South Asians in Kenya: Gender, Generation and Changing Identities in Diaspora
For more than a century a substantial South Asian minority has been living in Kenya. Within a few decades a majority of the Kenyan Asians has managed to transform their living conditions from an impoverished rural background in South Asia to a globalised and economically successful middle class in East Africa. Therefore this research sets an example of migration as an opportunity for social mobility. The study is based on empirical data collected with South Asians in Kenya, who were differentiated by gender, age, migratory generation and other social boundaries. The research is divided into three levels of analysis: inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic relations, i.e. the relations within the South Asian minority, as well as the relations within the family. To understand the complexity of migrants' lives an approach of 'geographies of intersectionality' was developed which takes different intersecting social boundaries into account and additionally considers the significance of place. The study shows that migration has an impact on the relations between genders, age groups and migratory generations and leads to changing identities and new lifestyles.
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HISTORY OF THE SOUTH ASIAN MIGRATION TO EAST
Regions of origin in South Asia
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According activities addition African agree analysis Anthias approach arranged born boundaries Britain British caste changed chapter citizens citizenship collective colonial concept connected considered construction cultural defined diaspora domestic workers East Africa economic Elderly established ethnic Europeans example father Figure forms gendered age group Ghai Gujarati Hindu husband identity immigration important includes increasing independence Indian individual inter intermarriage interview interview 1998 Kenya Kenyan Asians languages less live mainly majority marriage married means Middle-aged migration minority mother Muslim Nairobi networks organisation origin parents partly pattern percent person political population position presented processes proportion Punjabi questions race reason recently refers regarding relations relatives religion shows Sikh situation social society Source South Asian started statement stay survey term woman women young women