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thing shali determine me to surrender the fort, unless you shall have Letter from count d'Hausonville to col. totally deftroyed it, and that I fall Amherst, dated at St. John's, Sept. have no more powder to fire. I have 18, 1762. the honour to be, fir, your most humble, and most obedient servant,

I Have received, fir, your letter, The count D'HAUSSONVILLE. which you did me the honour to

write to me. Count d'Haussonville to lieut. col. I am as averse as you to the effuAmberft.

fion of blood. I consent to surrenSIR,

der the fort in a good condition, as UNDER the uncertainty of the I have already acquainted you, if succours which I

the demands, whick. I enclose herereceive

may either from France or its allies, and with, are granted to my troops. I the fort being entire, and in a con- have the honour to be, fir, your dition for a long defence, I am re

most humble and most obedient serfolved to defend myself to the last

vant, extremity. The capitulation which

Le compte d'HAUSSONVILLE. they may think proper to grant me will determine me to surrender the

ARTICLES of CAPITULATION. place to you, in order to prevent the effufion of blood of the men who Demands of the garrison of St. John, defend it. Whatever resolution you come to,

and, in general, of the troops that there is one left to me, which would hurt the interests of the sovereign you serve. I have the honour to be,

The French troops shall surrender fir, your molt obedient humble fer: prisoners of war. --Agreed to.

The officers and subaltern officers vant, Count p'HAUSSONVILJE.

fall keep their arms to preserve Fort St. John's, Sept. 18, 1762.

good order among their troops. Camp before St. John's,

Agreed to. SIR,

Good ships shall be granted to Sept. 18, 1762.

carry the officers, grenadiers, and I Have juft had the honour of your private men, either wounded, or not,

letter. His Britannic majesty's io France, in the space of one month, feet and army co-operating here, on the coast of Brittany.-Agreed will not give any other terms to the Lord Colville will, of course, garrison of St. John's than their fur- embark them as soon as he possibly rendering prisoners of war.

I don't thirst after the blood of The goods and effects of both the the garrison; but you must deter- officers and soldiers shall be premine quickly, or expect the confe- ferved. - His Britannic majesty's quences; for this is my final deter- troops never pillage. mination. I am, fir, your most The gate will be taken posellion obedient humble servant,

of this afternoon, and the garrison WM. AMHERST. will lay down their arms. To count d'Hauffonville.

are in it.

to.

can.

This is to be signed by Lord Col- governor of Quebec, allow it to be ville, but will remain at present, as placed in the Ursuline church. You afterwards, in full force.

will be pleased, fir, to pardon me Signed, WM. Amherst. for this intrusion on your important

Le compte d'HAUSSONVILLB. occupations; but endeavouring to Camp before St. John's,

immortalize illustrious men and emi. Sept. 18, 1762.

nent patriots, is doing honour to yourself.

I am with respect, &c. The French troops that served in Ca

De BOUGAINVILLE. na, being defirous of erecting a

Mr. Pitt's answer. monument in honour of Montcalm their general, who fell in the SIR, aktion at Quebec, when we also

17

T is a real fatisfaction to me, to loft the brave Wolfe, a French send

you

the king's consent on a colonel wrote to the academy of subject so affecting, as the epitaph Belles Lettres for an epitaph, 10 composed by the academy of inbe placed over Montcalm's tomb, scriptions, at Paris, for the marquis in a church in that city; which de Montcalm, and which, it is deoccafioned the following letter from fired, may be sent to Quebec, enM. De Bougainville, member of graved on marble, to be placed on the academy, to Mr. Pitt.

the tomb of that illustrious soldier :

It is perfectly beautiful; and the SIR,

desire of the French troops, which THE HE honours paid, under your served in Canada, to pay such a ministry, to Mr. Wolfe, assure tribute to the memory of their

geme, that you will not disapprove of Deral, whom they saw expire at their the grateful endeavours of the head, in a manner worthy of them French troops, to perpetuate the and himself, is truly noble and praises memory of the marquis de Mont- worthy. calm. The body of this general, I shall take a pleasure, fir, in who was honoured by the regret of in facilitating, every way, such your nation, is interred in Quebec. amiable intentions; and on notice of Í have the honour to send you an the measures taken for shipping this epitaph made for him by the aca- marble, I will not fail immediately demy of inscriptions : I beg the fa- to transmit you the passport you devour of you, sir, that you will be fire, and send directions to the gopleased to examine it, and, if not vernor of Quebec for its reception. improper, obtain leave for me to send

I withal beg of you, fir, to be it to Quebec, engraved on marble, persuaded of my just sensibility of and to be placed on the marquis de that so obliging part of the letter Montcalm's tomb. Should such with which you have honoured me leave be granted, may I presume, relating to myself, and to believe fir, that you will be so good as to that I embrace as a happiness, the inform me of it, and, at the same opportunity of manifesting the time, to send me a paffport, that esteem and particular regard with the marble, with the epitaph en- which I have the honour to be, &c. graved on it, may be received into London, April 10, an English fhip, and Mr. Murray, 1761.

W. Pitt.

The The EPITAPH was as follows:

Utroque in urbe æternum victurus
Ludovicus Josephus de MONTCALM Gozon,

Marchio sancti Verani, Baro Gabriaci,
Ordinis fancti Ludovici Commendatos,
Legatus Generalis Exercituum Gallicorum ;

Egregius et Civis & Miles,
Nullius rei appetens præterquam veræ laudis,

Ingenio felici, & literis exculto;
Omnes Militiæ gradus per continua decora emenfus,
Omnium Belli Artium, temporum, discriminum gnarus,
In Italia, in Bohemia, in Germania

Dux industriųs.
Mandata fibi ita semper gerens ut majoribus par haberetur,

Jam clarus periculis
Ad tutandam Canadensem Provinciam missus,
Parva militum manu Hoftium copias non semel repulit,

Propugnacula cepit viris armisque instructiffima.
Algoris, inediæ, vigiliarum, laboris patiens,
Suis unicę prospiciens, immemor fui,

Hoftis aces, Victor mansuetus.
Fortunam virtute, virium inopiam peritia & celeritate compensavit;
Imminens Coloniæ faturn & confilio & manu per quadriennium fuftinuit,

Tandem ingentem Exercitum Duce ftrenuo & audaci,

Classemque omni bellorum mole gravem,
Multiplici prudentia diu ludificatus,

Vi pertractus ad dimicandum,
In prima acie, in primo conflictu vulneratus,

Religioni quam semper coluerat innitens,
Magno suorum desiderio, nec fine hoftium mærore,

Extinctus est
Die XIV. Sept. A. D. M DCC LIX. ætat. XLVIII.

Mortales optimi ducis exuvias in excavata humo
Quam globus bellicus decidens diffilienfque defoderaç

Galli lugentes depofuerunt,
Et generosæ hoftium fidei commendarunt.
TRANSLATION.

Here lieth,
In either hemisphere to live for ever,
LEWIS JOSEPH DE MONTCALM GOZON,

,
Marquis of St. Veran, baron of Gabriac,
Commendatory of the order of St. Lewis,

Lieutenant-general of the French army ;
Not less an excellent citizen than soldier,
Who knew no desire but that of true glory ;
Happy in a natural genius, improved by literature,
Having gone through the several steps of military honours

With uninterrupted lustre,
Skill'd in all the arts of war,

The

The juncture of times, and the crisis of dangers,
In Italy, in Bohemia, in Germany,

An indefatigable general.
He fo discharged his important trusts,
That he seemed always equal to ftill greater.

At length, grown bright with perils,
Sent to secure the province of Canada,

With a handful of men
He more than once repulsed the enemy's forces,

And made himself master of their forts

Replete with troops and ammunition.
Inured to cold, hunger, watchings, and labours,

Unmindful of himself,
He had no sensation but for his soldiers ;
An enemy with the fierceit impetuosity,

A victor with the tendereft humanity.
Adverse fortune he compensated with valour,
The want of strength with skill and activity ;

And, with his counsel and support,
For four years protracted the impending fate of the colony,

Having with various artifices

Long baffled a great army,
Headed by an expert and intrepid commander,
And a fleet furnished with all warlike stores,

Compelled at length to an engagement,

He fels, in the first rank, in the first onset,
With those hopes of religion which he had always cherished,

To the inexpressible loss of his own army,

And not without the regret of the enemy's,
XIV. September, A. D. M DCC LIX. of his age XLVIII,

His weeping countrymen
Deposited the remains of their excellent general

In a grave,

Which a fallen bomb in bursting had excavated for him, Recommending them to the generous faith of their enemies,

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CHARACTERS.

THE illuftrious person. Some par- ever lived, was born at Versailles,

ticulars of whole life are the sub- on the 4th of August, 1703. He jest of the following piece, was the fon was son of Philip, duke of Orleans, of that famous duke of Orleans, whose afterwards Regent, and of Mary character is too well known to need Frances, of Bourbon. He discoverany delineation, and too profligate to ed in his very childhood a reverence furnish any example. The son was for religion ; a shining genius and in every thing, but parts and genius, enlarged understanding. He was the very reverse of that father; and particularly fond of natural philo, applied his great abilities of mind and Tophy and natural history; but those, fortune as faithfully to their proper who had the mangement of his edu. purposes, as the father had perverted cation, were often obliged to rebis from that rational end, for which strain and interrupt his ftudies, on Providence has designed such important account of the weakness of his con-, gifts. It is hard to conceive a more ftitution, and the frequent indispoamiable picture than that of so great fitions to which he was subject. Al a Prince, employed in the pursuit of the time his father became regen: knowledge and the exercise of piety; of France, he made his first appearand devoting all his time, influence, ance at court. After the death of and fortune, to the honour of his Ma- that prince, he married, in 1724, ker, and the good of his fellow crea. Augusta Maria, of Baden, a princess tures; rewarding merit and relieving eminent for her fine qualities, and indigence. With whatever peculia- truly worthy of him. This il. rities bis religion, country, or confti- luftrious couple lived together in tution may have tinged his character, the tenderest union, but it was soon they will not detraét from his example; unhappily interrupted by death nor diminish his merit in the eyes of for the princess died in the year, those, who in human beings consider 1726. She was lamented by all only the great outline and general te- ranks of people, nor of their actions, who judge of re

A death so premature, joined ligion only by its fincerity, and of vir with the reflections which the duke tue by its efficacy.

of Orleans had already made on that

of the regent, made him fuily The life of Louis, late Duke of Or. fenfible of the vanity of titles, preleans.

eminence and earthly enjoyments

He immediately proposed to himself QUIS D'Orleans Duke of Or- a new plan of life, which he after.

royal of France, and one of the most between the duties peculiar to his pious and most learned princes that tank, the exercises of a cbriftian, Vol. V.

and

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