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[Piazza del Popolo.]
lashed their sides, and the rattle of sheets of tinsel, | of the costumes, were badly put together, made up of and fire-crackers, let off at the moment of starting, pasteboards, and glazed muslin, and would have done and the shouts of the crowd, as they closed in behind discredit to the wardrobe of a strolling mountebank; them, spurred them forward, with the swiftness of many were beautiful, in good taste, and costly. There the wind. They ran to the end of the street, about were harlequins cutting their odd tricks, clown playa mile, and were then stopped, by a large canvass, ing off their buffooneries, and columbines their witchextended across the way, with the exception of three, eries; the Roman emperour strutted am-in-arm, who did not seem to relish the joke, and using their with the sprightly trasteverina, or stately Albaneza; heels in the wrong way, were, with difficulty secu- the long-bearded, turbaned Turk, with his face of red. More than one fell exhausted with fright and gravity; the fop of fifty years ago, and the exquisite exertion; others bolted in spite of shouts and sol- of the present day-the mad poet, the quack doctor, diers, and not half the number reached the goal. The with a remedy for every disease, in the shape of au races were repeated every day of the carnival, about instrument, of most unquestionable form and characsunset, and with little variation. ter. There were scores of fag-end nobility, caricatured to perfection-in short, a little of every thing that the world is made of, travestied, except the priesthood-it is the only forbidden ground.
On Tuesday, there was a masquerade-ball at one of the theatres. For this purpose, the pit was covered over, and the whole establishment thrown open. One is not compelled to wear a mask, or go in costume. If they please, they may be mere lookers-on, or join in the revelry, to their heart's content, and soon, in spite of prejudices, and the consciousness of its absurdity, they are drawn into the whirl. Some VOL. IV.-47
There were many in costume, though not in masks. The Hungarian mountain girl, and the lovely young Greek, who, that night wore their national costume, will long be remembered-by one at least upon whose arm they leaned.
ECONOMY IN A FAMILY.
Paul Pry was there, running his nose into every one's business-I came upon the busy-body, sipping THERE is nothing which goes so far toward plaan ice with his satanick majesty, in a corner, who cing young people beyond the reach of poverty, as by-the-by, was the best mask in the assembly-economy in the arrangement of their domestick afa person of exquisite form in a suit of black, with red fairs. It is as much impossible to get a ship across claws, toes, and horns; a pair of wings, made of black the Atlantick, with half a dozen butts started, or as gauze, with red veins running through them, and in many bolt-holes in her bottom, as to conduct the constant motion, expanded from his shoulders, and a concerns of a family without economy. It matters most liberal length of tail, whose forked tip, he car- not whether a man furnish little or much for his ried very gallantly over his arm. His distended family, if there is a continual leakage in the kitchen, goggle-eyes disturbed many a tête-a-tête, as he or in the parlour, it runs away, he knows not how, thrust himself between, and broke a soft sentence, and that demon, waste, cries more, like the horseor tender sentiment. He was every where, and leach's daughter, until he that provides has no more always to play the devil. Even Brother Jonathan to give. It is the husband's duty to bring into the was among the medley, trying to drive a bargain. house, and it is the duty of the wife to see that nothFaust and Margaret appeared for a short time. I ing goes wrongly out of it; not the least article, recognised a young German student, that I knew, however unimportant in itself, for it establishes a and there was a painful resemblance, in the reality, precedent; nor under any pretence, for it opens the to the character assumed, that the sunny smile of door for ruin to stalk in. A man gets a wife to look his fair companion could not dissipate. after his affairs, and to assist him in his journey through life. The husband's interests should be the wife's care, and her greatest ambition carry her no farther than his welfare and happiness, together with that of her children. This should be her sole aim, and the theatre of her exploits in the bosom of her family, where she may do as much toward making a fortune as he positively can do in the countingroom or workshop. It is not the money earned that makes a man wealthy; it is what is saved from the earnings.
A short time previous to the carnival, some Piedmontese peasants exhibited through the streets of Rome, a pair of dancing bears, that performed their usual tricks to the great diversion of the crowd, that collected around them. A well-arranged skin, transformed some way into Bruin, was led about by a chain, and performed the feats of his rivals to perfection, not forgetting the usual finale of handing about his hat and receiving with bearish civility the coppers that he thrust into his huge mouth, which served him for a pocket. But to record half A good and prudent husband makes a deposite of the tricks and frolicks of the carnival at Rome, the fruits of his labour with his best friend-and if would be an endless task. At one time, you are that friend be not true to him, what has he to hope? accosted by a smiling peasant-girl, that claims an if he dare not place confidence in the companion of acquaintance, and suddenly blinds you with the his bosom, where is he to place it? A wife acts not contents of a powder-puff, concealed beneath her for herself only, but she is the agent of many she apron. At another, a tug at your button arrests your loves, and she is bound to act for their good, and not notice, and turning to see from whence it comes, a for her own gratification. Her husband's good is handful is presented of all sorts, and a pair of scis-the end at which she should aim, his approbation is sors snapped in your face of course, you imagine her reward. Self-gratification in dress, or indulgence yours among them, and feel for the extent of your in appetite, or more company than his purse can loss, which is greeted with a shout of laughter, at well entertain, are equally pernicious. The first your expense, or a rap across the knuckles from the adds vanity to extravagance-the second fastens a wooden sword of a harlequin, or the present of a doctor's bill to a long butcher's account, and the latstring of macaroni from Pulcinello, by way of con- ter brings intemperance, the worst of all evils, in its train.
In such scenes, passed off the carnival during eight days, from two o'clock in the afternoon, until midnight. On the last day, after the races, the Corso presented the singular appearance of thousands of lights, displayed at windows, carried in carriages, and by those on foot. He is, indeed, unfortunate, that cannot afford a light on the occasion. It is every one's business, to put out his neighbour's light, and preserve his own as long as he can. It is impossible to give an idea, of the effect produced-of the confusion, and glitter, when witnessed from a commanding position. At last, the lights gradually disand the remainder of the evening is spent at appear, the theatre, or at the table, to take a farewell of its luxuries. In the morning, Rome presents a gloomy picture the city seems in mourning, for the happy faces of yesterday are no where to be found; there is not even a smile, that would have then passed for dejection.
There is a pleasure in weeping over afflictions for which none have ever wept before,
An Olden song.
Dost thou love the blue to see,
Roses of the purest red
Thou in every clime dost seek;
In a single damask cheek.
Thou wilt talk of virgin snow,
Still for glittering locks and gay,
Hath HE such a golden one?
Choose each vaunted gem and flower,
THE Condor is one of the largest of the rapacious birds. In size it is little, if at all, superiour to the bearded griffin, the lämmergeyer of the Alps, with which Buffon was disposed conjecturally to confound it, but to which it bears at most but a distant relation. The greatest authentick measurement scarcely carries the extent of its wings beyond fourteen feet, and it appears rarely to attain so gigantick a size. M. Humboldt met with none that exceeded nine feet, and was assured by many credible inhabitants of the province of Quito that they had never shot any that measured more than eleyen. The length of a male specimen somewhat less than nine feet in expanse was three feet three inches from the tip of the beak to the extremity of the tail; and its height, when perching, with the neck partly withdrawn, two feet eight inches. Its beak was two
inches and three quarters in length, and an inch and a quarter in depth when closed.
The beak of the condor is straight at the base, but the upper mandible becomes arched toward the point, and terminates in a strong and well-curved hook. The basal half is of an ash-brown, and the remaining portion toward the point is nearly white. The head and neck are bare of feathers, and covered with a hard, wrinkled, dusky reddish skin, on which are scattered some short brown or blackish hairs. On the top of the head, which is much flattened above, and extending some distance along the beak, is attached an oblong, firm caruncle or comb, covered by a continuation of the skin which invests the head. The organ is peculiar to the male. It is connected to the beak only in its anterior part, and is separated from it at the base in such a manner as to allow of a free passage of the air to the large oval nostrils, which are situated beneath it at that part. Behind
male is also said to remain with her young for a whole year.
the eyes, which are somewhat elongated and not sunk beneath the general surface of the head, the skin of the neck is, as it were, gathered into a series of descending folds, extending obliquely from the back of the head, over the temples, to the under side of the neck, and there connected anteriorly with a lax membrane or wattle, capable of being dilated at pleasure, like that of the common turkey. The neck is marked by numerous deep parallel folds, produced by the habit of retracting the head in which the bird indulges when at rest. In this position scarcely any part of the neck is visible.
The habits of the condor partake of the bold ferocity of the eagle, and of the disgusting filthiness of the vulture. Although, like the latter, it appears to prefer the dead carcass, it frequently makes war upon a living prey; but the gripe of its talons is not sufficiently firm to enable it to carry off its victim through the air. Two of these birds, acting in concert, will frequently attack a puma, a lama, a calf, or even a full-grown cow. They will pursue the poor animal with unwearied pertinacity, lacerating it incessantly with their beaks and talons, until it falls xhausted with fatigue and loss of blood. Then, ing first seized upon its tongue, they proceed to tear out its eyes, and commence their feast with these favourite morsels. The intestines form the second course of
Round the lower part of the neck, both sexes, the female as well as the male, are furnished with a broad white ruff of downy feathers, which form the line of separation between the naked skin above and the true feathers covering the body below it. All the other feathers, with the exception of the wing-their banquet, which is usually continued until the coverts and the secondary quill-feathers, are of a birds have gorged themselves so fully as to render bright black, generally mingled with a grayish tinge themselves incapable of using their wings in flight. of greater or less intensity. In the female the wing- The Indians, who are well acquainted with this coverts are blackish-gray; but the male has their effect of their voracity, are in the habit of turning it points, and frequently as much as half their length, to account for their amusement in the chase. For white. The wings of the latter are consequently this purpose they expose the dead body of a horse distinguished from those of the female by their large or a cow, by which some of the condors, which are white patches. The secondary quill-feathers of generally hovering in the air in search of food, are both sexes are white on the outer side. The tail speedily attracted. As soon as the birds have glutis short and wedge-shaped. The legs are exces- ted themselves on the carcass, the Indians make sively thick and powerful, and are coloured of a blu- their appearance armed with the lasso, and the conish-gray, intermingled with whitish streaks. Their dors, being unable to escape by flight, are pursued elongated toes are united at the base by a loose but and caught by means of these singular weapons with very apparent membrane, and are terminated by the greatest certainty. This sport is a peculiar falong black talons of considerable thickness, but very vourite in the country, where it is held in a degree little curved. The hinder toe is much shorter than of estimation second to that of a bullfight alone. the rest, and its talon, although more distinctly curved, is equally wanting in strength; a deficiency which renders the foot much less powerful as an organ of prehension than that of any other of the large birds of the Raptorial order.
In tenacity of life the condor exceeds almost every other bird. M. Humboldt relates that during his stay at Riobamba he was present at same exper iments which were made on one by the Indians who had taken it alive. They first strangled it with a lasso and hanged it on a tree, pulling it forcibly by the feet for several minutes; but scarcely was the lasso removed, when the bird arose and walked about as though nothing had occurred to affect it. It was then shot with three balls discharged from a pistol at less than four paces, all of which entered its body, and wounded it in the neck, chest, and abdomen; it still, however, kept its legs. Another ball struck its thigh, and it fell to the ground; this was preserved by M. Bonpland for considerable time as a memorial of the circumstance. Ulloa had previously asserted that in the colder parts of Peru the skin of the condor was so closely covered with feathers that eight or ten balls might be heard to strike it without penetrating its body. M. Humboldt's bird did not die of its wounds until after an interval of half an hour.
The condor has been observed throughout the whole range of that immense chain of mountains which traverses the continent of South America, from the straits of Magellan to the seventh degree o.f north latitude. It appears, however, to be much n. ore common in Peru and Chili than in any other part of the chain, and is most frequently met with at elevation of from ten to fifteen thousand feet al ove the level of the ocean. Here, in the regions of perpetual snow, they may be seen grouped toge ther to the number of three or four, but never in the large troops in which the true vultures someti nes assemble, on the bold points of the jutting ro cks, many of the most remarkable of which are designated by the natives with names derived from the bird that haunts their pinnacles. It is only when driven by hunger that it descends into the plains, which it quits as soon as its appetite is sati- The stories which have long been current, on the ated, unable, as it would seem, to support for any authority of credulous travellers, imputing to the great length of time, the increased weight of the condor a propensity to carry off young children and atmosphere and the warmer temperature of the low- even to attack men and women, appear to have orier world. On such occasions it rarely perches on ginated solely in that common feeling which delights the branches of the trees, but generally takes up a in regarding mere possibilities in the light of posi position on the ground, for resting on which its com- tive facts. M. Humboldt declares that he never paratively straight talons are peculiarly fitted. It is heard of an instance in which a child was carried said that the female bird builds no nest, but deposites off, although the children of the Indians who coll et its eggs upon the bare rock without protection of the snow on the mountains for sale, are constantly any kind. These eggs are stated to be perfectly left sleeping in the open air in the midst of these white and three or four inches in length. The fe- birds, and offer of course a temptation which would