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peace, were it in their power, or Great and powerful Meets are fhould it at any time come into their preparing to be set forth into those power.

feas, and considerable armies of feIt will be becoming your wisdom veral pations and kings are now disto consider of the securing of our puțing for the mastery of the Sound, peace against those, who, we all with the adjacent illands and couaknow, are, and ever will be, our im- tries; among which is the emperor placable enemies; what the means of Germany. and other popish of doing this are, I shall refer unto {tates. I need not tell you of what you.

consequence these things are to this This I can assure you, that the state. armies of England, Scotland, and We have already interpofed in Ireland, are true and faithful to the these affairs, in such a manner as peace and good interest of these na- we found it necessary for the intetions; and it will be found so:' and rest of England ; and matters are that they are a confiftent body, and yet in such a condition in those useful for any good ends; and if parts, that the state may, with the they are not the very best army in afistance of God, provide that in the world, you would have their differences may not prejudice heard of many inconveniences, by us. reason of the great arrear of pay, The other things that are to be which is now due unto them, where faid, I shall refer to the lord keeper by some of them are reduced to Fiennes ; and close up what I have great necessities : but you shall have to say, with only adding two or a particular account of their arrears; three particulars to what I have aland I doubt not but confideration ready said. will be had thereupon, in some

And, first, I recommend to your speedy and effectual way. And this care, the people of God in these nabeing matter of money, I recom- tions, with their concernments : the mend it particularly to the house of more they are divided among them. •

selves, the greater prudence, fhould You have, you know, a war with be used to cement them. Spain, carried on by the advice of Secondly, The good and neces parliament; he is an old enemy, fary work of reformation, both in and a potent one, and therefore it manners, and in the administration will be necessary, both for the ho. of justice, thạt profaneness may be nour and safety of these nations, discountenanced and suppressed; that war be vigorously profecuted, and that righteousness and jultice

Fnrthermore, the conftitution of may be execated in the land. affairs in all our neighbour coun- Thirdly, I recommend to you tries, and round about us (as well the Proteitant cause abroad, which friends as enemies) is very confi- feems, at this time, to be in some derable ; and calls upon us to be danger, having great and powerful upon our guard, both at land and enemies, and very few friends; and fea; and to be in a posture able to I hope, and believe a that the Old maintain and conserve our own fate English zeal to chat cause is till and interest.

amongst us.



Lastly, My lords, and you gen

whose attachment to chriftianity is tlemen of the house of commons, more than doubtful, notwithstanding That you will, in all your debates, some mean professions he has lately maintain and conserve love and made to appease a bigoted and perunity among yourselves; that there. secuting church in the last edition of in you may be the pattern of the his Philosophical and Literary Miscelnation, who have sent you up in lany. The truth of the matter is, peace, and with their prayers, that there is at present a club of pretendthe spirit of wisdom and peace may ed sages, who by way of eminence be among you: and this fhall also call themselves philosophers, seem be my prayer for you. And to to have formed a fort of confedethis let us add all our utmost endea- racy against the cause of Christiani. vours for the making this an happy ty, and are not a little anxious about parliament.”

making profelytes, that they may Whoever penned this Speech, it acquire weight by the number of was allowed to be a very handsome their adherents. For this purpose and fenfible one by all, and far ex- they pretend to have secret as well ceeded that which followed of the as open friends, and are willing to lord keeper Fiennes.

dye with the colour of their sect, as many as they can conveniently. Voltaire, who in genius, and in abuse of genius, in exuberance of

talent and want of principle, is this A short view of the character and day one of the first men in Europe,

writings of M. de Voltaire ; taken is juftly suspected to be one of these from a French pamphlet published pretended philosophers, and he is at Utrecht, under the title of Cri- thus represented in the letters above tical Reflections upon the Article mentioned. Geneva, in the Encyclopedie, in

“ Cast your eye, my lord, upon fome letters from an English gentle monsieur de Voltaire, who is looked man on his travels to a noble lord. upon as the Coryphæus of these philo

sophers; or rather permit me T!

He article in question, which give you a just, though general idea

was composed by Mons. D' of his character and writings. He Alembert. tho it

be in

has undoubtedly been enriched by refpects extremely honourable to the nature with a very confiderable des city of Geneva, is yet highly in- gree of genius and understanding; jurious to the whole body of its but has received with them such an clergy, a clergy whose sentiments, ungovernable imagination, such immorals, and taste, do honour to their petuous passions, and such a restprofession. In this article their mo- less temper, as have, in many cases, deration is represented as indifference, destroyed their natural effects, and and their rational manner of treat. perverted their application to the ing the sublime mysteries and doc. worit purposes. His principal tatrines of christianity as focinianism, lent is poetry. His profe, hownay, as a kind of deism, and that ever, is highly and justly esteemed, by whom? by M. de Alembert, and is, nor without reason, fup



posed to equal his poetic style in above-mentioned, of parents who elegance and facility; though he were Jansenists; and perceiving, bas been reproached by some with among the disputants on both sides, running after antitheses and epi- much animosity, artifice, and mif grammatical points. His conver- guided zeal, he, as many absurdly lation is full of lively strokes of wit, do, conceived a disgust at religion and rendered interesting by a great in general, and contracted an early number of agreeable anecdotes, habit of pointing his satirical wic which he has collected from a long and pleasantry against that respectintercourse with persons of the first able object. His connections with distinction. All this is proper to the late lord Bolingbroke confirmed form a wit ; but in what lighe will him in this unreasonable and perhe appear, if we consider him as a verse habit, and wholly corrup:ed philosopher ?

his taste and judgment, with respect The period, in which he first to religious matters. He seems to came furth to public view, was cer- have adopted all the ideas of that tainly dangerous to unguarded in- incoherent noble author, though he nocence and virtue. li was under has disguised them much more than the regency of Philip, duke of Or- Bolingbroke did, and has expressed leans, a period of luxury, licen- them with much less energy, elotiousness

, and irreligion, in which quence, and ingenuity. Nothing an Epicureanism, much worse than less would satisfy Voltaire's ambithat of Epicurus, reigned, and gave tion than the glory of adding to his a tone to the principles and man- fame, as a poet, the reputation of ners of the times, that Mons. de a profound philosopher, and an Voltaire made his appearance in eminent historian ; though in these the world. It was pretty much two latter characters he is no more such a period as the reign of Charles than superficial. The Henriade, The 11. in our island, when courtiers Life of Charles the Twelfth, some traand poets, tired of the bigotry, gedies, and several pieces of poetry hypocrisy, and fanaticism, that had and literature, are, in my opinion, extended their gloomy reign during the only pretensions he can plead to the sepublic, ran headlong into the the character of an eminent author ; opposite extreme of atheism and and it must be confessed, that these sensuality, when they had got a productions are sufficient to establish libertine monarch at their head. a shining reputation. His Ejay on And it is remarkable enough, that Universal History, though it conthe religious disputes of Janseniits tains several agreeable anecdotes, and Jesuits in France, about the and some curious relations, is yet a Conftitution, were followed with the very indifferent performance, pregfame effects in France under the re- nant with glaring falfhoods and wilgency of Philip, that succeeded the ful misrepresentations of faƐts; of debates about Episcopacy and Pref- which an attentive reader will find byterianism, under the reign of examples in every page. It reCharles. Monsieur Arrouet (for so sembles a gallery of biftorical picVoltaire was origioally named) was tures, in which the painter has born, in the midst of the disputes followed more the excurfions of VOL. V.



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his fancy, private sentiments, and thor of the Letters abovementioned particular views, than the dictates gives of Monf. de Voltaire. These, of nature or the truth of things. however, are but scattered and im

It is more particularly observable, perfect hints, which relate but to a that this pretended hiftorian never very small part of the writings and indulges his romantic vein with character of that poet. I therefore greater complacence, than when the hope to give you, fome time hence, history of religion, or the affairs of a more full, extensive, and circumthe church, come in his way ; nay, Atantial account of the life, character, he often goes out of his way, in or- transactions, and writings of that der to disfigure them, and to set mixed man. christianity and its ministers in a ridiculous or odious point of light. His philosophical performances are An original Letter from the Duke of generally acknowledged to be fu

Buckingham to King James I. perficial and inaccurate. He tried his talent in that way upon the phi

Dear Dad and Gossip, Sir Isaac Newton, with a S view to obtain a Aca- of repairing demy of Sciences. But this project to your command, and my promise, failed; for his book was despised, to go many miles from you another and he was denied admission into way, and confequently from myself, that learned body. The vivacity of all my perfect joys and pleasures his fancy renders him inconsiderate chiefly, nay solely, consisting in atand imprudent beyond all expref- tending your person ; so, methinks, fion. Were he really the author of duty and good manners command that impious, obscene, and cynical me, on the other part, to give you poem, intitled the Maid of Orleans, an account under my owa Land, this must be sufficient to render him though it be yet something unsteady infamous in the opinion of all such and weak.. as have any sense of decency left; But before I give the reasons of but he has denied that the impieties the change of my former resoluthat dishonour this work ftowed tions, there is a thing not much in,

He is always talk- exercise now in the world, called ing of reason, humanity, forbear- thankfulness, that calls so fast and ance, and mildness :. he is always earnestly upon me, that I must first, lamenting the indecent quarrels and though I have already done it by animofiries that prevail too much

the allistance of a young gentleman, among men of learning ; and per- called Babie Charles, whom you haps no man living acts more in likewise, by your good offices, made opposition to these pompous pro-' my friend, who, without doubt, fellions. He bas composed an hach already perfe&lier made my agreeable and witty chapter con- thanks, than I shall myself; yet, cerning printed Lies, and no author having the pen in my hand, I muft certainly has printed more than he needs tell you what I observe in himself.''

your late absent and public favour, Such are the principal strokes in but ancient manner of obliging your the character, which the sensible au. poor unworthy fervant, wbere by I

from his pen.

find you still one and the same dear you; and were it not that I write to and indulgent mafter you were ever you, I am sure I should have wearied to me, never being contented to myself. I have now only one reovervalue and love me yourselt, but quest to you, as you first placed me to labour, all manner of was, to in your Babie Charles's good opimake the whole world do so too. nion, if you think fit, for your ferBesides, this assures me, you trust vice, in my absence continue me in me as absolutely as ever, lately ex. it; and fo give me your blessing. prest in this, that you have no con

Your Majesty's ceit of my popularity, otherwise why should you thús Audy to en

Most humble slave and dog, dear me with the upper and lower

STINIE. house of parliament, and so coasequently with your whole kingdom; all and the least I can say, is this, Some Account of a very extraordinary that I naturally so love your person, Clergyman. From Mr. Morrice's and upon so good experience and Memoirs of the first Earl of Orknowledge, adore all your other

rery. parts, which are more than ever one man had, that were not only all

PON the ruin of the royal fayour people, but all the world befides, fet together on one fide, and his lordship retired to Marston, his you alone on the other, I should, to feat in England, which his father obey and please you, displease, nay had bought of Sir John Hippisley, despise all of them; and this shall and which was formerly part of Edever be my popularity.

mund earl of Cornwall's eltate. Give me leave here to use your

I have heard him repeat a reown proverb ; “ for this the devil markable incident that happened con me thanks.” The reasons of during his residence there; which, my going to Newhall are these: as it will shew che distress of the first

, I find business, and the sight of royal party in those days, may perbusy folks does me much harm; haps be acceptable is the curious. and though your extraordinary care The parish church of Maríton is and watchful eye over me, would very near to the mansion - house : keep them from speaking with me, lord Orrery never failed to go thiyet, in a court, I must needs look ther on a Sunday; but one Sunday, many of them in the face ; then having sat there some time, and Theobald's house is now very hot, being disappointed of the then quaand hath but few change of rooms,

lified minister, his lordship was preboth inconvenient for a fick body: paring to return home, when his then my lord of Warwick tells me, servants told him a person in the that, by experience, he hath found church offered to preach. His lordNewhall air as good a one to ride thip, though he looked upon the away an ague, as any in England, proposal only as a piece of enthaand that lately he loft one by the fiasm, gave permission; and was benefit of that air. I mean near never more surprised or delighted hand, which I think will be all one, than with the sermon, which was By this time, I fear I have troubled filled with learning, fense, and pie


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