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Nicholas Stone, that it was begun of 46 l. a year for house-rent, bein 1619, and finished in two years
fides a clerk, and incidental exa small
part of the pile designed for pences. What greater rewards he the place of our kings; but so had, are not upon record. Conficomplete in itself, that it stands a dering the havock made in offices model of the most pure and beautin and repositories during the war, ful taste. Several plates of the in- one is glad of being able to reco. tended palace at Whitehall have ver the smallest notices. been given ; but, Mr. Walpole During the prosperous state of thinks, from no finished design. the king's affairs, the pleasures of The four great sheets are evidently the court were carried on with made up from general hints; nor much taste and magnificence. Poe. could such a source of invention and try, painting, music, and atchitectafte as the mind of Inigo, ever pro- ture were all called in to make them duce so much fameness. The strange rational amusements. Mr. Walpole kind of cherubims on the towers at is of opinion, that the celebrated the end are preposterous ornaments,
festivals of Louis XIV. were copied and, whether of Inigo or not, bear from the shews exhibited at Whiteno relation to the ret. The great hall, in his time the most polite towers in the front are too near, and court in Europe. Ben Johnson was evidently borrowed from what be the laureat; Inigo Jones the inhad seen in Gothic, not in Roman ventor of the decorations; Laniere buildings. The circular court is a and Ferabosco composed the fympicturesque thought; but without phonies; the king, the queen, and meaning or utility. The whole fa- the young nobility, danced in the bric, however, was so glorious an interludes. We have accounts of idea, that one forgets for a moment many of those entertainments, called (says Mr. Walpole) in the regret masques : they had been introduced for its not being executed, the con- by Anne of Denmark. firmation of our liberties, obtained Lord Burlington had a folio of by a melancholy scene that passed the designs for these folemnities, before the windows of that very by Inigo's own hand, consisting of Banqueting-house.
habits, malks, scenes, &c. The harIn 1623 he was employed at So- mony of these malks was a little inmerset-house, where a chapel was terrupted by a war that broke out to be fitted up for the Infanta, the between the composers, Inigo and intended bride of the prince. The Ben; in which, whoever was the chapel is still in being. The front aggreffor, the turbulent temper of to the river, part only of what was Johnson took care to be most in the designed, and the water-gate, were wrong: Nothing exceeds the grofferected afterwards on the designs of ness of the language that he poured Inigo, as was the gate at York- out, except the badness of the verses stairs.
that were the vehicle. There he On the accession of Charles, Jones fully exerted all the brutal abuse was continued in his posts under which his contemporaries were willboth king and queen. His fee, as ing to think wit, because they were furveyor, was eight fhillings and afraid of it; and which only seems four pence a day, with an allowance to thew the arrogance of the man,
who presumed to satyrize Jones and mans have chosen that order for a rival Shakespear.
temple ?” The expence of buildAnother person, who seems to ing that church was 4500 1. have borne much resentment to Ambresbury in Wilthire was deJones, was Philip earl of Pembroke. figned by Jones, but execated by În the Harleian Library there is an his scholar Webb. Jones was one edition of Stone-henge, which for- of the first that observed the same merly belonged to that earl, the diminution of pilasters as in pillars. margins of which were full of abuse Lindsay-house in Lincoln's Innof Jones and others. Earl Philip's Fields, which he built, owes its resentment was probably occasioned chief grace to this fingularity. In by some disagreement while Jones 1618 a special commision was issued was employed at Wilton: there he to the lord chancellor, the earls of built that noble front in a grotto at Worcester, Pembroke, Arundel, and the end of the water. Wilton is others, to plant, and reduce to uri. one of the principal objects in the formity, Lincoln-s-Inn-Fields, as it History of Arts and the Belles Let. shall be drawn by way of tres : Sir Philip Sidney wrote his ground-plot, by Inigo Jones, surArcadia there for his fifter; Van- veyor-general of the works. That dyck drew many of the race; Hole square is laid out with a regard to bein and Inigo Jones imagined the fo trifling a fingularity, as to be of buildings; earl Thomas compleated the exact dimensions of one of the the collection of pictures, and af- pyramids: this would have been sembled that throng of ftatues ; and admired in those ages, when the the last earl Henry has shewn, by a Keep at Kenelworth Castle was bridge designed by himself, that erected in the form of a horsehad Jones never lived, Wilton might fetter, and the Escurial in the shape yet have been a villa worthy of an of St. Laurence's gridiron. cient Rome.
Coleshill in Berkshire, the seat of The works of Inigo Jones are Sir Matthew Pleydell, built in 1650, not scarce; Surgeons-hall is one of and Cobham-hall in Kent, were his best works. One of the most Jones's. He was employed to readmired is the Arcade of Covent- build Castle Ashby, and finished one garden, and the Church: “ Two front; but the civil war interrupted Itructures, says Mr. Walpole, of his progress there and at Stokewhich I want taste to see the beau- park in Northamptonshire. Shaftfties. In the Arcade there is nothing bury-house, now the London Lyingremarkable; the pilasters are as are in-hospital, on the east side of Alrane and homely stripes as any dersgate-street, is a beautiful front. plaisterer would make. The barn- The Grange, the seat of the lord roof over the portico of the church chancellor Henley in Hampshire, iş itrikes my eyes with as little idea intirely of this master. It is not of dignity or beauty, as it could do a large house, but by far one of the if it covered nothing but a barn. best proofs of his taste. The hall, It must be owned, that the defect is which opens to a small vestibule not in the architect, but in the or- with a cupola, and the stair-case der. --Who ever saw a beautiful adjoining, are beautiful models of Tuscan building. Would the Ro- the purest and moit claffic antiquity.
The gate of Beaufort-garden at cellency was informed by the merChelsea, designed by Jones, was chants of Cadiz, was the greateft purchased by lord Burlington, and economist in Spain. Thither be transported to Chiswick, where, in went, and was received with equal a temple, are some wooden feats politeness and respect. He had a with lions, and other animals for very commodious apartment, in arms, not of his most delicate ima- which every thing was elegantly gination, brought from Tart-hall
. neat, tho' there was nothing rich or He drew a plan for a palace at expensive. He was served with the Newmarket; but not that wretched utmost punctuality, and the landlord hovel, that stands there at present. was so very attentive, that he often One of the most beautiful of his foresaw his wants, and provided for works is the Queen's house at them before they were mentioned. Greenwich. The first idea of the The count de Gages, one of the hospital is said to have been taken honefteft, moft grateful, and best by his scholar Webb, from his pa- tempered men in the world, was pers.
perfectly pleased with his situation, Inigo tasted early the misfortunes and quite charmed with his landof his master. He was not only a lord, who was ever ready to serve favourite, but a Roman Catholic: him, though not troublesomely ofin 1646 he paid 545 1. for his de- ficious. linquency and sequestration. Whe
The count had a great many pather it was before or after this fine, pers, memorials, instructions, relait is uncertain, that he, and Stone tions, and other pieces of that nathe mason, buried their joint stock ture, in the digesting of which, he of ready, money in Scotland-yard; had great occasion for a secretary, but an order being published to en- and his own was fick.. The landcourage the informers of such con- lord offered his assistance, and told. cealments, and four persons being his excellency, by way of apology, privy to the spot where the money that he had obtained this little emwas hid, it was taken up, and re- ployment by his service in the secreburied in Lambeth-marsh.
tary's office. The count very gladly Grief, misfortunes, and age, put accepted this offer, and was equally an end to his life at Somerset-house, amazed at his dexterity and diligence, July 21, 1651.
and was above all surprised at a certain perspicuity in method and pro
priety of stile, which he had scarce Memoirs of M. d'Ensenada.
observed in any other man's writings.
In mort, he found him at once so T the beginning of the last useful and so agreeable, that he re
war, when the count de Gages solved not to part with him; and was going to embark for Italy, he therefore, without saying a word, he found himself obliged to remain for recommended him to the minister, a few days upon the sea coast, and as a person that might be extremely having enquired for a house, where necessary to him in Italy, as a conhe might be tolerably accommodat- miffary of provisions: defring, that ed, he was directed to that of an of. as he meant to take him along with ficer in the revenue, who, as his ex- him, his commission and his inftruc
tions might be expedited by his fe- fenada, at a reasonable price. The Cretary, who was now so well re- new commissary gave a specimen covered as to be in a condition to of his temper which furprised the join his mafter. This request was ceunt de Gages, for instead of accordingly complied with ; and naming any fum, he told him that from a small place in the customs, he left a clerk and a couple of ferwhich scarce brought him five hun- vants behind him, and that provided dred dollars a year, he was graced he was kind to them, all that bewith a title and an appointment of longed to him, was entirely at his five thousand pieces of eight, with fervice; which his fucceffor proa power of drawing upon the trea- mised, and took him at his word. sury for one hundred times that His conduct in Italy did honour fum ; all which was but an earnest to the count de Gages' recommendaof his future fortunes,
tion; he was equally assiduous and The count de Gages being pof- exact, indefatigable in business, atfeffed of the commission, fent im- tentive to the general officers, difmediately for him to whom it be- interested in respect to those of inlonged, and after many expressions ferior rank, and extremely affable of his entire satisfaction, in refe- to all who had any concern with rence to his conduct and capacity, him. In the course of that war, as as well as in regard to the entertain- every body knows, the count de ment he had received in his house, Gages met with incredible difficulasked him if he was willing to go ties: he was expected to do with a with him to Italy. He answered very small army, what would have very submissively to this, that he been a hard talk to perform with looked upon the honour done him one much more numerous. He was by his excellency as fo great, that obliged to bear with the caprices of he was ready to follow him to the his master Philip V. a monarch who end of the earth, and that he de- tho' he had an excellent heart, had fired only twenty-four hours time, also a temper very unequal. His mito settle his accounts. Monsieur de nisters likewise were very far from Gages presented him with his com- living on good terms, or in any demission, which Ensenada received gree of confidence, with each other; with all the marks of respectful gra- and it was the interest of the count titude, but without any fawning to be well with them all, which he adulation ; only telling his excel- heartily endeavoured, and succeeded lency, that he was afraid he had in it, better than could be expected. conceived too good an opinion of But what created the greatest uneahim, that he would do his utmost to finess, was the flowness of the supdeserve it, and that if he found this plies; and it was this circumstance exceeded his powers, he would re. that enabled M. Ensenada to diftinsign his commission, rather than dil- guish bimfelf by continuing to find grace his benefador. At the same resources, which he did much longer time he was appointed commissary, than perhaps any other man could a person was sent down to succeed have done. him in his former office, who was But as all things have a period, at defirous of taking the furniture, and length these were quite wore out; whatever else belonged to M. En so that monsieur de Gages, his ge. neral officers, and his commissary, most convincing proofs, that he had found themselves fairly at their wits not squandered away their money, end, with the untoward prospect at he told them plainly, that they must no great distance, of having an army exert their interests with the great, without either pay or magazines. in order to put it in his power to reIn this state of things, the count de pay them. This was of more real Gages, and those whom he con service to him, chan all the numerous sulted, unanimously resolved to fend" packets that he brought from Italy, M. Ensenada into Spain, in hopes he and procured him, by degrees, conmight sollicit, better in person, than fiderable fums, which those very even by the many excellent memo- perfons enabled the minister to raise; rials which he had transmitted to the for the real source of all this distress court, on the melancholy subject of was the emptiness of the royal their distresses. He chearfully ac- coffers, an evil that a war very cepted this commission, tho' at the quickly brings on under a despotic same time he observed, that he had government, where the
knowstretched his personal credit to the ledge that the ftate is under diffivery utmost ; and that he was less culties, drives individuals into feek. afraid of falling into the hands of the ing every method of concealing enemy, than of being exposed to the their money, without offering them resentment of his disappointed cre- any one motive to part with it. In ditors. They expressed a very grate. the midft of these embarrassments, ful sense of his condefcenfion, in ac- Philip V. was gathered to his facepting this commiffion; and the ra- thers, and was succeeded by his son ther, because they knew he had ever Ferdinand the fixth. A circumlived within bounds, and had only ftance that naturally put a stop to borrowed to preserve his friends public business of every kind. from being pinched by necessity ; This event, which would have and therefore they loaded him with dispirited any other man than our recommendations to all the persons commissary,quickened his thoughts, in power, with whom they had, or and added a new spring of action. believed they had, any degree of in- He entered into an acquaintance tereft.
with fome of the minor courriers, in With these credentials. M. En- order to learn from them the characfenada made the best hatte he could ter of the new monarch. This he to Madrid, and entered upon his found to be absolutely impossible; follicitations with all the spirit and since they all agreed that he was so address possible. He was exceed- filent and reserved, that the only ingly well received by the ministers, thing they knew about him was his who made him ample acknowledge. extreme affection for the queen. ments for the many services he had As to her majesty, they represented rendered to the army; gave him her as a pious, virtuous, and affable abundant assurances, little affittance, princess, very fond of fruit, and and not a fingle real, though they who had a prodigious passion for did not pretend to question the truth jewels. M. Ensenada, reflecting a of his representations. Instead of little upon this, took the proper Tunning, he fought out all his cre- measures for having a great quantity ditors, and after affording them the of the finest peaches from the king