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20!d, fables remarkable for their fumption against them; but when elegance and wit. Can you repeat they are extolled by a blockhead, me one?

then it is high time to commit them G. I really don't know, Sire, if I to the can; my memory is far from being K. Excellent, Mr. Gellert! The good.

piece is admirable ; and there is K. Do your best ; I shall take a something elegant in the constructurn in the apartment, and give you tion of this fable. I can perceive time to recollect one.---- --Well, have the force and beauty of this compoyou succeeded?

fition. But when Gottfched read G. Yes, Sire. “A certain painter to me the translation of Iphigenia, I of Athens, who exercised his art had before me the 'French original, with a view to reputation rather and did not understand a word of than from the love of gain, addressed what he read. If I stay here some himself to a connoisseur for his opi- time, you must come and see me nion of one of his pictures, which often, and read me some of your se presented the god Mars. The fables. connoiffeur could not dissemble ; he G. I don't know, Sire, if I may found the piece defective ; he ob- venture to read, as I have acquired jected particularly the too great ap- by habit that singing tone of voice pearance of art that reigned through which is common in our mounthe whole. The painter defended tains. his work with all the warmth of an K. Ayę, like that of the Silesians. inordinate felf-love; the critic an- You must, however, read your fables fwered his arguments, but without yourself, otherwise they will lofe.producing conviction. In the mean Return loon hither. iime arrives a coxcomb, who cafts

When Mr. Gellert was gone, the an eye upon the picture, and with king said, “ This is quite another out giving himself a momeni's time man than Gottsched ;” and the day to reflect, cries out in a rapture, following, he said at table, that Gods! what a matier-piece! Mars Of all the learned Germans, Jives, breathes, terrifies in that ad. Gellert was the most rational and mirable production. Observe those judicious." feet, those nails! What tafte, what an air of grandeur in the helmet, the fhield, and in the whole armour of Some account of the late Richard the terrible deiry! The painter

Nash, Efq; blushed, heheld the true connoisseur with a look that spoke confufion RIchard Nash, Eq; or, as he is and conviction ; and said to him, I commonly called, Beau Naih, am now persuaded that your judg. the subject of this memoir, was born ment is well founded. The cox- in the town of Swansey, in Glamorcomb retired, and the picture was ganshire, on the 18th of October, effaced.”

1674. His father's principal inK. Now for the moral.

come arose from a partnership in a G. It is this ; " When the pro- glass-house ; his mother was niece ductions of an author do not satisfy 10 colonel Poyer, who was killed a good judge, this is a strong pre- by Oliver Cromwell for defending

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Pembroke castle against the rebels. which he discharged so much to the Nath himself was educated under satisfaction of his majefty, that he Mr. Maddocks atCaemarthen school, offered him knighthood,

« Please and from thence sent to Jesus col- your majesty (replyed Nash) if you lege, in Oxford, to prepare him for intend to make me a knight, I the study of the law.

wish it may be one of your poor The first method Mr. Nash took knights of Windsor, and then I shall to distinguish himself at college was have a fortune at least able to supnot by application to study, but by port the title.” We do not find, affiduity in intrigue. In the neigh however, that the king took the bourhood of every university there hint, he had numbers to oblige, and are girls, who with some beauty, never cared to give money without more coquetry, and little fortune, adequate services. lie upon the watch for every raw But though Nash acquired no amorous youth, Our hero was riches by his late office, he gained quickly caught, and went thro' all many friends. With these he conthe mazes and adventures of a col: versed with he greatest familiarity, lege intrigue, before he was 17; and his generosity and benevolence he offered marriage, the offer was already began to thew themselves accepted, but the affair coming to, amidft all his poverty. An instance the knowledge of his tutor, he was of this kind is told us about this sent home, with proper instructions, time, which does him no small to his father.

honour. When he was to give in Mr. Nash having thus quitted his accounts to the master of the college, bought him a pair of co- temple, among other articles, he lours, and entered into the army, charged. “ For making one man but still continuing his intrigues, happy, rol.” Being questioned as and finding that the profits of his bout the meaning of fo ftrange an commiffion would not enable him item, he frankly declared, that hapto fupport his expences, he exchang- pening to over-hear a poor man tell ed the military life for the ftudy of his wife and a large family of chilthe law, and accordingly entered dren, that 10l. would make him his name in the Temple books. happy, he could no: avoid trying Here he went to the very fummit the experiment, adding, that if i hey of fecond-rate luxury. Though did not chụse to acquiesce in his very poor he was very fine, he charge, he was ready to refund the spread the little gold he had in the money. The master, ftruck with most oftentatious manner, and tho' such an uncommon instance of good the gilding was but thin, he laid it nature, publickly thanked him, and on as far as it would go.

defired that the sum might be In those days it was customary doubled as a proof of their fatisfaca for the inps of court to entertain tion. This fact is recorded in the every monarch, on their accession to . Spectator, though without a name. the throne, with a pageant. King

On the other hand we are told, William, the last to whom this ho- that while the poor blessed his cha. nour was exhibited, was then just rity and munificence, his creditors come to the crown. Mr. Nash was complained with great reason of his appointed to conduct the ceremony, injustice ; and amongst other stories


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related of him to this purpose, is one his post as supreme arbiter of all which informs us of a friend's not their pleasures, to the very day of being able to procure a juft debt of his death. him, but by the employing another Some time before his decease, we person to borrow a sum of Nash to are told, his temper became fo the amount. The person obeyed, changed between age and poverty, and readily obtained that from Nath's that he grew very affronting, peevish generosity, which the other had often and disgustful. This gave encouimplored in vain from his justice. ragement, as it is faid, to a genike

Our hero being now thirty years man, who trod the stage for many old, without a fortune, or talents to years with reputation, to endeavour procure cne, and being entered be- to supplant him in his place. But fides into a life of gaity, commenco be this as it wlll, Nash still preserved ed gamfter. In this profeffion he his power, and the corporation of experienced all the vicistudes Bath, in gratitude for the great bewhich attend that course of life, be- nefits derived from him to the city, ing. sometimes in afluence, and at allowed him a pension of fix score other times reduced to the loweft guineas a year, which was paid him ebb of poverty. His profession na- by ten guineas at a time, on the turally drew him down to Bath, the first Monday in every month. This, waters of which began then to be in with the sale of his snuff- boxes, and repute. Captain Webster, his pre- other trinkets, enabled him to lead decessor in onice, dying about the out a lingering life, which he was fame time, Nash found means to wery desirous to have made longer, fucceed him, and by the regulations till the 3d of February, 1761, when he introduced both there and at he died fincerely regretted by that Tunbridge, foon became the favou- city, to which he had been a great site of all the rich and great who benefactor, aged eighty-leven years, frequented those places of public three months, and lome days. pleasure. These presented him His funeral was performed with with boxes and many other valuable all the pomp and folemnity the teftimonies of their favour; but the place could afford, and his epitaph principal honour he received in this was written both in Latin and Engrespect was from the late prince of lifh by some of the first geniuses of Wales and the prince of Orange, to the age. Two of the best of these the memory of each of whom he

are given us in the volume which has raised a column. A fuit in contains his inemoirs. (See our chancery, however, which he im- latt volume.] prudently commenced afterwards As to his abilities we are told, against the keepers of the gaming- that he was not without good sente, tables there and at Tunbridge, con- though he employed it on trifles; tributed not a licele to leffen his re- and as be was always aiming at putation, as it dhewed him to be saying good things, he now and intimately connected with a very then had che fortune to fucceed. A infamous set of people; but ftill specimen of his wit is given us in a continuing his protection to the in- reply to Dr. Cheyne, who, having nocent, and his friendlhip to all who prescribed for him, and asking him Acod in need of is, ke maintained the next day, if he had foliowed


hing declare,

his prescription, “No (says he) have been either fo insignificant, or for if I had, I should have broke fo annexed to those of England, my neck, for I threw it out of the that they have not furnished matter two-pair-of stairs window." Much of any great importance to history. better were the bon-mots that were The share of honour, which genplayed off against him. Telling a tlemen from thence have had by noble earl, one day, that he had their conduct and employments in loft five hundred pounds at cards, the army, 'turneth all to the article "Is it not surprising, (faid he) that of this kingdom; the rest, which fortune should always ferve me relateth to politics, or the art of so ?” “Not at all (replied the earl) government, is inconsiderable to the it cannot be surprising that you last degree, however it may be refhould lose your money; but all the presented at court by, those who world is surprised where you get preside there, and would value money to lose."

themselves upon every step they His conversation, like his life, make towards finishing the slavery was trifling, and strongly tin&tured of that people, as if it were gainwith vanity, braggade, and imper- ing a mighty point to the advantinence. Of this we have a speci- tage of England. men or two in some of those stories

Generally speaking, the times which, the writer of his life tells us, which afford most plentiful matter he used to be continually repeating for story, are those in which a man towards the latter end of his life would least chuse to live ; such as But, with all his faults, it must be under the various events and revoowned, that he was not without lutions of war, the intrigues of a good qualities; and the many in- ruined faction, or the violence of a Itances of his unbounded charity prevailing one ; and lattly, the arand benevolence, with the means bitrary, unlawful acts of opprefling that he contrived to put the plea: governors. In the war, Ireland fures of the rich under some regu- hath no share, but in subordination lation, ought to serve as a veil to to us: the fame may be said of their those follies of which his life was factions, which, at present, are but but too full.

imperfect transcripts of ours. But the third subject for history, which

is arbitrary power, and oppreffioni A short Character of his Exçellency as it is that by which the people of Thomas, Earl of Wharton, Lord Ireland have, for some time, been Lieutenant of Ireland. By Dr. diftinguished from all her majesty's Swift,

subjedis, so being now at its greatest

height, under his excellency ThoLondon, Aug. 30, 710. mas earl of Wharton, a short ac*HE kingdom of Ireland being count of his government may be of

hence, its annals, fince the English present age, although, I hope, it eltablishment, are usually digested will be incredible to the next; and under the heads of the several go- because this account may be judged vernors : but the affairs and events rather an history of his excellency of that ifland, for some years past, than of his government, I must here

declare, that I have not the least some fa&ts during his government, view to his person in any part of it. which will serve to confirm it. I have had the honour of much con- I know very well, that men's chaversation with his lordship, and am racters are best known from their thoroughly convinced how indiffe- actions ; but these being confined to rent he is to applause, and how in- his administration in Ireland, his fible of reproach ; which is not a hu- character may, perhaps, take in mour put on to serve a turn, or something more, which the narrowkeep a countenance, nor arising ness of the time, or the scene, hach from the consciousness of innocence, not given him opportunity to exert. or any grandeur of mind, but the Thomas, earl of Wharton, lord mere unaffected

bent of his na- lieutenant of Ireland, by the force of ture.

a wonderful constitution, hath passed He is without the sense of shame fome years, his grand climacteric, or glory, as some men are without without any visible effects of old the sense of smelling; and, there. age, either on his body or his fore, a good name to him is no more mind ; and in spite of a continual than å precious ointment would prostitution to those vices which be to these. Whoever, for the usually wear out both, his beha. fake of others, were to

describe viour is in all the forms of a young the nature of a serpent, a wolf, a man at five and twenty. Whecrocodile, or a fox, must be under." ther he walketh, or whistleth, or stood to do it, without any personal Sweareth, or talketh bawdy, or calllove or hatred for the animals them. eth names, he acquitteth himself in selves,

each beyond a templar of three In the same manner, his excellen- years standing. With the same grace, cy is one whon: I neither personally and in the same stile, he will rattle love nor hate. I see him at court, his coachman in the middle of the at his own house, and sometimes at ítreet, where he is governor of the mine (for I have the honour of his kingdom; and all this is without visits) and when these papers are con'equence, because it is in his public, it is odds but he will tell me, character, and what every body exas he once did upon a like occasion, pečteth. He seemeth to be an ill that he is damnably mauled; and dissembler, and an ill liar, although then, with the easielt transition in they are the two talents he most the world, ask about the weather practiseth, and most valueth himor time of the day; so that I enter self upon. The ends he hath gainon the work with more chear- ed by lying appeared to be more fulness, because I am sure neither owing to the frequency, than the to make him angry, nor any way art of them; his lies being some.. hurt his reputation; a pitch of happi- tine detected in an hour, often in ness and security to which his ex- a day, and always in a week. He cellency hath arrived, and which tells them freely in mixed compan philosopher before him could nies, although he knows half of reach.

those that hear him to be his eneI intend to execute this perform- mies, and is fure they will discover ance by first giving a character of them the moment they leave him. his excellency, and then relating He sweareth folemnly he loveth,


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