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and the magistrates name before whom the same was done, and the time and place of doing thereof, and the number of the file shall be entred : and for the more easie finding the same, the entries are to be made alphabetically, according to the first letter of the sirname.
“ III. All persons above the age of one and twenty years, or who shall, upon view and examination, appear to be so in the judgment of the magistrate, may be bound in the presence of one Justice of the Peace, or of the Mayor or chief Magistrate of the place where they shall go on shipboard, who is to be fully satisfied from him of his free and voluntary agreement to enter into the said service.
“ IV. If any person be under the age of one and twenty years, or shall appear so to be, he shall be bound in the presence of the Lord Mayor of London, or one of the Judges, or an Alderman of London, being a Justice of Peace, or the Recorder, or two Justices of the Peace of any other county or place, who shall carefully examine whether the person so to be bound have any parents or masters; and if he be not free, they are not to take such indenture, unless the parents or masters give their consents, and some person that knows the said servant to be of the name and addition mentioned in the indenture is to attest his said knowledge upon the said indenture.
« V. If
age of fourteen
any abuse, it
“ V. If the person be under the years, unless his parents shall be present, and consent, he is not to be carried on shipboard, till a fortnight at least after he becomes bound, to the intent that if there be
be discovered before he be transported. And where his parents do not appear before the magistrate, notice is to be sent to them; or where they cannot be found, to the churchwardens or overseers of the parish where he was last settled, in such manner as the said magistrates shall think fit and direct. “ And because Clerks of the Peace
conceive this not to be any part of the duty of their office, and may therefore exact unreasonable rewards for their trouble and pains therein, his Majesty doth declare, that if any merchants or other persons shall be aggrieved thereby, and upon complaint to the Justices, cannot obtain relief, his Majesty will take such further care for their ease herein, as in his royal wisdom he shall think meet.
“ And his Majesties further pleasure is, that this order be printed and published, to the end all
persons whom it may concern may take notice thereof, and govern themselves accordingly.
“ W. BRIDGEMAN.” I shall have occasion hereafter to introduce the fraternity of Quacks to the notice of
readers through the medium of their own advertisements, and shall now prepare the way by giving the ensuing excellent sketch from one of Hippocrates Ridens, May 17, 1686.
“ His sagacity is remarkable, for he hath found out an art both to conceal his own ignorance, and impose on that of other folks to his own advantage; his prime care and greatest concern is, to get the names of diseases without book, and a bead-roll of rattling terms of art, which he desires only to remember, not to understand; so that he has more hard words than a juggler, and uses them to the same purpose, viz. to amuse and beguile the mobile, first of their senses, and next of their
pence. Thus when people acquaint him with their grief, and their ails, though he know what the disease is no more than a horse, he tells them 'tis a scorbutick humour, caus’d by a defluxion from the os sacrum afflicting the diaphragma and cricoary thenoidal muscles, proceeding from heats and colds, with which the poor souls are abundantly satisfy'd, and wonder he should hit upon their distemper so exactly: He undertakes to spy out diseases whilst they are yet lurking in their remotest causes; has an excellent talent in persuading well people they are sick, and by giving them his trash verifies the prediction and is sure to make them so. When he walks the streets (which is with a Spanish gravity), if he light upon a well-dressed woman, with a child in her arms, he stops on a sudden, and clapping his hand on his breast to witness his sin
cerity, cerity, cries, ' Ah! sweet babe, what pity 'tis it should be lost for want of looking after! The good dame being frighted, a confederate that follows comes up, and asks what the gentleman said? Tells her he knows him by sight, and that he is one of the ablest doctors in the kingdom, especially for women and children; and withall, acquaints her with his lodging; away troops she next morning, and purchases not only a dose for her child, but for herself too; for I never yeť knew a female but ail'd something when she came in presence of a doctor.”
December 1688 was a most important æra ini the history of Great Britain, caused by the abdication of James II. When it became generally known that the King had fled, the populace recurred to their favourite custom of expressing their political opinions by the labour of their hands, and accordingly we find them employed in the manner described in the succeeding extracts from the English Courant and London Mercury.
“ London, December 12.--No sooner was the King's withdrawing known, but the mobile consulted to wreak their vengeance on papists and popery ; and last night began with pulling down and burning the new-built Mass-house near the arch, in Lincoln's Inn fields; thence they went to Wild-house, the residence of the Spanish Ambassador, whiere they ransackt, destroy'd, and
burnt all the ornamental and inside part of the chappel, some cart-loads of choice books, manuscripts, &c. And not content here, some villanous thieves and common rogues, no doubt, that took this opportunity to mix with the youth, and they plunderd the Ambassador's house of plate, jewels, mony, rich goods, &c.; and also many other who had sent in there for shelter their money, plate, &c.; among which, one gentlewoman lost a trunk, in which was £800. in mony, and a great quantity of plate. Thence they went to the Mass-house at St. Jones's, near Smithfield, demolisht it quite; from thence to Blackfryers near the Ditchside, where they destroy'd Mr. Henry Hills printing-house, spoil'd his forms, letters, &c. and burnt 2 or 300 reams of paper, printed and unprinted; thence to the Mass-house in Bucklersbury and Lime-street, and there demolisht and burnt as before; and this night they pulled down the resident of Florences Chappel in the Haymarket, where a company of the Middlesex militia, commanded by one Captain Douglas, a cheesemonger, was killed as thought by one of his own men, whom he commanded to fire upon the rabble; thence they went to the Nuncio's, and other places at that end of the town ; but finding the birds flown, and bills on the door, they drew off; thence they went into the city, threatning to pull down all papists houses, particularly one in Ivy-lane, and the market house