« PreviousContinue »
the funeral of Mr. Bennet, in which In 1709, a dispute arose between Dr. Atterbury had, in the opinion these two learned combatants, conof Mr. Hoadley, laid down fome cerning the doctrine of non-reliftdangerous propofitions. Two years ance, occasioned by a performance after, Mr. Hoadley again entered of Mr. Hoadley, intituled - The the lifts against this formidable an- Measures of Obedience; fome positagonist; and in his exceptions against tions in which, Dr. Aiterbury ena lermon published by Dr. Atter- deavoured to confute in his elegant bury, intituled --" The Power of Latin fermon, preached that year Charity to cover Sin”-he attacked before the London clergy. In this the doctor with his usual strength of debate, Mr. Hoadley fignalized reasoning, and dispassionate enquiry, himself in so eminent a degree, thac confuted his erroneous opinions the honourable house of commons without anger, and conquered him gave him a particular mark of their without triumph. This, indeed, is regard, by representing, in an adallowed by all to be his distinguish- dress to the queen, the signal fering characterstic,--that in all the vices he had done to the cause of controverfies which he held with civil and religious liberty. his brethren (and no one, surely, The principles, however, which held more) he even preserved an he espoused, being repugnant to the equanimity of temper--the meek general temper of those times, drew and candid christian never lost in on him the viralence of a party; the disputer of this world--cool, yet it was at this period (1710) calm, and composed, he forgets the (when, as he himself expreft it, man, whilft he is animadverting on fury seemed to be let loose upon him) the writer, never betrayed into any that the late Mrs. Howland preasperity of expreffion-any railing sented him to the rectory of Streataccosations, any personal reflections, ham, in Surry, which (as he exand misbecoming flights, or those presses it in the last debt of gratifallies of passion, which, as they tude that he paid to her memory, give no strength to a bad argument, May 1719) was a more diftinguithnever add any grace or advantage ing mark of her regard, in that she to a good one. Happy would it be presented it to him unaiked, --unapfor the cause of religion and truth, plied to, without his either having if all (who engage in controversy) seen her, or been seen by her.: To would imitate this pattern, and shew that, in her own expression, guard against virulence of expref- (says he) she was neither ashamed fion, which, as it cannot tend to nor afraid to give me that public elucidate, so peither hath it any mark of her regard, at that critical connection with, literary controver- time. fiesleast of all in religious dis- Soon after the accession of king putes, when the wrath of man can- George I. Dr. Hoadley was consea not be supposed to work the righte- crated to the fee of Bangor; and in ousness of God. The reader, I 1717, having broached some opihope, will pardon this small digref. nions concerning the nature of fion, which I was naturally led into, Christ's kingdom, &c. he again beand which is in itself an interesting came the object of popular clamour, point.
and was in a more particular man
ner expofed to the rage of his bre- Perhaps this may be looked upon thren*. At this juncture he was by some, rather as an over-strained distinguished by another particular mark of diffidence and humility, as mark of the royal regards, by means the bishop might very well be fupof which the convocation was suc- posed to need no other testimony cessively prorogued, and it was not than his own works, in order to go permitted to fit, nor do any busi- down to pofterity, and to live in ness, till that resentment was intire. the voice and memory of men-but Jy subsided.
this mark of fingular condescenfion In 1721, he was translated to must be chiefly imputed to a zeal Hereford, and from thence, in 1723, for those tenets which the doctor fo to Salisbury.
warmly patronized. In 1734, bishop When the posthumous works of Hoadley was translated to WinDr. Samuel Clarke were published chester, (on the demise of Dr. Wilin 1732, this prelate prefixed some lis) and published his Plain Account account of the life, writings, and of the Sacrament; a performance character of the author, and in the which served as a butt for his adconclufion, expresses himself thus :' versaries to shoot at, against which
Having thus paid this last duty they pointed their arrous, and le. to the memory of this excellent velled their artillery ; yet imparman, which I could not but esteem tiality owns it to be clear, rational, a debt to such a benefactor to the and manly, wrote with great cancause of religion and learning united, dour and judgment, and suited to and, as these works of his moft laft the capacity of every serious and as long as any language remains to considerate enquirer after , truth. convey them to future times, per- His sermons (published in 1754, haps
may flatter myself, that this and 1755,) are esteemed inferior to faint and imperfect account of him few writings in the English lanmay be transmitted down with guage, for plainness and perfpethem; and I hope, it will be thought cuity, energy and strength of reaa pardonable piece of ambition and soning, and a free and masterly self-interestedness, if, fearful left manner. every thing else should prove too Having now gone thrcugh the weak to keep the remembrance of principal parts of his life and writ. myself in being, I lay hold of his ings, I come to speak of his privale fame to prop and support my own. character ; and here there is one I am sure, as I have little reason to particular with regard to his lordexpect, that any thing of mine, thip, which is worthy of observation, without such an affistance, can live, and that is he was not always hapI shall think myself greatly recom- py in the objects on whom he conpensed, for the want of any other ferred his favours ; I shall mention memorial, if my name may go three instances to confirm this. redown to pofterity, thus closely joined mark. - Sagier --- Pillonier - Fourto his, and I myself be thought of, nier. The first
, the bishop himself and spoke of, in ages to come, un- told me, proved highly unworthy of der the character of the friend of his regard. The second (whom he Dr. Clarke.”
honoured with particular marks of # Dr. Snape and Dr. Sherlock were the chief of them.
regard) regard) the bishop owns (in his let. has been in this.---And what is very ter to Mr. Chevalier, published remarkable, this place + has en1758) did not act agreeable to the joyed the benefit of their instruction obligations he had received. The for more than 70 years.---Here give lait instance is too recent to need me leave to observe a fimilitude of any mention here. These ferve only circumstances between his son and the shew the natural philanthropy of him. It pleased God to prolong his temper and disposition, prone the son's days, even beyond those to hospitality and munificence,--that of his father, to preserve to him his charity, which hopeth all things, great underftanding, and to give and believeth all things, which, him leisure to review his incompabeing a stranger to guilt itself, is rable Discourses, and to make them laid
open to the treachery of others. fit for the reception which the world The accuracy, with which the bishop has given thein. He too has had drew up an account of the beha. his controversies, and those carried viour of Fournier, (in that letter on with warmth and spirit; but before-mentioned) is a strong proof, without any injury to his temper, that in such an advanced age, he ftill or any interruption to his thoughts retained the exercise of his mental and mind. His father lived in powers in full vigour, and that “the more difficult times, had much to natural force of his intellectual fa- struggle with, and perhaps had more culties was not abated.”
of labour in his composition. The I come now to the last period of fon was more bright and brilliant, his life: he died (April 17, 1761) and carried a greater compass of satisfied with a long life, equally full thought and genius along with him. of days * and honour, and with a The one wrote with great care and pleasing prospect of the salvation circumspection, as having many adwbich God hath Thewed him. His versaries to contend with ; the other writings in favour of civil and reli- with greater ease and freedom, as gious liberty, will render his me- rifing superior to all oppofition.... mory dear to this nation, as long as Indeed, the son had much the adthe love of freedom is the charac- vantage of his father, in respect to teristic of Britons; and his name
the time and other circumstances of will always be mentioned with ho. his life, not to say, what I believe nour, by every friend to religion, muft be owned by all, that his nalearning, truth, and virtue.
tural abilities and talents were much greater.---He was made master of
the Temple very young, upon the Some account of the late Dr. Thomas refignation of his father, and was
Sherlock, who died June 18, 1761, obliged to apply himself closely to aged 14. Extracted from his fu- business, and take infinite pains to neral fermon, preached by Dr. Nic qualify himself for that honourable colls, master of the Temple. employment; which he effectually
did in the course of a few years, E was the son of a moft eminent and became one of the moft cele.
father, who was no less distin- brated preachers of that time. guished in the last age, than the son In this station he continued many
+ The Temple.
# Ætat. 85
years, preaching conftantly, rightly very fignal services to his coandividing the word of God, and pro- try. moting the salvation of souls. For All this time, while he was thus his preaching was with power; not taken up in the business of the ftaonly in the weight of his words and tion to which he was advanced, he arguments but in the force and yet continued to preach to his conenergy with which it was delivered. gregation during term; and in the For though his voice was not melo- vacation constantly went down to dious, but accompanied rather with visit and to reside in his diocese ; a thickness of speech, yet were his where he spent his time in the most words uttered with so much pro- exemplary manner; in a decent priety, and with such strength and hospitality ; in repairing his churches vehemence, that he never failed to and houses, wherever he went; in take poffeffion of his whole audience, conversing with his clergy; and in and secure their attention. This giving them and their people propowerful delivery of words, fo per directions, as the circumstances weighty and important, as his al- of things required. ways were, made a strong impres- And chus did this great man lay fion upon the minds of his hearers, himself out for the public good ; aland was not foon forgot. And I ways busy, always
always employed, so doubt not but many of you still re- long as God gave him health and member the excellent instruction strength to go through those various you have heard from him to your and important offices of life, which great comfort.
were committed to his care. About this time also it was, that But now, though his mind and he published his much-admired dis- understanding remained in full vicourses upon the Use and Intent of goar, infirmities of body began to Prophecy, which did so much fer- creep very fast upon him. And then vice to the cause of Christianity, it was that he declined, when ofthen openly attacked by some daring fered him, the highest honours of unbelievers.
this church, because he was sensible, Upon the accession of his late through the infirmities he felt, he majesty to the throne, he was foon should never be able to give that distinguished ; and, with another personal attendance, which that truly eminent divine, [bishop Hare] great office requires. And this also advanced to the bench, where he induced him afterwards to accept fat with great lustre for many years; the charge of this diocese wherein in matters of difficulty and nice dif- we live, because his business would cernment serving his king and coun- be at home and about him, and try, and the church over which he would require no long journies, for presided, with uncommon zeal and which he found himself very unfit. prudence. Indeed such was his dif- And certain it is, that for the first cretion and nice judgment, that all three or four years he applied himranks of persons were desirous of self closely to business, and made knowing his opinion in every case, one general visitation of his diocese and by his quick and solid judg- in person : nay, he extended his ment of things he was able to do care to parts abroad, and began his great good to many individuals, and correspondence there, which would have been very useful to the church, orators ; from whence he acquired if his health had permitted him to that correct and elegant ftile, which carry it on : but about that time it appears in all his compositions. His pleased God to visit him with a very knowledge in divinity was obtained dangerous illness, from which in- from the study of the most rational deed he recovered, but with almost writers of the church, both ancient the total loss of the use of his limbs; and modern; and he was particuand soon after his speech failing larly fond of comparing scripture him, he was constrained to give with scripture, and especially of ilover the excercise of his function lustrating the epistles and writings of and office, and was even deprived the apostles, which he thought wantof the advantages of a free conver- ed to be more ftudied, and of which fation.
we have some specimens of his own But though he was thus obliged discourses. His skill in the civil to provide for the ministerial office, and canon law was very consideryet he still took care himself for the able; to which he added such a dispatch of business. For the mind knowledge of the common law of was yet vigorous and strong in this England, as few clergymen attain weak body, and partook of none
to. This it was that gave him of its infirmities. He never parted that influence in all cases where the with the adminiftration of things church was concerned, as knowing out of his own hands, but required precisely what it had to claim from, an exact account of everything its conititations and canons, and that was transacted; and where the what from the common law of the business was of importance and con- land. sequence enough, he would dictate His piety was constant and exletters, and give directions about it emplary, and breathed the true himself. Under all his infirmities, spirit of the gospel. His zeal was his soul broke through like the sun warm and fervent in explaining the from the cloud, and was visible to great doctrines and duties of Christevery eye. There was a dignity in ianity, and in maintaining and estahis aspect and countenance to the blishing it upon the most solid and very laft. His reason fat enthroned fure foundations. with him, and no one could ap
His munificence and charity was proach him without having his large and diffufive; not confined to mind filled with that respect and particulars, but extended in general veneration that was due to so great to all that could make out any just a character.
claim to it. His learning was very extenfive : The instances of his public chaGod had given him a great and an rities, both in his life-time and at understanding mind, a quick com- his death, are great, and like himprehenfion, and a solid judgment. self. He hath given large sums of These advantages of nature he im- money to the corporation of clergyproved by much industry and appli- men's sons, to several of the hospiCation; and in the early part of his tals, and to the society for propalife he read and digefted well the gating the gospel in foreign parts. ancient authors both Greek and La- And at the instance of the said fo. tin, che philosophers, poets, and ciety, he consented to print at his