperial, eight fhil. penny halfpenny.
lings and three pence. For every ream of paper called for every ream of paper called pephant fine, six shillings.
German lombard, nine pence. For every reain of paper called For every ream of paper called