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think much has already been done, if the prominent parts of the system of missionditħculty of the undertaking be consider- ary exertions; yet the directors have aned. When I have conversed with the na- nually noticed these stations, and the tives of Otaheite who are now in this preaching of the gospel which is there colony, I have been much gratified at the continued, under the patronage of this knowledge they have acquired. It ap- Society. pears to me that the missionaries, from The latest accounts from Mr. Hillyard their letters, are not sensible what im. are very satisfactory to the directors, as pression they have already made on the they evince his diligence and activity in minds of the natives. I have already said the good work in which he is engaged. much has been done, and I think so." Mr. H's. principal station was at Twilin
Mr. Marsden suggests a plan for in- gate; but the Rev. Mr. Morris having creasing the intercourse between New left the church over which he presided South Wales and Otaheite, by means of at St. John's, Mr. H. at the particular rea small vessel, of about seventy tons, questof its members has removed thither, which he thinks would soon be navigated and probably has resided there during the principally by Otaheitans, at a small ex- last winter, at which season of the year, pense; and which would tend to acceler. his labours are necessarily stationary. Is ate their civilization, and so prepare them the summer, however, Mr. H. itinerates for a more attentive reception of the gos. to various places, at a distance from his pel. He purposes to give this subject a residence, such as Green Pond, an island anore particular consideration, and write in Bonavista Bay, Fogo, Trinity, &c. As the directors futher thereon.
these places are not favoured with the These worthy missionaries are much stated ministry of the gospel, Mr. H's entitled to our sympathy, and our prayers. services are very acceptable, and, it is Excluded, for years together; from all hoped, are productive of much good. Oa communication orintercourse with friends these accounts, and the directors judging and greatly wearied by disheartening cir- very highly of his christian character, and cumstances, they yet persevere with una ministerial labours they have agreed to bated zeal in their important work; and extend their engagement with him from it appears from various testimonies, that three to four years: which additional term they exhibit that excellency of principle they are persuaded will be faithfully imand conduct which do honour to the proved. christian missionary. May their faithful The directors have received two letters labours be soon rewarded with success! from Mr. Pidgeon, since the last annual When their reply to the letter written to meeting. They give information that he them in June, 1805, shall be received, the generally resides and preaches at New. directors will, in all probability, be ena. Carlisle during the winter, and at Resti. bled to form a better judgment respecting gouche in the summer: that at both these this missionary station, than they can at places his ministry is acceptable; and present: it is also probable, that some of that he occasionally extends his services the brethren may be inclined to return to to various villages in the vicinity of those England, as the period for this event, (as places. As his exertions are necessarily it respects those who went out by the circumscribed in the winter, he emplois Royal Admiral) approaches. This would his leisure in the acquisition of the French enable the directors to enter on a discus- and Indian languages, in order that like sion of several important matters suggest may be able to preach to the French ed by the brethren; and to regulate the catholics and Indians; the former being future concerns of this mission, by a more very numerous, and many of the latter comprehensive and accurate view of cir. also residing in the vicinity of those stácumstances than can at present be taken. tions. The directors are happy to receive In the mean time, they bear these much- this intelligence, as it tends to assimilate tried brethren most affectionately or their his views, and to direct his future everhearts, and will continue to administer to tions to objects which are directly suited their convenience and comfort as opportu- to the patronage of this society. And as nities may occur.
Mr. P. has requested, and will certainly
need an assistant, when he shall hare NORTH AMERICA
entered on his labours among the French Although the labours of the brethren, catholics and the Indians, the directors the Rev. Mr. Hillyard at Newfoundland, think it will be expedient to look out for and the Rev. Mr. Pidgeon at New-Car- 2 suitable person, to take a part of the lisle and Restigouche, in New Brunswick, ministerial duties at Carlisle, and a inay not be considered as essential or Restigouche.
e connexion which subsisted be. Dr. Vanderkemp and Mr. Read, whom n the religious society at Quebec, he highly praised, would suspend their
the missionary society, has termina- return to Bethelsdorp, until more faced by the return of Mr. Bentom to this vourable circumstances should render it country. But the directors have the plea- advisable. sure to state, that at their recommenda. Their journals for 1804, contains setion, and on application from the friends veral pleasing instances of the success at Quebec, the Rev. Mr. Dick has been of their ministry among these poor heasent out by some religious societies in then, one of which is the following: “A Scotland, to succeed Mr. Bentom in that man named Hannes Trompetten was, even
so lately as the present year, captain of a AFRICA.
horde of plundering Hottentots. One of In the last report of the directors, it his sisters, belonging to the same gang, was mentioned that, in consequence of came last year to our institution. In the political circumstances, it became neces. present year her example has been sary that the missionary stations in South followed by another sister, and also his Africa should be placed under the care aged father. At last, Hannes himself reof the Netherland society; the directors solved to give up his flagitious employwhereof had kindly agreed to become the ment, and endeavoured with four of his medium through which the correspond- brethren to join us. In this attempt his ence with them was to be conducted. brethren were killed, and he alone esDuring the last year, the information re. caped. In both of his sis is the almighty ceived has not been so extensive as could power of God is glorified: the first was be wished; and although, in some re. baptized in March, the other in April. spects, it is of a very acceptable nature, In that month the Lord displayed his vetit is mingled with circumstances which power in the conversion of our people occasion regret. These have arisen from in a singular manner, and we saw therein, the opposition made by the Boors to the eleven, being all women, added to the instruction of the Hottentots, prompted assembly of those who shall be saved. by their malignant hatred to the cause of The whole number baptized in that year Christ; but covered and enforced by pre- appears to be five brethren, seventeen tences of necessary prudence and caution sisters, and fourteen children; in all thirty in respect to institutions connected with six.” One they had been obliged to ex. and supported by English societies. The clude from their communion for immoral respectable governor Janssens, although conduct, and to dismiss from the instituconvinced of the utility of missionary ex- tion the associate of her guilt. ertions, and that they were entirely separ. Notwithstanding the opposition made ated from all national views, yet found it to the labours of these faithful men, the expedient to subject our stations both at power of God continued to attend their Zak River, and Bethelsdorp, to some in- ministry to the period when they were convenient restrictions; and afterwards obliged to leave this settlement, which to summon our bretbren Dr. Vander. was in the month of May last. Mr. Read kemp, and Mr. James Read to Cape writes on the subject as follows: “ Our Town, to vindicate themselves against spiritual work continued till our departure some charges brought against them by in a prosperous state; and there were the Landrost a kind of sheriff, and the added to the church daily such as we Boors, the bitterenemies of their mission. trust will be saved. The number of baptiary work.
zed consisted of forty-six grown persons, Some steps which Dr. Vanderkemp besides a great many others, of whose had thought himself bound to take in be conversion we have little doubt. One of half of the Hottentots, most cruelly op- the baptized named Kruisman, seems pressed by the Boors, had inflamed their likely to be useful in the Lord's work. resentment, and produced this measure ; He lived with a farmer near us, who treatand after our brethren had convinced the ed him with cruelty, on account of the governor of the innocence of their con- wish he expressed to come to our instituduct, the Boors threatened, that if he tion to hear the word of God. He had Should permit them to return, they were for several years been concerned about determined to take away their lives ; at his soul, and could get no one to tell him the same time representing them as who, or what God is. He conceived, how.
tiends to the English, and enemies to the ever, that what he saw and heard daily, Outch government. Although the gover- such as murder, drunkenness, adultery, 10 perceived the falshood of these char- and swearing, could not be pleasing to
eiret he expresseed the wish that both him. His treatment became so intolera
ble, that he was compelled to contplain to cause of Christ have long been very conthe magistrate, who released him from spicuous, and she appears now to have his oppressor, and allowed him to come devoted herself, in a more explicit and to our institution. It was striking to see entire manner to his service among the him while hearing the word of God, with heathen. The brother and sister Bekker his ears, eyes, and mouth open. He how. of Stellenbosch, must have fallen within ever was soon convinced, that the evils the operation of the ordinance just nenwhich he had seen in others, were his own tioned, but no certain information has yet and he began to be almost in despair that been received concerning them. The such a monster could be saved. The Lord rectors do not see any reason to regret Jesus howerer manifested himself to his this part of the regulation, which necessoul, and filled it with joy and peace in sarily fixes the labours of the missionary believing. No sooner was this the case, more directly among the heathen, their than he returned to his fellow-servants, to proper object, than in places occupied tell them what the Lord had done for his principally by nominal christians. soul. This was attended with a blessing The station of brother Anderson and to one of them, and he, as a spiritual Kramer, on the Orange river, among the father, goes daily to visit this child of Corannas, had been considered as be. grace, and encourage him to go on in the yond the limits of the colony, but they good way. He is indeed very zealous, were ordered to appear at Cape Towti, and we should not be surprised if the and were there with Dr Vanderkemp Lord should a great things by him and Read. No letters have been received among his countrymen. These instances from them; it appears however, from of divine mercy are our glory and our brother Read and Dr. Vanderkemp's
letter, that their labours among the Lor To another friend he writes.“ The anpas are blessed in an extraorxlinary Lord has favoured me greatly, in giving degree. me to see his work flourish among the The directors have received the interpoor heathen; many have I seen called esting journal of the voyage of Mr. Ki. out of darkness into light, and many of cherer, the Hottentots, and the rest of these favoured with strong assurance of the missionaries from Holland to the their interest in Christ, their new Lord, Cape; where they arrived in the month so that they often express their longing of January, 1805; for the occurrences desire to see him, and be with him. Others of which they refer to the 13th number have great gifts to recommend them to of the missionary transactions. Since their their fellow sinners, and the Lord crowns arrival, they have received no letters their work with an astonishing blessing, from them, but are informed through the to the surprise of all around."
medium of Dr. Vanderkemp, and of the Through the kind providence of God, society at Rotterdam, that Mr. Kicherer, this missionary station, though for the Mr. and Mrs. Vos, and the Hottentots, present deprived of the superintendance were returned to their station at Zak river, of Dr. Vanderkemp and Mr. Read, is and that there were very favourable not left destitute of the means of grace. prospects of much good being done to These are supplied by the brother Al. ihe contiguous heathens. Bother Svdenbrecht, (sent over by the society from faden, and the two brethren Albrecht, Holland, in company with brother Ki. who accompanied Kicherer and the Hot. cherer and the Hottentots,) of whom Mr. tentots from Holland, had taken their Read speaks highly, an I by the mission. departure for the country of Namacquas, ary Tromp, who was formerly at Wag- in order to introduce the word of life gonmaker's Valley, but has been obliged among those distant and untutored tribes. to leave it by the ordinance of the Dutch As the Cape of Good Hope is now, guvernment, which forbids missionaries through the providence of God, in the in general from giving instruction to possession of the English government, christians or heathens within the limits of there is the strongest ground to expect the parishes in the colony, and enjoins that a more direct and powerful sanction them to remove to a distance of three will be given to the peaceful and zealous days journey from every established endeavours of our brethern to spread the church. These are joined by Mr. Smith, savour of our dear Redeemer's name most probably a pious and zealous colon- among the heathen nations. The bre. ist, of whom however no particular ac- thern Vanderkemp and Read were turncount has reached us, and also by Mrs. ing their attention to the important is. Smith, a widow of Roclesand, whose hos. land of Madagascar, or to the kingdom of pitality to our brethren, and zeal for the Mozambique. One of the natives of the latter of these places, who was converted were relieved by the information given to God by the ministry of Mr. Vos, has them of the encouraging prospects in been redeemed by this society, and placed India, and like St. Paul after his com. imder a course of instruction to qualify munications with certain christian bre. him to accompany such a mission. The thren, when on his journey to Rome, they directors having furnished a competent also “ thanked God, and took courage." supply for the colony itself, have with i n the instructions given to them by great satisfaction encouraged the attempt the directors, they were recommended to to be made at one or both of those form one missionary station only, and to places; but they are doubtful whether act together. They were not however Dr. Vanderkemp will feel it to be his so entirely limited to this point, as to be duty to engage in this service, as they deprived of the privilege of judging, and have suggested to his consideration ano determining otherwise, if it should ap. ther sphere of action of still greater pear to them necessary, in order to proimportance, of which some notice will be mote more extensively the interests of taken in a subsequent part of this report the great cause committed to their hands. The directors have embraced the first After much deliberation and prayer, opportunity of placing their missions in the brethren Cran and Desgranges were Africa, under such new regulations as inclined for various reasons to remove to are adapted to the more favourable cir- Madras, with which their colleague ac. cumstances which now exist there ; and quiesced, and about the 5th of March, they trust they will hereafter receive these friends separated, after having more regular and frequent accounts from sealed their mutual love in that ordinance their different stations, where the power which is alike the pledge of union to the of God has so frequently been manifested adorable Head of the church, and to each in the conversion of the heathen.
other in him.
On their arrival at Madras, they were ASIA.
welcomed in the most affectionate man. It was intimated in the last annual re- ner, by different gentlemen ; some in the port of the directors, that several mis- sacred profession, and others who fill sionaries had embarked with a view to respectable stations in civil society. From establish different stations on the pen. these they derived considerable informa. insula of India, and in the island of Cey. tion, as well as countenance and assistlon; and the directors have now the ance in their work; and as it appeared satisfaction to mention, that, under the to them, in the first instance, probable, divine protection, 'most of them have that they would pitch their missionary reached the places of their destination, tents in some part of the interior, where and have entered on their work, they the Tamulean language was spoken, they trust under the gracious auspices of their applied themselves with unwearied assigreat Master. The incidents which oc. duity to its acquisition, and made therein curred during their voyage, and after considerable progress. On further investheir arrival are too numerous to be de. tigation however, they were induced to fix tailed at present; but they will be upon a station, in the Northern Circars, found in the publications of the tranac. altogether unoccupied by preceeding mistions of the society, and will afford much sionaries; and the directors are of opinSatisfaction to those who may peruse ion that the reasons which they state, them. The brethren Ringletaube, Cran, justify them in adopting this measure. and Desgranges, and Messrs. Vos and A second time, therefore, they were Ehrhardt proceeded to Tranquebar in called to the painful task of separating the same vessel. Not very long after from friends, who had manifested towards their arrival, the brethern Taylor and them - every sentiment of kindness and Loveless reached Madras; and it has affection which binds the heart in the since been ascertained, that Mr. and cords of gratitude and love. Mrs. Palm have joined Mr. Vos, and his On the 13th of July, Mr. Cran thus exassociates at Ceylon. Of these three mis. presses himself, in a letter to a friend in sions, we now proceed to speak, beginning the direction of this society. “ With the with that of Messrs. Ringletaube, Cran Bible in our hands full of promises; with and Desgranges.
the perinission of the honourable the These brethern arrived at Tranquebar governor in council; and with a number early in December, 1804, and were re- of introductory letters from gentlemen of ceived by several christians friends there the first respectibility in Madras, my dear With great cordiality. Their anxieties brother Desgranges and I are just going to embark for Visigapatnam." In a few houses at this place, compared with the days they arrived at that place; and here expense of building them, they have the pillar of cloud and of fire, which had requested our permission to erect one, so long, and so graciously directed their convenient not only for their residence, wanderings, appears likely for some time but for the reception of others who may to rest.
hereafter join them, and to contain also Visigapatnam is situated on the coast, a school-room. Their estimate of the in one of the Northern Circars; and the purchase of the ground amounts to 1401, sea breezes render the air refreshing and but they do not mention what the buildsalubrious. It contains above twentying itself will cost. The directors, hov. thousand inhabitants, and in its vicinity ever, have placed 2001. at their disposal are many large villages, inhabited by for this object. The missionaries bave thousands of the heathen who are sunk already opened a school for the instruction in the grossest idolatry. To the right and of native children; and it appears that to the left they have the oportunity of their three first pupils are the sons of engaging in their missionary services for a Brahmin. The directors are compelled, hundreds of miles. The Telinga language, by the reason before assigned, to omit a which is spoken there, extends through- number of other occurrences, which will out the whole of the Circars; and pre- however excite no small degree of inte. vails also at Hydrabad, Golconda, and rest in those who read the publications Bangalore. This station presents an which record our missionary transactions, opening also to the Cattack, and Mah- and which they take the liberty to reratta countries, where the language is commend to a more extensive perusal. not greatly dissimilar; and so extensively They cannot, however, entirely leave is it understood that a thousand mis- this subject, without expressing the sasionaries might employ all their time tisfaction which they have received from and talents within its sphere.
the inspection of their journals, which The last intelligence received from are drawn up with great care and accurathese brethem, is dated October 16th, at cy, and breathe a spirit of deep piety, which time they had resided there about and devotedness to God, as well as of three months; and they write as follows: holy jealousy and watchfulness over “ God has in all things exceeded our ex- their own hearts. Their time appears to pectations. The gentlemen of the settle. have been fully occupied either in ment, and especially one high in official sacred exercises, or other suitable enstation, continue to sanction us. Unknown gagements; and we have only now to to us, the latter wrote to the governor beseech the Author of these influences, in council, requesting that we might be that he would confirm and increase them, allowed some acknowledgment for per. and, by means of their ministry, diffuse formning divine service in the fort; in them all around. consequence of which we now receive The approbation which we hare er. ten pagodas per month.”
pressed of the journals and proceedings The directors cannot fail to consider of the brethren Cran and Desgranges, so high a sanction to their residence, and are due also to the brother Ringeltaube, to the exercise of their ministry in that their companion in the mission, to the place, as of the greatest importance; and period of their separation at Tranquebar. that it demands their gratitude to Him, What further relates to him, exclusively, who has the hearts of all men in his hands, we now proceed briefly to narrate. and turns them as the rivers of water In his letters and journal are contained whithersoever he will.
intelligence, both of general importance, · The brethren, whilst learning the Tel. as it relates to natural history, and the inga language, which it appears is not geographical delineation of the boundaof very difficult acquisition, have the ries of the different languages, or dialects opportunity of preaching the gospel in and also of particular interest in a reli. their native tongue, not only to their own gious view, from the statement which be countrymen, but also to the decendants gives of the exertions that have already of Europeans. They have established been made by missionaries from the meetings three evenings in the week, Roman and Lutheran churches. He for the instruction of the latter, who are speaks with becoming gratitude, of the engaged in military service, and also protection which the government in India of their children; and they express their atfords to the endeavours of sincere mis. hope that some good efiect has already sionaries; and the assistance which, in been produced by these means.
some cases, they have actually attordled. On account of the very high rents of lie expresses the persuasion, that a still