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islands in the West Indies, have been nions; and all the territories of the conquered ; the Havannah, a place king of Pruffia, as well as my other of the utmost importance to Spain, allies in Germany, or elsewhere, is in my poffeffion; and with it occupied by the armies of France, great treasures, and a very confi- are to be immediately evacuated. derable part of the navy of Spain, Gentlemen of the house of comare fallen into our hands.
mons, I cannot mention these atchieve. I have ordered the proper estiments, which reflect such honour on mates to be laid before
and my crown, without giving my shall, without delay, proceed to public testimony to the unwearied make reductions to the utmost ex. perseverance, and unparallelled bra- tent, wherever they may be found very of my officers and private consistent with wisdom and sound men, by sea and land, who, by re- policy. It is the greatest aflicton peated proofs, have shewn, that no to find, that, though the climate, no hardships, no dangers war is at an end, our expences cancan check the ardour, or resist the not immediately be so much lessenvalour, of the British arms.
ed as I desire; but as nothing could Next to the affistance of Almigh- have carried us through the great ty God, it is owing to their conduct and arduous difficulties surrounding and courage,
that my enemies have us, but the most vigorous and exbeen brought to accept of peace on pensive efforts, we must expect for such terms, as, I truit, will give my some time, to feel the consequences parliament entire fatisfaction. Pre of them to a considerable degree. liminary articles have been signed My lords and gentlemen, by my minister, with those of
It was impossible to execute what France and Spain, which I will or- this nation has so gloriously perder in due time to be laid before formed in all parts of the world, you.
without the loss of great numbers The conditions of thesc are such, of men. When you consider this that there is not only an immenfe loss, whether on the principles of territory added to the empire of policy or humanity, you will see Great Britain, but a solid founda- one of the many reasons which intion laid for the increase of trade duced me to enter early into negoand commerce ; and the utmost tiation, so as to make a confidercare has been taken to remove all able progress in it, before the fate occafions of future disputes between of many operations was determiamy subjects and those of France ed ; and now to haften the conclu. and Spain, and thereby to add fe- fion of it, to prevent the neceffity curity and permanency to the bles- of making preparations for another fings of peace.
campaign. As by this peace my While I carefully attended to the territories are greatly augmented, essential interests of my own king- and new sources opened for trade doms, I have had the utmost regard and manufactures, it is my earnest to the good faith of my crown,
and desire, that you would confider of the interest of my allies. I have such methods in the settlements of made peace for the king of Portu- our new acquisitions, as shall most gal, fecuring to him all his domi- effectually tend to the security of those countries, and to the improve- ties, the glory, the commerce, and ment of the commerce and naviga- the power of Great Britain, will be tion of Great Britain. I cannot transmitted to posterity. mention our acquisitions, without It is with the utmost gratitude earnestly recommending to your that
that we acknowledge your macare and attention my gallant subjesty's unwearied attention to the jects by whose valour they were prosperity and happiness of your made.
people; which made your majesty We could never have carried on constantly follicitous, even amidst this extensive war, without the great- the glory of your victories, to deest union at home. You will find liver them from the burthens of the same union peculiarly necessary, war, by a just and honourable peace. in order to make the best use of the At the same time, we cannot but great advantages acquired by the admire the wisdom, which pointed peace; and to lay the foundation out to your majesty the most vigoof that economy which we owe to rous efforts, as the fureft means ourselves, and to our posterity, and of procuring this (blefsing for your which can alone relieve this nation people. from the heavy burthens brought We beg leave to offer your maupon it by the necessities of this jefty our bumble congratulations long and expensive war.
on the signal successes, which have attended your majesty's arms in the
course of the present year; on the The humble address of the right hon. reduction of the strong island of
the lords spiritual and temporal in Martinico; on the conquest of the parliament assembled, Nov. 25, Havannah, the bulwark of the Spa1762,
nish colonies, and on the acquisition
of so much treasure, and of so great Moft gracious sovereign,
a part of the Spanish marine; on 7. you majesty's most dutiful the many advantages obtained in
spiritual and temporal, in parlia- although fuperior in numbers, by ment assembled, beg leave to return the able conduct of your majesty's your majesty our humble thanks for general prince Ferdinand of Brunsyour most gracicus speech from the wick, and by the valour of the throne.
troops under his command ; and on Permit us, fir, to take this earliest the preservation of Portugal from opportunity, to entreat your majesty the dangers which threatened into accept our most sincere and fer- ftantly to overwhelm that kingdom, vent congratulations on the birth of and which could not have been so an heir to your crown, which adds long with tood, but by the firmness to your majesty's domestic happi- of its fovereign, by the military tanefs, and endears your royal lents of the reigning count La Lipconfort to the people of these pe, and by the valour of the troops realms; and promises, that, under a employed in that service. These prince formed to the arts of govern- atchievements must be acknowledgment by your majesty's royal ex- ed to be equal to whatever has been ample, the civil and religious liber- performed in any former year, even
of this prosperous war; though a of our fellow subjects, by which the new enemy necessarily made our national strength is so much immilitary operations more extensive, paired. We cannot fufficiently ad. and added new dificulties to those mire that wisdom, which seized the we struggled with before : atchieve- fortunate hour of reaping the adments which reflect the highest ho- vantages of our victories, while we honour on the councils that planned were yet on the fummit of our them, on the commanders who car. glory, and before we had experied them into execution, and on rienced any reverse of fortune. In the fleets and armies, whose intre- grateful return of those many bless. pidity no dangers could dismay. ings, which your majesty's royal
Allow us to express, in the most wisdom and fortitude have procurfervent and grateful manner, our ed for us, your majesty may depend joy and congratulations, that, by on our warmest zeal, on our conthese repeated efforts, your majesty ftant endeavours to promote that has at length compelled your ene- unanimity your majesty recommends mies to consent to terms of peace; in all our proceedings, and on our as well as to offer to your majesty attention to those meafures of ecoour sincere thanks, for your having nomy, which are the peculiar buinformed your parliament, that the finess of times of peace, and which preliminary articles are already alone can relieve your majeky's ligned by your majesty's minister, faithful people from the oppreffive and by those of France and Spain; burthens of so long and so expensive for your majefty's most gracious afsurances, that you will cause these articles in due time to be laid be. His mejesty's most gracious answer. fore them; and for the lights your majesty has been pleased to give concerning the conditions of them, My lords, which afford to your people the THIS very affectionate and loyal fairest prospect of future happiness, address gives me the truest satisprosperity, and fecurity.
faélion. I thank you heartily for it; Your majesty may be assured, as well as for your congratulations on that we will not fail on our part, to the birth of the prince, my fon; and take, as soon as posible, into our for the regard you expresi, on this occonfideration, the proper methods cafion, for the queen. for the fettlement of our new ac The chearful and feady support of quisitions ; for improving their my parliament throughout the war, commerce, and thereby rendering has been attended with uninterrupted them useful to the mother country. Success : and the ratification of the Truly fenfible of the merits of thofe preliminary articles will, I trust, foon gallant men, by whose valour these be followed by the completion of peace acquisitions have been made, we on safe and honourable conditions. shall be ready to concur in every My only wish is, and ever will be, reafonable propofitions for reward - to promote the lasting bappiness, frasing them; lamenting at the same perity, and security of my faithful time, as we do, the loss of so many people.
The humble address of the house of firmness and resolution of its fovecommons to the king. reign, and by the superior talents
and able conduct of the reigning Most gracious fovereign,
count La Lippe, seconded by the WE your majefty's moft dutiful valour of the troops under his com
and loyal subjects, the com- mand, are events of the highest immons of Great Britain, in parliament portance to this nation and its comasembled, beg leave to return your merce. The reduction of Martinico, majelly the molt humble and hearty fo glorious to your majesty's arms, thanks of this house, for your most and the kill more glorious and imgracious fpeech from the throne. portant conquest of the Havannah, by
Permit us, at the same time, to which great treasure, and a very concongratulate your majesty on the fiderable part of the navy of Spain, auspicious birth of his royal high- are fallen into your majesty's hands, ness the prince of Wales, and the speak the wisdom of your councils, recovery of your royal confort, en- and the valour of those employed deared to this conntry, not only by in the execution of these great comthis important event, but by her mands, and fill our hearts with graown personal virtues.
titude and satisfaction. We acknowledge, with the u:- The public testimony which molt gratitude, your majetty's great your majesty has, therefore, graattention to the welfare cf your ciously given to the unwearied perpeople in the vigorous profecution [:verance, and unparalle'led bravery of the war, and congratulate your of your officers and private men, by majesty on that happy effect of it, sea and land, to which, under God, the prospect of such a peace as may these glorious archievements are to give ftability and permanency to the be attributed, is a no less honourable blessings we promise ourselves un- than deserved reward of their ferder your majesty's most auspicious vices, and must be an additional rereign.
commendation of them to the erWe assure your majesty, that your teem and gratitude of their country. faithful commons are truly sensible Allow us, fir, to thank your maof the wisdom with which your plans jefty for having promised to direct have been concerted, as well as of the preliminary articles of the the successful zeal with which they peace to be laid before us. And have been carried into execution by we receive with the greateft fatisfacyour fleets and armies.
tion the information which your The resolution and intrepidity majelty has condescended, in the of your majesty's army in Germany, mean time, to afford us; from and the military skill and diftin which we promise ourselves, that, guished aclivity of your general with your majesty's dominions, our prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, trade will be increased ; and that, which have obtained so many fig. all occasions of future disputes being nal advantages over an enemy so su- removed, the blessings of peace will perior in numbers, are objects of be thereby rendered permanent and our highest admiration. The stop: fecure. ping the progress of the French and We return your majesty our most Spanish arms in Portugal, and the fincere and humble thanks for your, freservation of that kingdom, by the [N] 4
great goodness and tender regard as may be ftill necessary, afford me the for the welfare of your subjects, in highest satisfaction, and the ratificapreceeding, without delay to the tion of the preliminary articles gives conclufion of the negotiation of me the pleasing hope of foon easing my peace, so expedient for this country; faithful subjects, by a safe, honcutand for your gracious intentions, as able, and permanent peace, of the foon as it fall be concluded, to re- heavy, but unavoidable burdens they duce the public expences.
have fo chearfully born during the Your majesty may be assured, war. that your faithful commons will chearfully assist in the support of such expences, as may be still neces. The address of the archbishop, bishops, sary, with due regard to that eco- and clergy of the province of Cannomy, which your majesty recom- terbury, in convocation assembled, mends to us, as far as may be con- presented December 4, 1762. sistent with wisdom and true policy.
Meft gracious fovereign, We will not fail to consider of WÉ your majesty's most loyal and the most effectual methods of set
dutiful subjects, the archtling our new acquisitions, of secur- bishop, bishops and clergy of the ing those countries to us, and of province of Canterbury in convocaimproving our commerce and navi- tion assembled, beg leave to take gation. And, lamenting the loss of the first occasion of jointly congrathose many brave men who have fal- tulating your majesty on the blerlen in this glorious war, we will pay fing, for which we have separately all due attention to the services of offered up our fervent thanksgivings those who yet remain, by whose
to God, of his vouchsafing, and lour those acquisitions have been that so early, to you and your exmade. And we will continue to cellent consort the queen, a son to cultivate that union to which we inherit the crown of these realms. greatly owe the successes of the war, We feel a very sensible pleasure in order thereby to make the best from the increase of your majesty's advantages of peace, and lay the domestic felicity, in the addition of foundațion of that economy, which paternal to conjugal tenderness. we own to ourselves and to our pof. But our views extend much further; terity.
and, as we owe to your august
house the preservation of every His majesty's mosi gracious answer. thing dear to us as men or christians,
and have found each of your illusGentlemen,
trious ancestors faithful guardians Return you my hearty thanks for of all those distinguished advan
this very dutiful and affectionate tages, which we enjoy to the height address; and I receive your congra- under your majesty's gracious gotulations on the birth of the prince, vernment; so we trust, that Provimy son, as a fresh proof of your at- dence hath designed us as a pledge of tachment to my perfon, and of your re- the perpetuity of our happiness, in gard for the queen. The asurances giving us a prince descended from of your ready support in such experees such progenitors. For we know,