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THE RESCUE OF CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH, BY shoulders painted red, with oil and pocones mingled POCAHONTAS.

together, which scarlet-like colour made an exceedThe subject selected for the principal illustration ing handsome show, his bow in his hand, and the in the present number of the Family Magazine, is skin of a bird with her wings abroad dried, tied on the rescue of Capt. John Smith, by Pocahontas.

his head, a piece of copper, a white shell, a long In the “ 'Trve Travels, Adventvres, and Observa- feather, with a small ratile growing at the tails of tions of Captaine lohn Smith,” we find the following their snakes tied to it, or some such like toy. All narrative of this capture and rescue :

this while Smith and the king stood in the midst “The savages having drawn from George Cassen guarded, as before is said, and after three dances whither Capt. Smith was gone, prosecuting that op- they all departed. Smith they conducted to a long portunity, they followed him with three hundred house, where thirty or forty tall fellows did guard bowmen, conducted by the king of Pamaunkee, who him, and ere long more bread and venison was in divisions searching the turnings of the river, found brought him than would have served twenty men, I Robinson and Emry by the fireside, those they shot think his stomach at that time was not very good ; full of arrows and slew. Then finding the Captain, what he left they put in baskets and tied over his as is said, that used the savage that was his guide head. About midnight they set the meat again beas his shield (three of them being slain and divers fore him, all this time not one of them would eat a others so galled) all the rest would not come near bit with him, till the next morning they brought him him. Thinking thus to have relurned to his boat, re- as much more, and then did they cat all the old, and garding them, as he marched, more than his way, slip- reserved the new as they had done the other, which ped up to the middle in an oasie creek and his savage made him think they would fat him to eat him. Yet with him, yet durst they not come to him till being in this desperate estate to defend him from the cold, nearly dead with cold, he threw away his arms. one Maocassater brought him his gown, in requital Then according to their composition they drew him of some beads and toys Smith had given him on his forth and led him to the fire, where his men were first arrival in Virginia. slain. Diligently they chafed his benumbed limbs. Two days after, a man would have slain him (but He demanding for their captain, they shewed him that the guard prevented it) for the death of his son, Opechankanough, king of Pamaunkee, 10 whom he to whom they conducted him to recover the poor gave a round ivory compass-dial. Much they mar- man then breathing his last. Smith told them that velled at the playing of the fly and needle, which at Jamestown he had a water would do it, if they they could see so plainly, and yet not touch it, be would let him fetch it, but they would not permit cause of the glass that covered them. But when he that, but made all the preparations they could to asdemonstrated by the globe-like jewel, the roundness sault Jamestown, craving his advice, and for recomof the earth, and skics, the sphere of the sun, moon, pense he should have life, liberty, land, and women. and stars, and how the sun did chase the night round In part of a table-book he wrote his mind to them at about the world continually; the greatness of the the fort, what was intended, how they should follow land and sea, the diversity of nations, variety of com- that direction to affright the messengers, and without plexions, and how we were to them Antipodes, and fail send him such things as he wrote for. And an many other such like matters, they all stood as ama- inventory with them. The difficulty and danger, he zed with admiration. Notwithstanding, within an told the savages, of the mines, great guns, and other hour after they tied him to a tree, and as many as engines exceedingly affrighted them, yet according could stand about him prepared to shoot him, but the to his request they went to Jamestown, in as bitter king holding up the compass in his hand, ihey all weather as could be of frost and snow, and within laid down their bows and arrows, and in a triumphant three days returned with an answer. manner led him to Orapaks, where he was after their

But when they came to Jamestown, seeing men manner kindly feasted, and well used.

sally out as he had told them they would, they fled; Their order in conducting him was thus : drawing yet in the night they came again to the same place themselves all in file, the king in the midst had all where he had told them they should receive an antheir pieces and swords borne before him. Captain swer, and such things as he had promised them, Smith was led after him by three great savages, which they found accordingly, and with which they holding him fast by each arm, and on each side went returned with no small expedition, to the wonder of six in file with their arrows knocked. But arriving them all that heard it, that he could either divine, or at the town (which was but only thirty or forty hunt- the paper could speak; then they led him to the ing-houses made of mats, which they remove as they Youthtanunds, the Mattapanients, the Payankatanks, please, as we our tents) all the women and children the Nantaughtacunds, and Onawmanients upon the staring to behold him, the soldiers first all in file rivers of Rappahannock, and Patawomek, over all performed the form of a Bissom so well as could be, those rivers, and back again by divers other several and on each flank, officers as sergeants to see them nations, to the king's habitation at Pamaunkee, where keep their orders. A good time they continued this they entertained him with most strange and fearful exercise, and then cast themselves in a ring, dancing conjurations in such several postures, and singing and yelling out

As if near led to hell, such hellish notes and screeches, being strangely

Among the Devils to dwell. painted, every one his quiver of arrows, and at his back a club, on his arm a fox or an otter's skin, or made in a long house, and a mat spread on the one

Not long after, early in a morning, a great fire was somé such matter for his vambrace, their heads and

side, as on the other; on the one they caused him • In quoting from this work, the orthography of the narrative to sit, and all the guard went out of the house, and has been changed, but the style is preserved.

presently came skipping in a great grim fellow, all

painted over with coal, mingled with oil; and many heads bedecked with the white down of birds; but snakes and weasels' skins stuffed with moss, and all every one with something: and a great chain of their tails tied together, so as they met on the crown white beads about their necks. Atliis entrance be. of his head in a tassel; and round about the tassel fore the king, all the people gave a great shout. The was as a coronet of feathers, the skins hanging round queen of Appamatuck was appointed to bring bim about his head, back, and shoulders, and in a manner water to wash his hands, and another brought him covered his face ; with a hellish voice and a rattle a bunch of feathers, instead of a towél to dry them: in his hand. With most strange gestures and pas- having feasted him after their best barbarous manner sions he began his invocation, and environed the fire they could, a long consultation was held, but the with a circle of meal ; which done, three more such eonclusion was, two great stones were brought be like devils came rushing in with the like antique fore Powhatan : then as many as could laid hands tricks, painted half black, half red: but all their eyes on him, dragged him to them, and thereon laid his were painted white, and some red strokes like mus- head, and being ready with their clubs, 10 beat out taches, along their cheeks : round about him those his brains, Pocahontas, the king's dearest daughter, fiends danced a pretty while, and then came in three when no entreaty could prevail, got his head in her more as ugly as the rest; with red eyes, and white arms, and laid her own upon his to save him from strokes over their black faces, at last they all sat death : whereat the emperour was contented he down right against him ; three of them on the one should live to make him hatchets, and her bells, hand of the chief priest, and three on the other. beads, and copper ; for they thought him as well Then all with their rattles began a song, which end- of all occupations as themselves. For the king himed, the chief priest laid down tive wheat corns, then self will make his own robes, shoes, bows, arrows, straining his arms and hands with such violence that pots; plant, hunt, or do any thing, so well as the resi, he sweat, and his veins swelled, he began a short ora

They say he bore a pleasant show, tion: at the conclusion they all gave a short groan;

But sure his heart was sad, and then laid down three grains more. After that,

For who can pleasant be, and rest,

That lives in fear and dread; began their song again, and then another oration,

And having life suspected, doth ever laying down as many corns as before, till they

It still suspected lead." had twice encircled the fire ; that done, they took a bunch of little sticks prepared for that purpose, continuing still their devotion, and at the end of every song and oration, they laid down a stick betwixt the

LEGEND OF BRADY'S HILL divisions of corn. Till night, neither he nor they Samuel Brady, the hero of the following advendid either eat or drink, and then they feasted merri- ture, was over six feet in height, with light-blue eyes, ly, with the best provisions they could make. Three fair skin, and dark hair : he was remarkably straight days they used this ceremony; the meaning where- and athletick, a bold and vigorous backwoodsman, of they told him, was to know if he intended them inured to all the toils and hardships of a frontier life, well or no. The circle of meal signified their coun- and had become very obnoxious to the Indians, from try, the circles of corn the bounds of the sea ; and the numerous successful attacks on their war-parties, the sticks his country. They imagined the world and from shooting them in his hunting excursions, to be flat and round, like a trencher, and they in the whenever they crossed his path, or came within midst. After this they brought him a bag of gunpow- reach of his rifle; for he was personly engaged in der, which they carefully preserved till the next more hazardous contests with the savages, ihan any spring, to plant as they did their corn: because they other man west of the mountains, excepting Daniel would be acquainted with the nature of that seed. Boone. He was in fact an “ Indian hater," as many Opitchapam, the king's brother, invited him to his of the borderers were. This class of men appear to house, where, with as many platters of bread, fowl, have been more numerous in this region, than in and wild beasts, as did environ him, he bid him wel- any other portion of the frontiers, and this doubtless com, ; but not any of them would eat a bit with him, arose from the slaughter at Braddock's defeat, and but put up all the remainder in baskets. At his re- the numerous murders and attacks on defenceless turn to Opechancanough's, all the king's women, and families that for many years followed that disaster. their children, flocked about him for their parts, as Brady was also a very successful trapper and hunta due by custom, to be merry with such fragments. er, and took more beavers than any of the Indians

themselves. In one of his adventurous excursions, But his waking mind in hideous dreams did oft see wondrous shapes

to the waters of the Beaver river, or Mahoning, which Of bodies strange, and huge in growth, and of stupendous in early days so abounded with the animals of this

species, that it took its name from the fact, it so hapAt last they brought him to Meronocomoco, where pened that the Indians surprised him in his camp and was Powhatan their emperour. Here more than two took him prisoner. To have shot or tomahawked hundred of those grim courtiers stood wondering at him on the spot would have been but a small gratifihim, as he had been a monster; till Powhatan and cation of satiating their revenge by burning him at a his train had put themselves in their greatest brave- slow fire, in the presence of all the Indians of their ries. Before a fire upon a seat like a bedstead, he village. He was therefore taken alive to their ensat covered with a great robe, made of Rackoon campment, on the west bank of the Beaver river, skins, and all the tails hanging by. On either hand about a mile and a half from its mouth. did sit a young wench of sixteen or eighteen years, After the usual exultations and rejoicings at the and along on each side the house, two rows of men, capture of a noted enemy, and causing him to run the and behind them as many women, with all their gauntlet, a fire was prepared, near which Brady was heads and shoulders painted red; many of their placed, after being stripped naked, and with his arms


unbound. Previously to tying him to the stake, a their commander to the Indian village, lying on the large circle was forined around him, consisting of river in the present township of Northampton in Indian men, women and children, dancing and yel. ; Portage county. ling and uttering all manner of threats and abuse As he approached the chasm, Brady, knowing that their sınall knowledge of the English language that life or death was in the effort, concentrated his could afford. The prisoner looked on these prepar- mighty powers and leaped the stream at a single ations of death, and on his savage foes, with a firm bound. It so happened that, in the opposite clift, countenance and a steady eye, meeting all their threats the leap was favoured by a low place, into which he with a truly savage fortitude. In the midst of their dropped, and grasping the bushes, he thus helped dancing and rejoicing, a squaw of one of their chiefs himself to ascend io the top of the cliff. The Indicame near hiin with a child in her arms. Quick as ans, for a few moment, were lost in wonder and adthought, and with intuitive presence, he snatched miration, and before they had recovered their recolit from her and threw it into the midst of the flames.lection, he was halfway up the side of the opposite Horrourstruck at the sudden outrage, the Indians hill, but still within reach of their rifles. They simultaneously rushed to rescue the infant from the could easily have shot him any moment before, but fire. In the midst of this confusion, Brady darted being bent on taking him alive, for torture, and to from the circle, overturning all that came in his way, glut their long delayed revenge, they forbore the use and rushed into the adjacent thickets with the India of the rifle ; but now seeing him likely to escape, ans at his heels. He ascended the steep side of they all fired upon him; one bullet wounded him the present hill, amidst a shower of bullets, and severely, in the hip, but not so badly as to prevent darting down the opposite declivity, secreted himself his progress. The Indians having to make a conin the deep ravine and laurel thickets that abound siderable circuit before they could cross the streain, for several miles to the west of it. His knowledge Brady advanced a good distance ahead. His limb of the country and wonderful activity, enabled him was growing stiff from the wound and as the Indians to elude his enemies, and reach the settlements on gained on him, he made for the pond which bears the south of the Ohio river, which he crossed by his name, and plunged in, swam under water a conswimming. The hill near whose base this adven- siderable stance, and came up under the trunk of ture is said to have happened, still goes by his name, a large oak, which had fallen into the pond. This, and the incident is often referred to by the traveller, although leaving only a small breathing place to sup28 the coach is slowly dragged up its side. port life, still completely sheltered him from their

sight. - The Indians iracing him by the blood to the Brady's Leap.-Captain Brady seems to have water, made diligent search all round the pond, but been as much the Daniel Boone of the northeast finding no signs of his exit, finally came to the conpart of the valley of the Ohio, as the other was of clusion that he had sunk and was drowned. As the southwest, and the country is equally full of tra- they were at one time standing on the very tree. ditionary legends of his hardy adventures and hair- beneath which he was concealed, Brady understandbreadth escapes, although he has lacked a Flint to ing their language was very glad to hear the result chronicle his fame, and transmit it to posterity in of their deliberations, and after they had gone, weathe glowing and beautiful language of that distin- ry, lame, and hungry, he made good his retreat 10 guished annalist of the West. From undoubted his own home. His followers, also, returned in authority, it seems the following incident actually safety. The chasm across which he leaped is in transpired in this vicinity :

sight of the bridge where we crossed the Cuyahoga Brady's residence was on Chartier's creek, on the and is known in all that region, by the name of south side of the Ohio, as before noted ; and being “ Brady's Leap."

Silliman's Journal. a man of Herculean strength, courage, and activity, he was generally selected as the leader of the hardy borderers in all their incursions into the Indian ter

THE PITCHER-PLANT. ritory north of the river. On this occasion, whi was about the year 1780, a large party of warriours

There is not, perhaps, among the numerous exfrom the falls of the Cuyahoga, and the adjacent amples that occur of the provident economy of Na. country, had made an inroad on the south side of ture in the vegetable part of the creation, a more rethe Ohio river, in the lower part of what is now markable instance of contrivance adapted to circumWashington county, but which was then known as stances, or of means suited to the end, than that the settlement of "Catfish camp,” after an old Indi. which is displayed in this wonderful plant, the Nepenan of that name, who lived there when the whites thes distillatoria, or pitcher-plant. first came into the country, on the Monongahela Being the inhabitant of a tropical climate, and river. This party had murdered several families, found on the most stony and arid situations, Nature and with the plunder had recrossed the Ohio before has furnished it with the means of an ample supply effectual pursuit could be made. By Brady, a party of moisture, without which it would wither and perwas directly summoned, of his chosen followers, ish. To the footstalk of each leaf, and near the who hastened on after them; but the Indians having base, is attached a small bag, shaped like a pitcher, one or two days the start, he could not overtake them of the same consistence and colour of the leaf in the in time to arrest their return to their villages. Near early stage of its growth, but changing with age to the spot where the lown of Ravena now stands, the a reddish-purple; it is girt round with an oblique Indians separated into two parties, one of which band or hoop, and covered with a lid neatly fitted, went to the north, and the other west, to the falls of and moveable on a kind of hinge or strong fibre, the Cuyahoga. Brady's men also divided ; a part which, passing over the handle, contracts the vessel pursued the northern trail, and a part went with with the leaf. By the construction of this fibre the


along the side of a steep hill, climbing nearly to the top, where a bench stands in the shade, before a door in the rock. We sat down to become perfectly cool before entering, while the guide unlocked the door, produced candles and matches, and made his preparations, and here our party completed their equipments ; M. and myself laid aside our bonnets, and Mr. S. gallantly made turbans for our heads of coloured handkerchiefs. R. tied his handkerchief over his shoulders in the fashion of a cloak. The guide gave each a candlestick formed of a curved sheet of tin to protect the eyes from the light. We surveyed ourselves in the polished mirrors they afforded, and then entered one by one. I cannot fol. low our course, for we went up and down, through a narrow, slippery passage, our overshoes often adhering to the clay of the floor. We passed through openings just large enough to admit us stooping to the very earth, and then stood in halls more than fifty feet high. Now we descended on narrow steep ladders, and then climbed piles of rocks, or made a circuit to avoid falling into some deep pit. A map of the cave resembles somewhat the chain of lakes on our Northern boundary, repeated several times. But let me try to systematize. The first object that attracted our attention was the wall of the passage set thick with rugged stalactites. It was a close heavy fringe, covering roof and sides like long icicles, and here let me remark that these

formations have not the brilliancy usually ascribed {The Pitcher-plant.)

to them except when examined closely with candles.

When the light is held behind them they are seen Jíd is drawn open whenever the weather is showery to be transparent and of a rich flame colour. As we or dews fall, which would appear to be just the passed on, we found the shapes and dispositions of contrary of what usually happens in Nature, though these formations infinitely varied-sometimes they the contraction is probably occasioned by the hot hung in long pointed leaves, depending to the floor, and dry atmosphere, and the expansion of the fibre and sometimes in graceful folds like drapery. Our does not take place till the moisture has fallen and guide conducted us into an opening called the musaturated the pitcher. When this is the case the sick room, and striking the columns drew from one cover falls down and closes so firmly as to prevent spot the sound of a heavy drum, from another, that any evaporation from taking place.

of a tambarine, and from some small tubes an er. 'The water being gradually absorbed through the cellent imitation of the Pandean pipes. Farther on, handle into the footstalk, gives vigour to the leaf and he struck the rocks with a staff and the whole apartsustenance to the plant. As soon as the pitchers ment vibrated under the heavy gong; the sound was are exhausted, the lids again open to admit what- so deafening that we held our hands over our ears ever moisture may fall, and when the plant has pro- for pain. We next entered what is called the ballduced its seed and the dry season sets in, it withers, room, from having been occasionally used for that and all the covers of the pitchers stand open. Can any thing more than the mechanism of this purpose; it is wide and high, and the dim light of

our scattered candles made it seem vast. As we singular production, evince the Divine benevolence. passed out of it and groped our way onward, sweet

distant sounds seemed 10 glide before us, sometimes

distinct, and again seemingly lost in some deep cavAMERICAN CAVERNS.

ern beneath or floating through the arches above us.

It was our guide's companion, who had preceded WYER'S CAVE, STAUNTON, VA.

us with a flute. We descended a nalural stair

called Jacob's ladder; this and many other passes [Extract from a Journal kept on a Tour from Charleston, South fare narrow and difficult, and all who attempt them Carolina to New York.]

must depend entirely on their own exertions and We awoke refreshed after the fatigue of our visit strength, as no one can assist another with safety. to the Natural bridge, and ready to continue our Here in odd conjunction with the leaning tower of pilgrimage to the shrine of all-wonderful nature. Pisa, and Cleopatra's needle, are Jefferson's hall, Our drive to Staunton was without incident, and Congress hall, and Washington hall. This lass early the next day, we took a comfortable carriage apartment filled me with awe from the vastness for the cavern ten miles from that place. Nothing which belonged to it in that imperfect light. It on the way indicated the existence of such a place, rises far above the rays of the candles, and is lost and when we reached the little inn kept by the in black obscurity. The candle of the guide at the guide, I could have found it in my heart to doubt. opposite end of it, seemed to us a mere point of light. We made our toilet for the occasion, and proceeded Near the centre stands a colossal stalagmite, so like


! a statue wrapped in drapery, that one can hardly prescribed these fasts as a part of the regimen dispel the illusion ; this is Washington at a distance; necessary in this warm region, as well as from reliapproach it, and it becomes a shapeless mass of gious views. The following description of the carstone, dripping muddy water. Lady Washington's nival at Rome, is from an eyewitness :apartment boasts a mirror, fringed hangings, and For a long time previous, preparations were going countless folds of drapery. The guide placed his on for this famous festival-masks were displayed light behind these stone curtains, and showed us as at every shop, and masquerade-dresses of every he said “not only a hem but a border." The tower form and fashion, adorned the heads of the giddy of Babel is a large circular rock, with a fluted sur- throng, for many days before its commencement. face, looking like columns bound together. Solo-On Friday, men mounted on horses in showy cosmon's throne is a lofty chair with steps and a cush- tume, paraded the streets, with flags of gold and silion, though I must confess it needs something from ver tissue, velvet, and rich silks, the involuntary the fancy. Objects of interest are found at every donation of the despised Jews, who are also comstep-figures of animals, birds, trees, human features. defray the expenses of the races. It is and even profiles stand as memorials of nature's said that in former times they were compelled to freakish moods, and the grotesque shapes in which race themselves for the amusement of their more no resemblance to particular things may be traced, favoured fellow-beings, but are now indulged with are found hanging and standing and lying about in the privilege of substituting horses. wild gracefulness, like the tracery of frost executed On Saturday, at about two o'clock, the great bell in stone. We had a delicious draught of cool water of the capitol announced the commencement of the which falls in drops from the rock; some thoughtful sport; the Corso was already filled with coaches, mortal has placed beneath it a vessel fashioned in and persons on foot of every nation under the sun, the world above, that wearied pilgrims may be re- but the masks were few. Some ceremonies I unfreshed. But the darkness, the stillness, and the derstood went on at the capitol, which I did not witecho that every sound calls forth, in this subterrane-ness, in which a deputation of the Jews, formally ous world, were to us most striking; they gave the petitioned the governour of the city, for permision to scene its sublimity, though the impression is strange- remain in it another year, which he grants on conly at variance with the minute examination of perpet- dition of their paying the costs of the races, &c. ually-changing objects, and the frequent discovery The military paraded the Corso with much display, of ludicrous caricatures. Our guide awakened the and soon after, the governour and senator (Rome echoes by a song, to which his fine voice gave full has but one now) swept through it in a pompous effect, and Mr. S. stunned us by firing the pistol. procession of gilded coaches, decked out in all the The pistol ! if this companion of our journey has not frippery of bad taste, and glitter of real gold and brass. before received its due notice, let it be here recorded It added, however, as much to the show as harlethat its one effort was not to die away in sound. We quins' many-coloured jackets, or Pulcinello's long were tired enough when our guide announced the nose and pot of macaroni. These ended, the fun

but all our steps were to be retraced before and merriment commenced ; showers of sugar-nuts we could rest. Our candles were burned low, and (made for the purpose of plaster, and an apology for the fearful thonght of being left in darkness in such sugar) were exchanged by those in coaches as they a place suggested itself, not as a thing to be appre- passed—a general pelting from the windows, and hended, for we knew that our guide had provided those on foot, presented a scene of confusion and against such misfortune, but as the climax of all childish gayety, that, as absurd as it appeared, roused possible horrours. To increase the effect, we were up the dullest spirit to the sport, and, filling my pocklistening to a tale from the guide, of a foreigner to ets, I went to work as manfully as the silliest among whom it once happened, and whose guide found the them. The windows and balconies were hung with way out, after hours of peril. At last, we saw gleams rich draperies of scarlet and crimson silk and vel. of pale light beginning to contend with the red glare. vet, which waving in a gentle breeze, beneath a The effect of suddenly emerging into daylight, after cloudless sky, mingled with rich dresses, smiling three hours in the cave was strange enough, and and often lovely faces beaming with pleasure—the resuming the temperature of the world without was loud laugh, the shout of joy, and the sprightly as uncomfortable as singular. Worn out as we were, movements of the crowd, combined to present a we could not avoid laughing at our plight, covered scene beyond description. The amusements of the as we stood with a plaster of red mud over our day concluded with the race.

For this purpose, strange attire.

Southern Rose. part of the Piazza del Popolo (a view of which is

seen on page 369) was fitted up as a starting-place, and to afford places for those who desired to witness

the most animated scene of all, when the animals THE CARNIVAL AT ROME.

are brought forth—a privilege that a paul procured The same views which led men to propitiate the for any one. higher invisible powers by gifts, sacrifices, and puri- At the sound of the trumpet, fifteen or sixteen fications, also introduced fasts, abstinence from pleas- ponies made their appearance, with grooms at their ure, and penances. By fasts is meant an abstinence heads dressed in all the extravagance of finery pefrom the usual means of nourishment, in order to culiar to the Roman peasants, who with difficulty mortify the appetites, and thereby lo propitiate the could arrange the animals against a rope stretched Deity. In every nation of importance, customs of across the street. At a signal given, it dropped and this kind are found. Their historical origin is in away they went like lightning, dashing up the Corthe religious customs of the East, where the priests so as if a thousand furies were at their heels. Leadwere originally the physicians of the people, and en balls, suspended by strings and filled with needles,


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