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ty. His lordship would not suffer after ; but not till his lordship had the preacher to escape unknown, obtained an allowancee of 30 l. per but invited him to dinner ; and en- ann. for him, without any obligation quiring of him his name, “life, and of taking the covenant. - Thus fortune, received this answer: “My far Mr. Morrice. lord, my name is Afhberry ; I am As a memorial of the above tranfa clergyman of the church of Eng. action, the poor cottage in which land, and a loyal subject to the Mr. Alhberry lived, with a little king: I have lived three years in garden adjoining to it, is still kept a poor cottage under your warren- up in its old form by the present wall, within a few paces of your earl of Cork and Orrery, being taken lordship's house. My son lives with into his gardens ; and the two rooms me, and we read and dig by turns, of which it confifts, viz. a kitchen I have a little money, and some few and a chamber, are furnished as books, and I submit chearfully to much as poffible in the taste of those the will of Providence.”
times, and with all sorts of usefuk This worthy and learned man furniture and books, prints, &c. of (for such lord Orrery always called equal antiquity. him) died at Maríton some years
It has been often observed by nata- are not voracious, for as all vo
ralifts, that the bellies of salmons racious animals are apt at times are always found empty, and many to gorge themselves to an increattempts have been made to align the dible degree, and, at others, to fuffer cause of it. The following is a let- abstinence, for a furprising time, ter to a friend on the subject, by a it is probable, their ftomachs must be gentleman who resides at Berwick, proportionably large, and fitted to near the great salmon fishery. retain the aliments a considerable
time; on the other hand, creatures To Mr. Peter Collinson. who are of a different nature, and
have very small stomachs, will reDEAR SIR,
quire frequent supplies of food, I
Have made what enquiry I could as they can receive it but in small
concerning the salmon, but I find quantities, and it will pass quickly that people who have the best op- through their stomach ; now as the por:unities, are not always the fiomachs of these animals will be most corious in improving them. more frequently empty than those 'The fact you mentioned, was con- of the voracious ones, it will be firmed to me; some added, the more difficult to find any thing in salmon must live upon water, but them when killed. You see, chat I cannot well admit this, because according to my hypothesis, the salthough they are generally caught mon ought not to be capable of in long nets, yet they are fome. keeping a long faft; yet their ftotimes caught with a rod, and ar. machs being alwas found emply, tificial Ay. I cannot see how falis a surprising phenomenon. Some mon should rise at an artificial fly, queries I think are necessary to be unless they were accustomed to resolved, in order to explain it; as, catch at natural ones. I believe what quantity of food will the stothey are sometimes caught with mach of the salmon receive and rebait aiso, which if it be so, muft, . tain at a time what time does this I apprehend, direct to another fpe- food take in digestion and paling cies of their food; all that I have through the stomach? what is the enquired of, agree, that the stomach interval between the salmon's being of the salmon is remarkably small. caught cither in a net or upon a I apprehend therefore, that they hook, and its death? Is this inter
ial E 3
val sufficient for the digestion and not chuse to take river till we have passage of such a quantity of food some land-floods; when the river as its stomach is capable of receiving is a little discoloured with a gentle at a time? If this last query should food, they come up in surprising be answered in the affirmative, it quantities. Is not the bait or land would account for the phenomenon, flies, which the flood washes into but the interval between their being the river on these occasions, what caught and their death, must vary tempts the salmon to take the river according to circumstances. The at that time? It cannot be the insalmon certainly retire to the sea, creased depth of water, for they and return to the fresh waters alter- have plenty of water for many nately ; it is also certain, I believe, miles above Berwick in the fevereit that they seek the rivers for the sake droughts, yet they will keep play. of spawning. I doubt whether they ing and hovering just off the mouth have any certain seasons of going of the river, till a land-flood hapand returning ; I am rather inclin- pens ; in a great food they do not ed to think, that fome may be re- com: up so fast ; on these occasions, turning while others are only com- when the flood has abated a liccle, ing up; however, in general, the the salmon come up. I apprehend fummer is the season of their com- that the stream ar fuch times, is too ing up from the fea; of course, the volent for them during the itrength winter must be the season of their re- of the flood. turn to it: from the 30th of Sep- Berwick, August 8. tember to November 30, is what we
Yours, &c. call close time, when fishing is forbidden here, it being supposed the season of the salmon's spawning, To this letter I fall only add the folwhen it is not lawful to disturb them. According to this regulation, it is
lowing remarks. fupposed, that the salmon have done
to the sea Níects,
. It is allowed, that the salmon are fatter and or changing their form. The moth better at their return from sea, than of the filk-u
-worm engenders and after they have lain any time in the lays eggs, but never eats. fresh water; of course the falmon 'When salmon are near spawning, ought to be caught only in their re- they may perhaps grow fick, and turn from the sea; the salmon fubfist for a time on animalculæ, caught in winter are far inferior to with which all waters abound. those caught in summer. I suspect It is highly probable by their they are caught in their return to waiting for land-foods, that some fea. By the latter end of April, or fort of sustenance is brought down, beginning of May, they begin to but whatever it is, it's quickly di
in considerable quantities, gested, or else it would be found and keep coming up all the sum- in their stomachs when they are mer.
In great droughts, the fal- caught mon are always very sçarçe, they do
Sume achount of the animal sent from dilating and contracting its toes,
the East Indies by general Clive, which are armed witb itrong crookto his royal highness the duke of ed nails, in the fame manner as a Cumberland, which is now in the cat or tyger does ; and its actions Tower of London : In a letter from are like those of a cat. I fat and James Parsons, M. D. F. R. S. watched its motion, and saw it lick to the Rev. Tho. Bircb, D. D. its foot, and rub it over its face feSecretary to the Royal Society. veral times, exactly like a cat; and From the Pbil. Trans.
was told by the man who shewed it
me, that, if it is offended, it hifles. AT the request of the Rev. Dri ! examined its teeth, and find them
Littelton, dean of Exeter, I in the same number and manner went to observe this creature, in or- with those of a cat. And as to its der to find what class of animals he food, they give it raw mutton every belonged to; and made the draw- day; and when it is sick, which it ing now before the Royal Society, often is, they give it a live fowl, or for its inspection. I have endea- rabbit, which it seizes eagerly, and voured to make it as accurate as pol- lies upon it without motion, for a fible in all its proportions ; yet am considerable time, to fuck the blood, afraid I have made the ears a small and this proves a certain core. The matter too long. There is a figure figure shews it to have also a tail of it in the London Magazine for like that of a cat. December last, which has no resem- None of the natural historians blance at all to it, exceptin the ears, have any account of this animal, which the engraver, who drew is, that I have yet feen, except the has made to turn forwards, contrary learned Dr. Walter Charleron, who to nature. However the following bas a bad figure of it, engraved at description will, I believe, be the the expence of Dr. John Lawson, proper account of it.
his cotemporary, of the college of It is something taller than the physicians, as it appears in an inlargeft fized cat, being about 15 in- icription at the bottom of the plate, ches high at the shoulders ; slender where in the head is, coutrary to and light, tho’ strong. The head truth, very large and Hrong in apis small in proportion to the rest, and pearance, the tail like that of a the neck fender. It has nothing fox, and the whole as trong as a fierce in its aspect, but it is mild and mastiff dog ; the name given it in very tame. It is exaatly of a fawn. the plate is the fame with this, colour, having its ears black on their but differently speiled, chus, Siyahoutsides, and lined with white hairs, ghush, find some white round the root of This author very juftly ranks it ar each ear; it is also white under the mong the cats, and has given fuc! throat and belly, and a little fo on an account of this animal, as well the backs of its limbs. Its eyes are deserves the notice of this learard small, and its head like that of a society, of which I have made ine cat, but somewhat fenderer ; its following English extract. legs are gentcel and strait, with the Among the wild cars, which paws of a cat, having the power of vary according to the difference of
climate, manner of living, and the tors; and catch those timid animals, like, none is more worthy of notice the hare, rabbit, fawn, goat, &c. by than that which is now kept in the swift running, and sometimes by park of our fovereign K. Charles craft. İL. It was sent to the king by an When they are fick (which, English gentleman, who was go- from over-gorging their ftomachs, vernor of our mercantile affairs in they often are) their keepers fteep a the dominion of Surat, and is called, piece of render meat in human among other names, in the Perfian urine, and feed them with it, and language, Siyah-ghuth, that is, being bruised or tired by over-huntBlack-ear*, all along the coast of ing, they give them fome mummy, Coromandel, and indeed all over wrapped up in their meat, and a India. It is about the size of a fox, warm place to rest in, till they rebut like a cat in its form ; and has cover." the cunning and cruelty of a leo- It is said of this animal, that he pard, with the limbs of a cat, but follows the lion at a distance, in orlonger and stronger ; having so der to feed on what he leaves of the much strength, that I saw it kill a animals he destroys. To illustrate ho that came in his way, in a this, Dr. Charleton quotes a passage moment. The legs are thick set from the Apolog. of Sheich Saadi, with hair, and its nails concealed which was written five hundred under them, which are never ex- years before, and published in Persic tended but upon seizing its prey, and Latin by Georgius Gentius ; which is common to lions, panthers, which is in English as follows: and domestic cats. But what seems This Black•ear is asked, " What peculiar to this animal is, that, hav- makes him keep company with the ing jumped upon his prey, he lies lion, and seem so officious to please upon it unmoved, holding his bite, him?" to which he answers, “That as if he was dead, whether by joy, I may feed on his leavings, and lead or in order to drink the blood of the my life safely under his protection." creature. The great men in India To which it is replied, have them bred up tame; because live under the shadow of his proof their dexterity in catching birds, tection, and draw such benefit from hares, rabbits, and fuch-like; and him, why do not you approach fuch is their craft and fierceness, that nearer to him?" He answers, “ If they will seize even a fox; but their I took your counsel, and came near keepers will not suffer them to attack to him, I should not be safe from any thing above their strength, and his fury a moment." therefore they only set them atcranes, Now from this particular account geese, ducks, pheasants, partridges, by the learned Charleton, and my peacocks, and fuch-like game, which own observations on him and his they seize by many kinds of deceit, actions, I am inclined to rank this to the great pleasure of the specta
* Dr. Charleton fays, that he was obliged to his good friend the learned Dr. Tho. Hyde, then principal librarian to the Bodleian Library, for this interpretation, who was well versed in the oriental languages.
is Since you