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friend Hogarth, to whom he often of his enemies, that he was above promised to fit, and for whom he passionate attacks upon them. Open, has left us in his writings many unbounded, and social in his temper, beautiful memorials of his affection, he knew no love of money ; but inhad long laboured to try if he could clining to excess even in his very bring out any likeness of him from virtues, he pushed his contempt of images existing in his own fancy; avarice into the opposite extreme of and just as he was despairing of imprudence and prodigality. When success, for want of some rule to

young in life he had a moderate go by in the dimensions and out- estate, he foon fuffered hospitality lines of the face, fortune threw the to devour it; and when in the latgrand defideratum in the way. A ter end of his days he had an inlady, with a pair of fciffars, had come of four or five hundred a-year, cut a profile, which gave the di- he knew no use of money, but to stances and proportions of his face keep his table open to those who fufficiently to restore the artist's lost had been his friends when young, ideas of him. Glad of an opportu. and had impaired their own fornity of paying this last tribute to tunes. Tho' disposed to gallantry the memory of an author whom by his strong animal spirits, and the he admired, Mr. Hogarth caught vivacity of his paffions, he was re. at this outline with pleasure, and markable for tenderness and conworked with all the attachment of stancy to his wife, and the strongest friendship till he finished an excel. affection for his children. Of ficklent drawing, which stands at the ness and poverty he was singularly head of the new edition of his patient, and under the pressure of works,

those tvils he would quietly read Mr. Murphy gives the character Cicero De confolatione ; but if either of Fielding in i he following terms: of them threatened his wife, he was His paflions, as the poet expresses impetuous for her relief: and thus it, were tremblingly alive all o'er : often from his virtues arose his imwhatever he desired, he desired ar- perfections. A sense of honour he dently ; he was alike impatient of had as lively and delicate, as most disappointment or ill usage, and men; but sometimes his passions the same quickness of sensibility were too turbulent for it, or rather rendered him elate in prosperity, his necessities were too pressing ; in and overflowing with gratitude at all cases where delicacy was deevery instance of friendship or ge- parted from, his friends knew how nerosity: steady in his private at- his own feelings reprimanded him. tachments, his affection was warm, The interest of virtue and religion fincere, and vehement; in his re- he never betrayed; the former is sentments he was manly, but tem- amiably enforced in his works; and perate, feldom breaking out in his for the defence of the latter, he writings into gratifications of ill. had projected a laborious Answer to humour, or perfonal fatire. It is the posibumous Philosophy of Boto the honour of those whom he lingbroke ; and the preparation he loved, that he had too much pene- had made for it, of long extracts tration to be deceived in their cha- and arguments from the fathers and racters; and it is to the advantage the most eminent writers of contro

versy, verfy, is still extant in the hands of dren from those prevailing studies his brother, Sir John Fielding. In to which their genius leads them, , short, our author was unhappy, but and make them apply to others, not vicious in his nature; in his un- which, as they hate, can never be derstanding lively, yet solid ; rich a credit or advantage to them. At in invention, yet a lover of real the age of twenty-four Ariosto loft science ; an observer of mankind, his father, and found himself peryet a scholar of enlarged reading; plexed with family affairs. Howa spirited enemy, yet an indefati- ever, in about fix years he was, for gable friend ; a satirist of vice and his good parts, taken into the serevil manners, yet a lover of man- vice of Don Hippolito, cardinal of kind; an useful citizen, a polished Ete. At this time he had written and instructive wit; and a magi- nothing but a few sonnets ; but ftrate zealous for the order and now he resolved to make a poem, welfare of the community which and chose Bayardo's Orlando Inahe served.

morato, for a ground-work. However, he was prevented writing for

à great many years, and was chosen An account of the Life of Ariofo.

as a fit person to go on an embassy

to Pope Julio II. where he gave Lodovico Ariosto, the famous Ita- such fatisfaction, that he was sent

lian poet, and author of Or. again, underwent many dangers and lando Furioso, was born at the ca- difficulties, and at his return Ale of Reggio in Lombardy in 1474. highly favoured. Then at his leiHis father, who was major-domo ro sure, he again applied himself to duke Hercules, lived to the extent his poem : but soon after he incurof his fortune, fo left but little at red the cardinals displeasure, for his death. Ariosto, from his child- refusing to accompany him into hood, shewed great marks of ge- Hungary, by which he was so difnius, especially in poetry, and wrote couraged, that he deferred writing a comedy in verse on the story of for fourteen years, even till the carPyramus and Thisbe, which his bro. dinal's death. After that he finished thers and sisers played. His father by degrees, in great perfection, being utterly unlearned, and rather that which he begun with great exregarding profit than his son's in- pectation. Duke Astolfo offered clination, compelled him to study him great promotions if he would the civil law; in which, having serve him ; but preferring liberty to plodded some years to no purpose, grandeur, he refused this and other he quitted it for more pleasing stu- great offers from princes and cardies. Yet often lamented, as Orid dinals, particularly from Leo X. and Petrarch did befor him, and from all whom he received notour own Milton since t, that his withstanding great presents. The father banished him from the muses. duke of Ferrara delighted so muciu On which occasion, one cannot help in his comedies, of which he wrote observing, how crael and impolitic five, that he built a ftage on purit is in parents to force their chil- pose to have them played in his

was

+ See his Latin poem, Ad Patrem.

C4

court,

meg

court, and enabled our poet to part of my play.” Which, by the build himself a house in Ferrara, way, is not near so bad as the story with a pleasant garden, where he of a famous painter, who having used to compose his poems, which prevailed on a man to be tied were highly esteemed by all the naked to a cross to represent a cruprinces in Italy, who sent him many cified saviour, took occasion to stab presents ; but he said, “ he would him, the better to represent the ago. not sell his liberty for the best car- nies of death. It is also reported dinal's hat in Rome." In his diet of Ariosto, that coming by a pothe was temperate, and so careless of ter's shop, he heard him singing a dainties, that he was fit to have stave out of his Orlando, with so lived in the world when they fed bad a grace, that, out of all patiupon acorns.

Whether he was ever ence, he broke with his stick fevemarried is uncertain. He kept ral of his pots : the potter, in a company with one Alexandra, to pitiful tone, asking what he meant whom, it was reported, he was by wronging a poor man that had married privately, and a lady Ge- never injured him, “ You rascal, nevera, whom he flily mentions in he replied, I have not done thee the 24th book of Orlando, as poets half the wrong thou haft done are apt to intermix with their fic- for I haye broken but two or three tions some real amours of their own. pots of thinę, not worth so many He was urged to go ambassador to halfpence ; whereas, thou hast bropope Clement, but would by no ken and mangled a stanza of mine means accept it. He translated the worth a mark of gold.” Menecmi of Plautus : 'and all his Ariosto was tall, of a melancholy own comedies were so esteemed, complexion, and so absorbed in study that Don Francisco of Efte rehearsed and meditation, that he often forthe prologue himself in public. He got himself. His picture was drawn began one of his comedies in his by Titian, in a masterly manner. father's life-time, when the follow. He was honoured with the laurel ing incident shews the remarkable by the hands of the emperor

Charles talent he had for poetry. His fa- V. He was naturally affable, al. ther one day rebuked him sharply, ways assuming less than was his charging him with some great fault, due, yet never putting up a known but all the while he returned him injury, even from his superiors. He no answer. Soon after his brother was so fearful on the water, that began on the fame subject ; but he whenever he went out of a ship, he easily refuted him, and with strong would see others go before him ; arguments, justified his own beha- and, on land, he would alight from viour. Why then, said his bro- his horse on the least apprehenfion ther, did you not satisfy my father ?” of danger. How inconsistent this • In truth, said Lodovico, I was with that fiery imagination which thinking of a part in my comedy, could so well describe the courage, and methought, my father's speech strength, and marvellous intrepidity to me was so suited to the part of of an Orlando Furioso, as well as of an old man chiding his son, that I many other renowned and valiant forgot I was concerned in it myself, knights, and valiant ladies too! and confidered it only to make it For certainly he was much fatter to

handle

59,

"handle the pen than the sword, and the name of another architect, was * to write advantageously the atchieve- Inigo Jones, who, if a Table of 'ments of others, than afford matter Fame, like that in the Tatler, were of panegyric, at least, in the man- to be formed for men of real and ner of these heroes, whose praises indisputable genius in every counhe delighted to fing. Tho', in the try, would save England from the opinion of many, the character of a disgrace of not having her repre, good poet, and a good man, is, atsentative among the Arts. She leaft

, equal to that of an honour- adopted Holbein and Vandyck, she able warrior, and successful knight- borrowed Rubens, the produced errant.

Inigo Jones. Vitruvius drew up He lived to the

age

of and his grammar, Palladio shewed him towards his latter end grew infirm, the practice, Rome displayed a theand by much phyfic injured his atre worthy of his emulation, and ftomach. He affirmed that he was king Charles was ready to encouwilling to die; and the rather, be- rage, employ, and reward his tacause he heard that the greatest di. lents. This is the history of Inigo vines were of opinion, that after Jones as a genius, this life we should meet and know He was born about 1572, the our friends ; saying, to those that son of a cloth-worker; and, by the stood by," that many of his friends most probable accounts, was bound were departed whom he had a great apprentice to a joiner ; but even in desire to see; and that every hour that obscure situation, the brightseemed to him a year, till he might ness of his capacity burst forth fo visit them.” He died in Ferrara, strongly, that he was taken notice in the year 1533; and there was of by one of the great lords at scarce a man that could write, but court, who sent him to Italy to study honoured him with an epitaph. landscape painting, to which his in

clination then pointed. He was no

sooner at Rome, than he found Life of Inigo Jones. Extracted from himself in his proper sphere: the Mr. Walpole's Anecdotes of Painters.

felt that nature had not formed hists

to decorate cabinets, but design paOwards the end of James the laces. He dropt the pencil, an:

firft's reign, Genius was called conceived Whitehall. In the ftare, out and appeared. The magnifi- of Venice he saw the works of cent temper or taste of the duke of Palladio, and learned how beautiBuckingham, led him to collect ful taste may be exerted on a !cis pictures, and pointed out the study theatre than the capital of an emof them to prince Charles. Rubens pire. How his abilities distinguisycame over, Inigo Jones arose, and ed themselves in a spot where they Architecture broke forth in all the certainly had no opportunity to act, luftre and purity of Rome and

we are not told, though it would Athens.

not be the least curious part of his The greatest artist of this pro- hiftory : certain it is, that, on the 2 feffion that has appeared in these strength of his reputation at Venica, kingdoms, and so great, that, in Christian IV. invited him to Donthe reign of arts, we scarce know mark, and appointed him his archi.

Geci:

T:

text; but on what buildings he was that whoever has treated of that employed in that country, we are monument, has bestowed on it what. yet to learn. James I. found him ever class of antiquity he was pecuat Copenhagen, and queen Anne liarly fond of; and there is not a took him in the quality of her ar- heap of stones in these northern chitect to Scotland. He served prince countries, from which nothing can Henry in the same capacity, and the be proved, but has been made to place of surveyor-general of the depose in favour of some of those works was granted to him in rever- fantastical hypotheses. Where there fion. On the death of that prince, was so much room for visions, the with whom at least all his lamented Phænicians could not avoid coming qualities did not die, Jones travelled in for their share of the foundation; once more into Italy, and, afliited and, for Mr. Toland's part, he disby ripeness of judgment, perfected covered a little Stone-henge in Irehis taste. To the interval between land, built by the druidess Gealcothese

voyages I should be inclined pa, (who does not know the druidels to assign those buildings of Inigo, Gealcopa ?) who lived at Inisoen in which are lefs pure, and border too the county of Donegal. much

upon that bastard stile, which In the same year Jones was apone may call King James's Gothic. pointed one of the commissioners Inigo's defigns of that period are for the repair of St. Paul's; but not Gothic; but have a littleness of which was not commenced till the parts, and a weight of ornaments, year 1633, when Laud, then bishop with which the revival of the Gre- of London, laid the first stone, and cian taste was encumbered, and Inigo the fourth. In the restoration which he shook off in his grander of that cathedral he made two cadesigns. The surveyor's place fell, pital faults. He first renewed the and he returned to England ; and, fides with very bad Gothic, and as if architecture was not all he bad then added a Roman portico, maglearned at Rome, with an air of nificent and beautiful indeed, bnt Roman disinterestedness, he gave up which had no affinity with the anthe profits of his office, which he cient parts that remained, and made found extremely in debt; and pre- his own Gothic appear ten times vailed upon the comptroller and heavier. He committed the same erpaymaster to imitate his example, ror at Winchester, thrusting a screen till the whole arrears were cleared. in the Roman or Grecian taste into

In 1620, he was employed in a the middle of that cathedral. Jones manner very unworthy of his ge- indeed was by no means successful nius : king James set him upon dif- when he attempted Gothic. The covering, that is, guefling, who were chapel of Lincoln's Inn has none of the founders of Stone-henge. His the characteristics of that architecideas were all romanized ; confe- ture. The cloyster beneath seems quently, his partiality to his favou- oppressed by the weight of the rite people, which ought rather to building above. have prevented him from charging The authors of the life of Jones them with that mass of barbarous place the erecting of the Banquetingclamliness, made him conclude it a. house in the reign of king Charles ; Roman temple. It is remarkable, but it appears, from the accounts of

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