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animal among the cats; and join about its body so closely, that they with Linnæus, who, in his Ord. break its bones by squeezing it. fecund. has a fifth species of Felis, If the animal is strong, and makes which agrees well with the prin- great resistance, and the serpent cipal characters of the animal before cannon ftifle him in his first position us: his words are,
of laying hold of him, he strives to Felis cauda elongatâ, auribus- grapple with some trunk of a tree, -penicilliformibus.' which he surrounds with his tail,
and thereby acquiring an addition of strength, redoubles his efforts,
cill he fuffocates him. At the same The following account of a battle be- time he seizes him by the noftrils
tween a serpent and a buffalo, with his teeth, and, so, not only was sent by a letter from a Dutch intercepts his respiration, but the gentleman at Batavia to his friend deep wounds he gives with his bites at Berlin, with the manner in occafioning a great effufion of blood, which ihese serpents attack, con- he at last kills by this method the quer, and devour the largest ani- largest animals. mals,
Persons of credit assured me of
having seen in the kingdom of Ara. In our colonies of the Eaft Indies can, on the frontiers of that of Ben
there are serpents upwards of 25 gal, a like combat, near a river, befeet in length. Though their throat tween an enormous ferpent of this may seem too narrow to be capable kind, and a buffalo (an animal at of swallowing animals of a certain least as large as the wild ox) which bigness, we have notwithstanding was killed and devoured by the frequent proofs that this indeed serpent. His bones made so great happens; and, amongst those I have a noise while the serpent was breakbought of our hunters, a ftag of ing them, by twining about his middle age was found quite entire, body, and pressing it together, that with his skin and all his members in it was heard within cannon-shot by the body of one of them. In an- some who were witnesses of this other was fonnd a wild he-goat, spectacle. It seems astonishing, that with his great horns, and no part of those serpents, whose throat is so his body was wanting; and in a narrow in proportion to the rest of third a hedge-hog, armed with all their body, can swallow so large an its prickles. In the island of Am- animal quite intire, and without boyna a woman with child was thus tearing it in pieces as dogs and fucked in by one of these ferpents : lions, but they succeed effe&tually, it is so they swallow up whole ani- and the way is thus ; mals, which they find means to When these serpents, whose throat compass in the following man- is indeed narrow, but succeptible of per :
a great dilatation, have killed some When hunger presses them, they animal, and shattered his bones, to lie in ambuih, and endeavour to as that nothing appears more than surprise fome animal ; and, when a Mapeless mass, they begin by they have seized it, they twine Atretching him out by the tongue as much as possible, and, by licking, extremely sharp, wounded him in to smooth and polish him, as well tñe finger, which was immedias they can, down the bair: they ately followed by a prodigious inafterwards besmear the whole finflamatiory swelling in the head, with a glutinous mucosity, then lay and a continued fever and delihold of him by the head, and at rium. laft swallow him quite intire by These fymptoms did not cease, strong reiterated suctions, but they till the serpent-stone, prepared here fometimes take up two days, and by the Jesuits, and applied to the even more, in going through this wound, had attracted all the vework, accoading to the biggess of nom. the animal: after this, the serpent, gorged with so great a quantity of food, becomes incapable of attacking or defending himself; and the History of Jeffery Hudson the Dwarf. country people and hunters, with." From Mr. Walpole's Anecdotes of out incurring any danger, throw a Painting in England. sope about his neck, and strangle Arike him dead with clubs and ATSt. James's * (says he, in the
life of Daniel Mytens) is Jeffesticks. Having afterwards cut him ry Hudfon, the dwarf, holding a up in pieces, they sell his flesh, dog by a ftring, in a landscape, cowhich is reckoned very delicious loured warmly and freely, like Snyfood; bat they separate the head, der or Rubens. Mytens drew the being persuaded, that the teeth of fame figure in a very large pi&ture the upper jaw are surrounded with of Charles I. and his queen, which little bladders, filled with a was in the poffeffion of the late earl nomous liquor, which, bursting at of Dunmore; but the single figure the time of biting, infuse their poi- is much better painted. The hiilory son into the wound ; and this poi- of the diminutive personage was so fon, foon mixing with the mass of remarkable, the reader will perha;s blood, occasions certain death in all not dislike the digreffion. kinds of animals, when it reaches + He was born at Oakham in the heart.
Rutlandshire in 1619; and about Being desirous to have the skele- the age of seven or eight, being ton of one of these serpents which then but eighteen inches high, was I had bought, and my servants retained in the service of the duke having boiled. it in a great copper of Buckingham, who resided at with water and quick lime, one of Burleigh on the Hill. Soon after them took the head for clearing it, the marriage of Charles I. the king the flesh being already separated ; and queen being entertained at and in turning it about, one of Burleigh, little Jeffery was served the great fore teeth, which are up to table in a cold pye, and pre
* The picture of the queen of Scots at St. James's is a copy of Mytens. ☆ Sec Fuller and Wright's Rutland hire.
sented by the duchess to the queen, Crofts, a young gentleman of fawho kept him as her dwarf. From mily, a challenge ensued; and Mr. seven years of age till thirty, he Crofts coming to the rendezvous never grew taller ; but after thirty armed only with a squirt, the little he shot up to three feet nine inches, creature was so enraged, that a real and there fixed. Jeffery became a duel ensued ; and the appointment confiderable part of the entertain- being on horseback with pistols, to ment of the court. Sir William put them more on a level, Jeffery Davenant wrote a poem called 'Jef- with the first fire fhot his antagonist freidos, on a battle between him dead. This happened in France, and a I turkey-cock; and in 1638 whither he had attended his miftress was published a very small book, in the troubles. He was again called the New Year's Gift, pre- taken prisoner by a Turkish rover, fented at court by the lady Par- and sold into Barbary. He probavula to the lord 'Minimus (com- bly did not long remain in slavery; monly called Little Jeffery) her ma- for at the beginning of the civil jesty's servant, &c, written by Mi- war he was made a captain in the crophilus, with a little print of Jef- royal army, and in 1644 attended fery prefixed, Before this period the queen to France, where he reJeffery was employed on a nego. mained till the restoration. At laft, ciation of great importance: he was upon suspicion of his being privy to fent to France to fetch a midwife the popith plot, he was taken up in for the queen; and on his return 1682, and confined in the Gatewith this gentlewoman, and her house, Westminster, where he endmajesty's dancing-master, and many ed his life, in the fixty-third year of rich presents to the queen from her his age. : mother Mary de Medicis, he was taken by the Dunkirkers . Jeffery, thus made of consequence, grew to think himself really fo: On the existence of Giants in South He had borne with little temper
America. the teizing of the courtiers and do. mestics, and had many squabbles THE ipftability of philosophic with the king's gigantic porter : fyftems has long been a subject at last, being provoked by Mr. of ridicule or complaint; innova
1 The scene is laid at Dunkirk, and the midwife rescues him from the sury of his antagonist.
It was in 1630. Eelides the present he was bringing for the queen, he lost to the value of 2500l. that he had received in France on his own account from the queen mother and ladies of that court.
t A bas relief of this dwarf aad giant is to be seen fixed in the front of a house near the end of Bagnio court, on the east side of Newgate-street. Probably it was a fign. Oliver Cromwell too had a porter of an enormous height, wliole itandaid is recorded by a large 0 on the back of the terrace at Windfor, almust under the window of ihe gallery. This man went mad, and prophelied. In Whitechapel there was a lign of him, taken from a print of St. Peter,
dions in the subjects of taste or reli- use of only by giants, are confirmgion are more permanent: but al- ations of this, but what is a more most every age produces new at. irrefragable proof than either, the tempts to explain the secrets of na- author insists upon having seen seture, as some latent property hap- veral Spaniards, who have seen pens to be known; so that the old those monstrous men as they hapman-finds the system of his youth pened to stray from their wild reexploded or forgotten.
treats, verging towards the straits Among other disquisitions in of Magellan. They are described physic or natural history, that of as being nine or ten feet high; the size of men, in different coun- strong in proportion to their fize; tries or different ages, has not a and active to a furprising degree: little employed speculation, and but instead of dipping into a conproduced disputes. On one side, troversy, that time, and not disputa. the testimony of all antiquity, tions, will one day determine, we which mentions giants as familiarly will only transcribe a story told us known ; the keletons dug up of a of one of those extraordinary species monstrous fize, and fome more of beings. modern discoveries in the southern Madalena de Niqueza was one parts of America, are brought to of those unhappy women, who leav. confirm their existence. On the ing Europe, expected to find afother side, when the proofs come to
fluence and fortune in some of the be examined, the ancients will ap- exten&ve provinces, subject to the pear frequently to have been deceive Spanish monarchy in Southern Ameed themselves, or to have attempt- rica. Those who are friendless at ed to deceive others: the skeletons home are generally friendless among will appear to have belonged to strangers. She wandered for some other animals, never to men; and time in the streets of Carthagena, the existence of the tall Pata- feeling all the miseries of houseless gons in South America, has been indigence, and an unfavourable ky. called into question by Sir Hans In this forlorn state, an Indian Sloane, Frazer, and others. In shepherd saw her, married her, and this manner the controversy seem- brought her with him to his native ed almod at an end ; but there has village, which bordered on the sabeen lately published at Madrid yage countries of the Guanoas and a work, entitled Giganthologia, by. Chiquitos. P. Joseph Tarrubia, proving the
Those barbarous nations, which existence of this species of men, could never be reduced to the sube not only from the concurrent testi- jection of the Spaniards, make conmony of all antiquity in this our tinual excursions upon the countries old world, but from several Indian that have been reduced, and kill or antiquiries discoverable in the new. carry away the inhabitants who 'The monstrous ftatues of several happen to fall into their power, of their idols, which are affirmed In one of these incurfions, Mada. 29 have been no bigger than the lena and her husband were taken life, and several utensils, that, from prisoners, and carried some huntheir fize, could have been made died leagues to the south, where
they they were several times exchanged among each other, and had people of for other commodities in the usual ordinary Itacure to do the domestis course of traffic, till at length they offices of life. Their women were arrived among a people ftill, if by no means proportionably large, possible, more rude ihan their for
not being above fix feet and an half mer maiters; and here they were high ; and the children, when put to the usual employment of brought into the world, were of keeping cattle.
the usual fize. In this fituation In this fituation, however, they Madalena continued for almost fout had not long continued, when a years, when, growing weary of general alarm was spread through fervitude, fhe was refolved to trathe Indian town where they were vel down to the western shore, which fationed, for an army of giants bounds the great Pacific Ocean, were marching forward, and laying which the effe&ed, and was brought all things waste with fire and sword off by a Spanish bark, and carried before them. Madalena could per- to Panama, from whence, some ceive, that the Indians, instead of time after, the found means of reattempting to fly, rather endea- turning to Europe. voured to conceal themselves, as they defpaired of finding safety by Swiftness, in which the giants fo Account of a Girl who fubfifted near much excelled them. The formid.
four years on Water alone. able army at length appeared, but instead of spreading that terror
From the Memoirs of the Academy which was expected, she was sur- of Sciences, at Paris, for the prised to fee the humanity with year 1756. which they treated their prisoners. This body of giants confifted of N Ovember 9, 175', Christina about four hundred, the lowest fol- Michelot, aged ten years and dier in the whole army was not un- a half, the daughter of a vine dresder nine feet high, and the tallest ser at Pomard, half a league from was about eleven. Their features Beaune, was seized with a fever, were regular, their limbs exactly which was looked upon as the beproportioned; they had a sweetness ginning of the measles. She took and affability in their looks, and a light prisan : but absolutely retheir fpeech was deep, clear, and fufed every other medicine, and fonorous. Madalena and her huse would swallow nothing but water. band were now made prisoners once
The measles did not appear, and more, but treated with infinitely he had no other symptom but such more compassion and tenderness a violent head-ach, that she got out than by their former masters. The of bed to roll on the floor; and one giant to whose lot she fell, used to day her father going haftily to take hearken to the account of her adven- her up, the fell into a swoon, which tures with pleasure, and seemed to continued so long, that she was supregard her misfortunes with a passion puted to be dead : Me recovered, mixed with love and pity. They however, but some days after lost lived in a state of perfect equality the use of all her limbs, which re