Smugglers and Saints of the Sahara: Regional Connectivity in the Twentieth Century
Smugglers and Saints of the Sahara describes life on and around the contemporary border between Algeria and Mali, exploring current developments in a broad historical and socioeconomic context. Basing her findings on long-term fieldwork with trading families, truckers, smugglers and scholars, Judith Scheele investigates the history of contemporary patterns of mobility from the late nineteenth century to the present. Through a careful analysis of family ties and local economic records, this book shows how long-standing mobility and interdependence have shaped not only local economies, but also notions of social hierarchy, morality and political legitimacy, creating patterns that endure today and that need to be taken into account in any empirically-grounded study of the region.
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Algerian Traders and Settlement in
Moral Conundrums on
Settlement Mobility and the Daily Pitfalls of Saharan
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Adagh Adrar Africa Ahaggar Ahmad al-Khalil Algerian traders Aoulef Arab archives army assembly Awlad Sidi badiya Bamako Bani w-Iskut border camels CAOM centre Chapter civilisation connections contemporary cousins deﬁned descent described difﬁcult documents economic especially established exchange fagagir faggara ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst francs French colonial genealogies Général de l’Algérie Ghuniya Gourara Gouverneur Général haratin Hence inﬂuence inﬂuential investment irrigation Islamic law Kidal Kunta labour land large number Lettre Libya maﬁa Maghreb Malian Mauritania migrants mobility moral Moroccan Muhammad networks Niamey Niger nomadic Nonetheless northern Mali oases oasis ofﬁcers ofﬁcials ofthe organised perhaps political proﬁts qadi qsar qudah Rapport annuel reﬂected religious Sahara Saharan settlement Sahelian Salah Sha‘anba shariﬁan shurafa smugglers smuggling social Songhay southern Algeria status Sudan Tamanrasset Tamantit Tamasheq Tessalit throughout Tidikelt Timbuktu Timimoun tion Touat town trans-Saharan trade transborder trucks Tuareg women Zafzaf zau/iya Zijlawi