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ind of

lease declared and contained ; AND IT was by the said in- APPOINTMENT denture of release declared, that the said term of years was so limited to the said , and their executors, IN CONTEMPLAadministrators, and assigns, as aforesaid, UPON TRUST that MARRIAGE. &c., [recites at full length the trusts for securing the sum of £- for the portions of the younger children of A. D. and E. D., to be divided among them as A. D. should appoint]; AND WHEREAS the said E. D. is dead; And of the death

of the appointWHEREAS there are — children, all now living, of the or's we body of the said A. D. on the body of the said E. D. be- the number of

the younger gotten (c), other than and besides the eldest son and heir children of the apparent of the said A. D. ; And whereas C. D. is one of marriage;

-of the intendthe said younger children, and a marriage has been agreed ed marriage on, and is intended to be shortly had and solemnized between the said C. D. and A. B.; AND WHEREAS, upon the —of the agreetreaty for the said intended marriage, it was (among other

ment for the ap

pointment in things) agreed that the said A. D. should make such ap- favour of the pointment to or in favour of the said C. D. as is hereinaf-"

ac D

h ominent intended wise. ter contained (d). NOW THESE PRESENTS WIT. Witnesseth,

that, in pursuNESS, that, in pursuance of the said agreement, and pur- a suant to and by force and virtue and in exercise and exe- power, the fa

ther of the incution of the power or authority to him the said A. D, for tended wife apthis purpose given by the said indenture of the day of points to her a

part of the mo, and of every or any other power or authority in any, ney raisable wise enabling him in this behalf, he the said A. D, doth, by this present deed or instrument in writing, by him sealed and delivered in the presence of and attested by the two credible persons whose names are intended to be hereupon indorsed, as witnesses attesting the sealing and delivery of these presents by him the said A. D., direct and appoint(e)


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under the trusts of the term.

(c) The expressions of the recital should, of course, be those of the original trust.

(d) If an absolute appointment be desired, a recital of the appointor's desire to exercise his power “for the purpose and in manner hereinafter mentioned " may be substituted for the recitals of the agreement for the marriage and the agreement to appoint.

(e) With respect to the manner of exercising a power, see ante, Vol. 3, p. 211. The case of Doe d. Spilsbury v. Burdett has since been reversed, 1 Per. & Dav. 670.




APPOINTMENT that the sum of £- part of the sum of £- , or other

. the sum which is or shall be raisable under the trusts of IN CONTEMPLA- the said term of — years, shall, immediately upon the

sealing and delivery of these presents, go and belong to and be vested in the said C. D., and that the same shall be paid to her the said C. D., her executors, administrators, or

assigns, immediately after the death of the said A. D.: Hotchpot PROVIDED ALWAYS, and the said A. D. doth hereby de

clare, that the said C. D. shall not have or be entitled to any further or other share of or in that part of the said sum of £- , or of or in the sum which is or shall be raisable under the trusts of the said term of years, of which no direction or appointment shall have been made under the said power hereinbefore expressed to be exercised, without bringing her said appointed share of £—

into hotchpot, and accounting for the same accordingly (f): Proviso vacat. PROVIDED ALSO, and it is hereby declared, and the said A. ing the apa : D. doth hereby appoint, that in case the said intended the marriage do marriage between the said A. B. and C. D. shall not take

1 effect before the expiration of six calendar months from the a given time.

date of these presents, then and in such case, and from and immediately after the expiration of the said six calendar months, this present appointment and every thing herein contained shall be void (g). In Witness &c.


(5) A hotchpot clause is inserted, because the original settlement contained none. (See supra, p. 319, n. (k).

(9) If an absolute appointment be desired, this proviso will be omitted. III.





of Marriage, and upon Trusts to be declared in
by a SETTLEMENT of Even DATE, of a Sum of TION OF MAR-
Money secured by a MORTGAGE of LEASE- OF MONEY OUT-
HOLDS and a Policy of INSURANCE against si
FIRE, of another Sum secured by a Mortgage
of FREEHOLDS, of another secured by a Mort-
GAGE of a LIFE INTEREST and a Policy of
Assurance, and of another APPOINTED to the
intended Wife, and raisable under a Term of
YEARS. COVENANTS for Title and usual

THIS INDENTURE, made &c., BETWEEN A. B., of Parties. &c., [intended husband], of the first part; C. D., of &c. [in

(a) When part of the property to be settled is money owing to the Monies secured settlor on any real security, both the money and the security should on land should be assigned and transferred to the trustees by one or more deeds of be

the trustees by even date with, but executed before, the settlement. The trustees should separate deed be empowered by the deed of assignment to give receipts for the money, or deeds of even

date with, but and they should be directed to hold the money upon the trusts declared a

executed before, by the settlement, which is referred to as being already prepared and the settlement. engrossed; see infra, p. 336. The object of the assignment by a separate deed is to enable the trustees to make out the title to the money, without producing the settlement, or being obliged to furnish copies of it, or covenant for its production. All the person paying the money need look to, is the power for the trustees to give effectual receipts for it; and, being satisfied of this, the trusts of the settlement are to him of no consequence. It has, however, been suggested, that a purchaser of property, in respect of any charge on which such a transaction has taken place, has a right to see the settlement, in order to satisfy himself that it discloses no other matter affecting the title beyond that which appears in the assignment; for if the settlement did contain any such matter, the purchaser, having notice of the settlement, would have constructive notice of the matters disclosed in it. And it has been proposed, in order to meet this ob



ASSIGNMENT tended wife], one of the daughters of A. D., of &c., of the

*. second part; and E. F., of &c., and G. H., of &c., [trustees], TION OF MAR- of the third part: [Recitals of a lease for a term of years, RIAGE, OF SUMS of money out- see ante, Vol. 3, p. 333; of a mortgage of the lease and of a

'policy of insurance against fire; of the transfer of the mort

- gage to A. B.; of a mortgage of freeholds to A. B., see ante, Recitals of the instruments Vol. 3, p. 250 ; of the creation of a life interest in certain creating the in- fonde and of

in funds, and of the mortgage of the same interest, and of certain terests to be as, J signed; policies of assurance on the life of the mortgagor to A. B.;

of an appointment in contemplation of the marriage to C.

D. of a sum of money raisable under the trusts of the term, -of the agree. see the appointment, supra, p. 330]; AND WHEREAS a marment for the marriage;

riage hath been agreed upon, and is intended to be shortly

had and solemnized, between the said A. B, and C. D.; And of the agree- WHEREAS, on the treaty for the said intended marriage, it ment to assign the mortgage monies;

jection, to declare in the deed of assignment, that the trustees shall hold the money on such trusts as the intended husband and wife shall jointly appoint, and that the power so given shall be exercised in the settlement: this plan certainly avoids all reference to the settlement, and appears reasonable; but it has not been so adopted by the profession as to warrant its introduction in a printed collection of precedents. It must be remembered, too, that the validity of such a claim as that referred to on the part of a purchaser has been disputed; and that, at any rate, in practice, it is usual to take the assertion of the vendor's solicitor as sufficient evidence that the settlement does not contain anything affecting the title which does not appear in the assignment.

In the precedent in the text, several mortgage debts are assigned by one deed : this is the practice most convenient to the settlor, because, while it relieves him from the necessity of future disclosures of his settlement, it puts him to the expense of only one deed besides the settlement. But if the convenience of the different mortgagors be considered, there should be assignments by separate deeds of the several debts; for, if there be but one assignment, only one of the mortgagors can have the custody of it, and the others must be contented with attested copies of it and covenants for its production.

The preceding observations apply to any charge on lands, and, therefore, of course to the case in the text, where one party is entitled to a sum of money charged on an estate under the trusts of a term. If this sum were to be assigned by the settlement itself, that instrument would thenceforth form one of the title deeds of the estate, and would have to be produced every time such title should be investigated. (See supra, p. 330, n. (a)).




was agreed that the said mortgage debts, or sums of £- , £- , and £- , and all interest now due or to grow due IN CONTEMPLA. for the same respectively, and the securities for the same TION OF MARrespectively, should be assigned and conveyed to the said OF MONEY OUTE. F. and G. H., their heirs, executors, administrators, and $T assigns, in manner hereinafter mentioned, upon and for the trusts, intents, and purposes, and with, under, and subject to the powers, provisoes, agreements, and declarations hereinafter declared or referred to of and concerning the same respectively; AND WHEREAS, upon the treaty for the said -and the mointended marriage, it was also agreed that the sum of £- ,

ney appointed

to the wife. so appointed to the said C. D. as aforesaid, should be assigned to the said E. F. and G. H., their executors, administrators, and assigns, upon and for the trusts, intents, and purposes, and with, under, and subject to the powers, provisoes, agreements, and declarations hereinafter declared or referred to of and concerning the same. NOW THIS INDENTURE Witnesseth, asWITNESSETH, that, in pursuance of the said agreement :

+ signment to the in this behalf, and in consideration of the said intended marriage, he the said A. B., with the privity and approbation of the said C.D., (testified by her being a party to and executing these presents (6)), hath assigned, and by these presents doth assign, unto the said E. F. and G. H., their executors, administrators, and assigns, THE SAID sum of £4 , secured –of the mortby the said indenture of the day of — , and the said

and interest. sum of £- , secured by the said indenture of the — day of — , and the said sum of £- , secured by the said indenture of the day of — , and all interest now due and henceforth to become due for the same sums respectively, and the benefit of all covenants entered into for payment of the same sums respectively, and of all other covenants contained in the hereinbefore recited indentures of mortgage respectively, AND ALL THE ESTATE, right, And all the estitle, interest, property, claim, and demand whatsoever of tate, & him the said A. B., of, in, and to the same premises, and



(6) It is usual to make the wife concur in any assignment made in contemplation of marriage of the husband's property; I presume, on a principle similar to that established in the reverse case. (See supra, p. 310, n. (d); but of course with much less reason.

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